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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Speaks about Careers at Illinois Institute of Technology
    within the last 100 years But by force of an idea the proposition that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights the United States has risen to be the most powerful community in recorded history We have been made and sustained by faith in man faith in his freedom his responsibility his dignity as a creature of God endowed with rights and responsible in duties Man is not master of the Universe because he can split the atom He has split the atom because he first believed in his own mastery Faith led to material achievement not the achievement to faith So I repeat we are not giving enough or perhaps it would be more accurate to say we are not giving enough of the right things when we in Chicago export primarily steel farm machinery food products radio and TV to the world True the world needs these things But it needs much more the faith and the idealism which made America unique in the world The second half of the 20th century can be America s century the century of America s greatest success and of your greatest personal happiness But it won t happen by accident It will require work and personal sacrifice Let us recall the bible story about the last day when all men shall be judged Those will enter the Kingdom of Heaven according to the Holy Book who on earth gave drink to the thirsty food to the hungry shelter to the homeless comfort to the afflicted care to the sick and to those in prisons faith to the unbeliever peace to the troubled in mind or heart Whether you believe in the Bible or not it is interesting I think to observe that each of the requirements set down for entrance into Heaven involves personal service to others There is nothing about the size of your bank account nothing about the ranch house in the suburbs nothing about that new Ford convertible you want nothing about that gorgeous new dress in the 28 shop at Marshall Field s Frankly I wish there were at least a mention of a few things like the White Sox in first place or a regular golf game in the low seventies Because let s not kid ourselves all of us each one of you and me would like to have our cake and eat it But the good book is silent about eating cake it talks only about giving it away I frequently think of a sad but true incident which illustrates my thought In 1923 a very important meeting was held at the Edgewater Beach Hotel here in Chicago Attending the meeting were 10 of the world s most successful men They were 1 The President of the largest steel company in the United States 2 The President of the largest bank in the country at that time 3 The President of the largest utility company

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/career-conference-speech (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Speaks about Leadership to Chicago Teachers Historical Association
    our fabled American freedom of educational opportunity Everyone in this room could retire to a shady college campus and compose an ideal educational program new from buildings to curriculum content I like Utopias too especially when the setting is a lush Gauguin Island in the South Pacific But for most of us who are not Platos this is a waste of time We cannot tear down all the school buildings constructed before 1900 We cannot eliminate teachers simply because they may not qualify on some new test created by the Princeton Educational Testing Service I m a Yale man myself We cannot tell in migrants go back where you came from our schools are filled to capacity Instead we must build educational programs using all the existing as well as new resources we have each to its maximum capacity In Chicago we are not waiting for new specially trained teachers or new shiny buildings or recommendations from some new educational research project Instead we are using our existing teachers existing buildings and our present sources of ideas in order to plan educational programs and procedures suitable for the revolutionary problems we face today when each September our schools open their doors to 16 000 additional students We have instituted a Master Teacher program utilizing our present teachers to train our newest and to help out in schools where our student population is weakest We have taken over buildings deserted by others and now used by us to provide new and different educational opportunities unprecedented in our city s history and unique in the lives of most of the children now studying in these new schools We have said to our existing principals study your community and the children in your school Discover their individual levels of education Then devise courses of instruction for each of them as individual human beings courses where the weak English student can study twice as much English as his next door neighbor who in turn may be taking twice as much Arithmetic Ours is a dynamic changing society Only new answers using all our old resources buildings teachers and old school board members too can produce a cooperative solution to our many problems The third quality necessary for leadership has been called a sense of style By a sense of style I mean that the dignity of deeds requires an equal dignity of words It isn t enough for public schools to do an excellent job of education We must explain what we are doing why we aria doing it and what results we are getting And we must clothe our explanations in words as precise and inspiring as the educational programs we create in the classrooms You may say like Gertrude Stein that a school is a school is a school is a school But I shall reply that the words government of the people by the people and for the people immortalized the deeds done on the battlefield of Gettysburg and raised those

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/leadership-in-education (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Chicago Tribune Article Concerning Education in America
