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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Commencement Address at Morehouse College
    council The council has launched a major clean up drive to pick up accumulated trash One of Smith s latest achievements is to help collect garbage with a burrowed truck When Morehouse boasts about its noteworthy alumni when you point out that one out of every eighteen Negroes with PhD s went to Morehouse as undergraduates you probably do not list as an achievement that one of your alumni is collecting garbage in Seffner Florida Too many Negroes have been doomed to collecting garbage for too long for Morehouse to brag about a college graduate collecting garbage today But I suggest that twenty years from now the college graduate who served in the Peace Corps or VISTA will be ahead of the ones who played it cool and safe The first Negro assigned to an Indian reservation was Wilease Fields a graduate of Maryland State University from Elkridge Maryland She is working with the Pima Maricopa Indians in Arizona Wilease Fields has helped put a new roof on the community center organized recreation clubs secured the release of a teen age girl from jail and arranged for her to be readmitted to school started a thrift shop run by elderly Indians set up a pre school program and is now actively working with two gangs of young Indians in an attempt to curb juvenile delinquency When asked how she felt about being on a reservation Wilease Fields replied Just like the rest of the Indians only a little darker Bob Terry is another Negro VISTA Volunteer he is a graduate of the University of Minnesota where he majored in Anthropology Terry is working in a mixed Negro and Puerto Rican community in Brooklyn Every morning Terry travels through the community on a sanitation inspection trip checking to see whether the garbage has been picked up and whether the building and sanitary code is being enforced This is an area of New York slated for demolition That means that no one will put any money into the slums there the landlord just wants to get what he can in income and spend nothing and the city wants to demolish the buildings But in the meantime and the meantime can stretch on for many years people must live there So Terry organized block organizations that have begun a massive rat and roach extermination campaign Terry is also a Karate champion He teacher Judo and Karate to men and boys and has started a special beauty culture program for women Terry could have had a big fellowship in cultural Anthropology or he could be teaching at some college or university But instead he is a Karate teacher and sanitation inspector More important he is helping to reshape a community He is participating in the remaking of our society He is an advocate for the poor The problem of what to do of how to fulfill moral responsibilities is framed most clearly in a letter from Henry Thompson a Negro VISTA Volunteer from Fairfield

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/commencement-address-at-morehouse-college (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Speech at the Conference on Women in the War on Poverty
    hundred years old and groups that are 200 days old Republicans and Democrats conservatives and liberals rich and poor PhDs and grade school dropouts In all your diversity you are agreed on the necessity for fighting this war Why is it that you are not divided on the question of poverty It is because poverty is not just a political question nor a social question nor a military question nor a religious question Instead it is a moral question a question of the enhancement even the preservation of human life You understand that trying to get the poor out of poverty is trying to nourish reshape re inspire almost recreate life And that s what being a woman is all about None of you is dissenting from that ideal None of you is gathered here to see what power you can gain for yourselves You are here to find out what service you can give to others If you are searching for an ideal you have come to the right city About a mile from here is Lady Bird Johnson the First Lady of America There is no woman in America whose interest in the poor is more evident or more inspiring She is the one who two years ago pledged her time and talent to an untried unprecedented experiment She is the one who has turned her energies and those of the people on her staff over to the job of alerting America to the problems of the poor She has gone to Appalachia She has visited and dedicated the first Job Corps Center for Girls She has backed our movies on Head Start and VISTA She has never failed to do all anyone could expect and more than anyone could ask Mrs Johnson s devotion to the elimination of poverty has been followed by American women 50 000 women serve on local community action boards and advisory councils more than 160 community action agencies are headed by women as executive directors hundreds of anti poverty programs have been administered successfully by women s organizations from small Head Start units to multimillion dollar Job Corps Centers more than 10 000 women volunteers from all religious and racial groups have served through WICS Women in Community Services in screening applicants for the Women s Job Corps more than 365 000 young women have participated in the Neighborhood Youth Corps more than 10 000 girls are headed for college or have already entered as a result of Upward Bound more than half of all VISTA volunteers have been women a total of 3 000 living and working with the poor more than 300 000 volunteers have served in Head Start many thousands more have served in a wide variety of other anti poverty programs During today s program you will be told what challenges are open to you to use your free time to free others from poverty Susan B Anthony once said Modern invention has banished the spinning wheel and

