archive-org.com » ORG » S » SARGENTSHRIVER.ORG

Total: 624

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address at the John F. Kennedy Library on the 25th Anniversary of the Peace Corps
    celebrate for peace and against violence There is still much to struggle against but there is also much to celebrate That is why we are here at the JFK Library to celebrate Let us rejoice that Congress has called for a Peace Corps twice as big as it is today That oligarchic dictators are being toppled like dominos around the world Maybe one day we shall see all the despots gone from South Africa from Cuba from Korea from Kampuchea from the Soviet Empire and from our own Let us rejoice that Congress finally passed a Bill creating a Peace Institute or Academy even if its final form and Board of Directors are a travesty of its original intentions Even that need not be its permanent condition Let us rejoice that The Pentagon Budget will be cut and the Peace Corps budget enlarged That s only a prediction not a promise And most important let us rejoice that Colleges granting degrees in peace studies have exploded from 5 to more than 100 in the last 10 years And that 75 private foundations are now giving money for Peace Studies 52 million last year up 200 from 1982 Even the Harvard Law School now offers a course in Negotiations which means in layman s language How to stay out of court and court as any lawyer will tell you is the moral equivalent of war To negotiate the end of a dispute means to learn to compromise to say yes rather than no to one s adversary make peace Let us rejoice that the much denigrated Jimmy Carter proved the value of non violent international negotiations with his successes in Panama Zimbabwe and at Camp David They said it couldn t be but he did it Perhaps he learned how from his mother She was of course a Peace Corps Volunteer Let us rejoice that America s number one Apostle in nonviolence Martin Luther King Jr has finally been enrolled in the Pantheon of national heroes At least we are honoring our peace heroes as well as our war heroes Did you see the news about International Women s Day On March 8th just 7 days from now women throughout the world will reach out to one another in Honor as they put it of Half the Human Race Calling themselves Cosmic Patriots millions of women are uniting under the slogan Let Us Embrace Peace They are inviting all women and maybe men too to join in a huge effort to obtain a comprehensive Test Ban Treaty an end to Star Wars Reductions in military budgets everywhere and concentration on problems of poverty illiteracy hunger sickness and alienation Every woman here should surely enroll in that effort Every man here should rejoice in this female initiative Who says women cannot lead humanity to peace In the Philippines a middle aged housewife with no political experience has suddenly demonstrated charisma eloquence and courage comparable to Joan of Arc There priests and nuns

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/files/1986_-_25th_anniversary_of_the_peace_corps_john_f_kennedy_library.pdf (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address at the 3rd Annual Nelson Hume Society Dinner
    make me the person I have been and am Canterbury second only to my family my mother and father and my wife has made my life For example I never would have had the background imagination or confidence to start the Peace Corps without my Canterbury experience and opportunities It was back in 1934 that Nelson Hume told me I had to go to a meeting Sunday afternoon at Miss Porter s School in Farmington for a meeting of the Secondary School Society for International Cooperation And I had to give a speech That was the last thing I wanted to do Sunday afternoon in May So I resisted and complained and got nowhere Off I went gave the speech and came back a wasted day Two weeks later Dr Hume called me to his office He said Sargent that speech you gave at the Secondary School Society for International Cooperation made a big impression on an older person in the audience She has offered you a fully paid scholarship to travel abroad to Germany this summer three months with a new organization The Experiment In International Living That was 1934 deep in the Depression A free trip to Europe was something no high school student would turn down especially in those days I responded yes with alacrity The Experiment taught me how to form the Peace Corps 30 years later speak the language wear the clothes eat the food accept the customs waste no money follow local customs study study study play play learn learn learn Come back to the USA wiser than you left So when I founded the Peace Corps I was absolutely unequivocally committed to the idea that volunteers would live with the people as one of them They would live in their homes not in some foreign ghetto They would eat their food and use their transportation They would not have permission to use the U S post exchanges so they could go have Wheaties for breakfast They would not be part of the expatriate community Another thing I found out was that foreigners had an impression that all Americans are rich that all Americans have lots of cash and that Americans think money can buy anything So the worst thing to do was have Peace Corps Volunteers arrive overseas and start throwing a lot of money around So we decided to pay the Volunteers practically nothing less than a private in the Army and in those days privates got very little indeed That way Volunteers wouldn t be able to buy their way into someone s affection or put up a wall between them and the people they were working with All this I learned from those first experiences with the Experiment which never would have happened had it not been for Canterbury Canterbury unleashed me with The Tabard Canterbury allowed me and others to start the school s first Yearbook Canterbury taught me about the ancient Catholic traditions of England the Saints of

