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    the tub onto furniture I m sure the maids just love us Chalupny told The New York Times According to the Times b ut one maid at a team hotel here couldn t tell me how much of a nuisance the pellets might have been at this World Cup or how annoying it could be to find them in the laundry days after the teams had departed She said she was afraid to talk to a reporter I m sorry but I don t think FIFA would like that And we don t want to get in trouble with FIFA Source Juliet Macur At the Women s World Cup a Memento Players Are Stuck With and Stuck To in The New York Times 23 June 2015 at http www nytimes com 2015 06 24 sports a memento players carry with them like it or not html r 0 No 8 Allentown Pennsylvania Pictures of migrating crumb rubber Between 6 000 and 7 000 pounds of crumb rubber can come out migrate off a field each year See Andrew McNitt Between 6 000 and 7 000 pounds of crumb rubber can come out migrate of a field each year at http www synturf org crumbrubber html Item No 34 posted June 2014 The following gallery of migrating crumb rubber infill by Timothy Ford appeared in Patrick Lester Artificial turf debate Is it safe for children in The Morning Call 6 December 2014 at http www mcall com news local mc lehigh valley artificial turf dangers 20141206 story html page 1 The pictures feature Lehigh Valley artificial turf field Image No 07 How much crumb gets into your cleats Last month we ran an item here entitled Ouch Those pesky crumb rubber bits that injure http www synturf org health html Item No 26 It was about a guy who goes to try out with the Kansas City Wizards soccer team and end us with pain in the ball of his foot which he suspected was caused by the pellets from the synthetic grass in his sock that were scraping his foot This week we received a communication from a company that makes a product that claims to prevent crumb rubber from ending up in your cleats According to the technical information provided by it in the course of one hour of play one can get 82 grams of crumb rubber pellets in a cleat as they hop off the ground and roll down the cleat by way of the ankle area No 06 Poughkeepsie NY Randy Marquis hated coming home with mouthful of rubber On August 30 2008 the Poughkeepsie Journal quoted Kevin Marquis owner of Competitive Edge Physical Therapy in Poughkeepsie as saying his son Randy who played football at Franklin D Roosevelt High School in Hyde Park and then Franklin Marshall College in Lancaster Pa hated coming up with a mouth full of rubber after playing on infill turf fields Source Pete Colaizzo Athletes quicker on surfaces but injuries are still common in Poughkeepsie Journal August 30 2008 available at http www poughkeepsiejournal com apps pbcs dll article AID 20080830 SPORTS 808300336 No 05 The traveling crumb rubber According to the news story in the Daily Times Florence Alabama these days the football players of the University of Northern Alabama are seen emptying their cleats of the crumb rubber pellets It is a daily routine according to wide receiver Robbie Burdine I have to empty them out of my shoes every day They get stuck on your arms legs and in your pants It takes a while to get all of them off of you Source Jeff McIntyre Pesky pellets pester players in Time Daily August 23 2008 available at http www timesdaily com article 20080823 NEWS 808230322 1164 title Pesky pellets pester players Seattle Fields Migrating crumb rubber No 04 More migration pictures The selection below is from PlasticFiledsforNever org and is entitled Seattle Fields January 2008 In viewing this power point presentation please note the following First the migration of rubber pellets from the turf field at Van Asselt Elementary School and second the prevalence of crumb rubber pellets around sewers and drains Click on PPT icon on the left No 03 Crumbs everywhere What s a soccer mom to do By Guive Mirfendereski SynTurf org Newton mass April 18 2008 Each artificial turf field has about 100 tons of crumb rubber granules applied loosely to the surface Along with the sand silica the crumb helps with the cushy feeling of the turf and also acts as the ballast that keeps the turf all the more secure in place In venues where best practices prevail before each game the field is watered down in order to weigh down the crumb and sand and to minimize dusting and on hot days water is used also to reduce the temperature of the field Regardless of its nature be it crumb rubber from used tires or other source thermoplastics coconut tofu or other materials because it is not nailed down weighed down glued or woven into the carpet the granules also called in fill travel off the field We call this phenomenon migration and it can be induced by watering rain wind footwork or other forces or dynamics In November 2007 SynTurf org published a photographic mini essay on migration of crumb rubber See http www synturf org migration html Recently a reader shared her frustration over crumb rubber hitching a ride back home on the body and clothing of her passengers Joyce who has requested partial anonymity is a Morristown soccer mom who often accompanies her elite level daughters and their teammates to soccer games The problem with crumb rubber wasn t this bad in pervious years because the girls would play on the turf maybe one or two games during the whole season she told SynTurf org Now she said it seem like every game is being played on turf In an e mail to SynTurf org Joyce

