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  • Stroud Center scientist takes “rotator” post at National Science Foundation
    programs current Rotators who make up 15 percent of its workforce join with permanent staff who are also program officers Kaplan s responsibilities will include overseeing NSF s merit review process to help define new funding opportunities recommending which proposals the agency funds and influencing new potentially transformative directions in scientific research This is a difficult time for the scientific enterprise said Kaplan Federal support for research and development in the United States fell 16 percent in inflation adjusted dollars from 2010 to 2015 So I want to do what I can to make sure the best science gets funded and especially help provide an opportunity for young scientists who will lead the field in the future The Independent Research Development Program at NSF encourages its staff to remain active in ongoing research This means about 20 percent of Kaplan s time can be dedicated to continuing his work on an NSF funded project that will provide new knowledge of the naturally occurring organic molecules in stream waters The research sites include the White Clay Creek that runs behind Stroud Center s headquarters in southern Chester County Pennsylvania and the Río Tempisque at Stroud Center s Maritza Biological Station in the Guanacaste Conservation Area of Costa Rica Kaplan an internationally recognized expert in stream ecology dissolved organic matter biogeochemistry and microbial ecology has successfully obtained NSF funding throughout his career A predoctoral NSF research fellowship obtained in 1972 while he was a senior at Franklin Marshall College paid for his graduate studies at the University of California Davis and later at the University of Pennsylvania Kaplan started doing research at Stroud Center while pursuing his doctoral studies at the University of Pennsylvania At that time he obtained a dissertation improvement grant from NSF that allowed him to purchase a carbon

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/stroud-scientist-takes-nsf-post.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Study will investigate storm impacts on fresh water
    storm events will deliver huge amounts of particulate materials into the fluvial network which contributes significantly to the total amount of nutrients in freshwater streams and rivers Previous studies have shown that large tropical storms like Irene and Lee in 2011 and Sandy in 2012 eroded large amounts of sediment and particulates and transported them into and through waterways On a sunny day when relatively clear water meanders downstream in gentle shallow riffles nitrogen is transported mostly in a dissolved or soluble state where local colonies of bacteria feast upon it But during intense storms streams can look like Mother Nature flushed her toilet You get a sudden dramatic increase in water volume and turbidity where many kinds of organic particles likely from soil sediments flush downstream all the way to the ocean says Kan Along the way these particulate materials may deposit onto the streambeds or adjacent to stream banks where a suite of microorganisms facilitate the nitrogen cycling and pump nitrogen back into the environment Particulate nitrogen transforms to soluble forms that get into the estuary eventually and increase nutrient loading causing algae blooms that could degrade water quality or cause fish kills The researchers also will study the release of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide methane and nitrous oxide and their significance for regional and global carbon and nitrogen cycles Kan and his research group will incubate sediment samples taken from different locations and time periods in the study area to assess carbon and nitrogen leaching into the stream waters the proportion released into the air and what type of microbes and processes are involved in carbon and nitrogen transformations The nitrogen cycle is one of the most studied processes in the scientific world and lots of research has been done on dissolved forms of nitrogen

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/study-investigates-storm-impacts-on-fresh-water.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Court Ruling a Victory for Chesapeake Bay
    regional farms which is consistent with the vast agricultural production in the watershed This causes dead zones oxygen free areas and algal blooms that can be toxic to both wildlife and humans This is why Stroud Water Research Center established a watershed restoration department We work with farmers throughout the region to build solutions and find the necessary resources We firmly believe that it is possible to manage a profitable productive farm while protecting our streams and water quality We work with farmers and landowners to secure the best technical assistance and advice then follow up to find the programs and funding options that best fit their needs to plant and maintain forest buffers and implement other best management practices After many previous attempts to clean up the bay failed the Chesapeake Bay Clean Water Blueprint was created with the support of Delaware Maryland New York Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia Washington D C and the District of Columbia The plan establishes a Total Maximum Daily Load TMDL for how much nitrogen phosphorus and sediment can enter the bay each year before water quality standards are violated The Federal Clean Water Act requires that we cut these pollution sources by 20 25 percent by 2025 But the plan had strong opposition The American Farm Bureau Federation sued the EPA in 2011 arguing that the plan eliminates state flexibility to make their own cleanup decisions or to modify their plans based on new technologies or new information Several other agriculture groups as well as the National Association of Home Builders also opposed the EPA s plan However the three judge panel found their arguments unpersuasive and affirmed that the EPA s regulation of nutrient pollution in the Chesapeake Bay under the Clean Water Act is valid Congress made a judgment in the