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-the-3rd-annual-nelson-hume-society-dinner (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics
    Notre Dame Communists and Capitalists Jews and Arabs Whites and Blacks and Orientals Old and Young Rich and Poor the Learned and the Retarded That s what sports can do for our country and for the world That s why I m here to thank you and applaud you and tell you that you and we at Special Olympics are pulling off one of the great miracles of modern times Faced with terrorism and violence everywhere confronted by boycotts and barriers of every kind defenses under the sea defenses on land in the air in outer space we shall be opening up new avenues of communications and new friendships transcending all the politics races economics and antipathies of our times We will be uniting the world by uniting men and women everywhere in the service of the weakest and most helpless of all human beings the mentally retarded Without you without NACDA and without the NCAA little or none of this would be possible Gene Corrigan of course has been helping from the beginning Without him without Father Hesburgh Notre Dame s president and Father Joyce without all their coaches and splendid athletic facilities Special Olympics would not be able to offer hospitality to all the nations But it s also true that in every State and on scores of college campuses NACDA members have taken the lead in Special Olympic activities Women and men St Mary s College in South Bend as well as Notre Dame businessmen lawyers accountants computer experts groundskeepers media specialists are all joining Special Olympics to make these 1987 Games a spectacular success Puzzling questions however remain Why is Special Olympics the fastest growing sports program in the world Why is it welcomed in Cuba China Poland Ethiopia Jugoslavia Taiwan Korea in Africa in Latin America in the Caribbean Australia New Zealand Singapore Hong Kong Jordan Israel Bolivia and by the northern and southern Irish together It s not easy to answer these questions in a sentence But the questions and answers are worth pondering They tell us as much about ourselves as about Special Olympians the mentally retarded who compete in these fabulous games Let me start to answer the questions by starting at home We were told by the experts in the 1960 s 1950 s and earlier that the mentally retarded couldn t swim they couldn t play team games they couldn t play contact sports They ll get hurt we were told playing hockey or basketball or soccer or skiing They re not coordinated enough to figure skate or do gymnastics They can t run 400 yards let alone a mile I heard all those statements myself More important my wife heard them But she didn t believe them So she decided to test out those theories for herself On a farm in Maryland where we lived she brought high school volunteers and mentally retarded youngsters together in a day camp For 30 days each spring for three years she tested

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-national-association-of-collegiate-directors-of-athletics (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address at the Civitan International Convention
    Only Civitan would be the premier sponsor of such an unbelievable event Forty years ago even twenty years ago not one of those athletes would have been playing any sport No one not even their parents would have seen them competing in any contest Most of them were locked up in institutions or hidden away in private homes an embarrassment to their parents an economic drain on society another inexplicable burden visited on suffering humanity by an inscrutable God Who was at fault Why did these people exist What good could they possibly be Why was my son my daughter so afflicted asked millions of parents Was it I or my wife or our parents who did something wrong Why Oh God Why Oh God have you cursed me At Notre Dame and at St Mary s next year instead of cursing parents will be cheering Instead of hiding they will be bragging 10 000 of them will be wearing T shirts with their identities emblazoned on their chests They will be sitting in special reserved seats attending special parties appearing on TV themselves They and thousands and thousands of all races nationalities ages creeds and political parties will be filled with joy This time it will not be a shot heard round the world from Lexington and Concord but a smile sent round the world from every face of every person in that huge throng Nor will those smiles be shallow momentary pasted on smiles flashed for public consumption by professionals For not one of the coaches athletic directors politicians foreign dignitaries athletes officials ticket takers hot dog and hamburger people not the Coca Cola dispensers or musicians or composers or policemen or medical doctors or nurses will have been given an extra dime for their services They and the athletes all will be amateurs pure amateurs brought together by love of sports love of competition love of life and love for one another They will be there in substantial part because of you the men and women of Civitan and because of sports Only sports could bring together at Notre Dame Communists and Capitalists Jews and Arabs Whites and Blacks and Orientals old and young rich and poor the learned and the retarded That s what sports and Civitan can do for the world That s why I m here to thank you and applaud you and tell you that you and we at Special Olympics are pulling off one of the miracles of modern times Faced with terrorism and violence everywhere confronted by boycotts and barriers of every kind defenses under the sea defenses on land in the air in outer space we shall be opening up new avenues of communications and new friendships transcending all the politics races economics and antipathies of modern times We will be uniting the world by uniting men and women everywhere in the service of the weakest and most helpless of all human beings the mentally retarded Without Civitan and without