    and our desire each of us to make a personal fortune But in any society as Plato wrote in The Republic what is honored is cultivated and that which has no honor is neglected We have honored businessmen lawyers doctors bankers and management experts but America needs sages saints scholars and statesmen master minds and master spirits We shall never get an adequate supply of them however until superhighways and supermarkets take second place to super schools and super churches We have neglected to emphasize to our youngsters that the five most important functions in American life are represented by the church home school work and civic political service We haven t urged them sufficiently to prepare themselves for leadership in these fields and to refuse to be contented with mediocrity in them Nor has the older generation accepted its share of the financial burden It must help How By redirecting our money and our energies into the five same all important areas of life where the major effort of our children must be spent Point 1 We need to spend more money on our universities and schools Money will not cure all our academic problems to be sure but without it we can kiss goodbye any hopes we may entertain for leadership in tomorrow s world Without original creative thinkers we shall never produce the new ideas needed in an atomic space ship intercultural world of growing populations and many races Education is essential to survival in the next fifty years Point 2 We need to tell our young people there is no substitute for hard work Vice President Nixon s 4 day week may be feasible in mass production industries But automation and electronic calculators will never replace the need for rigorous mental discipline or the individual effort needed to produce a first class thinker Even today in the era of the five day week no important influential or powerful man or woman in American life works less than six days a week No such person ever has or ever will Ask Walter Reuther chief of the U A W when he last worked 4 days a week The answer will be never Point 3 We need to tell our boys and girls that excellence takes time to achieve A master mind master spirit master craftsman is the work of years not days Point 4 We need to tell them to avoid the idea of get rich quick get results quick make a fast buck True greatness the kind of greatness America needs to survive will come from boys and girls whose lives will follow a schedule perhaps something like this one Age 16 30 Study and learn absorb new ideas and thoughts build a solid home life Develop habits of silence and contemplation Age 30 50 Gain practical experience Don t fear changes in jobs or career Continue study habits Develop confidence Age 50 70 Time of greatest capacity to produce Check the lives of Winston Churchill

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/article-concerning-education-in-america (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver Speaks About Multiculturalism in Education at Northwestern University
    I hope The Sloan Foundation will soon decide to help us examine our program in the technical high schools Northwestern University s Dr Paul Witty has given yeoman service to the expansion and improvement of our program for Gifted Children The American Association for Junior Colleges plus professors and educators too numerous to mention by name have helped us free of charge to plan the biggest expansion in Junior College services in Chicago s history I could go on but surely the point is clear Money professional talent expert advice is available to our public schools Business and industry labor private foundations and government itself are enthusiastic in their desire to help the public schools Whatever your problems therefore in whatever the school system there will be local or national groups expert and willing to supply money and manpower to provide prompt solutions to many of your worries At this point I think I know what many of you are thinking You are saying that all this private outside volunteer help is all right but it doesn t solve the classroom shortage or the teacher shortage or the inadequacy of pay for teachers or may I add for administrators You are right It doesn t and I m not implying it does But indirectly it helps to arouse public support for education more classrooms and better pay for educators because it shows the public that educators are inventive alert on their toes willing to experiment willing to make every effort to give the public the maximum educational value for every dollar of taxpayers money I guarantee every administrator in this audience that the public will support education with ever increasing generosity as the public becomes more and more convinced that all of us in education are working creatively and intelligently to find new and better ways of educating the young I realize of course that some people are never convinced by anything In Illinois for example some conspicuous persons think you can have your cake and eat it that you can prate platitudes about states rights while refusing to accept states responsibilities for education For my part I d rather see a Governor who finds ways to support public education as it should be supported rather than spend his time giving speeches telling the Federal Government how to run its business Perhaps home work would be good medicine not only for school children but for Governors Parenthetically speaking I should add at this point that the Chicago Board of Education is on record officially and unanimously calling on our state government for increased state aid for our common schools We believe we have exerted every reasonable effort to bear our fair share of the increased costs of education locally we have increased our tax burden in 1955 and 1957 by the biggest amounts in history But we believe too that the state cannot continually assert no federal aid and no additional state aid either The Illinois Constitution charges the state with the responsibility for providing a common school education The state should accept that responsibility willingly and aggressively And I might add in addition that we in Chicago believe we moved in the right direction when we raised the salary of our General Superintendent