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-the-conference-on-women-in-the-war-on-poverty (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Provo Utah Speech
    have been directed to the problem But now we have a chance for any American young or old to do something about such problems a chance to bring peace and dignity to this hemisphere not to just talk about it As Americans you can expect to live to be 70 years old your neighbors to the South have a life expectancy of about 46 years and in some countries it is in the 30 s Infant mortality is triple our own and half the adults are illiterate It is not hard to realize why Communism is attractive to the masses in Latin America Only recently I stood on a mountain outside of Lima Peru where thousands of people live in crowded poverty They want only a chance to work and better their lot There are Communist agitators there working hard to incite and exploit the people but there also are Peace Corps Volunteers working even harder to help the people better their lives The Communist offers revolution of violence the Peace Corps Volunteers offer hope a better life and dignity Standing on this mountain looking over the great city below I realized how I would react if I were out of work my wife dressed in rags and my children hungry and a Communist said that American capitalism and democracy were responsible for my plight I would be tempted to believe him Every day thousands of people do accept these lies feeling it is the only alternative But every Peace Corps Volunteer in villages towns and cities across the earth is making liars of the Communists They are proving with their own hands that democracy and a free economic system will bring a better life The Peace Corps Volunteer is a product of a society that believes in individual initiative that believes in the intrinsic and basic worth of every human being That is why one Peace Corp Volunteer can do more for a tired farmer in Asia or an undernourished child in Latin America striving for knowledge than the sum total of all the Communists false promises Our Volunteers don t promise a better life They are not talkers they are doers They are showing through their own actions what one can do for himself in improving his lot In a sense they are bringing to these people the familiar message to strive for perfection They know what it means because they are Americans accustomed to hard work accustomed to the tedious and yet exhilarating tasks of improving one s self Those of you here tonight are a product of that same society and of the Mormon Church s never ending interest in youth in building a strong and safe nation in bringing better understanding to all men and insuring that the torch of freedom will never dim You are the kind of young men who are serving their country in the Peace Corps throughout the world Young men who have accepted the challenges young men who have assumed

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/provo-utah-speech (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver delivers St. Louis University Commencement Speech
    is being fought And it is a battle for more than men s minds it is also a battle for their souls Graduates of St Louis University must be aware that one third of the world s Catholics are in Latin America one of every three Catholics speaks Spanish or a related tongue Yet a Sao Paulo priest Father Edmund N Leising recently reported that 2 000 Catholics a day in Brazil are losing their faith that only 3 per cent of the Catholics in Sao Paulo practice Catholicism to the extent of hearing Mass on Sunday I believe that when Our Lord told the apostles You shall be witnesses to me in Jerusalem in Judea in Samaria and even to the ends of the earth He had Sao Paulo in mind and St Louis too This is why I am so pleased by the new St Louis University project in Honduras It is not only an instance of uniting scholarship with statesmanship but another case of a university adopting a country and planning to work there in the coming years Last year Notre Dame began the first Peace Corps university administered program in Chile this year the second contingent will train at Purdue Georgetown University in Washington just signed a contract to train the largest single Peace Corps group to go overseas 300 volunteers for Ethiopia Georgetown has also one of the smallest and most critical projects 12 nurses and teachers for Afghanistan where 2 000 Russian technicians are already at work These projects are good for the Universities and for the Peace Corps They are also good for helping to solve our problems in Latin America and elsewhere in the world In the case of Georgetown and St Louis the projects are especially interesting because both Ethiopia and Honduras have Jesuits working in the field One can easily imagine the growth of international faculties of libraries and publications emanating from these projects as they develop In Washington D C we now have a Consortium of 7 universities pooling their faculties and resources to train up to 600 volunteers this summer There are 11 countries involved ranging from fishermen for Togo to college teachers for Nepal We have high hopes for this Consortium one of the first in American higher education but we are also aware that inter national not merely inter university faculty exchanges are possible through cooperation between universities and the Peace Corps For example we have contacted some young American poets and asked them to go to South America as faculty members at universities We have asked poets to do this because many Latin Americans think of the United States as a place inhabited 100 per cent by business men working for Sears Roebuck Socony Vacuum Anaconda Copper and Pan American Grace not to mention United Fruit And we are exploring the possibility of sending a jazz combo to a South American nation Music is a language which opens many minds as well as many hearts Jazz