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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address at the 35th National Business Conference
    dollar provides the cutting edge of all our efforts Because our one cent is directed at self help self motivation education and local community action All of our programs are designed ultimately to end poverty rather than simply ameliorate the conditions of the chronically poor We are not running a hand out program except that we are handing out new opportunities for permanent change I emphasize the word permanent because our programs do not seek to produce temporary or transient alleviation of the symptoms of poverty Rather we seek to attack those economic cultural and environmental factors which produce the symptoms We want to enable the poor who have always been with us to move themselves and their children out of poverty for good OEO cannot perform this task alone After all we spend only one cent of each federal tax dollar Thus we must have the cooperation of every element of our society Cities and states private organizations business and labor religious groups and social agencies And as a consequence we are endeavoring to give a new and heightened meaning to the word community The War on Poverty demands community action local action and where this action is taking place the poor are being benefitted most American business has been playing an active role in the War on Poverty Businessmen sit on our advisory councils and serve on our task forces Private business is active in the Job Corps where many of our most successful centers operate on contract to American corporations like GE Litton IBM Xerox RCA Burroughs This is no easy task which American business has taken on These young men and women are at a difficult age By and large they have been failures in all they have done school dropouts unemployed many without hope The Job Corps experience for many of them is a thrilling thing think what it means to society and to the boy or girl when one of these becomes a productive citizen for the next 45 years instead of a drain on society and perhaps a crime statistic Profits from Job Corps contracts are boosting very few dividend rates I fear Headaches I fear are more characteristic But contractors apparently are finding rewards in a difficult job that has its payoffs outside the financial record In the matter of job placement too we are enjoying active support from the business community This is particularly essential Nothing would be worse than to spend time and money changing these youngsters into good workers only to end up with no jobs Business has a vital stake in our victory Put in its simplest terms the War on Poverty seeks to return 30 million people to the main stream of American economic life Today the poor are economically disenfranchised They buy too little They consume tax revenues They are too often unemployed They contribute little to the health and growth of our economy The temporary full employment of a defense economy is not enough to

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-the-35th-national-business-conference (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the Negro Shriners Convention
    year war ensued A national guardsman described the Newark uprising as just like a war between two nations Maybe he was wrong maybe just premature That war has not quite begun not yet If it does God help us We will assuredly disembowel ourselves as a nation and just as in a hydrogen war there will be no winners white or black Only losers Right now the way to create a Negro community is to create an American community not by a call to battle but by a call to reason We have a statue of liberty on the east coast given to us by a foreign community But we need a statue of unity built by all Americans for all Americans in every American community Today our nation is not united This country is in trouble because too many Americans prefer not to know each other Not to care about each other The great American slogan is You go your way and I ll go mine I am not saying all Americans must become friendly with each other or that privacy is evil I am saying that ignorance of our fellow citizen s needs destroys more than it protects Our country is destroyed when people living in 40 000 houses don t know people living in 4 000 houses Our country is destroyed when the affluent know more about the Beverly Hillbillies than the destitute hillbillies in Appalachia Our country is destroyed when poodles eat better than people Our country is destroyed when we are soft hearted about sending slum kids to summer camp but soft headed about job training for their fathers Our country cannot go on like this More and more the poor who are cut off from normal American life are repeating the sentiment of Churchill when someone tried to ignore Britain We will not be dealt with as part of a blob We in America cannot treat the poor as a blob Their needs are human personal immediate The need for jobs for education for decent housing for health for justice And there is another need a need for both affluent Americans and poor Americans to get rid of some wrong thinking Right now wrong thinking is everywhere The affluent are wrong if they think poverty can be destroyed without personal sacrifice The affluent are wrong if they think the poor are happy getting handouts year after year The affluent are wrong if they think guns and tanks will prevent riots The affluent are wrong if they think they can seek more ways to become richer while countless Americans are becoming poorer The affluent are wrong if they think white backlash is the answer to the race problem The affluent are wrong if they think forestalling poverty is better than eliminating poverty And the poor have some mistaken ideas too The poor are wrong if they think they can get out of poverty without making any effort themselves The poor are wrong if they think