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-the-civitan-international-convention (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Speech at the National Conference of Returned Peace Corps Volunteers and Staff
    with a miserable majority of two votes Must we wait until the Communists threaten to take over that friendly country by force before we act decisively and with vision Why shouldn t the Congress dramatically offer to recruit 1 000 former Philippine PCV s and send them on an emergency basis to help Cory Aquino and her people Congress agreed to send 600 PCV s to Central America Why not send 1 000 experienced in the Philippines as a strike force for peace under Cory Aquino s direction Or must we wait and then belatedly spend 150 000 000 in ten days as we did in Grenada more than the Peace Corps entire annual budget to remedy temporarily a situation involving only a total population of 100 000 people 1 000 Peace Corps Volunteers in the Philippines even 5 000 would be dramatic proof that we intend to defend and strengthen democracy through peaceful mutual personal service not only with money and arms Peace cannot be maintained in the less developed world nor Communism stopped there or anywhere else by self centered preoccupation with our own problems and safety or by reliance primarily on force of arms We cannot police the world But we can begin to liberate it from despair and fear and anger by making economic development and mutual service the hard core of our foreign policy and of our national defense A PCV now serving in the Philippines delivered the message accurately when he wrote The Philippine people achieved a moral victory of world significance led by a widowed housewife reluctantly turned into a modern day Gandhi My own faith he wrote in Christian morality in non violent struggles for peace in women as leaders at least as capable as men have all gotten a booster shot from this experience Many have said that Cory Aquino s victory was a miracle that she herself is a miracle I say yes to both these propositions I say further that in the Peace Corps we are celebrating here this weekend the birth life and continued existence of another miracle I mean we are celebrating a happening a movement a reality which cannot be fully explained scientifically mathematically sociologically or politically A miracle transcends logic Quantitative amassing of facts does not reveal its nature Miracles by definition are inexplicable by normal human reasoning They transcend ordinary reality They surprise They shock They un settle Of course some people believe that miracles are just fantasies or isolated aberrations or hallucinations They are not real they are not hard ware or even soft ware They don t make any real difference because they don t affect action they have no measurable quantifiable impact they produce no results But what about the results produced by a man named Moses who allegedly received some tablets of stone from a mysterious unseen personality named Yahweh atop some mountain in the Middle East Isn t there a whole nation in the Middle East to which we give several billions of dollars per annum a nation based on the belief that descendants of this man Moses and his legendary predecessor Abraham are a special people with a special destiny and a special role in world history Are they all crazy these people living and dying on the basis of a whole series of miraculous events shrouded in pre history and myth What about the millions even billions of human beings who follow the dictates of another person who never died but zoomed up into outer space on a horse drawn chariot 1 400 years ago Mohammad was his name and he s more influential now over half the world than Ronald Reagan is even in Orange County Isn t it strange inexplicable that these mysterious persons with their miraculous histories continue to affect so many human beings today Are all those billions of people crazy And those millions f Christians who believe in miracles are they also crazy Yes it is true these miracles surpass normal human experience But don t we live and die and dream and hope based on such extraordinary phenomena Isn t it fair to say that Jefferson s sentences We hold these truths to he self evident that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their Creator with inalienable rights were transcendent phrases at a time when the overwhelming majority of human beings did not believe that all men are created equal not to mention all women or all Blacks Yes you may respond but his words were not miraculous Historians can give us all the historical background and explanations of how those words came from Jefferson s life and culture and mind But no one can say or explain exactly how Jefferson produced those words and that document at that moment Nor can anyone explain how Shakespeare could produce his sonnets or even a single line To be or not to be that is the question We say those men were geniuses like Einstein But that description doesn t explain the miraculous quality of their words or the results produced by their words We are dealing with a similar phenomenon in the Peace Corps not a phenomenon of equal importance let me hasten to say but as a little star is still a star so may it be said that the Peace Corps is a miracle a little one perhaps but still a genuine one For surely it was an intuitive flash of the spirit which prompted Kennedy to say to himself Yes the idea of a Peace Corps is right It fits the times It strikes the right note I resonate to the concept People will respond How did he know that He didn t really know it as one knows the facts of history or the accuracy of an algebraic equation He knew it as Picasso knows the line he draws or Yeats the word or phrase he chooses for a poem Kennedy knew the Peace

