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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks at the 1964 Boston College Commencement
    public works assistants in Pakistan as heavy machinery mechanics in Tunisia Wherever they are serving whatever they are working at the volunteers are speaking the language of the country they are eating the local food and living in local housing The are assimilating themselves into local cultures In short they are living at the level of the people Jim Kelly a 1961 Boston College graduate had an idea Jim was with the very first group of volunteers to go overseas In September 1961 he began working in Ghana and for two years he taught English and coached athletics in a Ghanaian secondary school Last year when Jim finished his Peace Corps service he was one of 37 volunteers awarded the Ford Foundation s Special Peace Corps Fellowship in international development He went to Columbia University got his master s degree in African studies and now he s back at the Peace Corps working with the staff of our African regional office Jim Sheehan got his master s degree in English here at Boston College in 1961 Then he joined the Peace Corps was sent to Sierra Leone where he taught English at a high school in Freetown the capital city One day the Minister of Information found out that Jim had a background in educational television So he asked him to begin working full time to help develop educational programming for the Sierra Leone Broadcasting System Jim worked on just about every aspect of broadcasting there from announcing to producing and he did a terrific job He is now back working with us on the staff of the Peace Corps in our Office of Public Affairs There are 24 other former Boston College students overseas with the Peace Corps now I now that many of you graduates here today are already personally committed to an international experience Some of you have spent a junior year abroad Eighty one of you have applied to the Peace Corps since September of last year Some of you are about to leave for graduate study abroad Some have come here from other countries to study and now will return home Some of you will go abroad in the lay apostolate Boston College has in recent years initiated several international projects one of which was the training of a Peace Corps group to work in Peru they are already in the field All of this is a good beginning but only I hope a beginning Much more remains to be done and many more of you are needed We have received requests for more and more Peace Corps Volunteers more than we can possibly supply The heartfelt tributes and expressions of gratitude the Peace Corps has received from all over the world even from countries where we have no volunteers at present Last year one of the most significant of these tributes the Ramon Magsaysay Award sometimes called Asia s Nobel Prize was presented to the Peace Cops on behalf of the Volunteers serving in

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/boston-college-commencement (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver offers a statement before the Senate Committee on Education and Public Welfare
    headed and practical goals The House Committee has now reported out the Economic Opportunity Act after hearing more than a hundred witnesses After detailed study the Committee has made a number of changes and amendments which taken together substantially strengthen the legislation Today I am pleased to be here to try to answer your questions But I would like to begin by making several brief points on the program and its administration First this is a prudent program It does not require one cent not already included in the President s budget presented last January Second it is a focused program For the first time in our national history we are proposing to undertake a major national effort focused exclusively on poor people Furthermore the administration of this program is focused in a single Director Third it is a practicable program It is not a program of Federal handouts to alleviate poverty temporarily It is aid to help those who are willing to help themselves get out of poverty by building up their skills increasing their employability raising their earning power and renewing the communities where they now live This program seeks permanent solutions by applying techniques which have already worked where they have been tried Fourth it is a feasible program We propose to do this first year only so much as we are sure we can carry out efficiently with a dollar s value for a dollar spent At the same time we will scrutinize the results so that we can stop any unproductive efforts and propose any needed improvements Fifth it is an American program It relies on local efforts and leadership and the volunteer spirit of the individual No one will be forced into the Job Corps because the only way to get in is to

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/statement-before-the-senate-committee-on-education-and-public-welfare (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks about the Peace Corps to the Student National Education Association in 1961
