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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver makes remarks to the Women's Job Corps Conference
    skills These schools and camps would not be make work places where people are just doing jobs to keep themselves busy They would be places where on a year round basis in a residential community genuine work would be done And to that work would be added a heavy component of education We would look forward to providing the right kind of food the right kind of health education and health practices They will experience a good job clean clothes regular hours a sense of belonging to a community where the leadership of the community wants them to improve themselves and to become respectable self supporting citizens We must provide the best curriculum and the best teachers and the best counselors and the best job experience that can be put together You are here to help us plan how to do this The Job Corps centers for women are only part of the Job Corps and the Job Corps itself is only one part of the President s program for economic opportunity But it is the cutting edge It will be what a revolutionary minded Latin American once said about the Peace Corps The Punta de Lanza the Point of the Lance It will penetrate to the young men and women caught in the hard core of poverty It will penetrate to the streets of Harlem and the slums of this nation It will go to its target it will reach 100 000 of the very people who need help most who still have the most to offer their country if opportunity can be opened for them The Job Corps is one answer this nation can give to the hopelessness of the young men and women now taking out their frustration in violence The War on Poverty is the answer this nation must give to what is happening in Harlem The Senate of the United States has already endorsed this program And the action of the Senate in approving the President s proposals by a vote of nearly two to one demonstrated that this national attack on a national problem promotes national unity In that vote we boxed the compass with support from North and South East and West Republican and Democrat Liberal and Conservative From Republican Presidential candidate Margaret Chase Smith in Maine to Southern Democrat George Smathers in Florida from a former chairman of the Republican National Committee Senator Hugh Scott to the bill s sponsor Senator Pat McNamara of Michigan to Senator Herman Talmadge of Georgia and Senator Olin Johnston of South Carolina from Senator Tom Kuchel of California to Senator Hiram Fong of Hawaii you can t get any farther West than that we saw the kind of unity that makes American great There was a roll of honor in that vote and on it go those ten 20th century Republicans who voted their conscience who could not in conscience follow the negative course of their Party s nominee Also on that roll of honor go

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/remarks-to-the-womens-job-corps-conference (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Addresses the American Public Welfare Association
    only part of poverty the part we can acknowledge without loss of face In more than half of the states 26 in this Nation payments under aid to dependent children is pegged at less than 85 of what the State itself admits to be the total monthly cost of basic needs Thus in Alabama and Alaska the State pays less than 40 of what it takes to survive Indiana pays 49 Texas pays 63 to Michigan s 71 and West Virginia s 85 When a State says publicly it takes X number of dollars to live just to live to survive and then gives only a third or a half or four fifths of that amount to the poor to live on then in the name of humanity is about time we changed that rule and paid 100 percent The present system forces the poor to suffer with what they get even though it is not enough to live on or cheat steal and lie in order to get that extra bit of money for the children s milk or shoes for school or fuel to keep warm The local public welfare agencies must help this Nation face up to the full magnitude of this problem which is only part of the poverty problem in our country You have heard a lot about maximum feasible participation of the poor But what about you Your staff The programs you administer We need that maximum feasible participation by your agencies and your workers Membership on community action boards is fine We want and need you there Also welfare agencies make bigger and better requests for funds either through the local poverty agency or independently But that s all administration and procedure and that s not enough First of all we must pay more than pay lip service to Commissioner Ellen Winston s words Each profession presently tends to provide its services in isolation from the others It is about me we stopped helping the poor on our terms at our own convenience and in accord with our desire for prestige professionalization and advancement And that instead we adopt the client s point of view and serve his needs rather than our professional preconceptions If we re going to confront the whole problem of poverty not run from it If we re going to get that coordination rather than lip service to it then we are going to have to change some basic attitudes and institutions In the court room the defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty But in the slum the presumption appears to run the other way The poor are presumed guilty lazy shiftless apathetic unless proven innocent We ve got to stop that presumption of guilt We ve got to stop being preoccupied with fraud and start worrying about people In Arizona for example the State appropriates as much money to ferret out chiselers as it does for all the staff and services of Maricopa County where 50 percent