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-negro-shriners-convention (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks about the Peace Corps to the American Association of Land Grant Colleges
    our problems is to communicate effectively what the Peace Corps is all about We believe that many more men and women will apply when they have a clearer understanding of the Peace Corps operations From the very beginning of the Peace Corps we knew that agriculture and home economics would be major skills needed in these newly developing countries I talked with secretary Freeman to get the cooperation of the Department of Agriculture Tom Quimby and Jim Gibson have followed up working with Dr York and his staff here in Washington and with the Directors of Extension in the States We contracted with the 4 H Foundation to help recruit and train Peace Corps Volunteers and to administer the project in Brazil We have received excellent cooperation from hundreds of people in the agricultural field We need additional help to get the story of the Peace Corps told in the farming areas the rural communities and in the colleges and universities which teach agriculture and home economics For the Peace Corps not only offers a challenge to the man and woman with agricultural skills and know how it also offers them an opportunity to gain a unique experience in serving abroad an experience which will keep many of them in agriculture and help them find rewarding careers when they return I am well aware that the Cooperative Extension Service is the field education arm of the Department of Agriculture and the Land Grant College system You as the Committee on Policy represent the thousands of estate and county personnel who have made it possible for the United States to become the greatest agricultural nation in history You are in a unique position to set the policy under which the entire Cooperative Extension Service can work to inform qualified men and women of the opportunities for service in the Peace Corps and to encourage those who are interested or become interested to apply The country needs the dedicated assistance of every person in the Cooperative Extension Service to make the Peace Corps a success abroad We hope that each State will designate one person to serve in the capacity of liaison between the State Extension Service and the Peace Corps We also hope that this person will encourage county agents and their staffs to be alert to Peace Corps opportunities for qualified men and women Now with more lead time in the new projects we are able to announce opportunities for specific skills in specific countries This we feel will be more appealing to people with personal interests in a certain part of the world For example we have recently announced projects in eight new countries and additional projects in countries where there was already one or more projects We are now recruiting for the following agricultural skills in specific countries VENEZUELA Twenty men who have grownup on a farm or have had vocational agriculture or 4 H experience Twenty women who have farming backgrounds or have had home economics experience

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-to-the-american-association-of-land-grant-colleges (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's 1964 commencement address at New York University
    of the human heart in any language When President Kennedy died the Volunteers everywhere heard that human voice Our President is dead Those were the words with which an Iranian fellow worker in the countryside of Iran his eyes full of tears brought the news of November 22nd to one of our Peace Corps Volunteers In that night all around the world Africans and Asians and Latin Americans knocked on the doors of Peace Corps Volunteers saying that they too were grieving David Ben Gurion the first Prime Minister of Israel expressed it this way to me He said This was the first world wide mourning in the history of man The Volunteers did not lose touch with America during these two years in foreign lands Instead they discovered how closely America and the rest of the world have become linked Now the Volunteers are starting to come home By the end of this summer three thousand will be back More than half of them are returning to American universities most of them for graduate work Some will be coming back right here to N Y U But they will not be the same men and women who left Here is what one Volunteer in Ethiopia wrote to his parents recently I have changed and those who came with me have changed Whatever we were before and none of us can quite remember that s all gone Peace Corps life he writes tempers one by its sheer and irresistible intensity We look forward to coming home he wrote but missing will be the adventure the thrill that none of us will ever be able to live again with such intensity such freedom In meeting their responsibilities of service he said We found a kind of freedom greater than any we could have imagined But why should this kind of freedom the freedom that comes from service be missing in our lives at home Is it true that it can only come in serving the larger City of the World and not in serving the City of New York President Johnson has declared war on poverty Congress we trust will soon give us the ammunition But the people who are going to wage this war are not in Washington They are already living on the front lines of poverty right in the centers of our cities It is here at N Y U at your campus on Washington Square in that most cosmopolitan neighborhood of the greatest city the world has ever known that