    but I think our first duty is toward God then toward our country and then toward ourselves I think the Peace Corps is good because it can help us serve all three We need to retell our story in this world We have to communicate somehow with the people in other countries We have to show them what Americans are really like And the only way to do that is to have Americans go to those countries and show them Terry Grant is from Salem Oregon and he will be going to Colombia At college he worked as a part time veterinarian He has skills in animal husbandry agriculture and carpentry When asked about the Peace Corps he told reporters O felt the Peace Corps was a good answer or an attempt to answer the world s problems I think I can do some good in it Young people have a better realization of the part the people of the United States must play in a world community They understand better than some of their elders that we have to get along with all people all over the world Mike Lanigan is the son of a Marine General He has a background in public health work He told reporters It ll be a good feeling to pack up and go somewhere to do something worthwhile James Lovejoy said We re so extremely rich here in the United States I mean culturally rich that we re almost obligated to let the pot overflow Tim Lemmuchi said The Peace Corps gives me a chance to take part personally in a now foreign policy experiment which is both practical and noble These are the kind of young men and women that the world leaders praised when they hailed our educational system for developing the whole person So far the Peace Corps has officially announced two teaching projects one in the Philippines and the other in Ghana In the weeks ahead several others will be announced The Volunteers l spoke about earlier will be going to Ghana Before they were accepted they participated in a long and comprehensive selection process It began when they filled their questionnaire and submitted their references This was followed by a five and one half hour test of the Volunteer s language aptitude his intelligence and his general skills At the training site the Volunteer takes his physical and psychological examinations However no Volunteer is finally accepted until after the training period is completed In other words the entire training period is a continuation of our selection process Our 70 candidates for Ghana w study at the University of California for eight weeks Classes will run six days a week beginning at 8 00 a m and continuing until 10 30 p m The Volunteers will study Ghana s economy geography culture and traditions her modern history and government structure Special emphasis will be placed on preparing the Volunteers for teaching under the Ghana system of education Although English

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-to-the-student-national-education-association (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address at the National Conference of Christians and Jews Annual Brotherhood Dinner
    training course Then it took all the lawyer s skill to get the judge to suspend sentence so the man could start the job training he had wanted to begin six months earlier The moral of this story is this It shouldn t take a crime to get society to help No one shouldn t have to risk five years in jail in order to feed his children That s not what we mean by brotherhood The new brotherhood the Post 1960 Brotherhood calls for people to act as human beings first to listen as human beings to sympathize as human beings and only later begin to apply their professional skills The new brotherhood reaches across professions It listens to humanity to the voices of the poor to voices like this 15 year old boy in Boston discovered by a Harvard student who was not content just to be a student He wanted to help too and so he did some tutoring and this is what one of his students taught him My father he tried and he tried My mother she tried too My father he would put his head on the kitchen table and he would cry all six foot three of him would cry and my mother would tell him to stop and say it wasn t his fault and we would stay alive somehow But my brothers and I we knew she wasn t so sure She tried to make it easy for us by living but we know We need every one of you in this audience to listen to voices like that and to use your skills on behalf of the poor Please don t say I haven t any skills How many of you are employers When you close up shop for the night have you done your share Do you say I have contributed to the gross national product I have paid my taxes and now I can go home But the employment problem in this city and in this country won t be licked until everyone of you makes an extra effort to develop jobs There are 30 000 unemployed in this city tonight There are youngsters graduating from Job Corps centers who will be needing jobs And right now there are no jobs even for the youngsters who want to try or for the fathers who want to support their families Last year over 12 000 people came to the United Planning Organization looking for employment But U P O could place only 2 000 of them and only 780 of those 2 000 were direct placements The rest of the placements were really positions in our new programs the Neighborhood Youth Corps and Job Corps We need you to look at your own business at your own office or law practice and say where could I use help to ease the burden on highly skilled workers and professional staff You can profit and so can the poor The government will in effect pay you during the training period for that worker s inefficiency and lack of skill It will pay for supervision for transportation and for breakage as part of the training program Here in the District of Columbia they have trained chefs and automobile mechanics air conditioning repairmen large and small appliance repairmen truck drivers and construction workers For months now the U P O has had the dollars to pay you the employer the cost of on the job training for over 375 men and women But employers aren t coming forward to offer positions We want brotherhood only after business hours How many of you in this room are doctors When you left your office today on K Street or 18th and Eye Streets and turned off the equipment which cost you thousands and thousands of dollars did you look at the empty waiting room and say Well I ve taken care of all my patients today You haven t not by a long shot We