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-american-public-welfare-association (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Speech at the Methodist Annual Meeting
    church to have to appoint one man to be a Vicar to the Poor Where was Christ Christ didn t have to appoint a Vicar to the Poor Something is wrong when we appoint a Vicar to the Poor A Jesuit poet wrote these words We stand there American white Christian with the keys of the world in our pocket Everything about us says Be like me I ve got it made But the poor see the emperor naked like the look of Christ the poor man strips us down to the bond The poor have it hard the saying goes Well the hardest thing they have is us i What does this mean I think it means that we have got a terrible communications problem and that may be too superficial a description of it We are not getting through in our efforts to explain the plight of the poor or the dignity of the poor the potential of the poor the rights of the poor to our friends who are not poor Instead of being what Senator Fulbright called a sick society maybe we are We don t hear the people sometimes whom we are trying to serve because if our message was getting across America would have many more volunteers in the War against Poverty and in the Peace Corps and working with your churches We would have much more money from Congress if our message were getting across We would get more support from business and from labor more from the Rotary and the Lions and the Kiwanis more from the Chamber of Commerce because these people are not people of bad will or ill will I think they are people who for some reason or other we have not been able to reach Maybe those deaf Americans haven t heard that they are desperately needed needed by the poor Many of them probably think that this War against Poverty is just another old welfare program a handout program devised in Washington by Federal bureaucrats and run by boondoggling Democrats nation wide Maybe they think that the problem of poverty can be bought off with money like a Manhattan Bomb project spend more money and the problem will be eradicated But they are wrong America I suggest has a human problem not a money problem The problem of poverty has to be solved by human beings and not just by dollar bills But first somehow or other we have to get this through to the well to do I have to tell them from my soapbox and I hope you will help tell them from your pulpit that this is not a new Message we are trying to get across I suppose it is one of the oldest messages in the history of the world John Wesley two hundred years ago had this same problem both in England and in Georgia In one of his sermons he talked about the way the rich people avoid poor people And this is what he said I wish I d said it One reason why the rich have so little sympathy for the poor is because they so seldom visit them and so one part of the world doesn t know what the other part suffers The rich don t know because they don t care to know They keep out of the way of knowing it And then they say they are uninformed as an excuse for their hardness of heart Now I don t really think that most Americans have a hard heart But many of them probably have uninformed heads So instead of condemning the rich I think we should start informing the rich That is the kind of leadership I think would be most helpful from Methodist laymen and from Methodist ministers According to the statistics given to me as I mentioned there are 23 000 such ministers and ten million laymen How many of those ministers and laymen are leaders in the War on Poverty Not the Federal one necessarily but the local one The answer is not enough Dr Carruthers wrote in his book Keepers of the Poor It is necessary for the Methodist Church to reorganize its neglected ministers To the extent that our pastors are untrained in community organization the Methodist Church is failing in its responsibility to win the War on Poverty This war will be won largely in terms of the ability of the community to organize its latent energy Once again let me say he s right If every Methodist minister in America and every Lutheran Baptist Presbyterian Universalist minister and every catholic priest and Jewish rabbi became a community leader instead of just a church leader both America and Christianity would change overnight Every Sunday Morning all of us together have a chance to reach a hundred million people At lease that s what the statistics show the number that attend church every Sunday You can reach these people and tell them that the poor in the community need help not just dollars Not just something in the collection plate but human help This help I believe has to come forward soon sooner than many of us think or else the crisis in our American cities and in rural America may gradually make all of our churches into temples of irrelevance In the current issue of your magazine World Outlook there is an editorial that talks about the sense of frustration pervading all the churches and especially the Methodist Church It says It is the feeling that the Church is a machine not a community and that the machine is running us not we the machine Too much organization too much program too much direction from the top these are the familiar complaints repeated over and over again No system is going to get us out of our present plight and for our part the editorial writer says we think our two chief sins are a legalism

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-the-methodist-annual-meeting (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargement Shriver makes a statement Before the Democratic Platform Committee