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/court-ruling-victory-for-chesapeake.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Alexandra Cousteau to Receive Freshwater Award in Kennett Square, Pa.
    thrilled that she will be here to receive the 2015 Stroud Award for Freshwater Excellence We inhabit a water planet and unless we protect manage and restore that resource the future will be a very different place from the one we imagine today said Cousteau I m honored that Stroud Water Research Center has selected me for this prestigious award and I look forward to visiting their research and education facility In addition to her work with Blue Legacy Alexandra was named as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum and serves on the Leadership Council for the Waterkeeper Alliance and on the boards of the Global Water Challenge Mother Nature Network and EarthEcho Cousteau served as a keynote speaker on environmental issues for organizations such as the United Nations National Geographic Harvard University the Smithsonian Institution the National Press Club Bioneers and the Telluride Film Festival In 2008 Cousteau was honored as a National Geographic Emerging Explorer a group of eleven trailblazers from around the world who push the boundaries of discovery adventure and global problem solving In early 2009 she joined the Discovery Channel lineup co hosting Blue August with her brother Philippe Jr and served as a chief correspondent on water issues for Discovery Channel s Planet Green She served as the Water Advisor and spokesperson for the global Live Earth 2010 Run for Water Cousteau has been honored as an Earth Trustee by the U N named a Principal Voice by CNN International and regularly delivers testimony before government agencies on critical policy issues Born in California Cousteau grew up in France and the United States She earned her Bachelor of Science degree in Political Science from Georgetown University Alexandra her husband Fritz Neumeyer and daughter Clémentine call both Washington D C and Berlin

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/alexandra-cousteau-to-receive-stroud-award.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Science, not politics, should guide Clean Water Act clarification
    deceptively titled the Federal Water Quality Protection Act which would derail the near final EPA rulemaking on waters of the United States by requiring the EPA to withdraw its proposed rule It would also prohibit the agency s future rule making ability by forbidding anything that does not meet its principles These principles disregard the strong scientific evidence supporting the EPA s proposal to include all tributaries intermittent and headwater streams within the jurisdiction of the Clean Water Act This Senate bill is similar to one HR 1732 the House passed last week I can only hope that federal legislators will be inundated with a public cry of outrage over this measure Our freshwater resources are too vital and precious to be subject to the vagaries of state and local authorities or to the whims of private landowners Those of us who have spent our careers studying streams and wetlands know that the EPA s proposed clarification is informed by decades of scientific research about freshwater ecosystems such as the work our scientists have been doing since 1967 The River Continuum Concept published in 1980 by a team of scientists led by Stroud Water Research Center is a foundational concept in freshwater ecology It states that a river system represents a physical chemical and biological continuum from the smallest headwater streams to the main stem river at its confluence with the estuary Subsequent research around the world has not only supported this concept but demonstrated that in fact small headwater streams are the most critical and most vulnerable parts of a river Our scientists were among the many who participated in the scientific advisory panel that helped the EPA s Office of Research and Development conduct a comprehensive review of more than 1 200 peer reviewed publications in the scientific literature This report U S Environmental Protection Agency Connectivity of Streams and Wetlands to Downstream Waters A Review and Synthesis of the Scientific Evidence Washington DC U S Environmental Protection Agency 2015 concludes The scientific literature clearly demonstrates that streams regardless of their size or how frequently they flow are connected to downstream waters in ways that strongly influence their function The incremental contributions of individual streams and wetlands are cumulative across entire watersheds More than 85 percent of the nation s stream miles are small enough to jump across and many if not most of these flow through private property So while opponents may object to the EPA having jurisdiction over streams on private land landowners should not have the right to pollute streams running through their property even if they flow intermittently The science tells us that watersheds with protected wetlands streamside forest buffers and other best management practices can support both humans and wildlife in a sustainable way They trap and store sediments filter out contaminants reduce the frequency and severity of flooding by slowing the release of storm water mitigate thermal pollution caused by deforestation industrial inputs and water diversions and replenish underground aquifers For decades