is popular especially with the younger people in South America and we have been lucky enough to find a group of brilliant young jazz musicians all of them college graduates three with M A s who have indicated they are willing to give up their promising careers to serve in the Peace Corps for two years at 75 a month Maybe we have some Jazz musicians among you graduates here today and maybe Father Henle or someone else here at St Louis University has spoken to you about Peace Corps service for the work in Honduras calls for this University to do some recruiting But I would warn that recruiting is a difficult job among Catholic college graduates Let me give you some sobering statistics All of the Jesuit colleges and universities in America have given the Peaces Corps only 48 out of 1350 volunteers Marquette University has contributed the largest number 8 If St Louis University itself procured all of the 25 volunteers for the Honduras project it would at one stroke do half as well as all Jesuit colleges and universities combined And St Louis University would then be equal to Harvard and Columbia both of whom have sent 24 volunteers And it would surpass Notre Dame and its 11 volunteers I said earlier that our volunteers are learned people citing their bachelor degrees But some people in America think the B A degree like the high school diploma of 50 years ago is becoming commonplace Such is certainly not the case in much of the world I don t want to confuse you I just spoke of the Honduras project but let us take British Honduras a country with 93 000 people of whom only 33 have graduated from college When the Peace Corps sends 40 volunteers there in September we will have doubled the educated class of that country One Jesuit there told us recently that British Honduras needed help so badly it would take any warm bodies the Peace Corps had I can assure him that the bodies we send will be warm but so will the heart and soul animating the bodies It may even be that our 40 volunteers in British Honduras will outnumber the Jesuits there When one speaks of numbers it is well to remember that missionary movements never have enlisted millions of people but they have been quite effective If we measured the number of Jesuits Benedictines Franciscans and Dominicans for example we should have no real index of their powerful and effective work I have become convinced that our small Peace Corps we now number 1350 overseas and in training is a new American export one that the Soviets can t match The Russians can export everything except people From colonial times we American have witnessed the great flood tide of migration to our shores We have said to the oppressed of other lands come live with us Even before a grateful French nation erected the Statue of

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/st-louis-university-commencement-speech (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver addresses the American Red Cross Annual Convention
    individuals can use their own initiative and talents to help others That is an important element of the Peace Corps society reliance on the creative energies of dedicated individuals Nor do our volunteers go overseas as salesmen of a particular political theory or economic system or religious creed They go to work with people not to employ them use them or advise them They do what the country they go to wants them to do not what they think or we think is best They live among the people sharing their homes eating their food talking their language living under their laws not in special compounds with special privileges But if the volunteer is not a salesman neither is he a man without a mission He goes overseas not merely as a willing and a skilled worker but as a representative a living example of the most powerful idea of all The idea that free and committed men and women can cross boundaries of culture and language of alien traditions and great disparities of wealth of old hostilities and new nationalisms to meet with other men and women on the common ground of service to human dignity And if this idea isn t going to change the world then this world is beyond redemption It will require many years and a much greater effort for this idea to succeed not only by the Peace Corps but by other men and institutions in all countries But the impact we have had so far has given a faint glimmer a shadow no bigger than a man s hand of the possibilities of the future There are now 7 500 Peace Corps volunteers serving in 46 countries They are located in 2 400 different towns and villages Next year we will have 14 000 in the field at almost 5 000 different places in 50 countries Every country which now has volunteers has asked for more Two dozen countries which do not have volunteers have requested them The Red Cross has had a big role in the success of the Peace Corps Three years ago when we were trying to get the Peace Corps started the Red Cross answered the call and set up first aid training for all out volunteers going overseas Right now you are training our men and women in first aid home nursing and water safety Our volunteers will be the first to tell you how important that is The number of our volunteers who belonged to the Red Cross or the Junior Red Cross is legion Many of your workers have come into the Peace Corps There s Marian Davidson who is teaching elementary education in Liberia where the Peace Corps has its largest elementary teaching program And there s Peter Weng who s coaching in Indonesia Refugio Rochen who s working in the slum barrios of Colombia and Esther Warber carrying on her Red Cross background by teaching home nursing and first aid in the slums of Ecuador Recently one of our volunteers in Sierra Leone on the west coast of Africa performed a deed that all Red Cross workers will appreciate Volunteer Ellis McKinnon of Ponce de Leon Florida a Sierra Leonian and two Catholic priests went fishing in