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  • Stroud Water Research Center: The Peru Project
    trail Segundo Mirador 12 54728 70 09837 Chemistry macroinvertebrates QARA1 Tributary to Tambopata at ARA 12 88405 69 39518 Chemistry macroinvertebrates QARA3 Tributary to Tambopata at ARA 12 87934 69 41312 Chemistry QATI2 Tributary to Madre de Dios at ATI 12 60422 69 07282 Chemistry QATI8 Tributary to Madre de Dios at ATI 12 62165 69 07238 Chemistry macroinvertebrates tracers QGATO Río Gato Tributary to Tambopata 12 90395 69 42187 Chemistry QINF5 Tributary to Tambopata near Infierno 12 6765 69 2392 Chemistry macroinvertebrates QMADEROCICRA Tributary to Los Amigos along CICRA trail Maderero 12 53578 70 10594 Chemistry QMAQUIS2 Tributary to Los Amigos along CICRA trail Maquisapa 12 53481 70 11889 Chemistry QMAQUISAPACICRA Tributary to Los Amigos along CICRA trail Maquisapa 12 53761 70 11644 Chemistry macroinvertebrates QMISI Quebrada Misisipi Tributary to Tambopata 12 91185 69 52127 Chemistry QTOMACICRA Tributary to the Los Amigos along CICRA trail Jean 12 56757 70 0983 Chemistry QTRC2 Tributary to Tambopata at TRC 13 14016 69 62032 Chemistry QTRC4 Tributary to Tambopata at TRC 13 1401 69 62111 Chemistry macroinvertebrates tracers RINAMBARI Río Inambari at the mouth 12 71727 69 74458 Chemistry RLATORRE Tributary to Tambopata at LaTorre 12 83478 69 29586 Chemistry RLOSAMI Río de Los Amigos at the mouth near CICRA 12 57845 70 07308 Chemistry tracers RMADRECICRA Río Madre de Dios near CICRA 12 57092 70 10184 Chemistry RMELAN Río Malinowsqui at the mouth 12 93832 69 52717 Chemistry RTAMBOTRC Río Tambopata at TRC 13 13718 69 60656 Chemistry Mixed RMADREPMALDO Río Madre de Dios at Puerto Maldonado 12 59377 69 16848 Chemistry tracers RTAMBOMOUTH Río Tambopata at the mouth 12 59819 69 16956 Chemistry Agriculture Q3ESTRELLAS Tributary to Tambopata near Tres Estrellas 12 70431 69 32619 Chemistry QABEJITAS Quebrada Abejitas Tributary to Madre de Dios 12 37563 69 12346 Chemistry macroinvertebrates

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/projects/MooreFdnPeru/sitelist.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Water Research Center: The Peru Project
    What s New News Releases Media Coverage SAFE Water Award Newsletters Annual Reports Search The Peru Project Site Map For a list of sampling sites including descriptions lat long and data available visit the Site List page Explore the Peru Project Overview Project Goals Outputs Scientific Data Site List Site Map Parameters Education Initiatives Workshops Training Resources Conservation Issues Q A Download Report Research Home Funding provided by a grant

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/projects/MooreFdnPeru/sitemap.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Water Research Center: The Peru Project
    L Sulfate mg L Ammonium N mg L Nitrite N mg L Nitrate N mg L Phosphate mg L Seston Units Fine Suspended Sediment FSS mg L FSS Particulate Organic C mg L FSS Particulate Org N mg L FSS molar C N FSS del 13 C permil FSS del 15 N permil FSS Org C FSS Org N Coarse Suspended Sediment CSS mg L CSS Particulate Org C mg L CSS Particulate Org N mg L CSS molar C N CSS del 13 C permil CSS del 15 N permil CSS Org C CSS Org N Isotopes Units del 15 N permil del 18 O permil Mean DOC from 13 C Samples mg L Mean DOC del 13 C permil Macroinvertebrates EPT Ephemeroptera Plecoptera Trichoptera Shannon Index EPT Richness Macro Richness Tracers Fragrances Caffeine Units HHCB tonalide 1 3 4 6 7 8 hexahydro 4 6 6 7 8 8 hexamethylcyclopenta y 2 benzopyran fultype μg L Caffeine μg L Tracers Human Steroids Units bCOP coprostanol 5Ba cholestan 3B ol μg L EPI epi coprostanol 5B cholestan 3a ol μg L CHO cholesterol cholest 5 en 3B ol μg L aCOP cholestanol 5a cholestan 3B ol μg L eCOP 24 ethylcoprostanol 24 ehtyl 5B cholestan 3B ol μg L bONE coprostanone 5 cholestan 3 one μg L Tracers Non human Steroids Units eEPI 24 ethylepicoprostanol 24 ethyl 5B cholestan 3a ol μg L aONE cholestanone 5a cholestan 3 one μg L eCHO 24 ethylcholesterol 24 ethylcholest 5 en 3b ol μg L Tracers All Steroids Units Sum of fecal sterols group 2 μg L Tracers Low Molecular Weight PAH Units FLU fluorene μg L PHE phenanthrene μg L ANT anthracene μg L 2MP 2 methyl phenanthrene μg L 1MP 1 methyl phenanthrene μg L Tracers High Molecular Weight PAH