need you in neighborhood health centers in Head Start centers in clinics It doesn t take a fancy office and waiting room to dress a wound or ask a 4 year old to open his mouth and say A H H H There are some of you who say I m just a businessman What can I do There s plenty you can do Go to 1719 14th Street N W or 2840 Alabama Avenue S E or 704 51st Street N E You ll find a new kind of loan office It s called the Small Business Development Center They give loans to low income persons who want to be entrepreneurs who have the motivation and the skills who have an idea of what kind of business they want to set up but who can t get the capital Maybe they can t get it because they don t have the collateral Maybe they can t get it because they re Negro and therefore considered automatically bad risks We re giving loans to people like that to start businesses But those people need advice they need your know how how to keep books on how to merchandise and advertise how to get customers how to supervise employees and hundreds of other techniques you use automatically like a sixth sense The beginner in business needs your help and advice to make free enterprise work for him instead of against him And there are other things businessmen can do U P O could arrange for school children and children in Head Start programs to visit your place of business and explore and learn during a slack time in your business day The places your goods come from the manufacturing processes involved the chemicals and ingredients used the quantities ordered the prices the advertising and display techniques These experiences would make art geography science nutrition home economics and math come alive for these underprivileged children Or how about the lawyers in the

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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address at the University of California
    pneumonia scarlet favor tuberculosis diseases which for the well to do have almost ceased to exist in the United States And the rest of us the well to do we face death also Not a physical death but a spiritual death The kind of spiritual death described in the poem Where have all the flowers gone Long time passing Where have all the flowers gone Long time ago Where have all the flowers gone The girls have picked them every one Oh when will you ever learn Oh when will you ever learn Thus we see the worst of all possibilities in front of us The poor with their physical death and the rich with their spiritual death And few among either understanding the grammar of flowers But we must begin learning some time And so far as I m concerned the surest way is to start asking questions The kind most of us are asking right now either in silence or in shouts or with guns Does America inspire or squelch the best hopes of humanity today Can we regain the spiritual leadership we exercised when all the world liked to us for our ideals and followed us not because we forced them to but because they wanted to Has America created the greatest variety of life the world has ever seen only to forget the sacredness of life itself No honest man can pretend to have final answers to those questions Often the shock of reality is too much for us Yet maybe that s what we need The shock treatment like psychiatry And if that s what we need we re lucky We re lucky because we re getting the shocks every day That daily shock of Vietnam on television We announce the body count with the same precision we announce the Dow Jones averages Up 200 casualties this week industrials down 25 300 Communists killed utilities up 80 We have nightly shock on television seeing the tough guys gun down the bad guys Our children watch this valine and the Nielsen ratings prove that we all love it Over 3 million serious crimes were committed in our country last year A murder a murder every hour So with this pattern of life why do we get disturbed when Rap Brown says Violence is as American as cherry pie We re shocked every day in our personal lives We feel lonely and loveless even a little bit insane for trying to be human As T S Eliot said In a world of fugitives the person who runs in the opposite direction will appear as a madman Is there a way a way out Four weeks ago I asked the author of that magnificent new novel The Confessions of Nat Turner what he thought after having lived through Turner s revolution fictionally for five years He said to me It may sound even trite or corny to you but the only power that will work is love We aren t used to hearing that word love Especially when love is mentioned as a power In the corridors of world power many things are more potent than love money is power consensus is power votes equal power military force is power the Eastern Establishment is power Some even say that Ronald Reagan plus suburbia plus white backlash plus advertising plus TV is power Yet within a world of riots and murders and napalm and burn baby burn some men and women are turning to love not to Hugh Hefner but to love which teaches and practices self sacrifice self effacement self respect The early Christians formed themselves into communities of love And in the acts of the Apostles we read the sentence Lo The Christians How they love one another St Francis advised us to love the birds and the flowers and the sun and the water everything that lived Tolstoy wrote Man does not live by care for himself but by love for others Today Tolstoy or St Francis or Ghandi or Tolkien or Martin Luther King all would agree that the essence of love can be simply expressed this way To put yourself into the skin of another man to be weekend by his burdens and heartened by his joys into the skin of a black man into the skin of a Jew into the skin of a junkie into the skin of a leper into the skin of a