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    unfair advantage over their opponents who are not used to playing on artificial turf Now we have a report from Penfield NY where the coach of Penfield High School soccer team chose not to play on his own PHS Stadium s artificial turf field and instead played the game against the opposing team on the school s natural grass field Why Because the other team Fairpoint High School is faster than Penfield on artificial grass Because of the Red Raiders speed Penfield coach John Butterworth elected to play the game on his natural grass field rather than the new stadium s artificial turf field Fairport installed an artificial field last year so the Raiders have more experience on it as the Patriots are still adjusting to it reported Craig Potter Undefeated Penfield registers fourth shutout in Penfield Post September 23 2009 available at http www mpnnow com sports x2024001139 Undefeated Penfield registers fourth shutout No 46 IFA Professional soccer must be played on natural grass The IFA is Indian Football Association it is the organization that administers association soccer football in the state of West Bengal India It is a storied franchise According to a news story on the India edition of Goal com September 8 2009 the artificial turf field at Salt lake Stadium in Calcutta is stirring up anxiety among the players Whether it s good for the game or a negative sign is debatable as there are multifarious views on this subject However most players are a little sceptical on having to play on these surfaces as they feel whatever the condition of the ground be natural grass is way better than the synthetic ones according to the story Gouramangi Singh a defenseman with Churchill Brothers SC stated We are not used to playing on these surfaces and hence we have to struggle to get adjusted When you kick the ball it takes much more effort than what you have to do in normal grass fields The Indian international further states that the risk of injuries on an artificial turf is way higher than the grass surfaces He believes that professional football mustn t be played on such plastic grounds At a professional level you play to win and a player thinks about his career and injuries The injury risk is high on artificial pitches In grass you get a footing while kicking the ball and hence there is some shock absorbed There s always a fear of a knee injury on artificial turfs as there s no shock absorbed Singh said Source Rahul Bali IFA Shield Professional Football Must Be Played On Natural Grass Surfaces on Goal com September 8 2009 available at available at http www goal com en india news 2633 ifa shield 2009 09 08 1487184 ifa shield professional football must be played on natural grass For more illuminating stories on this topic see Shilarze Saha Roy Players will face problems on artificial turf Bhutia in Times of India September 10 2009 available at http timesofindia indiatimes com sports football top stories Players will face problems on artificial turf Bhutia articleshow 4992604 cms and Garima Varma Players differ on turf s suitability The new artificial turf at Salt Lake Stadium in Kolkata has met with mixed reactions from the players and coaches on ESPNStar com September 10 2009 available at http www espnstar com football other football news detail item321014 Players differ on turf s suitability No 45 Artificial turf is antisocial turns away would be users SynTurf org Newton Mass This next story belongs appropriately in the Heat section of this website But then how many more heat stories do we need to tell us the truth about the heating effect of artificial turf fields Been there done that We have also highlighted at times the rather pernicious way in which public land becomes sequestered dogs banished from the realm and all manner of sporting activity driven away from the once open to all natural grass fields all for the sake of guarding the turf for the use of the privileged few Some of these stories with pictures of forbidding signs are available have been posted occasionally at http www synturf org forbiddenfields html While reading the following item look past the tantalizing heat issue and look for signs that artificial turf alienates people Bill Egbert Macombs park turf too hot for them to handle Critic s thermometer hits 150 degrees in Daily News Bronx August 18 2009 available at http www nydailynews com ny local bronx 2009 08 18 2009 08 18 macombs park turf too hot for them to handle critics thermometer hits 150 degree html ixzz0OXf2AbHP Think it s hot running on a 90 degree day Try running on a 150 degree track That s what joggers at the new Macombs Dam Park have to contend with on the interim running track painted on the still unfinished artificial turf field During last week s sweltering temps the turf reached temperatures in excess of 150 degrees according to an infrared thermometer wielded by Geoff Croft head of NYC Park Advocates and a longtime critic of the city s efforts to replace the parkland given to the Yankees for their new stadium For comparison Croft measured the temperature of a patch of natural