of Schools to the highest in the U S A I for one in Illinois am tired of hearing that some other state or city has a better program of education salaries or classrooms than ours It is high time Illinois became famous in the national press as a center of education and culture and that takes money more money for education than we have ever dreamed of before As Dr Paul Mort expresses it We have tried everything in America to improve education except money So much for Part I of this talk Now I d like to conclude with a few remarks about education for the more distant future the future world of 1980 and 1990 and the world of the 21st Century now only 43 years away In my judgment the number one problem in these years to come will be this How can all of us white black yellow and brown people of different nations and different cultures live together in peace The world s population is growing by leaps and bounds China for example is growing at a rate of 12 000 000 persons a year so fast that the Communist planners are frantically disseminating birth control information to prevent total collapse of their economic programs India is facing the same problem trying some of the same solutions Our own birth rate in the U S A is the highest ever in Chicago it has doubled since 1940 Even France the tired old man of Europe is experiencing a growing population for the first time since World War One There will be already there are world wide pressures for economic satisfaction of these millions of people While world population is growing the geographic size of the world can be said figuratively to be shrinking Chicago in 1960 will be only 1 1 2 hours from New York City six hours from London or Cairo In 1970 New York City will probably be closer in time to Chicago than Waukegan is today The world shrunk in size in the last 30 years in the next 30 the shrinkage will be even greater Under these circumstances if anyone believes that we in the Chicago of the future will be able to dismiss the problems of India Africa or Asia as foreign affairs conducted solely by someone in Washington D C known as the Secretary of State he or she is living in a fool s paradise We may not like it we may long for the good old days of McKinley William Howard Taft or Calvin Coolidge we may denounce the U N the Marshall Plan the Eisenhower Doctrine or what have you but we shall be living in a world where Bangkok

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/education-for-the-future-a-cooperative-approach (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks about teacher excellence to Champaign Community Schools General Staff
    dollars for teachers and classrooms We contacted the Chicago Board of Fire Underwriters a private organization maintained by the Insurance Companies We asked for their help and we got it At our request in cooperation with our staff but entirely without restraint from our people this Board of Fire Underwriters is studying every school building in Chicago 460 of them free of charge They have already submitted ten reports worth at least 10 000 at the going rate for such services They will continue until their total contribution in volunteer services will probably exceed 500 000 Take the problems of vocational education Practically no large city in the United States has a perfect program of vocational education well integrated within the school system with clearly defined objectives and methods In Chicago we felt a need for modernizing enlarging and improving our vocational education program But once again we did not have the money or the manpower We approached the Sears Roebuck Foundation and they gave an initial grant of 5 000 to start the work Now we have a research group involving experts from every major city in America from Teachers College Columbia from the American Vocational Association aid others all working cooperatively to develop a program of vocational education suited to the future not the past The Sears Roebuck Foundation has agreed to finance our efforts through to the end The experts from other cities are working free Once again Chicago s taxpayers are receiving services worth thousands of dollars free of charge More important the children of Chicago will soon be profiting in our vocational schools from the new ideas and programs recommended by this outstanding group One of the most recent bonanzas of this cooperative type to fall into our laps in Chicago has come from the U S Office of Education 675 000 has been given to us to study how best to teach and train the educable and trainable mentally handicapped of whom we now have more than 5 000 in Chicago public schools alone This is the first time in history that the Office of Education has given research money to a Metropolitan public school system It proves once again that cooperative help is available for the solution of many of our contemporary problems of education and administration In Chicago the Bituminous Coal Institute is making an independent survey free of charge of all our heating installations and fuel costs I hope the Sloan Foundation will soon decide to help us examine our program in the technical high schools Northwestern University s Dr Paul Witty has given yeoman service to the expansion and improvement of our program for gifted children The American Association for Junior Colleges plus professors and educators too numerous to mention by name have helped us free of charge to plan the biggest expansion in junior college services in Chicago s history I could go on but surely the point is clear Money professional talent expert advice is available to our public schools Business and industry labor private Foundations and government itself are enthusiastic in their desire to help the public schools Whatever your problems therefore in whatever school system there will be local or national groups expert and willing to supply money and manpower to provide prompt solutions to many of your worries At this point I know what many of you are thinking You are saying that all this private outside volunteer help is all right but it doesn t solve the classroom shortage or the teacher shortage or