convict That was the idea of the Peace Corps That s the idea of VISTA I ll never forget in Malaysia about fifty miles from Kuala Lumpur going through a local hospital where we had two or three Peace Corps nurses and one of them was working in the leper ward Like many of you perhaps I d never seen a leper but I d read all these horrible stories So when this girl said to me Mr Shriver you ve got to come see my ward I didn t want to see her ward But how could I say no if that girl was in there So I went in and she had the patients all sitting up in bed dressed in those blue things that they wear and their hands were stumps and they had these sores all over their faces And she went down the beds patting them introducing them to me And they d hand that stump out to me I ll never forget when I grabbed that first one and shook it It felt to me like a hot poker I was scared I shouldn t have been but I was That girl was working in that leprosarium not because I told her to or anybody else told her to She worked there for love I was up in Alaska over the 4th of July visiting VISTA Volunteers the town of Nome There isn t a paved street in Nome Most of the houses in Nome ramshackle falling down places But even

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-the-university-of-california (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Wisconsin Speech (Draft)
    an annual rate of 501 billion to 516 billion between the first and second quarters a faster climb than in any of the three previous postwar recoveries Industrial production took just five months to climb from the trough of the recession in February to a new mark in September the fastest recovery since the war Personal income began setting new records in March Non farm employment allowing for the seasonal adjustments rose by more than a million between February and March Unemployment is down I won t elaborate on the domestic improvements that make up this feeling of national unity because I don t intend to make a political speech here tonight What is important is the fact that in the foreign policy field this same national unity encouraged by bi partisanship has allowed this country to present a new frontier to the world The Peace Corps has been in the middle of this for the last seven months At this point in history the President and the Congress gambled that the American people were willing to respond to a call for personal sacrifice On one hand the response has been gratifying On another it has not There are still some people in this country who continue to drag their feet and left others to do their work They present the clear danger to this new routine unity in time of peace The gratifying response is the 14 000 Americans who have volunteered their services It is the 600 we have in training or serving overseas In personal terms it is the 13 men and women now in the Peace Corps from Wisconsin It is the purple heart bronze star negro officer who has been working with southern farmers and now will go to Sierre Leone to work with these people It is Ed Bayley who you all know who left his job with Governor Nelson to come to Washington to help set up the Peace Corps It is Richard Graham a high salaried business executive from Milwaukee who is giving up a luxury life to serve with us overseas It is Marshall Erdman a Wisconsin builder who interrupted his work to help us when we needed his consultation And it is Pat Kennedy who left the University of Wisconsin to join our training staff These and others have uprooted their lives to serve at a personal and financial sacrifice These are the people who make the Peace Corps But there is a negative side to the response to our mission that troubles and worries me It troubles and worries me because its implications are broader than the Peace Corps and go right to the heart of what some people think of this country I detect in some of the critics of the Peace Corps a distrust of patriotism In these critics I also sense a lack of confidence and faith in our young people both in what they can do and what they are willing to do And I

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/wisconsin-speech-draft (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks at the All-America City Award Banquet
    their feet have managed to create extraordinarily successful country there The American Labor Movement understands this politics of service Millions of men and women have voted for unions with their feet marching on the picket lines all over America And they ve gone on to create with their own resourced union programs of health care and education and cooperative housing I think that Martin Luther King s boycott in Birmingham where everybody was asked to walk rather than ride is a kind of politics of service And in a sense to turn to a more warlike historical example I can remember being brought up in great admiration of Stonewall Jackson whose Army finally got the title of Foot Cavalry I m sure some of you here have heard that because they could march so fast and so long through the Shenandoah Valley from one place to another that the Northerners couldn t believe that Jackson had moved so rapidly Again it was a politics if you will of action of footwork This is the kind of politics that we ve been practicing in the Peace Corps and it s the kind of politics that we propose to practice in the Poverty Program And I might add it s the only kind of politics that we have practiced in either program It s a politics of Service It s a politics of Personal Commitment of Personal Initiative of Personal Patriotism and Responsibility I think that s what we need in our country and it s one of the reasons I was pleased to come here tonight because it s the kind of politics that all of you people in this room have practiced in order to get