the war has to be waged But to win this war on the home front we shall require the help of this most cosmopolitan University You must recognize your place on the front lines and give us the home front leadership and action we need I call upon the faculty and student body of New York University to practice the politics of service here at home in your own neighborhood Not by more courses in responsibility or in American social problems Not by lectures Not by commencement talks But by political action in this true sense of politics in service of your city Is this subverting the life of the University To suggest that you take the blocks around you this great city as your laboratory that you do your research in the service of the people you live among that you make community action programs to end poverty in New York a focus of your study and the center of your extracurricular activities Remember what this University was founded for 133 years ago To be a school in which The children of the artisan and the tradesman should be as welcome as the children of the rich But you are all rich rich in education the key to the twentieth century or you wouldn t be here today But the poor for whom this university was founded are out in the night in the streets in the overcrowded schools needing extra teachers in the hospitals needing extra help in the settlement houses needing volunteers They need your help We need your help We need men and women We need hundreds of thousands millions of men and women who will work in these programs and start new programs of their own For this we need the manpower and the brainpower we need the service of the colleges and universities of America The Peace Corps Volunteers are coming home with a head of steam with new determination to convert America s good words into good deeds For them poverty is not invisible They have lived in it they have worked with people in other parts of the world to eliminate it They will see it in America and they will see no excuse for it And they will be right They know we can win the war And they are ready to do their part In a poll of the first returning Volunteers four out of five said they were interested in working to end poverty and thirty percent said they were ready to volunteer part time or full time right away A Peace Corps Volunteer a white boy from Alabama last week volunteered to teach in an all Negro slum school in Washington D C Soon there will be ten thousand Peace Corps Volunteers But the Peace Corps barely scratches the surface of our needs There are a half a million college graduates this year alone What about them What kind of blood runs in their veins Are they learning to serve Are they ready to practice the politics of service If you expect the Peace Corps Volunteers to carry the major burden for the war on poverty at home then you ll make all of us connected with the Peace Corps feel like Lady Astor on the sinking ship TITANIC As the iceberg crashed through the ship s walls she said I asked the waiter for ice but this is ridiculous No the returning Peace Corps

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/new-york-university-commencement (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver delivers DePaul University's Commencent Address in 1961
    own country and the cause of freedom above all they will be proving that Americans are ready to join hands with other people in a serious pursuit of peace The demand is there for every kind of talent skill and profession Now the question is What of the supply Are enough qualified Americans available and willing to spend two years in a tough assignment abroad Mr Khrushchev says No Only the other day he branded American young people as dissipated good for nothings I think he will eat those words when he learns that response to the Peace Corps is already proving that Americans of diverse training and abilities are stepping forward in large numbers to say You can count on us Almost four thousand Americans of all ages took the first battery of Peace Corps examinations last week despite the fact that the tests were given during final examination periods on many college and university campuses and despite the fact that our tests are purely voluntary What kind of response would a professor at De Paul get if he announced We re going to have an exam Saturday you re invited to take it if you want to Another barometer of the response the Peace Corps has evoked are the descriptive statistics of Volunteer questionnaire forms we have received Of the first 4800 eligible questionnaires that we have examined these interesting figures turn up Seven hundred twelve 712 applicants have professional skills in operating a tractor 172 can run a bulldozer There were 616 people with professional skills as carpenters 205 as surveyors 295 as electricians 193 as masons and 196 in metal working Three hundred seventy applicants had professional experience with biology lab equipment and 473 with chemical lab equipment Two hundred and seventy were professional nurses Of the 4800 applicants 1 817 were college graduates and 1 203 persons had one or more years of graduate work One thousand of them can speak Spanish and another thousand can speak French Sixty six speak Portuguese 24 speak Arabic 22 speak a Chinese language and 12 speak Hindu or Urdu Out of the first 4800 qualified applicants here are a few statistics Total of all ages 3 061 males 1 356 females single 174 married couples Peace Corps now has 10 000 applicants Language Skills Give a short talk read a newspaper write a letter understand a discussion Number who can do at least two Spanish 1 028 French 1 048 Italian 203 Portuguese 66 Hindu or Urdu 12 Mandarin Cantonese or other Chinese 22 Arabic 24 48 claimed skills in language of Far Eastern countries Activities Football 880 Swimming 2 520 Mountain Climbing 495 Working with youth groups 2 100 Volunteer in Hospital or Clinic 407 Educational Level 1 203 had one or more years of graduate or professional skill 1 817 had completed college 1 248 had completed one to three years of college 389 had completed high school balance were less than 12th grade or indicated