the inadequacy of pay for teachers or may I add for administrators You are right It doesn t and I m not implying it does But indirectly it helps to arouse public support for education more classrooms and better pay for educators because it shows the public that educators are inventive alert on their toes willing to experiment willing to make every effort to give the public the maximum educational value for every dollar of taxpayers money I guarantee every teacher and administrator in this audience that the public will support education with ever increasing generosity as the public becomes more and more convinced that all of us in education are working creatively and intelligently to find new and better ways of educating the young Parenthetically speaking I should add at this point that the Chicago Board of Education is on record officially and unanimously calling on our state government for increased state aid for our common schools We believe we have exerted every reasonable effort to bear our fair share of the increased costs of education locally we have increased our tax burden in 1955 and in 1957 by the biggest amounts in history But we believe too that the state cannot continually assert no federal aid and no additional state aid either The Illinois constitution charges the state with the responsibility for providing a common school education The state should accept that responsibility willingly and aggressively And I might add in addition that we in Chicago believe we moved in the right direction when we raised the salary of our General Superintendent of Schools to the highest in the U S A for one in Illinois am tired of hearing that some other state or city has a better program of education salaries or classrooms than ours It is high time Illinois became famous in the national press as a center of education and culture That takes money more money for education than we have ever dreamed of before As Dr Paul Mort expresses it We have tried everything in America to improve education except money So much for parts one and two of this talk Now I d like to conclude with a few remarks about education for the more distant future the future world of 1980 and 1990 and for the world of the 21st century now only 43 years away In my judgment the number one problem in these years to come will be this

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-champaign-community-schools-general-staff-meeting (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver speaks about American Priorities at Lincolnwood School
    of God endowed with rights and responsible in duties Man is not master of the universe because he can split the atom He has split the atom because he first believed in his own mastery Faith led to material achievement not the achievement to faith So I repeat we are not giving enough or perhaps it would be more accurate to say we are not giving enough of the right things when we export primarily steel farm machinery food products radio and TV to the world True the world needs these things But it needs much more the faith and the idealism which made America unique in the world The second half of the 20th Century can be America s century the century of America s greatest success But it won t happen by accident It will require work and personal sacrifice Today Soviet Russia we are told is spending 10 of its national income on education Great Britain 8 the U S A only 3 Even in the depression ridden 1930 s we spent 4 Today in Soviet Russia we are told 50 of all University graduates enter the teaching profession In the U S A 1 3 of the top 20 of all our high school seniors fail to graduate from college Another 200 000 promising youngsters do not even make the jump from high school to college We cannot continue to waste youth our most precious national and natural resource in this way Recently I expressed the problem in these words In the military they call it firepower when they talk of machine guns vs rifles Intellectually we must have the same ratio The Russians have millions more people than we do The Red Chinese have 600 000 000 We ve got to be everyone of us as smart as ten communists Despite these facts about education and the other facts I have mentioned many of us in the United States still concern ourselves with business as usual We urge our youngsters to go to college Why Because they will get a better job improve their social position gain entrance to better clubs meet people higher on the social scale make more money These reasons are typical of our American attachment to material goods and our desire each of us to make a personal fortune But in any society as Plato wrote in The Republic What is honored is cultivated and that which has no honor is neglected We have honored businessmen lawyers doctors bankers and management experts We have a Hall of Fame for baseball players doctors merchants But America needs sages saints scholars and statesmen master minds and master spirits We shall never get an adequate supply of them however until superhighways and supermarkets take second place to super schools and super churches We have neglected to emphasize to our youngsters that the five most important functions in American life are represented by the church home school work and civic political service We haven t

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/dedication-of-rutledge-hall-lincolnwood-school (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver addresses the Chicago Teachers Union on group's twentieth anniversary
