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  • Silva Forest Foundation - Eco-Certification
    connections between wood supply and the consumer We are proud of our accomplishments in forest and chain of custody certification However we ve been able to achieve these results thanks to generous funding from some major foundations Due to the current stock market decline and general economic conditions our funders find themselves in a difficult situation and it is doubtful that we can continue to raise the funds necessary to effectively carry out our responsibilities as an accredited certifier Our Board of Directors has recently reached a very difficult decision to relinquish our FSC accreditation and discontinue our activities as a certifier effective in early 2003 SFF feels a strong responsibility to our certified operations and we are in the process of assisting each of them to find a new FSC certifying body We will continue to help with the monitoring costs of small operations as long as we are able We have been privileged to have a talented and dedicated certification staff over the past five years who have worked very hard to establish SFF s place in the certification world Many thanks to Mark Kepkay Cam Brewer Wendy Vasbinder Erik Leslie and Danielle Peloquin for their contributions to the program SFF remains a strong supporter of FSC certification and we will continue to be an active FSC member We will remain active participants in the development of the FSC boreal standards and in the refinement of the BC standards and will continue to work with environmental groups on issues surrounding certification We will continue to support the Canadian Eco Lumber Co Op in its efforts to connect producers of FSC certified wood and wood products with appropriate markets We will work with other ENGOs First Nations and social interests to make the FSC BC standards work We will

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/ecocertification (2016-02-10)
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  • Silva Forest Foundation - International Interns
    months abroad five in Nigeria three in Ecuador and two in Panama They were matched with different projects suiting their background and interests They worked in ethnobotany ecotourism planning mapping for land rights analog forestry medicinal plant cultivation and participatory mapping and land use planning Seven of the ten interns began by working for a month in B C two with the Harrop Procter Community Forest three with Silva one with the Winlaw Watershed Committee and one in Smithers with One Sky Working in rural communities in Canada provides the interns most of whom are recent university graduates with valuable insights and stories that can be shared with their overseas hosts By January 2003 all interns were working internationally with a variety of non government organizations many in rural or remote communities 2001 2002 Interns Youth Interns from 2001 2002 were posted in Indonesia and Nigeria Of the five interns in the 2001 2002 program three were very disappointed to have to return home from Indonesia for security reasons after the events of 9 11 In their two months there they had just a glimpse of the interesting work being done in Indonesia They completed their internship in Vancouver and Victoria assisting their Indonesian host organizations with fund raising as well as working with the International Network of Forests and Communities and the Youth Millenium project Kelly Rodenkirchen and Sheri Lim returned in April 2002 from working 6 months in Nigeria Kelly worked with the Nature Conservation Foundation at the Becheve Nature Reserve on the Obudu Plateau She coordinated the work of the park wardens conducted training workshops on mapping skills and mapped forest cover and hydrology of the Reserve Sheri assisted the NGO Coalition for the Environment in a process of restructuring and organizational development including development of a

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/internationalinterns (2016-02-10)
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  • Silva Forest Foundation - Forest Stand Visualization
    Forest Stand Visualization Russian Program FOREST STAND VISUALIZATION f SFF uses the ray tracing program POVRAY and the Virtual Reality Modelling Language VRML as data visualization tools This page explains how and why we are processing field infomration with these visualization tools and presents a series of POVRAY images Forest Visualization HOME ABOUT US ECOSYSTEM BASED CONSERVATION PLANNING EBCP EDUCATION PUBLICATIONS RESOURCES ARCHIVES CONTACT US DONATE SUBSCRIBE P O Box

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/archives/foreststandvisualization (2016-02-10)
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  • Silva Forest Foundation - Russian Program
    Silva s Herb and Susan Hammond have traveled to Russia in 2003 1995 and 1993 Silva has hosted delegations of Russians in 1994 1996 1998 2002 and 2004 A number of Silva s documents have been translated into Russian by staff from Pacific Environment and are posted on this website Learn more about the various aspects of our Russian program 2003 trip to Kamchatka and Kemerovo 2002 exchange between Xaxli

