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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Acceptance of the Notre Dame University Laetare Medal
    it should now come to me is a tribute I can only accept with great humility Father Hesburgh in his most goners citation mentioned my service as Director of the Peace Corps and later as Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity In this connection he mentioned my Christian faith which the University of Notre Dame I would like to say has done so much to glorify and propagate We have learned to respect many other faiths in our work and certainly I have in my experience Nevertheless it is surely the work and example of our Lord Jesus Christ which lies behind much of the inspiration of our American heritage For if the twentieth country has tight its children anything it is that selflessness and charity are the only listing values in human life Since the name of this medal is in Latin and since the inscription is in Latin I venture to add another Latin motto I have always cherished Non Nobis Sed Aliis not for ourselves but for Others This could well serve as devices for both organizations with which I served It could well serve too as a rule of life for all of us Thank

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/acceptance-of-the-notre-dame-university-laetare-medal (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the National Conference on Poverty in the Southwest
    people as friends they fear them as enemies Our children become the prey of our own fears and the captives of our own myths How different it is in Panama and here at this conference when we bring trust and warmth and respect to each other regardless of race color creed or cultural background When we started the Peace Corps in 1961 the experts experts from universities from the Foreign Service from congressional committees made many flat predictions They said A bunch of college kids can t change the image of the Ugly American But they were wrong They said Jews can not be sent as Peace Corps Volunteers to Arab countries But they were wrong They said Don t send white girls upcountry into the heart of Africa The natives will attack them Don t send Protestants to Catholic villages in South America The priests will ostracize them Don t send amateurs without special degrees in engineering or community organization or agriculture They will not contribute to the progress of under developed countries But they were wrong they were wrong they were wrong The world s better off because the amateurs those who had faith and trust in mankind did not listen to the experts who had lost both Many people have asked me and I have asked myself why the experts were so wrong so often Why in a country like Indonesia where the Red Cross has been thrown out where the Boy Scouts have been thrown out where the Ford Foundation has been thrown out where even the U N has been thrown out why is it that the Peace Corps is still there and still welcome Why is it that in Afghanistan the King and his cabinet last summer took unprecedented official action to open up every part of the country to the Peace Corps Volunteers from the Hindu Kush to the Khyber Pass an action unprecedented in that nation s modern history Why is it when the Dominican Republic suspended diplomatic relations with the U S and expelled our military advisers our economic advisers our State Department officials why is it the Peace Corps was invited to stay The answer is becoming clearer and clearer and it goes like this First Peace Corps Volunteers do not live apart They live in a country not off it They live in a culture not despite it They drink the same drinking water eat the same food live in the same kinds of houses use the same transportation and speak the same language as the people Second in order to survive Peace Corps Volunteers must adapt And this means they must learn from the only people who can teach them the local people They learn about the local culture the local habits and local customs The local people teach the Peace Corps Volunteers to recognize and avoid dangers to know and use the local resources And because of this every Bolivian every Indonesian every Nigerian can teach something

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-national-conference-on-poverty-in-the-southwest (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver delivers Western Michigan University Commencement Address
    Peace Corps receiving his bachelor s degree after two years overseas and then return for graduate work Particular departments would work out the details differently but they would add up to about a five year curriculum a five year Peace Corps B A We in the Peace Corps welcome this plan We believe it can be an important step forward for you and for us It will involve problems for you and for us You will want to continue some academic relationship with the Volunteers chosen from this University while they are overseas You will want to know how well they do overseas in learning the foreign language of the area in teaching if they are assigned to a school in working at whatever their assignment may be We will need to arrange good assignments for this new stream of Volunteers We will need to convince some host governments which now require a bachelor s degree for teaching jobs that in certain fields and at certain levels such as English teaching at the upper elementary or lower secondary level these Volunteers with two or three years of college can make a contribution We will need to make sure through our selection process that the Volunteers who come at this earlier stage are mature and ready for the responsibilities of overseas service These problems can be solved and they are worth solving For this kind of formal and direct connection between college education and Peace Corps service should have great benefits for both and for the host countries which we will both be serving From our standpoint the Peace Corps primary purpose of providing needed manpower to host countries will be advanced by this new flow of Volunteers corning out of American colleges There are still many unmet needs for Volunteers in the 46 countries where we are now serving and in the two dozen countries on the waiting list We hope that through this program we will be able to supply the kind of hard working dedicated Americans these nations need A Volunteer overseas discovers that he does learn as much as he teaches He discovers that his service is understood better and appreciated by the people he is serving if he comes as a student of their civilization as well as a bearer of ours If he makes this discovery sooner rather than later he will be able to accomplish more If he knows that his service is part of his college education he should have this learning spirit from the beginning From your standpoint a student s college education should be better if it includes a period of work beyond the walls if the student has a chance to go from theory into practice to test ideas in action This is the experiential education that educators all over the country are now advocating This is the moratorium from the classroom the encounter with reality which the author and psychiatrist Dr Erik Erikson recommends At our recent Washington Conference