this award for Alexandria As the mayor said been the citizens volunteer action here in Alexandria that got this award not the award for governmental work Especially you working in urban renewal and in many of the other features which he talked about I was pleased to hear also that you didn t run to Richmond for help and also that you didn t even run to Washington although it a close by there may have been a traffic jam on that day but you didn t run there and I want to make it absolutely clear that with respect to President Johnson s proposed War Against Poverty nobody needs the money that would become available under that law if passed by the Congress nobody will be happier than I will be or those other people connected with running the program So if nobody runs to Washington to participate in the War Against Poverty and we can t spend the money there ll be a lot of smiles in Washington You are in the mainstream I believe because the kind of work you ve done here in your city is the kind of work that we need in urban renewal and city renewal and all over the country It s based on the volunteer action As I said a minute ago those are some of the most important characteristics of our program for the Peace Corps and for the Poverty Program For example in the Peace Corps we ve maintained from the very beginning that it must be a volunteer movement and therefore we have no draft we have no compulsory procedures at all we don t give very much in the of financial inducement to people to join we advertise it as being tough hard work we have advertisements that we now have running in the papers saying that if you join the Peace Corps you can get 110 an hour That s the pay We try to discourage people from coming in who are looking for a soft touch 1 think that s one of the reasons why we ve gotten very dedicated people to join the Peace Corps We ve had sane of the most distinguished educators for example in our country the headmaster of Philips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire the headmaster of the St Ionia try Day School professors university presidents Join the Peace Corps go overseas and do work for practically nothing think they ve done it because they realize that it vas a service it was a commitment that they could render The same thing is true in the Poverty Program We ve said from the beginning that nobody would be compelled to do anything with the Poverty Program For example in Title I of the Poverty Program we re offering opportunities to young people from 16 to 21 to get jobs and earn money so that they can pay their own way through high school or through college or that they can learn a job so that they can help to support either themselves or their families These are not hand outs to these young people These are payments proposed payments for them if they do genuine work not W1A leaf raking type work but real work Title II which is one of the most important parts of our proposed Poverty Program fits in we hope exactly with the kind of effort that you have tried to carry out here in Alexandria Title II is called Community Action and that means simply this that we in Washington stand ready to help communities which need financial help provided those counties have come up with local plans local leadership and local initiative to combat poverty as it exists in their own community In other words nobody s going to sit in Washington and attempt to tell people in Alexandria or Savannah or in St Louis or Takoma Washington what to do about poverty in all of those different places We re going to say to them Come to us with a plan that you have made with a plan that has your backing with a plan that you believe will be effective in combating poverty in your town or your locality and if it lives up to certain basic criteria which will be fairly general then we will attempt to underwrite it to the extent that we can or to the extent that we can get money from Congress to do so In every case each locality will have to put up money of its own so it s not again just a hand out from Washington So all through the Poverty Program we have followed the idea that it has to be based on local initiative and that it has to be something that gets the people involved themselves just as you ve become involved in winning this All American Award Another thing about the Peace Corps and also about the Poverty Program that I think is important is the fact that each of them depends on personal initiative For example in the Peace Corps nobody is in the Corps except people who volunteers for it and they can quit anytime they want even after they ve gone overseas The can come home So in a sense everybody in the Peace Corps volunteers every day all over again When I was in the Navy they used to have a phrase in the Navy You d better watch out or they ll throw the book at you That was a book of Navy Regulation which was about so thick In the Peace Corps I ve tried to change that by saying that we don t even have a book to throws in the Peace Corps the purpose being to say to everybody that you ve got to do this of your own free will I remember one time somebody saying that the Peace Corps was coming along very well but you didn t have a Grievance System They said to me Shriver you ve got to have a Grievance System After all this is a Government organization if somebody hat a grievance how are they going to get it out of their system You ve got to have a Grievance System I though about it for a minute then said Well you don t understand we do have a Grievance System This fellow said to me Well I never heard about it what is it I said It s very simple if you don t like it get out That s a very good grievance System In fact it cuts down on a lot or grieving Now this was not meant to be repressive or an in of that type It was meant to