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/depaul-university-commencent-address (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the United Church Women
    them or understands them that nobody really wants to help them or values their opinion And some of them think this whole War on Poverty is just a farce sop something to keep them quiet And so they withdraw in isolation defeat and in bitterness And there Are others who charge that involvement of the poor means class warfare they say we want the poor to fight City Hall or the county or the governor None of these ideas is true We believe that involvement of the poor is our way and Congress way of saying that the poor are not second class citizens The poor have aright a human and a civil right to participate in shaping their own destiny We believe that to listen to criticism and to respond to the needs of the people especially the poor and the helpless is the heart of democracy not to listen undermines democracy We won t penetrate the wall of isolation and frustration unless we are willing to listen to statements like this one given to us by Robert Coles about a 15 year old Boston boy from the Boston ghetto with a history of delinquency and poor language but very bright He was discovered by a Harvard student who was tutoring him Listen to this boy My father he tried and he tried My mother she tried too My father he would put his head on the kitchen table and he would cry all six foot three of him would cry And my mother would tell him to stop and say it wasn t his fault and we would stay alive somehow But my brothers and I we knew she wasn t so sure She tried to make it easy for us by lying but we knew Those are the voices we re listening to And we re hearing the poor speak out often for the first time from every part of the country Three months ago I was down at the bottom of Cataract Canyon that s right next to the Grand Canyon Two thousand feet down that s where the Havasupai Indians live They have lived in this deep canyon since before the white man came to America And they talk about us the people who live on the surface as the people on top When I went down to the bottom of that canyon do you know what those Indians wanted to know more than anything else Could they have their own bank account and draw checks on that account themselves All their lives they had been required to go to the Bureau of Indian Affairs and ask permission to use their own money They were treated as children by the Great White Father who knew best But now they have that bank account They made their first withdrawal on November 22 1965 from the first Navajo bank in Kingman Arizona And I predict they ll soon learn to get just as much in debt as the rest of us We are involving the poor in every aspect of the program By seeing that they are represented on the Boards of these programs By providing jobs for the poor in the administration of the program By education and training for greater opportunity Some people have called this a social revolution If it is a revolution it s not a revolution in the old sense like the French Revolution or the Russian Revolution class warfare spawned by hatred blood shed and barricades in the streets The head of a small neighborhood settlement house in Washington put it this way He said This revolution is too good to waste only on people who hate The people of good will in our country are the ones who are making this revolution work And it is working Adam Clayton Powell after all his investigating work said yesterday that it has been going quite well all things considered and that The Office of Economic Opportunity comes out smelling not of scandals but of the sweet smell of success Sometimes I almost have to pinch myself when I repeat these facts to make sure I m not dreaming It reminds me of the story of the fellow who sold bonds for Israel He was the best bond salesman in the whole country and each year he won the prize and finally they said this fellow is so good at selling these bonds and describing what is going on in Israel and so on and selling bonds that we are going to have to give him a trip to Israel So he went over to Israel and he saw all the trees that had been planted in Israel all the hospitals that had been built the roads that had been constructed and the irrigation that s gone on and he looked around there and his eyes grew as wide as saucers and he said to his companion My God all those lies I ve been telling all these years are true These victories in our War vs Poverty these spiritual or psychological victories should not dim our eyes or minimize the specific measurable victories We ve been in business only fifteen months What concrete results ONE YEAR AGO TODAY No one was in the Job Corps Today over 20 000 boys have been touched No one was in Head Start Today 109 000 are in the program and million will have benefitted this year There were 10 000 in the Neighborhood Youth Corps Today there are 257 000 and it will be 1 2 million this year No one was in VISTA Today there are 2 500 volunteers No one was in the Migrant Program Today there are 150 000 No one was in Upward Bound Today there are 3 500 Soon there will be 30 000 No one was in Work Experience Today there are 25 000 This year here will be 130 000 No one was in the Rural Loan Program

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-united-church-women (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Speech at the Dedication Ceremony of the South Central Multi-Purpose Health Services Center