    exist from day to day It means that every American who wants to pitch in and help fight poverty can volunteer and go to work where they are really needed We need thousands of these volunteers today in Y s in settlement houses in Scout troops and boys clubs in training programs and schools and day care centers We are ready now to receive their applications It means that eleven million illiterate adults will get a chance to read and write and count well enough to hold down a decent job It means that 15 000 destitute farmers can get the cow the seed or the plough they need to make good where they are instead of drifting to the big city slums to join the ranks of those on relief It means that for the first time kids from slums can start first grade with an equal chance because they were able to attend pre school classes And for nearly ten million elderly people living in poverty this means neighborhood services to brighten their lives and opportunities for those who wish to use their experience helping young people grow into their responsibilities It means that 80 000 boys and girls will be able to get the part time work they need to stay in high school and 140 000 talented young men and women will be able to get to college because of the money they can earn as teachers aides and counselors and librarians assistants For the first time a community that really means business can get at all the problems of poverty at the same time and lick them once and for all These are the things that President Johnson s war on poverty means Critics say that this effort is a cruel hoax a vote bring gimmick which will be tossed aside soon after the election a collection of handouts for the lazy But if this is a cruel hoax it is strange that not one Republican Governor and not one Republican mayor and not one Republican Senator stepped forward to expose it before the committees of Congress If this is just a vote getting gimmick then ten Republican Senators and more than a score of Republican Representatives would not have voted for the bill If this is just a dole program for the lazy then dozens of businessmen would not have volunteered to help plan it or agreed to secure jobs for Job Corps graduates This war is no give away program Every dollar that the poor get they will earn by working or by sticking it out through a tough training program that will enable them to get back on their feet In fact the critics are themselves guilty of a cruel hoax They have no practical alternative solutions They do not challenge the existence of the problem but they have no answers They would while away time quibbling over administrative details while this program turns relief receivers into taxpayers They would spend a

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/statement-before-the-democratic-platform-committee (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Addresses the Jewish Theological Seminary
    commitment He didn t delegate the job to others When he saw something that he considered cruel and unjust he didn t turn his back and pretend it wasn t there that it was somebody else s business he took it on himself to act And he did root content himself with writing checks hiring someone else to do the dirty work like hiring mercenaries in a military war He had the sense of urgent personal obligation we need in this War against Poverty Last January one of the top editors of the Toledo Blade called us in Washington His newspaper wanted to take a look at poverty first hand And they asked if we could arrange a tour for them to see poverty some place like Appalachia The answer we gave them was Go to Toledo take a hard look where you are That s where the poverty is I m not sure how much that answer pleased them But it was the right one Poverty is not something far away Nor are moral responsibilities and moral obligations Deuteronomy says this about our moral obligations It is not too hard for thee Neither is it far off It is not in heaven that thou shouldest say who shall go up for us to heaven and bring it unto us and make us hear it that we may do it Neither is it beyond the sea that thou shouldest say who will go over the sea for us and bring it unto us and make us to hear it that we may do it But the word is very nigh unto thee in thy mouth and in thy heart that thou mayest do it Here at the Jewish Theological Seminary you have realized that our first obligation in charity runs to those nearest us and in greatest need And you have realized that theological studies can be barren indeed if separated from compassionate service Your institute for religious and social studies reflects this age old recognition of the relation of education to service You ve already done this in still another way You have said to your young Rabbis who are ineligible for military service Go spend a period of time in service to this community In service of the type urged by Rabbi Shelomo of Karlin two centuries ago If you want to raise a man from mud and filth do not think it is enough to keep standing on top and reaching a helping hand down to him You must go all the way down yourself down into the mud and filth Then take hold of him with strong hands and pull him and yourself out into the light That exhortation was taken to heart literally and put into practice recently by Peace Corps Volunteers in the Dominican Republic When we re hungry you re hungry When we walk in the mud you walk in the mud The thrust the motivation the attitude the example of these Peace

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-jewish-theological-seminary (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Winter Convocation Address at Wilberforce University