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-the-national-conference-of-returned-peace-corps-volunteers-and-staff (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address to the National Association of Secondary School Principals
    they couldn t follow directions learn the rules of a game participate in team sports They ll get hurt we were told playing hockey or basketball or soccer or skiing They re not coordinated enough to figure skate or do gymnastics They can t run 400 yards let alone a mile I heard all those statements myself But we learned by trial and error that all those expert opinions were wrong We learned that the mentally retarded could not only run 400 yards but even the mile and 2 mile races could not only swim 50 meters they could swim 400 and 800 meters and participate in relay races could not only play floor hockey six to a side but soccer with full teams basketball and softball could not only run swim and jump but they could perform gymnastic routines ski down hill figure skate jump dance give speeches and take on full time jobs in parks and recreation facilities where they now teach sports to normal children and we found out that old age was no barrier for them Women and men in their 50 s 60 s and 70 s showed us they too could run 400 yard races swim and enjoy themselves in sports Most of all we found out that they are pure amateurs There s no money under the table in Special Olympics There s no proselytizing no Alumni interference and no drugs In fact Special Olympics may be the only international drug free non political and non violent sports program in the world All this is only a little bit of what we have learned from the mentally retarded and from Special Olympics I haven t even mentioned Our Marvelous Moments as we call them at Special Olympics headquarters The day the phone rang and Loretta Claiborne s coach told us the unbelievable news that Loretta a Special Olympic runner from York Pennsylvania had just finished the Boston Marathon ahead of 350 other women OR The evening in Dublin Ireland when the Irish athletes from northern Ireland marched past the reviewing stand in front of the President of Ireland to receive a standing ovation from all the southern Irish in attendance at our European Games Special Olympics is the only public activity the northern and southern Irish do together these days They march together under our flag not their own OR The letter from the Crown Prince of Jordan telling us that his country was going to send a young single sports expert to our country to study athletics for the retarded As he said she will be one of the few single female teachers to have ventured abroad from Jordan for specialized training at government expense Are the mentally retarded helping to unite the world and free us all from superstition fear envy I ll guarantee you they are TODAY The core of the Special Olympics program is year round training developing greater levels of physical fitness and specific sports skills That s what we want to see in the official offerings of more and more American school systems A million athletes take part in Special Olympics in over 65 nations around the world And we can t even put a number on those we ve graduated from Special Olympics programs into regular school athletics We offer sports training to any retarded person age 8 and up regardless of the extent of their disability 20 000 communities in the United States have Special Olympics programs We re sanctioned by the United States Olympic Committee one of only two groups to be authorized to use the name Olympics The National Governing Bodies of every sport recognize Special Olympics We ve got half a million Volunteers coaches chaperones publicists fundraisers families that run Special Olympics the largest sustained volunteer movement in the world We never charge our athletes or their families any participation fees We train and certify coaches to train our athletes All these qualities have made us the fastest growing amateur sports organization in the world I could go on and on telling you about Special Olympics in Korea and Japan in The People s Republic of China in Kenya in Zimbabwe and Nigeria in The Seychelles Island of the Indian Ocean in Poland France Belgium Portugal Child Panama yes even in Cuba but you ve heard enough Why is it successful Because it works It works for retarded people and it s therapy for normal people I want to read you an excerpt from a letter written by a sophomore at the University of Virginia The young woman wrote to her mother Saturday I participated in a Special Olympics competition which was held at an area high school I had two athletes assigned to me I made sure they found their various events and cheered them on What a joy it was to be a part of their lives People whose lives are so simple It makes you really examine your own life and realize how ridiculous most of our concerns are Mom it was one of the most rewarding days of my life I have never felt so wanted Where else can you get such a feeling Isn t that how we d all like to spend our days It used to be that the retarded were shut away in institutions Their heartbroken families were often embarrassed and doctors said there was no hope for medical breakthroughs or for any so called quality of life In the old days they called their children and adults with mental retardation idiots and morons imbeciles Today we call them mentally retarded or neurologically impaired or handicapped or learning disabled or developmentally disabled And we argue about mainstreaming cross categorical classrooms reclassification adaptive behavior IEPs and integration and PL92 1242 BUT Please let me share a thought with you The parents of retarded children don t give a whistle about all the jargon the bureaucracy all the labels They want somebody somewhere to help their