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/projects/MooreFdnPeru/params.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Water Research Center: The Peru Project
    Series Contact Us News What s New News Releases Media Coverage SAFE Water Award Newsletters Annual Reports Search The Peru Project Training Resources The following resources were developed for the water quality workshops organized as part of the Peru Project We encourage others to utilize the training template and resources provided For a full explanation of the focus and development of the workshops see the Workshops page Workshop Recruitment Organization Evaluation Invitation Press release Agenda Evaluation Training Tools Water Quality Sampling Basics Importance of Water Peru Costa Rica Macroinvertebrate Identification en español Introduction Sorting Sheets This document prints best on 11 x 17 inch paper Updated in 2013 Identification Guide Updated in 2013 Peru Macroinvertebrates Data interpretation Basic comparison of 4 streams in Madre de Dios en español Abejitos Infierno La Joya Tambopata protected forested stream A series of questions regarding conservation issues facing the Madre de Dios region and answers based on insights from the study are available Conservation Issues Q A Explore the Peru Project Overview Project Goals Outputs Scientific Data Site List Site Map Parameters Education Initiatives Workshops Training Resources Conservation Issues Q A Download Report Research Home Funding provided by a grant from the Gordon and

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/projects/MooreFdnPeru/training.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Water Research Center: The Peru Project
    of non human origin but do not have dangerous levels of human pathogens e g Q Abejitas whose fecal steroid ratio indicates contamination from cattle Q Can small pockets of human activity broadly jeopardize watershed health and hence on going conservation activities Click for answer Click to close A Yes A very small stream Q Infierno 3 which drained a small banana plantation contained exceptionally high concentrations of the insecticide Chlorpyrifos and the fungicide Metalayxl whose negative influences are transported downstream to other parts of the watershed Q Does urbanization have a greater impact on water quality than agricultural development Click for answer Click to close A Both types of land use can severely impact a stream and often occur together An urban stream Q LaJoya had elevated concentrations of every pesticide and PCB measured and a 100 loss of pollution sensitive species both of which indicate severe impact An agricultural stream Q INF3 had significant levels of insecticides and fungicides and an 80 loss of pollution sensitive species both of which indicate severe impact Stable nitrogen isotopes δ15N of nitrate and of fine particulate organic matter FPOM at most agricultural sites show the characteristic enrichment of both manure and sewage inputs Q Should best management practices BMPs and policies such as riparian forest buffers which are common in temperate zones be an integral part of watershed conservation efforts in neo tropical watersheds Click for answer Click to close A Yes the region needs policies to protect the riparian forest However because they can reduce but not eliminate loss of water quality and impairment of stream health BMPs should not be used as an excuse to open conserved areas to development Site Q Inf 5 whose watershed is partially deforested for cattle and row crop agriculture but has a wide and intact riparian forest along most of its length had levels of pollution sensitive taxa comparable to streams in conserved areas Site Q Abejitas whose watershed is largely deforested for cattle pasture was able to retain 40 of its pollution sensitive taxa and most of its ability to process nitrogen and phosphorus by keeping intact a 5 10 m riparian buffer Stable carbon isotope δ13C of fine particulate organic matter at Q Km14 stream suggests that the partial removal of riparian forest along its length has already increased the relative abundance of algae in the stream s food base relative to heavily shaded conserved streams arguing for a policy to assure the long term integrity of riparian forest in the region Q Beyond global warming and impacts associated with increased UV radiation are the watersheds and their human and wildlife populations at risk from exposure to toxic substances via aerial transport from industrial areas in South America hence the need to conserve elsewhere in the region to assure success Click for answer Click to close A This does not appear to be a problem based on our preliminary study PAHs which are carcinogenic compounds from petroleum and combustion generated soot

