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  • Countries Propose Global Protection for Rays, Regional Conservation for Sharks
    nine devil rays and the reef manta are proposed for Appendix I II Appendix I listing would bring obligations for strict protection We are particularly excited about the potential for CMS to benefit sawfishes the world s most endangered marine fish said Sonja Fordham President of Shark Advocates International and Deputy Chair of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group SSG CMS listing can provide the impetus for urgently needed national protections in many sawfish range states and thereby help prevent extinction of these iconic species The IUCN SSG has identified great and scalloped hammerhead sharks as some of the world s most threatened highly migratory sharks both species are classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List The SSG has also highlighted that all three species in the thresher shark family are considered threatened based on their Red List classification as Vulnerable Silky sharks are currently listed as Near Threatened Just last week the SSG launched a new Global Conservation Strategy for sawfish With leadership and commitment by Parties and cooperating countries like the United States CMS holds great promise as an important shark and ray conservation tool continued Fordham We urge all CMS Parties to support the new shark and ray proposals and to immediately enact national safeguards for these vulnerable species especially the sawfishes Notes to Editors Shark Advocates International is a project of The Ocean Foundation established to advance science based policies to prevent overexploitation of sharks and rays The IUCN SSG Global Conservation Sawfish Strategy and supporting materials are available at www dulvy com global sawfish conservation strategy html CMS a global treaty with 120 Parties provides a global platform for conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats Currently eight species of sharks and rays including the giant manta ray are CMS listed The

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/proposed_global_protection_for_rays.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Shark Fact Sheets | Shark Advocates International
    Fact Sheets English French Spanish and Arabic SAI Fact Sheet Smalltooth Sawfish new CITES Freshwater Sawfish Fact Sheet CITES Hammerhead Fact Sheet CITES Manta Ray Fact Sheet CITES Oceanic Whitetip Shark Fact Sheet CITES Porbeagle Shark Fact Sheet Manta Ray Fact Sheet PDF Sharks and Portugal Why Worry About Sharks Species at Risk News Releases Publications In The News Events Links Sandbar Shark Shark Advocates International is hosted by The

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/fact_sheets.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Nations and Experts Consider CITES Safeguards for Sharks
    soup Colombia and the U S are leading the effort to secure CITES protections for this species which has suffered steep declines in the Atlantic Pacific and Indian oceans Porbeagle sharks are prized for their meat particularly in Europe as well as their fins The porbeagle proposal comes from the European Union EU and is cosponsored by Brazil Comoros and Egypt The EU has closed its fisheries for porbeagle but the species is still targeted in Canada and taken incidentally in some North Atlantic and Southern hemisphere pelagic fisheries Due largely to the exceptionally high value of their fins hammerheads are among the most threatened of the wide ranging sharks The three largest species scalloped great and smooth hammerheads have been proposed for CITES listing by Brazil Mexico Ecuador Costa Rica Honduras Croatia and the European Union Manta rays are increasingly sought for their gill rakers the structures that support their gills which are used in Chinese medicine Mantas are among the least productive of the rays typically giving birth to only one pup every 2 3 years Ecuador and Brazil have co sponsored the proposal to add the manta genus to CITES Appendix II The freshwater sawfish found in coastal areas as well as in rivers and bays is among the world s most imperiled fish In 2007 when all other sawfish species were listed under CITES Appendix I Australia secured clearance to export live specimens of freshwater sawfish for the aquarium trade under Appendix II Australia has since determined that this trade may be detrimental to the population and is seeking to transfer the species to CITES Appendix I Under the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM the oceanic whitetip shark porbeagle both manta rays and the smooth hammerhead are classified as

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/cites_safeguards_for_sharks.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Close and Confusing Shark Finning Vote in European Parliament | Shark Advocates International
    fight against adoption of the Commission s proposed improvements We are pleased that most of the problematic pro industry amendments from Ms Patrão Neves were rejected by the Committee but the lack of clarity in accepted language presents a threat to finalizing a strong finning ban said Ali Hood Director of Conservation for the Shark Trust The Commission proposed last year to end the special permits that allow fishermen to remove shark fins on board vessels Landing sharks with their fins attached is by far the simplest and most reliable way to enforce finning bans Spain and Portugal are the only EU Member States that still issue the special permits Ms Patrão Neves attempt to widen loopholes in the finning regulation was defeated but in a contradictory move MEPs adopted her proposed text suggesting exceptions for completely removing shark fins at sea Most amendments passed or failed by a narrow margin The battle now proceeds to a Plenary session most likely in the next few months We will continue to urge all MEPs to promptly remove all confusion in Plenary and clearly endorse a strict EU policy against removing shark fins at sea without exceptions said Sonja Fordham President of