    years ago four years ago in the summer in Arkansas They said we could never have an integrated class in Arkansas I announced the program and suddenly about a month later I had an invitation to come to speak to a joint session of the legislature of Arkansas I couldn t believe it and I was edgy about going The invitation was from somebody very well known Orval Faubus I went down there and I spoke to them I was told afterward that I was the first Federal official ever asked to speak to a joint session of the Arkansas Legislature When I was finished some people said that I probably would be the last But regardless of my speech I spoke on a Monday the significant thing happened the Saturday before I got there You know that mansion the Governor s Mansion in Little Rock Most of you saw pictures of it on the front pages of your newspapers at the time of the integration fight when President Eisenhower was in the White House And it was ringed around with sand bags and machine guns and there was a light up in the right hand corner in the window all night long where Governor Faubus was holed up and alleged to be planning the resistance And President Eisenhower sent the Army there to integrate one school The Saturday before I got there there was a tea party in that mansion and up the steps of that same mansion went the leading women of Arkansas accepting Mrs Faubus invitation to tea And they went up there together black and white and into that house for a tea party and ate together and talked together and planned a Head Start program for Arkansas together It was the first time that had ever happened in the history of Arkansas Ten years ago you could not have bought that with the entire Federal budget But we got it without any expense practically speaking because we asked those people to work together for children It sounds so simple it sounds almost so naive that you dare not even talk about it in serious conversation between grown up people but it happened And now across Arkansas across Mississippi etcetera the Head Start Program for little children has brought about more integration more equality in educational opportunity in four years than in the entire history of our country following the Brown vs Board of Education Decision in the Supreme Court in 1954 The same thing I think I mentioned a moment ago is happening between Catholics and Protestants There s something in the Catholic Church called the Church Unity Octave Somebody said What s octave And somebody said Well it s like octagon versus Pentagon It s eight sides versus five sides And I said What do you mean five sides And he said Well it s eight days you pray for eight days I told him Nobody can pray for eight days And he said Well I don t mean you pray all the time for eight days but there s eight days of prayer For What For Church unity I said Well what s going on And this person said Well last Sunday a Protestant minister spoke at St Patrick s Cathedral in New York for the first time And a few blocks away in St Thomas Episcopal Cathedral a Catholic priest was in the pulpit for the first time Just a few years ago the Catholics were busy attacking Martin Luther and John Calvin not to mention John Wesley and the Protestants were busy attacking the Pope and Cardinal Spellman Four nights ago I got caught up in it by accident myself In this Church I go to at home I found myself at a service in the evening eight o clock at night with the Evangelical Lutheran Church minister the St Paul s Presbyterian Church minister the minister of the Central AME Zion Church the choirs of all of them and a Catholic Monsignor in a red robe with a little red hat And there in that Catholic Church I found all those Catholics saying the Lord s Prayer using the Protestant version It s so small but it couldn t have happened two years ago let alone ten I thought to myself if the Catholics and the Protestants and everybody can be praying and acting even in a small way for church unity why can t we have an America Unity Week not just a symbolic business that we want unity but a series of actual happenings as they say For example the Negro Shriners could invite the white Shriners to lunch or vice versa Would you believe the Delta Sigma Thetas eating weekly luncheons with the DAR How about the AMA and the National Medical Association getting together to run one of these medical centers I was talking about in Lowndes County Why couldn t white architects get together with the black architects and help to rebuild the slums architecturally Why couldn t a white church and a black church exchange ministers or parishioners Let me tell you they d both learn something Why couldn t we even dream the impossible dream Martin Luther King having lunch with H Rap Brown Or an even more impossible dream Eartha Kitt going to the White House and just having lunch I honestly believe that Americans most Americans are crying out for more happenings like that kind of a happening I think most of us are weary of appeals to disunity that we re weary of the kind of disunity that only creates more separation and more ghettos not the ghettos within the cities but the ghettos within our hearts It is our hearts and our wills and our spirit we need to change not just the architecture of slum houses or the hours and frequency of garbage collection or the size of the rat population For who created the ghettos Certainly not

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/winter-convocation-address-at-wilberforce-university (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver addresses the New Orleans Press Club at its awards dinner