the Atlantic The tide swept them out to sea where they drifted for three days One priest and the Sierra Leonian died but McKinnon was able to keep himself and the other priest alive through survival techniques he had learned through the Red Cross in training For example he filled the boat with water during the day so they wouldn t be baked alive They were finally saved through a joint effort of the Navy and the Africans After the survivors were spotted a group of Liberians swam out through the surf and hauled them in The Navy then flew them to the hospital In Peru two Peace Corps men pulled a drowning man from the surf at the coastal city of Mollendo They gave him artificial respiration he pulled through This came from their water safety training through the Red Cross The same story happened recently in Nigeria where volunteer Richard Piazza of Belmont Massachusetts pulled a drowning child from Victoria Beach at Lagos and revived him by artificial respiration he been taught by the Red Cross Just this month there was a devastating flood in the northeastern part of Brazil The Red Cross jumped right in as it always does But this time you had the help of six Peace Corps volunteers from a nearby areas who lent a hand giving shots handing out food and clothing and working under the direct supervision of the Red Cross on the site The joint efforts of the Red Cross and the Peace Corps worked in East Pakistan too When the village of Kamira was devastated by a cyclone the Red Cross rushed to the scene So did several Peace Corps volunteers Together they rehabilitated the village And from that experience Peace Corps volunteer Grant Wells of North Adams Michigan designed a new cyclone shelter which may prevent future disasters We have raided your ranks for our staff too Rossie Drummond who was with your Louisville Kentucky Chapter now is our Assistant Director of Community Relations We ve got Anne Broderick who used to Head the Eastern Area Advisory Council of the Junior Red Cross Anne is with our Division of Volunteer Support And we were lucky enough to get Dorothy Dimitt for our Health Training Branch Dorothy used to be Educational Consultant for the Red Cross Blood Program So you can share with me the pride I recently felt when I received on behalf of the Peace Corps the Ramon Magsaysay Award called by some The Nobel Prize of Asia The Magsaysay Award is a 10 000 prize given to persons in Asia who Exemplify in Spirit Integrity and Devotion to Liberty the late President of the Philippines Nominations for this award are made by sixteen countries

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-the-american-red-cross-annual-convention (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks at Temple Israel's 100th Anniversary
    understanding are beginning to fill the lakes The freshest which is released by a single Volunteer is small of itself Together these new springs are filling the brooks and moving the rivers We now have 7 000 Volunteers working in 2 500 locations in 46 countries Tennessee the Volunteer State has responded to this exciting challenge in the Peace Corps There are 70 young people from Tennessee serving overseas in many of the countries which have asked for our assistance From Memphis alone there are 16 Volunteers Robert G Atkins in Colombia James E Born in Ethiopia Judith Draper in Brazil Charles D Bowen Michelle Press in Nyasaland Walter Elkins Jr and John Harris in Ghana Nancy Kinnebrew in Liberia Littleton Mason and Mary Reed in Nigeria Byron Rozier in Malaya John Teamer and Virginia Warr in the Philippines Lucinda Campbell in Guinea Gloria Jean Finnie in Jamaica David Ivra in West Pakistan In the first four months of this year we received applications from 22 000 Americans This is 50 more than applied in this time last year Our Volunteers are working overseas without special privileges under rigorous conditions for about 11 cents an hour These Volunteers are a visible expression of America s commitment to fundamental human ideals They are proof of our concern for the aspirations of developing peoples They are America s answer to those who doubt that most basic principle that those who dwell on earth white and black rich and poor believing and unbelieving are all in the same boat Now today we are facing another need for understanding for the same vision courage and endurance that made Memphis a great city for the same faith and dedication that made the Peace Corps work Just two days ago a committee in Congress reported out President Johnson s bill to wage a War on Poverty in the United States The news is out and people are coming to believe that they no longer need to be poor forever The question we face today is Can we the richest and most powerful people on earth can we who have been so blessed bring out the best within us to do what we know we ought to do I think we can The philosophy of the Peace Corps is action It is an example of learning by doing We knew that the developing nations needed our help needed our skilled manpower needed our teachers and builders our mechanics and engineers our nurses and doctors We knew that they needed more than our advisors For years they had top flight advice from our Point Four experts or from the United Nations But there remained a gap between the plans laid at the top and their execution in the field It was a manpower gap They needed doers as well as advisors They needed Americans who would work with them who would live with them who would teach in their schools in their hospitals in their villages who would

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/temple-israels-100th-anniversary (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver accepts the James J. Joey Award given by the New York Catholic Interracial Council