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-to-the-national-association-of-secondary-school-principals (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Address at Anderson College
    but it s more Holiness is giving your self your own person your own sense of humor your intelligence your personality your strength your beauty your car your clothes whatever you are and whatever you possess giving all those things and your whole personality to others Why To get elected President of the Class No To become popular No To make friends and influence people No You give your self because that s what God does and is God gives Himself Herself every micro second of every day and every night for every person and for all of Creation He She keeps Creation going He She made the world everything including you and me He She keeps us alive He gives us life He gives us liberty He gives us the chance to pursue happiness and holiness And God inspires in us a desire for those things life liberty and happiness Just as He even gave His Her only son Jesus for us we are to give our selves for one another That s what Holiness is It s God s own Spirit His Very Nature It s His Her Essence Perfect Giving continuous Giving unselfish Giving That s what each one of us is called to do to do as He does and thus to become Images of Him Her to become a picture of Him Her a movie of Him Her His Her Likeness in the World Giving ourselves without ceasing But is that possible for you and me for every one of us for Carl Erskine and his wife and son for my wife and my daughter Maria and my four sons And for everyone in this Chapel How you say can this be done Is it really possible What about getting good marks in school a good job making money getting married paying for tuition Many people believe and say that these essential urgent problems come first Holiness has nothing to do with these problems and urgent needs But they are wrong It can be and should be holy to work hard in school or in any job as long as you do your work not just to satisfy your own ego or simply to beat another person or to prove you re Number One Work hard study hard get good marks make money but do those things so you can be better prepared to help help your family help your neighbors your city your country That s Holiness If your motives are right you are right That s you on the way to Holiness Fortunately our country is full of opportunities for Holiness opportunities in sports in business in the medical and legal professions in nursing and social work in teaching and coaching in politics and government and on and on You can earn a living working in Headstart in the Job Corps in the Peace Corps in Legal Services for the Poor teaching in our schools and colleges coaching in Special Olympics It s