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/close_and_confusing_eu_shark_finning_ban.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Landslide Vote in European Parliament Puts Stronger EU Finning Ban in Reach
    shark finning bans Because sharks are more readily identifiable when their fins remain attached this strategy can also facilitate the collection of sorely needed species specific catch information The measure faced formidable opposition from representatives of Spain and Portugal Europe s leaders in catch of oceanic sharks The current regulation associated with the EU finning ban adopted in 2003 includes loopholes that allow shark fins to be removed on board and landed separately from shark bodies hampering both enforcement and accurate catch records SAI President Sonja Fordham has worked alongside EU based colleagues of the Shark Alliance coalition toward strengthening the EU finning ban since 2006 The EU is a top exporter of shark fins to Asia due in large part to the vast shark fishing operations of Spain and Portugal ranked 3rd and 16th in the world for shark catches respectively Because the EU has great influence at international fisheries bodies the overwhelming signal from Parliament holds great promise for combating finning on a global scale While the Parliament s vote represents a significant achievement in shark conservation and strong finning regulations are fundamental to responsible fisheries management it is important to note that finning bans alone will not

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/landslide_vote_eu_finning_ban.html (2016-02-18)
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  • News Releases | Shark Advocates International
    Commission Fails Sharks Again 11 25 13 EU joins US in Effort to Strengthen Shark Finning Ban Atlantic Tuna Body 11 15 13 Stronger Shark Finning Ban Clears Final Hurdle in EU 6 6 13 Shark Finning Loopholes Widened by Atlantic States Commission 3 22 13 2012 Stronger Shark Finning Ban Endorsed in Landslide EU Vote 11 22 12 Atlantic Tuna Commission Fails Sharks 11 19 12 New Study Reveals Alarming Declines in Pacific Shark Populations 10 31 12 Australia joins effort for shark and ray trade measures 10 11 12 U S and Mexico pursuing shark and ray trade measures 10 5 12 Dozens of Nations Agree Global Shark Conservation Plan 9 27 12 Close and Confusing Shark Finning Vote in European Parliament 9 19 12 Sri Lanka Protects Thresher Sharks 9 3 12 Shark and Ray Conservation Status Revealed in New Expert Report 8 13 12 Mixed Results for Sharks at Pacific Tuna Commission Meeting 3 30 12 2011 Nations Agree to Protect Giant Manta Rays 11 25 11 Mixed Results for Sharks at Atlantic Tuna Commission Meeting 11 19 11 Small Steps for Shark and Skate Conservation taken at NAFO 9 23 11 Big Day in European

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/news_releases.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Why Worry About Sharks? | Shark Advocates International
    relative to more traditional food fish along with negative images of man eaters too often leave sharks near the bottom of managers priority lists Lack of limits on shark fishing and trade in the face of strong demand for shark products has resulted in serious declines in shark populations around the world The International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN classifies nearly one third of the world s 1044 assessed shark species including skates rays sawfish and chimaeras as Near Threatened or Threatened while some local populations are thought already extinct Scientists warn of negative effects on marine ecosystems from depletion of these predators Fishermen and divers and in turn coastal communities also rely on healthy shark and ray populations Sharks have long been sought for their meat fins hides teeth and livers Shark liver oil once used for industrial purposes is now in demand for cosmetics and pharmaceuticals while shark cartilage is marketed as an unproven arthritis and cancer treatment Demand for shark fins used in the Asian delicacy shark fin soup has surged along with the Chinese economy The disparity in value between fins and meat creates incentive for shark finning the wasteful practice of slicing off a shark s fins and discarding the body at sea Shark finning has been banned in many places but loopholes remain Demand for the meat of sharks and rays is also strong in many regions especially Europe while new markets for previously undesirable species are developing all over the world Significant numbers of sharks and rays are also taken incidentally as bycatch in fisheries focused on other species Fishing limits based on scientific advice and the precautionary approach are urgently needed to allow for population recovery and sustainable fishing over the long term Although sharks have not received the conservation attention

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/why_worry_about_sharks.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Shark and Ray Species at Risk | Shark Advocates International
    Northwest Atlantic population classified by IUCN as Endangered while the European Union EU has banned fishing on the Critically Endangered Northeast Atlantic porbeagle population Spiny dogfish sharks or spurdog in the Northwest Atlantic have recently been rebuilding from years of excessive fishing targeted at large females which are usually pregnant as gestation lasts nearly two years US Atlantic fishing quotas have been increased dramatically in recent years despite the population s damaged age structure and skewed sex ratio and predictions that declines will resume in the near future EU spiny dogfish fisheries in the Northeast Atlantic have been recently closed after decades of poorly regulated fishing drove the population to a Critically Endangered state The EU still imports spiny dogfish from other countries as far away as New Zealand Deep sea sharks are sought for their liver oil and meat particularly in Europe EU fishery managers took years to bring fishing quotas down to near zero some species in this complex are classified as Endangered and are still taken as bycatch and sold Deepwater Greenland sharks are protected in the EU but still taken in fair numbers in Iceland and Greenland where their meat is buried fermented and dried over months and then served as a delicacy Skates are eaten in many parts of the world and particularly valued in Europe They are targeted and taken as bycatch primarily by trawl fisheries The common skate has been wiped out in parts of the North Sea and are now a prohibited species in the EU US Atlantic thorny skates are classified by IUCN as Critically Endangered and have yet to begin rebuilding since receiving US prohibited species status in 2004 Huge manta and devil rays are at great risk particularly in the Pacific and Indian Oceans from surging demand for parts

    Original URL path: http://www.sharkadvocates.org/species_at_risk.html (2016-02-18)
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