grass near the park on the same day and found it to be only 84 degrees Temperatures don t have to get into the 90s for the turf to overheat Croft recorded similar readings of higher than 147 degrees on cloudy days when the air temperature never got higher than the low 80s We understand that this is the one drawback of these turf fields said city Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe and we re doing all we can to address it The city spent an extra 160 000 to use a green colored crumb rubber fill which stays cooler than cheaper fill made of recycled tires The new park will also feature three misting devices designed to cool parkgoers at the push of a button Local residents who were used to running in the old Macombs Dam Park surrounded by tall shade trees can feel the difference It feels really hot on my feet said Enrique Martinez 16 who runs every day on the interim track The worst part Enrique said is that when you want to rest you can t lie down in the grass or you ll overheat When the park is complete next April however it will feature several natural grass berms around the field and 166 shade trees planted around the park Two boys practicing soccer at one end of the unfinished field agreed with Enrique It s burning hot said Joseph Cardozo taking a break to rest in the limited shade of a construction fence I can feel the heat on my legs You get easily dehydrated said Eduardo Yanez 15 You have to stop more often and get some shade They fondly recalled playing on the real grass field of their old park dug up for the Yankees new 1 5 billion stadium nearby The old park was cooler said Jospeh and more crowded too There were more people to play with The final design includes a large shade structure over a grandstand as well as a new Olympic quality running track wrapping around the soccer field No 44 Soccer and Real Grass a Natural Combination Guive Mirfendereski SynTurf org Newton Mass August 9 2009 On Friday night August 7 2009 I came upon the soccer match between Real Madrid and Toronto FC being played at BMO field Usually BMO is covered with plastic grass and crumb rubber But for this match the surface was natural grass sod It showed in the quality of the game especially on the part of Real Madrid The artistry and pace of the game allowed for some magnificent footwork and for some reason the savage play that often passes for MLS style soccer was absent Cool surface cooler heads I thought as Toronto lost decisively The foregoing is meant as an introduction to a recent piece by Andrea Canales Chief Editor of Goal com North America entitled Just Not Good Enough For Grass In it Canales ponders what to make of the fact that grass is brought in for teams on tour but not yet planned as the surface for Major League Soccer s championship The recent friendly games in the U S with visiting foreign teams present something of a sham to fans who come out for matches and that s the shame that Major League Soccer has decided to ignore It s not just that fans will see even though the touring squads are in preseason a higher level of soccer It s also that the game will be presented on the proper stage on grass Yes for these meaningless exhibition matches MLS has ponied up the money to replace the artificial fields at Qwest Stadium in Seattle and BMO Field in Toronto However did the league bother to make such an effort for MLS in last year s All Star Game in Toronto Oh no Barcelona and Real Madrid used their clout early on to assure that the favored feet of their stars would never touch a synthetic surface getting assurances from MLS management that sod would be placed especially for their matches on tour After all with Cristiano Ronaldo ss legs insured for 80 million each Real Madrid isn t going to take chances on them suffering the pounding that all professional players who perform on turf complain about As for Barcelona and their own superstar Leo Messi well they re not about to make their little Messiah inhale crumb rubber if he takes a tumble during a match For on this by Canales go to Canales Daily Just Not Good Enough For Grass on Goal com August 5 2009 available at http goal com en us news 1110 major league soccer 2009 08 05 1423826 canales daily just not good enough for grass No 43 Artificial turf becomes a factor in rotations and rests for Major League Baseball players According to a news report in MLB com July 29 2009 Playing on turf also raises concerns for the coaching staff on how to deal with certain players injuries and if the turf may exacerbate them The Los Angeles Angles of Anaheim coach Mike Sciosca knows what a beast it can be to play on artificial turf While Scioscia has seen artificial surface become closer and closer to grass he still believes a synthetic field is a tough surface to play on You definitely have to work harder to run on it because it has a sponge to it and while I think guys that play on it every day get used to it when your not you are going to feel some muscles that you never knew you had On the eve of a 3 game series at the Metrodome against the Minnesota Twins Scioscia limited the outfielder Juan Rivera to one game due to his hamstring injury That is a concern when you are on that turf as to where guys with injuries to their backs and legs and how it affects them It is a different animal playing on