create an organization that people wanted to be in because they had a personal commitment a personal involvement just as all of you have had I m sure in the development or Alexandria that is we re trying again to apply the same sort of a theory to the Poverty Program As I said a minute ago I was delighted to hear that Alexandria had not run to Richmond or to Washington for help That s the way we d like it in the Poverty Program Even though we have a Community Action section such as the one t just described if the city can make the kind Of Progress that against poverty and in developing its own resources without help from Washington more power to it That s fine The only places where we will attempt to assist are in those cases where people can t do what needs to be done for their cities or for their school systems You can say well there are very few places like that in America I only wish that were true There are many places that cannot do the things for themselves that need to be done if these places are to produce good citizens for our country So once again we say that the local community has to come up with the plan it has to be their plan and they have to show a need for the money There s another feature of the Peace Corps and the Poverty Program which I think fits in with the general philosophy of our country with the kind of work that s going on here in Alexandria And it s this both Of these programs are inexpensive I repeat they re both inexpensive even though you all are paying taxes to run them they re inexpensive programs or example when we started the Peace Corps we said that it would cost 9 000 per annum per volunteer for every coat of getting that young Man or woman overseas and bringing them back etc Everything was included postage the mailing the headquarters cost in Washington etc The second year we got that cost down to about 8 500 Just about three or four months ago we reported to Congress that now we have it down to 7 800 So as the Peace Corps has grown bigger the cost per volunteer has gone downward and we feel that that may give us an award as being the only Federal Agency to successfully defy Parkinson s Law I m sure it may be the explanation of the phenomenon that some people say is time of the Peace Corps that we are alleged to be the only agency in Washington that has a combined simultaneous support of Hubert H Humphrey and Barry Goldwater It s true And I was very pleased today when I was testifying yesterday and today on the Senate Side about the Poverty Program to find that the questions from Senator Goldwater about the Poverty Program and from his friend and colleague in the Senate Senator Cower of Texas were quite sympathetic questions There didn t seem to be any antagonisms certainly in their approach to the President s Program on Poverty And frankly I don t think that there needs to be Certainly there s no philosophical reason that I can see why either one of those men would be opposed to what we have proposed in the Poverty Program because just as the Peace Corps hat been inexpensive so is the Poverty Program For example every cent that is proposed to be spent in this poverty effort anti poverty effort was included in the low budget that President Johnson sent to Congress last January I m sure of you that many of you will remember maybe all of you will remember that President Johnson s budget in January was lets than the budget proposed by President Kennedy for the previous year brow there aren t many cities I think and there area many states I m sure that are operating on less money or propose to operate on less money next year than they did last year Yet that s exactly what the situation is in the federal budget The Federal Budget is going down not up since President Johnson s been in office and this proposed over entirely included within that low budget I d also like to make a positive statement about it s being inexpensive because in fact the most expensive thing we can do about poverty is to about it of it ifs we could raise the annual come of the poor in America by 1 000 per family we would create 14 billion in addition national produce in Our nation To put it around the other way we would create a consumer purchasing power equal to the combined consumer purchasing power of 411 the people in Oregon Oklahoma and Colorado today In effect really the poor people in the United States constitute a drag on our economy Now another thing both these programs that 1 think is worthy attention is at in my both of them are effective programs to combat Communism either potential Communism as it might exist here at home or certainly as it does exist overseas For example suppose I said to you this evening that there were 10 000 teachers and farmers in the Soviet or a Chinese Communist Peace Corps so Called Suppose I said to you that every boy or girl in a country like Ethiopia or Nigeria vas being taught by a Conformist teacher as they went through high school That you could not get through high school in Ethiopia or Nigeria without being taught by a Communist I think that most Americans would be worried about that They would say e ought today something about that otherwise all those people are going to turn into Communists in those country Well the fact is that today that is what the Peace Corps is die doing It s impossible for a child to go through high school in Ethiopia today without being taught at some point by a Peace Corps volunteer I think that s an extraordinary accomplishment It s an accomplishment in the very best interests of our Nation I believe Now here at home we have a similar situation Communism breeds on hopelessness and on Poverty and on deprivation and that s what the poor people the poorest people in our collars are suffering from hopelessness deprivation personal dignity a feeling