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/russianprogram (2016-02-10)
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  • Silva Forest Foundation - Toronto Event
    forestry other industrial activities and a lack of proper monitoring have stressed it to its limits Woodland caribou are on the verge of extinction significant intact forests are being lost communities are collapsing A new approach to conserving and managing this globally important forest is urgently needed Learn of this new approach which combines scientific knowledge Indigenous knowledge and intuition to maintain and restore ecosystems the home systems that sustain all life Featuring experts Herb Hammond is a forest ecologist pioneer of ecosystem based conservation planning and author of the award winning book Seeing the Forest Among the Trees Professor Deb McGregor Anishinabe is from the Whitefish River First Nation is currently Assistant Professor in Geography and Aboriginal Studies at the University of Toronto Professor Jeremy Kerr is a Professor of Biology at University of Ottawa and is a member of the Science Panel of the International Boreal Conservation Campaign Professor James Schaefer is Professor of Biology at Trent University in Peterborough Ontario Dr Sean C Thomas has a PhD from Harvard University in Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and has been at the University of Toronto since 1999 His research focuses on tree and forest ecosystem responses to forest management

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/event (2016-02-10)
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  • Silva Forest Foundation - Creston Community Forest
    Kootenay the Creston Area Economic Development Corporation the Lower Kootenay Indian Band and Wildsight Each shareholder selects its representative to the Board then the five shareholder directors choose an additional five directors annually from the community The goals of the Creston Community Forest include implementing an ecosystem based philosophy protection of water quality quantity and timing of flow and encouraging public participation In 2002 2003 the Silva Forest Foundation worked with Jim Smith forest manager of the Creston Community Forest to prepare a set of ecosystem based planning maps Logging began three years prior but the community corporation had not yet prepared an overall ecosystem based plan for the entire landscape of the license area The Protected Landscape Network will guide future logging activities so that wildlife habitat water quality and biodiversity are maintained across the community forest The community forest has completed four years of ecosystem based logging and has cut 85 000 cubic meters in 19 cutblocks paying 1 million in stumpage to the provincial government The community forest provides up to 25 part time jobs in the community and puts 1 5 million annually into the local economy Restoration forestry is a strong component of the management of the community forest Many parts of the forest are unnaturally overstocked due to fire suppression Prescriptions are tailored to the site and consider a wide variety of variables Single tree selection prescriptions log the worst and leave the best trees for the future In group selections openings are no more than 1 to 2 tree lengths across and shading from the edges ensures that snow does not all melt at the same time The heaviest form of cutting is a shelterwood cut where 70 of the trees are taken but the largest and healthiest trees are left and will never be cut Creston is implementing leading edge ecosystem based planning and forestry and is showing that a diverse group of stakeholders can successfully take responsibility for what happens in the forests around them Summary of maps contained in the Creston ecosystem based plan Note that the detail of the original full format 45 x 36 maps is not visible on the web versions Map 1 Tree Species and Age shows the current leading tree species and stand age class distribution in the Creston community forest providing a good overview of the condition of the landscape Map 2 Landbase Unsuitable for Timber Management identifies areas that are ecologically sensitive such as riparian reserves areas that have very shallow soils and are very dry areas that are very wet and steep terrain Other categories of land removed include alpine forests areas of alpine or rock and non productive areas Map 3 Protected Landscape Network emphasizing biodiversity nodes and reserves identifies the areas that need to be protected in order to maintain ecological integrity The Protected Landscape Network PLN includes all areas that are ecologically sensitive inoperable and non productive Map 2 and also includes biodiversity nodes and ecological reserves Ecological reserves