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/western-michigan-university-commencement-address (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Commemoration of the Battle of Verdun at St. Mihiel American Cemetary and Memorial
    tribute not only to those Americans who came here and were never to go home but equally to those hundreds of thousands of young Frenchmen who fell defending their homeland The bravery and sacrifice of all those who fought here is legendary They taught us the meaning of courage and honor and duty But they taught us something more important They taught us that the horror of war does not discriminate among men that rampant nationalism breeds distrust and disunity and that the result of this is neither glory nor gain but death and destruction They taught us that our future lies not in inward suspicion but in outward cooperation These men believed they were fighting the war to end all wars It does them no dishonor to say they were wrong They surly were not responsible for what followed Perhaps in the period between the wars we were too close to the tragedy of 1914 1918 to really believe that it could not must not happen again Unfortunately however the world wars plunged us into another holocaust Only after this second tragedy did we realize that disunity threatened to destroy our civilization Today Europeans and Americans are beginning to recognize their common bond and are working each in his own way to achieve that unity which guarantees peace among brothers Frenchmen and Americans have proven often in the past that working together they can ensure liberty and progress for both The need for close cooperation is still with us For the ideals and freedoms for which Frenchmen and Americans gave their full measure in the past are still under attack today Here in France we stand on soil where the blood of thousands of Americans has been given freely courageously successful so that freedom should not perish from this

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/commemoration-of-the-battle-of-verdun (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the Catholic Inter-American Cooperative Program
    officials from North and South America that the PCVs could not live in the city slums or small rural villages No one lives there one expert told us Yet our eyes told us that hundreds of thousands did live there The same experts ours and yours made many flat predictions when we began in 1961 They told us that a bunch of kids couldn t change the image of the commercial Gringo exploiter But the experts were wrong We have changed that image not completely but significantly They said we couldn t send girls into the back country or into the urban slums I heard a lot about machismo But the experts were wrong They said we couldn t send Protestants to Catholic villages in South America But the experts were wrong When our Peace Corps Representative in one of the Latin American countries first paid his courtesy call on the Papal Nuncio our Peace Corps Director said that many of our Peace Corps Volunteers were not Catholics He asked whether they would have any problems in the small villages of the country The Nuncio leaned forward confidentially and said Only from the Spanish priests They said we couldn t send amateurs without special training in engineering or agriculture or community development But they were wrong The amateurs were right And the world developed and under developed is better off Because the amateurs with faith and trust in mankind did not listen to the experts who had lost both Today Peace Corps Volunteers are living and making common cause in Latin America with the people who are the object of the social revolution Our girls are in the slums and the remote villages Protestant and Jewish volunteers are functioning successfully at the community levels often with the enthusiastic collaboration of the village priest Volunteers of both sexes and all races and religions are living at the level of the people they have come to help and to love The Peace Corps has become the largest sit in demonstration in the world Who are these amateurs In Colombia for example the director of our Peace Corps program is a former Protestant minister and school headmaster with a Ph D in Spanish Literature from the University of Madrid plus a license to captain a 3 masted schooner on the high seas In Bolivia our Peace Corps Director is a former airplane bush pilot in Central America whose last job before the Peace Corps was Professor of Economics at the University of New Mexico In Honduras the Peace Corps Leader is a Naval Academy graduate who one year ago guided the nuclear submarine Woodrow Wilson under the North Pole After 18 years as an officer in the United States Navy Joe Farrell thought he could serve the cause of peace better in the Peace Corps And so it goes Protestant ministers submarine commanders bush pilots Wall Street Lawyers mountain climbers all amateurs and all willing to try new approaches and new directions to