    want to suggest two new approaches to reporting approaches which will get at the truth the whole truth approaches that will sell papers and reach people I would like to see an anti poverty team established in every news room in the United States Your newspapers now have reporters covering parts of the poverty story You have one at City Hall covering politics and urban renewal another at the county offices covering health and welfare another covering the activities of the private health and welfare agencies But no one is able to cover the whole poverty beat Poverty is so complex it needs a team of reporters under the direction of a top editor to provide the comprehensive coverage this story needs Couldn t such a team rout slum landlords expose the profiteers of the poor and provide the kind of total picture that would excite and stir your readers And I have a second proposal a proposal to cover the poverty beat through more than one means of communication Couldn t we develop a reporting team that would cross mass media lines that would include representatives of all the communications industries in each community A radio station a television station and a newspaper could do a combined job in exposing the problem of poverty that none could do alone This has been done in Chicago Two competitors the Chicago Daily News and WBBM TV combined the written word with the spoken and added the dimension of film to tell a complete slum story They won the Sigma Delta Chi citation for public service in journalism The award stated they had dramatized significantly the slums of Chicago and exposed those who profit from human misery They did a public service job to be proud of They not only created a public understanding of the problem but they got action Fines for housing violations were raised and new legislation opened the way to prosecution of slum landlords previously protected by dummy corporations If it can be done in Chicago it can be done here and in every community across the country New Orleans has already set an example for the rest of the nation It has looked squarely at itself at the local problems of poverty And the picture isn t very rosy Reports from the Bureau of the Census indicates that New Orleans faces perhaps the most difficult poverty problem of any major American city You rank second of all major American cities in number of families with income under 3 000 second in the number of men over 25 with less than 7 years of schooling second in the number of housing units with more than one person per room second in the number of unskilled mill workers and third in the number of children under 18 living in broken homes When all these separate indices are put together and compared city by city New Orleans is the one hit hardest by the problems of poverty among major American

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-the-new-orleans-press-club-awards-dinner (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Addresses the Annual Alumni Banquet of the Catholic University of America
    preoccupation with participation came his fourth great concern A concern for the poor for their right to participate in American life to organize and share both in its blessings and in its obligations He fought to keep the Church s hierarchy from condemning the Knights of Labor from condemning the books of Henry George from isolating itself from the poor These are his words To lose the heart of the people would be a misfortune for which the friendship of the few rich and powerful would be no compensation That s what he wrote in a formal memorial to the Vatican in 1887 And he went on We must prove that we are the friends of the working classes and in those days the phrase the working classes was synonymous with the poor They commit excesses now and then Let us correct them but they have also real grievances Let us help them to redress them Those words could well serve with only slight amendation as the philosophy of the Peace Corps and of the war vs poverty Let me repeat them To lose the heart of the people would be a misfortune for which the friendship of the few rich and powerful would be no compensation We must prove that we are the friends of the working classes They commit excesses now and then Let us correct them but they have also real grievances Let us help them to redress them In 46 different countries thousands upon thousands of Peace Corps Volunteers are at once living this philosophy and spreading it to individuals to communities to nations and to the world Their mission to enable the peoples of Asia Africa and Latin America to participate fully in the 20th Century Here at home the war on poverty is designed to enable all the American people especially the poor to participate in the progress of this country Like the working classes in the 1880 s and 1890 s the poor today have real grievances They commit excesses now and then Let us correct them but they have also real grievances Let us help them to redress them Thus the war against poverty can be looked upon as just the latest extension of the basic American tradition that Cardinal Gibbons championed The original settlers in the 13 colonies wanted the freedom to participate in determining their own affairs their own destiny That s what they meant in the 1770 s by the cry Taxation without representation is tyranny Today on every side we see expansion of that slogan Welfare without representation is tyranny Education housing counseling handouts without representation without a chance to be heard that is tyranny too To use a slang phrase everybody wants a piece of the action A world wide revolution is upon us It is a participation revolution Examples are all around us At an educational institution as conservative as Yale University we witness the unprecedented action of the administration which last month decided to give

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-annual-alumni-banquet-of-the-catholic-university-of-america (2015-03-27)
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