that they re not with the rest of them It s hard I m sure for Many of you here tonight all of us here tonight to appreciate that there are so may people who are not a part of the Affluent Society here at Nome But it is true Now if there is any breeding ground in this country for Communism or for any other Revolutionary Effort to overthrow our society it certainly would well up from below from the people who are effectively cut off from participating in the life that you know here in Alexandria and most of us know in other parts of the country As we reduce that hard core of poverty therefore I think we reduce the chances for anything drastic like that kind of a revolutionary thing occurring at Home And moreover I think that both of these things are patriotic programs People join the Peace Corps as I said a minute ago not for money not to convert people to a particular religion not for military purposes not for politics because we prevent them from political propaganda work overseas not really to advance their careers they join it really so that they can be of service to Mankind to their Fellow Man and be of service to their Country at the same time That s the reason why most of them join the Peace Corps Now the same thing is true of the Poverty Program I don t believe that our country certainly not the country that I grew up to love and to inherit from my father I don t think we can afford to have 20 of our people for whom the American Dream has become the American Nightmare We really can t afford as a Nation to have 1 5 of the people of this country cut off from the remainder of our society National unity in the United States has always been based on shared opportunity Our country is called the land of opportunity but for these people it is no longer each a land When we opened up the West sold the frontier here there was a spirit of pulling together even their own barn raising program were things that were done cooperatively by the people And suggest that that s the kind of cooperative attack that we need on poverty today and I think that is patriotic And vat s more this program is not a political program is not a politically oriented program or an election year gimmick Fortunately the Peace Corps is no longer thought of that way although at the beginning it was We got a lot of criticism saying that this was a propaganda or a political effort of a Democratic Administration Well it wasn t We got lots of distinguished Republican businessmen to support the Peace Corps at the beginning and we not have lots of distinguished Republican businessmen supporting the Poverty

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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks at the Institute of Higher Education, Board of Education, Methodist Church
    will help the people in the underdeveloped nations with our hands our minds and our hearts And they will help us to gain the understanding that will help us as the leader of a sorely besieged free world There was a time when America furnished the world with an exciting revolutionary philosophy Our patriots and our statesmen were emulated and praised Unfortunately that is no longer true in all parts of the world I am not referring here to the false philosophy of revolutionary upheaval espoused by the Communists but to the true stirring of freedom and progress in the underdeveloped nations of the world There are new heroes of freedom and new statesmen of liberty in each emerging nation of the world It is to these men and their ideas that the people of the underdeveloped world are turning Yet by and large their names and their ideas are unknown to most Americans Our Volunteers can share with these people our knowledge of how to build and to prosper in a world torn between freedom and slavery But these people in turn can remind us of the spirit of freedom and revolution that ignited our own revolution To be completely frank about it our own revolution has only begun Progress in the area of human development the heart of any revolution may have been ignored as we have grown financially fat spiritually soft and morally callous Our revolution of the human spirit has turned prematurely gray Our young people need to see the spark of freedom burning in the hearts and minds of their counterparts overseas This fresh understanding this fresh reminder related to our own traditions will help to tear down the barriers of ignorance on both sides of the ocean The American people have never been noted for their wide and deep understanding of the underdeveloped nations of the world After two world wars too many of us have pulled down the blinds to the windows looking out on a tempestuous world As a result we often think of Africa as a land of wild animals and not a country with heroic nationalistic leaders Southeast Asia becomes an exotic land of strange people but not a place where hungry men are struggling to gain political and economic freedom Latin America has taken the image of a giant kindly sleepy friend Unknown to us is the fact that in the minds of many Latin s the image of America is distorted We have had programs of financial assistance which were government to government operations and the average American left it to his government to worry about the details of the arrangement or its successes Very few Americans became intimately involved in these efforts to win peace and freedom Many educators have tried to turn the tide but have found the going difficult One reason I suspect is that the market for the student steeped in a knowledge of Africa or Asia was limited There are only limited job

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-the-institute-of-higher-education-board-of-education-methodist-church (2015-03-27)
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