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-catholic-inter-american-cooperative-program (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver delivers University of South Carolina Commencement Address
    door to this complex stands a two room school built out of grassmats without windows or lights and a dirt floor It was built because the barriada grew and because classroom space was needed The teacher a Peace Corps volunteer talked the parents of the students into building those two rooms Though the school was put up in a day and volunteers only gave limited aid in construction I consider the grass school a success and ten times more valuable to the community then the big complex it sits next to It will remain a symbol to the barriada people of what they can do for themselves working together This Peace Corps volunteer learned as each of us must learn for ourselves that to help a person you cannot say Look at me Look how great I am Look what I can do for you Look how generous I am with my money The former Ambassador from Bolivia told me The reason your volunteers have reached my people is because they came to learn For the first time we met Gringos who wanted to learn from us They wanted to learn about our history our culture our language our way of doing things And in teaching them we grew quite unconsciously softly quietly psychologically ready to accept instruction from them And in the process of learning of being willing to learn a lot of myths have crumbled Back in 1961 the experts made a lot of flat predictions They told us that a bunch of Peace Corps volunteers kids couldn t change the image of the commercial Gringo exploiter But the experts were wrong We have changed that image They said we couldn t send girls into the african bush or into latin American urban slums But they were wrong They said we couldn t send protestants to catholic villages in South America That the priests would see that they were ostracized But they were wrong They said we couldn t send amateurs without special training in engineering or agriculture or community development But the experts were wrong The amateurs were right And the world is better off because the amateurs with faith and trust in mankind did not listen to the experts who had lost both Now in the War on Poverty we are learning the same lesson and once again a lot of myths are beginning to crumble Last summer in Washington experts told us No Southern official would cooperate with Negro leaders in designing local anti poverty programs But already they are wrong Integrated programs are already working in the south not only in South Carolina but in Georgia Alabama Mississippi Florida Arkansas They told us Public school officials won t work with parochial school officials to launch a massive educational program for the children of the poor But already they are wrong They told us The poor are lazy apathetic inarticulate incapable of formulating demands designing programs assessing and diagnosing their own needs But they are

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/university-of-south-carolina-commencement-address (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Remarks at the French-American Dinner
    better and stay that way I was very much touched by the fact that a part of what I had to say at Saint Mihiel was presented on your national television that very evening I appreciate fully all that is represented by the opportunity to speak to so many Frenchmen through that remarkable medium But this is not an isolated gesture and I do not want to present it as such We are very pleased as we continue to explain our country to your countrymen by the degree of increased comprehension we note I am working to become better acquainted with various regions in your highly varied country and with the people who live there I have been impressed with the warmth and enthusiasm with which I am received I have been pleasantly surprised too because I had as many people do a much too pessimistic view of relations between France and America But when I went on my first official trip to Southern France a few weeks ago I saw the exact opposite of anti Americanism everywhere went Everywhere I went I was warmly welcomed by people from all walks of life Everywhere I went there were crowds of people who had come out not to see me personally but to testify and to show their feeling for the country I represent And what pleased and encouraged me most was that this welcome came from fishermen in Villefranche working people in Cannes and folk dancers in St Tropez as well as from the local officials This contrasts sharply with news stories one sometimes reads on both sides of the Atlantic Nor are they empty expressions of surface feelings based solely on that legend of the past People display real interest in closer associations greater cooperation more appreciation in both directions I find this exhilarating and encouraging For the first time in the history of our relations there is a serious desire on the part of both American educators and French educators to find out what the educational system on one side can offer to improve the educational system on the other side We look forward to a meeting later this fall of French and American specialists on this highly important field It will be good to review again what we have by way of common problems and to see whether there are likely common solutions You have heard of my personal interest in youth and youth s current preoccupations Both our countries are going to have to face them We both believe increasingly that we do this best by asking youth themselves to help in the task There is a whole field of potential cooperation here that we have hardly explored together This is to me all the more surprising in that we go on emphasizing going back to that legend of the past again our common ideals and our common heritage How do we expect to keep them common unless we find better ways to bring our youth