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/address-at-anderson-college (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Sargent Shriver Peace Institute - Sargent Shriver's Speech at the Seminar on the Social Response of Business on Volunteerism
    was accomplished using Presidential Discretionary Funds We used less than 10 000 000 to hire our entire staff at home and abroad select and train the Volunteers ship them overseas and arrange all our operations in seven countries Today no one could do that politically or financially Those were truly the good old days Secondly everyone at the Peace Corps headquarters was a volunteer except me I m the first and only draftee in Peace Corps history Kennedy made me do it But Bill Moyers and Frank Mankiewicz and Sally Bowles and a hundred others voluntarily showed up and went to work some without being asked all without any assurance of permanent positions many without getting paid They simply appeared They responded to the idea Most of them had never heard of one another They didn t even know where the Peace Corps was located in Washington They just asked til they found us Most of them had never worked in any Governmental position anywhere They simply walked in the door sat down and started to do whatever needed to be done Best of all for the first few months we didn t even have an Organization Chart Everyone talked with everyone and gave out their own ideas and opinions The lights burned all night long Then my deputy Warren Wiggins protested He said all our Volunteers from within the Government were going to quit They were suffering culture shock They didn t know who was above them or below them whom to report to or whom to give orders to The chaos was un nerving So I said Warren please get us an Organization Chart and I ll sign it That s the way we became the best organized Agency in Washington We had a perfect chart and perfect free spirits who despite the chart continued to think Imagine support suggest criticize and create All of our policies even when written down in lucid unequivocal English by our gifted General Counsel even with Shriver s signature affixed thereto all of our policies were conspicuously labeled as Interim Policies They were thus subject to change immediately as we learned from experience how to improve them Third we started the Peace Corps without knowing whether anybody in the world wanted it That takes some chutzpah We had no market research department and no one able to explain what the Peace Corps was all about except ourselves So we did it ourselves traveled to our potential customers the nations of the less developed world We made deals with them for future delivery of volunteers persons whom none of us had ever seen Fortunately we succeeded But let me emphasize the host nations gambled with us Their leaders had the courage to trust what we said Kwame Nkrumah Pandit Nehru Julius Nyerere Ramon Macapagal Azikiew of Nigeria Jomo Kenyata Lleras Camargo of Colombia and Romulo Betancourt of Venezuela all were heroes of the first Peace Corps days We could never have succeeded without their cooperation The Peace Corps has always been a two way street The USA then and now can do little for peace without help from other nations Why do Presidents from distant lands and island empires still ask our President for Peace Corps Volunteers Why can Peace Corps Volunteers live everywhere today unprotected unarmed defense less free and open and yet never be assaulted or terrorized Why doesn t anybody kidnap PCV s There are some 800 of them all over Central America Why don t they get killed or kidnapped Why are Volunteers still The Wanted Americans not The Ugly Americans It is not because of me nor was it ever because of me I had the challenge and the Joy of meeting and convincing all the powers and potentates I had the marvelous opportunity of working with all the creative people who put the Peace Corps together I welcomed the first volunteers and visited them abroad I challenged and cajoled the Congressmen and the Senators But as I said I was only a draftee Kennedy called me and made me run the Peace Corps Yes he left me alone He gave me no orders or advice But still I was only a draftee The Volunteers made the Peace Corps a success I applaud them I respect them I cherish them Yet the very difference between a draftee and a volunteer that very fact enables me today to see clearly to discern and describe why the Volunteers and the Peace Corps itself is such an extraordinary reality A blind man appreciates sight more deeply than those with eyes What do I see I see two worlds the Peace Corps world and our world in the U S I see that most of us Americans have lived most of our lives in the world of the USA Unlike the Peace Corps world overseas the USA is dominated by the lust for power economic political cultural bodily and scientific power Because of our preponderant strength in all these areas we enjoy a peace of sorts But international terrorism aimed at us and our friends is spreading International distribution of narcotics aimed at us spreading International poverty and even destitution is increasing Its victims increasingly threaten our oasis of plenty Our expenditures for war mount almost out of anyone s control Tension mounts in our world The Peace Corps world is different Much of it is poor threatened hopeless Within this endangered and impoverished world when even one Peace Corps Volunteer appears and begins to work humbly compassionately effectively for humanistic goals every one spontaneously realizes that this is a person whose very presence and conduct bespeaks the existence of another America than the one I have just described an America without violence fear and force an America of compassion concern and yes of competence Volunteers know what they are doing with their hands as well as with their hearts Their courage their generosity their spirit tells the world what American democracy

    Original URL path: http://www.sargentshriver.org/speech-article/speech-at-the-seminar-on-the-social-response-of-business-on-volunteerism (2015-03-27)
    Open archived version from archive



  •