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/creston (2016-02-10)
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  • Silva Forest Foundation - Fraser Headwaters
    headwaters is surrounded by a number of large protected areas Mount Robson Willmore and Kakwa Wilderness Provincial Parks with Jasper National Park to the northeast in the Rocky Mountains and Bowron Lake Cariboo Mountains and Wells Gray Provincial Parks to the southwest in the Columbia Mountains As presently configured these parks are not sufficient to protect the ecological functioning of the Fraser Headwaters but if connected through a network of smaller core reserves and corridors they provide the ideal starting point for ecosystem based management Finally this was the first project undertaken by the Silva Forest Foundation over such a large area Ecosystem based conservation planning provides for nested networks of ecological reserves at multiple scales The Fraser Headwaters provides the opportunity to integrate ecosystem based plans done at different spatial scales because SFF has previously completed ecosystem based mapping for two watershed areas of approximately 100 000 hectares each within the larger Fraser Headwaters area Six maps were produced as part of the Fraser Headwaters analysis and plan Note that the detail of the original full format 45 x 36 maps is not visible on the web versions Map 1 The Fraser Headwaters highlights the topography of the area and illustrates the very rugged mountainous landscape One third of the area lies above treeline a further third is composed of high elevation forests Cold climate heavy snowfalls thin soils and steep terrain are major ecological limits Map 2 Landscape Diversity shows the distribution of forest types in the Fraser Headwaters The highest diversity is found at lower elevations within the Rocky Mountain Trench Most of the side valleys are less diverse although exceptions to this pattern occur in a few places such as the Raush River Valley Map 3a Ecological Risk In Detail and Map3b Ecological Risk In Summary show areas with high sensitivity to disturbance such as wetlands steep slopes high quality caribou habitat and riparian ecosystems Over 70 of the study area was identified as high ecological risk Map 4 Antique and Old growth Forests highlights the location of the oldest forest stands within the Fraser Headwaters Over 60 of the forests are old growth The oldest of these forests located in very humid locations at low elevations are termed antique forests Unique to British Columbia and perhaps North America as a whole antique forests have not undergone stand replacing natural disturbances since glaciations and function as biological storehouses and centres of dispersion of biological diversity Map 5 Human Disturbance shows the extent of human activity on the landscape including past and planned logging roads railroads and cleared and private land Map 6 Protected Areas Network PAN synthesizes the information and analysis presented in Maps 1 5 The PAN shows those areas that must be set aside from industrial development in order to protect ecosystem functioning at the landscape level The PAN includes two main components Proposed Full Protection and Proposed Conservation Emphasis The Proposed Full Protection areas include a corridor along the Rocky Mountain Trench protecting

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/fraser (2016-02-10)
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  • Silva Forest Foundation - Horsey Creek
    landscape pattern forest composition habitat availability stream integrity and wildlife abundance These impacts were caused by a combination of land clearing for rail and roads agriculture and settlement and it consisted of both logging activities and human caused fires Lower elevation forests were all but eliminated The multi aged mosaic that included old growth lodgepole pine and Douglas fir on drier sites white spruce and subalpine fir on moist sites and western red cedar and black cottonwood on wet sites gave way to a patchwork legacy of roads fields and fragmented young forests The combined impact of this forest conversion was likely devastating to wildlife leaving little old growth and riparian forest dependent species and leaving little low elevation habitat with few corridors for safe movement Industrial development since then has had an equally significant impact on landscape and site ecology Natural disturbances such as stand replacing fires have been suppressed Human disturbances have included clearcut logging and fire escapes from slashburning The result has been both altered species composition and age class distribution of the Horsey Creek forests Logging has also eliminated substantial lengths of riparian forests and associated road construction has altered ground and surface water flows interrupted wildlife travel routes and created unnaturally high levels of forest edge The map shows the location of proposed logging cutblocks as well as the extent of the direct or apparent impacts of past logging that has occurred over the last 40 years within the Horsey Creek landscape While it isn t displayed here a map overlay a see through map that can be placed over other maps to present additional information was also created depicting zones of influence also known as the edge effects of past and proposed logging see map Zones of influence are areas within forest stands that are impacted by adjacent activities such as logging roads and clearcuts Physical impacts include changes in air temperature soil temperature humidity and solar radiation Biological impacts include changes in species compositon species structure and population dynamics Zones of influence for different impacts usually extend from as little as 1 meter up to 500 meters Some impacts occur at an even greater distance spotted owl reproduction for example can be affected up to 1 1 kilometers from a forest edge Appendix V of the Horsey Creek Landscape Report Assessing the Ecological Impacts of Timber Management Apparent Impacts Actual Impacts and Precautionary Forest Development describes and references studies on specific impacts from edge effects or zones of influence Old Growth Forests Map Ecological research over the past two centuries has transformed our understanding of the role that old growth forest stands and large old trees play in overall landscape and ecosystem function At the landscape level patches of old growth provide critical habitat requirements for such species as deer and elk in winter Many plant amphibian and invertebrate species also depend on the moist moderated interior climate found only within old growth forests during summer months Old growth forests usually contain a

    Original URL path: http://silvafor.org/horsey (2016-02-10)
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