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/remarks-at-the-french-american-dinner (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the US Senate Youth Program at the Mayflower Hotel
    a black man where no one would say there is a rich man or a poor man they would only say The is an American One of our Peace Corps volunteers out in Malaya a girl had a guitar and she used to play it quite a bit and one night she came back to the small apartment where she was living and the guitar was gone stolen The next day when she was teaching the School there they asked her to lead the songs the way she used to in the past and she said she was awfully sorry but her guitar had been stolen And the students were astonished and they said Your guitar was stolen They couldn t believe it The next morning the guitar was back and on the guitar was a note saying We apologize for taking your guitar We did not know that you were a Peace Corps Volunteer The guitar was home In the riot that occurred in Panama last year on the 9th of January You probably all read about them there were quite a few people killed there were 33 Panamanians killed and 4 Americans North Americans were killed and gangs of students were traveling all over wildly all over Panama looking for gringoes that they could torture or string up or shoot or something We had about 50 volunteers stationed all over Panama and the advice immediately came to us from higher authority to get them all out of there We considered and said we are not going to move them out We sent a message down there you just stay right where you are in your villages At the end of three days or four days of rioting not one Peace Corps Volunteer had been injured And in the places where the gangs were marauding it was frequently true in at least a half dozen different places that the local people with whom the Peace Corps Volunteers had been working took the volunteers bodily into their own homes and hid them in their own homes Panamanians hid these gringoes in their own homes to protect them from other Panamanians That has never happened in Central America before When our country severed or suspended diplomatic relations with the Dominican Republic this as also about a year and a half ago the Dominican Republic told us to take our Ambassador out told United States take out the military mission told us to take out the economic aid people and they all left They said Leave the Peace Corps here We want them The Ambassador to the United States from the Dominican Republic at that time represented the Government which had been overthrown The man s name was Juan Bosh the President of the Dominican Republic His Ambassador was up here He went to Senator Gruning and Senator Morse and Senator Carlson of Kansas all of whom two of whom are on the Foreign Relations Committee and said to them If you want to be successful in defeating this coups de etat which has taken place and re establish President Bosh as President of the Dominican Republic order the Peace Corps out The Senators said What do you mean The Ambassador said You can cut off your economic aid and that will effect the officials in the capital city You can move the Army out and some of our Army people will know about it but if you take the Peace Corps out of our country you will have a revolution Now you may think these are exaggerations and I must say when I first began hearing them when the Peace Corps went abroad I could hardly believe what I read or heard but I could tell you stories like this for half an hour from countries all over the world so much so that I have come to the conclusion that that Ambassador from Bolivia was right it isn t so much what you do because we have been doing things like this overseas for a long time a great deal lies in how you do it If you do in to do work as a volunteer or in any other way with human beings and you would have superiority complex or you think you know it all or you think white people have the answer to all the problems or you think our culture is the only culture and every other culture is an inferior culture or you think it is funny for people to eat rice instead of potatoes or if you think it is funny for girls to wear their hair in a different way than you wear yours or for a guy to have a different hair cut and not have a tie on or a coat like this and if you sort of laugh at those things then you will never be effective You won t be effective overseas or you won t even be effective at home here with our own poor people And if you are not effective either one place or the other our country is not going to be effective What is this 1965 Your average age let s say I don t want to use that odd number let s say you all are twenty I m not good at arithmetic Let s say you are all twenty just for fun so when you re forty which is Ira Walsh s age it is going to be what 1985 And in 1985 let me tell you it is going to be just as important for all of you to win the support and allegiance you might say or to be popular for Americans to be popular in Rio de Janiero or Santiago Chile in New Delhi in Dar es Salaam or in Ouagadougou the Upper Volta as it is for you to be well known and respected in Miami or St Louis or Chicago or San Francisco Our country has got

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-us-senate-youth-program (2015-03-27)
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