turf and it is certainly something we are looking at closely Scioscia also decided to rest shortstop Erick Aybar in a recent game against the Indians in preparation for the turf believing a day off would help lessen the blow of playing on such a hard surface Taking no chances when he does go to Minnesota Scioscia will also make sure pregame workouts are not too strenuous and that players are careful when warming up According to Scioscia You really just want to get used to the field to get a feel for it and turf is the extreme We don t play much on it Source Quinn Roberts Scioscia will be cautious on artificial turf on MLB com July 29 2009 available at http losangeles angels mlb com news article jsp ymd 20090729 content id 6128262 vkey news ana fext jsp c id ana No 42 Chicago White Sox s dismal record on artificial turf According to a piece ob Bleacher Reports July 29 2009 the baseball team Chicago White Sox keep loisng balls games at venues that have artificial turf fields The pattern has emerged from the examination of the stats and their win loss record at the Minnesota Twins Metrodome the Rogers Centre in Toronto and Tropicana Field in the last three years What do all three of these places have in common the reporter inquired The artificial turf The White Sox just don t know how to adjust to the turf They lose the ability to hit and play defense For details and analysis see Daniel Abbas The Achilles Heel Of the Chicago White Sox Artificial Turf on Bleacher Report July 29 2009 available at http bleacherreport com articles 226221 the achilles heel of the chicago white sox artificial turf No 41 Moosica Penn Grass attracts plastic fields repel It s that simple According to a news story in The New York Times July 18 2009 in order to attract the Class AAA affiliates of the New York Yankees to the Scranton Wilkes Barre area s PNC Field Lackawanna County which owns the ballpark rolled out the welcome mat by installing a grass field over artificial turf Source Chris Hine A Sodden Field Is Fixed as a Quagmire Remains in The New York Times July 18 2009 available at http www nytimes com 2009 07 19 sports baseball 19scranton html r 1 No 40 Never mind the players Turf fields are bad for soccer A recent round of CONCACAF Gold Cup at the Florida International University in July has re ignited talk about getting FIU field to become a soccer specific venue for International and MLS and USL play The problem with that venue is its artificial turf surface which is anathema to soccer players In a recent posting on MLS Talk July 11 2009 we came across this commentary by an observer of the Gold Cup tournament at FIU But one major problem still exists for FIU Stadium Artificial Turf Canadian manager Stephen Hart was rightly borderline obsessive about the turf in his post match remarks choosing to focus on the affect it had on the match rather than to comment on the match itself Canada s tentative play early he attributed to the turf Hart is right Several times last night I saw unnatural bounces and players get their feet trapped in the junk surface not able to cut properly or react with the normal sharpness In the US Grenada match last weekend I observed some of the same issue on the turf in Seattle I ll be honest As much as I try and watch MLS or USL turf pitches bother me so much that often times I skip matches on turf or simply watch them more passively It s one thing for MLS still trying to find adequate ground to play in or USL whose clubs often fight for survival financially each and every year But for international football the junk needs to be banned But FIFA has another attitude In Peru the U 20 Championship of 2005 were largely played on turf But most South American clubs and players hate the stuff so gradually after that tournament the turf was abandoned Same for Canada in 2007 where the majority of games were played on turf but now Canadian coaches and players like Stephen Hart don t want to get near the stuff Bob Bradley made his views on turf clear before the US traveled to Costa Rica in June At the same time the USA has a handful of players who flat out to refuse to play on the junk unless it is absolutely vital for their team or nation Florida has not had a stadium for football or the real kind or American variety what we call throw ball on this site that hosts a professional team that has used turf since the 1970s Three NFL franchises three NASL two MLS and several USL teams have played on natural grass Source Kartik Krishnaiyer Miami Bounces Back But Turf Stands in the Way in Major League Soccer Talk July 11 2009 available at http www majorleaguesoccertalk com miami bounces back but turf stands in the way 4882 No 39 Shrinkage and other turf woes at Estadio Morera Soto Costa Rica According to a news story in Ovacion Ovation July 2 2009 the Morera Soto soccer stadium s playing surface has lost 661 5 square meters in area The culprit is the conversion of the natural grass field to artificial turf Prior to the conversion the grass playing surface at Morera was 105 meters long by 74 3 meters wide It is now 105 meters long and 68 meters wide which translates to 3 meters narrower on each side FIFA provides a range of 100 to 110 meters long and 64 to 75 meters wide for international matches but strongly recommends that new stadiums have a pitch of 105 