    of all of us has asked us to live together in justice and love to share the fruits of the earth to assist and help each other grow in wisdom virtue and grace He has asked us to love Him by loving our neighbor We do not love our neighbor when we ostracize him or discriminate against him or segregate him because of the color of his skin or the place of his birth or any other accident over which he has no control It is therefore the love of God that urges us to labor more self sacrificingly for the rapid just and peaceful attainment of equal human rights in the civic community and in the life of the Church May God pour out His help upon us in these historic times when the world watches us and when He watches us Without God we con do nothing With Him all human problems have a just and right solution if we as we now do rededicate ourselves to doing God s will at the present moment Secondly the convention became an examination of conscience Hour after hour the delegates scrutinized and analyzed the thoughts words and deeds of Catholics on the difficult problems of interracial justice They did not avoid or gloss over our failures as Catholics to achieve fair employment practices full integration in our schools equitable admission policies and staff procedures in our hospitals Nor did they forget our parishes or our national Catholic fraternal and spiritual organizations some of which were charged with creating scandal by their failures to live up to true Catholic principles Not content with glittering generalities the delegates worked out specific steps which could be taken now at this time to improve race relations in our country They wrote down what should be done concerning schools employment housing parochial and institutional life They left few stones unturned One resolution adopted by the conference said this In humility and hope we beseech the prayers of the Catholics of Asia Africa and Latin America that the Holy Spirit may help Americans to achieve unity in social life May the Catholics of the young nations of Africa pray for us May the Catholics of the historic lands of Latin America pray for us May the Catholics of the ancient lands of Asia pray for us We the children of God in the blessed land of the United States of America ask their prayers that our nation may attain interracial justice Those words reveal the dedication and humility of the delegates who sought guidance inspiration and light through the medium of hard work and prayer at this convention They truly worked at their examination of conscience Third The conference became a genuine call to action Far from being content self satisfied or smug the delegates saw that much needs to be done They called for the creation of 50 new councils and the strengthening of existing ones They established a national Interim Committee to study the

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/presentation-of-the-james-j-joey-award-by-new-york-catholic-interracial-council (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Acceptance Speech for the AFL-CIO Murray-Green Award
    one thing controversy indicates action a quiet safe bloodless war on poverty which proposed nothing new which threatened nothing old which challenged no one no institution no attitude such an effort would be non controversial completely acceptable reasonable and popular And a waste of time You in the labor movement never equated progress or victory with a lack of controversy You never equated success with popularity You didn t water your demands down to the lowest level to please everybody You were right And you won The same is true of us Anybody who takes poverty seriously can t avoid controversy You can t change things without stepping on someone s toes And you can t eliminate poverty without changing things So there s bound to be controversy In fighting poverty we necessarily become entangled with every major social issue that has beset this country for the past 30 years Name any major social problem Poverty is entangled with it The race relations issue The birth control issue The rights of Indians issue The Migrant labor issue The automation issue The urbanization ghetto and slum issue The displacement of farm workers by machines All of these problems existed before the poverty program was created And every one of them has to be dealt with if we are to eliminate poverty Recruitment for women s Job Corps centers brought together for the first time in history the four major national women s groups of Negroes Catholics Protestants and Jews 31 grants for family planning programs in different cities broke a governmental taboo on an unmentionable subject These stalemates and others have been broken as a nation we have faced up to bogus fears and they have evaporated but our main job has been getting people out of poverty Today there are some 32 million people still living in poverty That s 2 1 2 million less than the year before And we have reached 5 million with our new programs But that leaves 26 million poor persons untouched in any substantial way by our efforts That s a lot of people all of them wanting help now All of them feeling aggrieved that others were the first to escape poverty or the first to participate in our programs More people may have exited from poverty last year than in any preceding year in history But if you re a poor person you respond So what The War on Poverty has not done anything for me We share that dissatisfaction of the poor No one who has seen poverty can be satisfied until it is eliminated totally eliminated But we shouldn t let our dissatisfaction blind us to one fact that stands out above all others People make noise because they believe someone will listen The miracle of the non violent civil rights movement was possible because Negroes believed this was a moral society that would respond People protest because they have hope And if this is so if in eighteen short

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/acceptance-speech-for-the-afl-cio-murray-green-award (2015-03-27)
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