    the pressure of riots Can we stretch ourselves to include all Americans in our national pride This is how a country grows to greatness the same way an athlete runs to victory He trains himself He tests his strength He does well one day The next day it has to be better Jim Ryun the track star from Kansas trains himself by running in the sand In college Wilt Chamberlain practiced hook shots by the hour When he was finished he practiced jump shots by the hour Then foul shots Then lay ups No athlete ever won anything without stretching himself And no country will win anything unless it does the same thing working to win victories over itself Testing itself to conquer its domestic weaknesses That s why good can come from this summer s riots the way St Paul said good can come from evil God wouldn t give America this challenge if he didn t think we could meet it God never gives you a load without giving you a back strong enough to carry it But you have to use that back The way you are using it here in Watts to build this health center The way people in Lowndes County Alabama are using it to build their health center You know about Lowndes County You know about Haynesville Jonathan Daniels was murdered there A Catholic priest was critically wounded But today things are changing in Lowndes County A health center will open soon in Haynesville Across the street from where Jonathan Daniels was murdered Who s responsible for this A white man Dr Howard Meadows He s not an outsider from the North He s from Lowndes County So was his father And his grandfather He goes back 5 generations in Alabama Some of his relatives think he is crazy to open a health center His life is in danger He works with the local people even if they re in the white citizens council or the Black Panthers Two weeks ago we spoke to Dr Meadows We want to use your Center in Lowndes County as a model for a center in Alaska Are you serious he said Yes we replied That s a new role for us the doctor said In the past Washington has usually said what s wrong with Lowndes Today They are saying what s right Change is coming to Lowndes County The same change that has come to Watts Not because of programs but because of people Not because of committees but because of commitment It s happening elsewhere too In Denver 70 000 visits have been made to our new OEO health center in less than 2 years 200 000 visits have been made to the OEO health clinic in New York Two years ago they had no health care In the Columbia Point section of Boston 98 of the women now go to the OEO clinic for pre natal care Two years ago the welfare hospital

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-the-dedication-ceremony-of-the-south-central-multi-purpose-health-services-center (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks about women in the Peace Corps to YWCA Board of Directors
    girl s step and tighten up her middle There isn t another girl in the project over 27 Two weeks ago when Miss Hollander got up for the first time and put on her bathing suit she told Lanoue that things were going to be rather awkward She said she not only did not know how to swim she had never been in the water except for her bathtub Now Lil Lanoue said just lower your ballast right in here She did and now Lanous tells me she can swim a mile She s also a good rock climber Whoever said frailty they name is woman certainly had not met anybody like Lillian Hollander I want to tell you of another pair of volunteers who went to Ghana end tickled the Ghanaians with the immediacy of their participation in the nation s life They are part of a group of 51 volunteers who landed in Accra on the 29th of August The group was met by a number of high government officials and corps and newsmen The volunteers assembled outside the plane and sang a hymn a sort of national anthem in Twi The officials were delighted and so were the newsmen The singing of the song was taped broadcast and rebroadcast over the entire nation Flowery speeches could never convey the spirit of the Peace Corps more than their hymn to the country they came to serve The next day Laura Damon of Buffalo New York and John McGinn of Alameda California scored another hit with the Ghanaians Laura is 23 and was a librarian She graduated from Smith and speaks French fluently John also speaks French fluently He is 24 and was an assistant teacher of speech and art at the University of California He received both his bachelor s and master s degrees from the University They were invited by their hosts to join them at the Lido which I understand is a kind of ballroom and night club in Accra During the evening there was a dance contest The dance was the High Life which is an extraordinary exercise demanding stamina verve and a thorough knowledge of gyration Here the dance would be considered exotic There it is not precisely the Lambeth Walk but it is perfectly respectable Laura and John had done some practicing at the University of California where they trained for the Ghana project I am happy to announce their success as a measure of our training Procedures They won second prize and the affection of their Ghanaian friends for gallant effort I think you should know that the Peace Corps does not consider love or even romance as a bar to service In the camp at Puerto Rico are two young couples One couple are Carl and Elizabeth Ehmann both 27 years old He is a graduate of the Harvard Law School and she has a master s degree from Radcliffe The other couple are Gregory and Sandra M Barnes of Monticello

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/women-in-the-corps (2015-03-27)
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