    expanded Also as many of you know some teacher colleges in the past taught only courses in pedagogy Now I think it is accurate to say that more than 3 4 of the curriculum in most institutions for teacher training is devoted to general education and the liberal arts The result of these changes in curriculum has been to interest more students in attending teacher colleges because it has become clear that the teacher colleges can provide a fine general education as well as the requirements for a professional career B Many universities have started advanced courses for teachers Yale University for example has inaugurated a most interesting program called the Master of Arts in Teaching Its purpose is to enrich all teachers with greater cultural perception and depth in scholarship These enrich not only the lives of teachers and give them a greater appreciation of enduring values but directly improve the course of instruction we are offering to our children in the classroom In Chicago I am happy to say we are now considering a new program for sabbatical training of our teachers A large foundation may soon give us between 1 million and 1 500 000 dollars to finance advanced education and overseas travel for 20 or 30 of our teachers per annum The objective of this program would be similar to the other programs I mentioned to develop greater cultural background and intellectual interests on the part of our teachers C Stiff entrance requirements to teachers colleges should be adopted People seldom appreciate anything they can get easily Admission to teachers colleges should be high enough to present a real challenge to those seeking entrance Otherwise only those who cannot be educated elsewhere will want to attend our teacher training institutions Once again an example In Chicago we have changed the entrance requirements for Chicago Teachers College and last September for the first time in many years we denied entrance to 50 or 75 applicants whose previous records indicated they would not be successful in teaching careers Let us always remember we don i t solve the problems of any profession by debasing its standards Only by maintaining the highest standards can we hope to make teaching a genuine profession of elegance Point 3 Prestige of teaching certificate should be increased A Getting a teacher certificate should be one of the greatest achievements possible to a man or woman in America comparable to the prestige of passing the Bar examination qualifying to practice medicine etc B Some cities make a point of publishing in the local newspapers the names of all persons who have passed the teacher examinations in the community Parties are given for the teachers civic affairs are held in their honor especially when teachers qualify to become principals of schools and thus are entrusted with the education of hundreds of children These communities take particular measures to highlight the great achievements that the new principals have made But I ve learned that many teachers and teacher groups are opposed to publicity They consider it cheap sensationalism posturing unprofessional or just plain old fashioned bad taste Some even profess to see the dangerous threat of merit pay coming in through the back door Well I shall have to disagree I think teachers and teacher organizations must demonstrate pride in the achievements of their members They must be willing to accept honors not necessarily for themselves alone but as a recognition given the whole profession Doctors and lawyers certainly do Their professions have not been irreparably injured In fact this is a case where modesty is not the best policy In fact I believe that unwillingness to accept honors publicity recognition is a false modesty It proceeds from fear or timidity rather than humility Teachers have an obligation not to accept a subservient position in our society They must fight for their rights and their status And they must do this themselves or accept society s evaluation of them Once again I should like to quote from the Harvard University study on the teaching profession Listen to these words In every community there are teachers who love their work and are conscious of its importance But increasingly and tragically they find themselves surrounded by colleagues who accept the popular image of themselves Deprived of status and prestige they acquiesce in the lowly role society assigns them They live on the fringes of the middle class But they cannot afford to indulge in the tastes of their peers Neither can they revolt like the Bohemian since the community demands of them an utter respectability They can only withdraw timidly to a self contained world of their own with its own standards often entirely out of touch with reality They and their wives and children make admirable sacrifices But in doing so they confirm society s impressions of a lowly group not quite first class and deserving of no better than hand me downs of our civilization Point 4 High standards of performance should be required within the teacher training institutions and afterward in school situations An example of what not to do In many cities there are probationary periods of 1 2 3 or 1 years during which a teacher is supposed to be on trial Yet in many of these cities no teacher for years has been dismissed because of poor teacher performance Obviously some people would have been dropped and effective enforcement of the existing regulations in these cases would have produced a higher respect for the teaching profession Point 5 Teacher certification laws should be reexamined By making this suggestion I do not mean that we should lower the requirements for teachers Instead I am suggesting that many of our current requirements for teacher certificates are out of date and should be replaced in order to permit people with high intellectual attainments to join the teaching profession For example here are three horrible cases 1 A woman who had taught for 12 years in

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/twentieth-anniversary-birthday-greetings-to-the-chicago-teachers-union (2015-03-27)
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  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Index
    down with the Rev Theodore Martin Hesburgh 1917 2015 President Sargent Shriver Leads the War on Poverty On February 1 1964 President Lyndon Johnson tasked Sargent Shriver with leading Mark Shriver Records A Good Man Watch as Mark Shriver records the audio book of his tribute to his father A Good President Johnson Names Sargent Shriver Mr Poverty But I m talking about the man that s involved in the

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/site-index?type=videos (2015-03-27)
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