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/projects/MooreFdnPeru/conservation.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Water Research Center: Departments
    Now Planned Giving Event Calendar Volunteer The Water s Edge Lecture Series Contact Us News What s New News Releases Media Coverage SAFE Water Award Newsletters Annual Reports Search Research Please visit our Fluvial Geomorphology page Explore Our Research Projects Findings Research Groups Overview Biogeochemistry Fluvial Geomorphology Entomology Fish Molecular Ecology Microbiology Organic and Isotope Geochemistry People Weather Station Research Home Search our site Research Critical Zone Observatory Schuylkill River

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/groups/ecosys.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Water Research Center: The New York Project
    selected chemical and biological aquatic contaminants Provide a baseline data set of biological indicators and ecosystem level variables and for assessing water quality improvements and aquatic ecosystem responses resulting from on going and historical land cover use change BMP implementation restorations and mitigations The project was designed as a six year study 2000 2005 divided into two distinct three year phases Sixty stream sampling stations distributed among the major sub basins of the principal source watersheds East of Hudson River EOH and West of Hudson River WOH in Phase I The 60 sampling stations were designated as either a targeted n 50 or integrative n 10 sampling site depending on the location in the watershed and type and intensity of variables being measured Targeted stations occurred throughout the watersheds on streams of varying sizes Integrative stations occur sufficiently downstream to integrate the effects of land use and other factors on a given project element or task under study over a large portion of the watershed Site selection criterion was to capture the range in land covers uses across geologic and soil characteristics of all NYC source watersheds Secondary site selection criteria included ongoing or future BMP implementation presence of U S Geologic Survey USGS stream gaging stations and the feasibility of studying the various study components Sampling stations on eight reservoirs were also established in Phase I Phase II 2003 2005 of the project established 48 new differing from Phase I stream sites and four new reservoir sites Twelve of the Phase I stream sites and three existing reservoir sites were retained to maintain continuity between phases and provide a measure of inter annual variability Phase II work builds upon Phase I results by sampling other important tributaries and focusing sampling effort to refine any ambiguous results from the Phase

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/projects/nyproject/design.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Water Research Center: The New York Project
    easily analyzed and they are an important link in the aquatic food web For a complete description of all macroinvertebrate methodologies data analyses results literature cited and interpretations please see Chapter 7 in the final report Organic Particles Suspended Solids in Transport Organic particles in transport are indicative of the ability of a stream ecosystem to process organic matter provide a link between the upstream generation and downstream transfer of organic energy and provide an estimate of the carbon loading to downstream reservoirs The concentration size distribution and transport of organic particles were sampled under baseflow conditions and to estimate response of organic particle transport to runoff events during stormflow For a complete description of all organic matter transport methodologies data analyses results literature cited and interpretations please see Chapter 6 in the final report DOC and BDOC Dynamics Dissolved organic carbon DOC is an indicator of organic loadings to streams as well as terrestrial processing e g within the soil forests and wetlands of organic matter In the absence of extensive wetlands bogs or swamps baseflow concentrations of DOC in undisturbed watersheds generally range from approximately 1 to 3 mg carbon L Higher concentrations suggest sources of organic pollution such as point sources from sewage treatment plant discharges or non point source runoff from urban or rural landscapes The biodegradable DOC fraction BDOC consists of organic molecules that heterotrophic bacteria can utilize as a source of energy and carbon Within the context of drinking water quality some subset of DOC constitutes the precursors of disinfection byproducts and the BDOC constitutes the nutritional resources that can contribute to biological regrowth within water distribution systems For a complete description of all organic matter methodologies data analyses results literature cited and interpretations please see Chapter 6 in the final report Nitrogen N Phosphorous P and Dissolved Organic Carbon DOC Spiraling Phosphorus nitrogen and carbohydrates tend to be taken up and recycled several times as they move downstream This cycling and the simultaneous downstream transport are sometimes referred to as spiraling The spiraling length represents the distance over which the average nutrient atom travels as it completes one cycle of utilization from a dissolved available form passes through one or more metabolic transformations and is returned to a dissolved available form Spiraling in the stream ecosystem reflects the degree of metabolic activity within the system the ability of the system to retain nutrients and the relative utilization rates hence degree of nutrient limitation among different nutrients Spiraling length also describes the scale on which upstream processes are linked to downstream processes Thus spiraling represents a fundamental measure of stream ecosystem function Ecosystem impairment is likely to increase spiraling length reduce the cycling intensity through reduced uptake excessive loading or decreased retentive ability of the ecosystem An exception to this rule would occur when the increased loading of a single nutrient stimulates uptake of a second nutrient whose spiraling length would shorten Spiraling lengths of nitrogen phosphorus and carbon DOC are estimated in the

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/research/projects/nyproject/components.shtm (2016-04-27)
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