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/science-should-guide-clean-water-act.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Delaware River Basin Deserves Federal Protection
    quality and mitigate flood damage across the 13 000 square mile watershed The act establishes a non regulatory program within the U S Fish and Wildlife Service for restoration and protection activities It also authorizes 5 million for competitive grant and technical assistance programs Delaware River restoration efforts receive limited federal funding compared to similar watersheds across the country said Bernard W Sweeney Ph D director of Stroud Water Research Center The Delaware River does not have a federal program dedicated to its conservation yet it is every bit as important as the Chesapeake Bay the Great Lakes and Long Island Sound which do Freshwater scientists at the Stroud Center have been monitoring the water quality of regional sub watersheds in the Delaware River Basin for several decades said Sweeney This year our scientists in cooperation with collaborating scientists will continue that monitoring as well as begin substantial work in a wide range of range of watersheds within the Delaware River basin We can state emphatically that such work needs not only to continue but to be expanded Protecting water quality in the headwaters before it becomes substantially degraded in each of the many sub watersheds of the Delaware River basin is a much better economic model than developing and maintaining the complex infrastructure needed to filter and treat contaminants that accumulate downstream he added The Delaware River watershed headwaters start in the Catskill and Pocono mountains and drain through New York Pennsylvania New Jersey and Delaware before the river enters the Delaware Bay and then the Atlantic Ocean It delivers clean drinking water to 16 million people provides habitat for a diverse mix of species and offers abundant recreational opportunities In addition to appreciating the leadership of Sen Carper and Rep Carney we thank these U S Senate co

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/delaware-river-basin-deserves-protection.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Dansko Co-Founders Take Their Place Among Who’s Who at Stroud Water Research Center
    Stroud Water Research Center recently dedicated the Cabot Kjellerup Public Outreach Wing of its Moorhead Environmental Education Complex in honor of Dansko co founders Mandy Cabot and Peter Kjellerup who have been generous long term supporters of the Center When you look around at the names on the different spaces of this building it s like a who s who in the history of Stroud Water Research Center said Bernard W Sweeney Ph D executive director of Stroud Center Our spaces are named for people who have a deep and personal connection to our work and mission That s why I m really happy to see Peter and Mandy s names on our public outreach wing because without their support we wouldn t be standing in this beautiful building today He said Kjellerup suggested building the outreach and education complex after learning that the research wing had become too cramped particularly after Stroud Center expanded its mission to include education and watershed restoration Kjellerup also made the first generous donation to kickstart the building s fundraising drive He also insisted along with Sweeney that in keeping with Stroud Center s mission the building would have to be LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Certified Dansko s headquarters in West Grove Pennsylvania is LEED Gold Certified He encouraged Stroud Center s board of directors and executive staff to settle for nothing less than LEED Platinum certification the highest most difficult level to achieve I m very humbled and grateful to Stroud Center for this honor Kjellerup said He recalled that his commitment to Stroud Center began when he and Mandy along with many Dansko employees volunteered for tree planting events to protect the White Clay Creek that runs through the property He added that he became enthusiastic about Stroud Center

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/2015-04-02-cabot-kjellerup-wing.shtm (2016-04-27)
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  • Stroud Center Gets Award for Environmental Education Programs
    Leaf Pack Network which enables students and citizen scientists to post and compare data generated by leaf pack experiments performed in their local streams on the Web Stroud Center s Stream School programs are unique for their hands on boots in the water approach which gives visiting students an in depth real world science experience Stroud Center is one of the few laboratories in the world devoted exclusively to research and education on stream and river ecology Its education program was conceived in 1990 through the interest of a nearby school to have students learn more about local streams and rivers The ensuing education and outreach effort created a wide variety of freshwater ecology programs for students teachers public officials environmental professionals watershed groups and the general public During the past 25 years Stroud Center educators have translated the Center s scientific findings to the world engaging more than 52 000 students and adults in freshwater ecology and stewardship Taiji Nelson director of public relations for the Pennsylvania Association of Environmental Educators gives the organization s Outstanding Environmental Education Program Award to Libby Gregg Stroud Center education programs assistant This award recognizes an exemplary environmental education program that could be used as a model for educators across the state said Taiji Nelson director of public relations for the Pennsylvania Association of Environmental Educators who conferred the award to Libby Gregg Stroud Center education programs assistant during the organization s annual conference March 14 in Entriken Pennsylvania He added We believe your program deserves recognition for its use of innovative educational practices and technology to enhance hands on engagement Your commitment to increasing the reach of your programs to a wide audience is inspirational to other environmental educators I m proud to have our education department honored by this award said

    Original URL path: http://www.swrc.org/press/2015/2015-03-26-education-programs-award.shtm (2016-04-27)
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