meters by 68 meters The shrinkage doesn t seem like much but the players realize that it is a significant reduction and puts them at a competitive disadvantage unless they change their team to adapt to the surface according to Carlos Castro Mora who plays for LD Alajuelense in the Primera Division The changeover at Morera seems to be inspired by the installation of a turf field at Estadio Saprissa about four years ago which has allowed the management there to host concerts as well as games Source Antonio Alfaro Se encogió el Morera La Liga dice que ir contra la recomendación de FIFA es como ir contra la Biblia in Ovacion July 2 2009 no longer available at http www aldia cr hoy ovacion2014070 html but available in pdf here and Google translation here SynTurf org thanks Frank Dell Apa for bringing this story to our attention and providing the translation of the piece SynTurf org Note According to Frank Dall Apa a sports writer for The Boston Globe the fact the ball moves faster on artificial turf effectively makes the field even smaller The turf vs grass debate has been a controversial one for USA Soccer recently The US lost to Costa Rica 3 1 in June in World Cup qualifier in a game that was played on artificial turf in Saprissa Stadium in Costa Rica Two days after the loss American coach Bob Bradley called on the sport s governing body FIFA to ban artificial turf The field is terrible and FIFA should not allow artificial surfaces Bradley said They should have some courage They should stop it It s no good for the players and somehow I hope the players have the ability around the world to stand up and say we re not playing on this plain and simple Kevin Van Valkenburg For soccer turf on takeout Natural sod brought to M T for Chelsea AC Milan game in The Baltimore Sun July 2 2009 available at http www baltimoresun com sports bal sp sod02jul02 0 4343633 story Also see http www synturf org playersview html Item No 29 No 38 How do they do it for those high end soccer games A glance at turning artificial turf fields into a natural grass surface SynTurf org Newton Mass July 5 2009 From time to time we come across a story or news item about an artificial turf field being converted into a grass field for a particular soccer match It is true the game is supposed to be played on natural grass and every now and then we hear or read about players and coaches saying the same thing with regularity It is ironic though the one sport that has managed to wreak havoc with natural grass playing fields has been the explosion of soccer in the United States Some years ago we heard from one of the premier naturalists in Massachusetts that we should ban soccer for the sake of the environment Even we will not go that far Soccer is a great game a beautiful sport but of course not the kind of ugly foul ridden and savagely physical version of it that has come to dominate the collegiate and professional ranks How do they then turn an artificial turf field into a natural grass playing surface for those oh so very special games In a news story surrounding the upcoming game between Chelsea and AC Milan July 24 2009 at the M T Bank Ravens Stadium in Baltimore Kevin Van Valkenburg reported in The Baltimore Sun July 2 2009 the following observations about the conversion process The Ravens just have to ship the natural grass in from Virginia and install it before the two teams arrive S occer at the highest level is almost always played on natural grass So as part of the agreement to host the game the Ravens have arranged to install temporary sod on top of their own turf for the July 24 game According to the promoters of the event the teams wanted to play on natural turf This will not be unlike what several other venues will be doing during the six city tour The move will be fairly costly but it is not a deal breaker considering the 20 million in revenue the event might generate for the region To make the move to natural grass the Ravens have hired Duraturf Service Corp a Richmond Va company that regularly provided similar services for RFK Stadium The sod will be trucked from the company s farm in Virginia and then fitted together atop plastic sheets to protect the Ravens regular turf It will take about 30 truckloads of sod said Ravens groundskeeper Don Follett It will be about 80 000 square feet in total and it will take about two or three days to get it in and make sure all the seams fit together It all goes relatively smoothly and is not that uncommon After the game is played Follett said the sod gets rolled up and shipped back to Virginia where it s replanted for future use It takes a 15 man crew a couple of days to dismantle the field which weighs about 200 pounds per square foot The turf vs grass debate has been a controversial one for USA Soccer recently The US lost to Costa Rica 3 1 in June in World Cup qualifying game that was played on artificial turf in Saprissa Stadium in Costa Rica Two days after the loss American coach Bob Bradley called on the sport s governing body FIFA to ban artificial turf The field is terrible and FIFA should not allow artificial surfaces Bradley said They should have some courage They should stop it It s no good for the players and somehow I hope the players have the ability around the world to stand up and say we re not playing on this plain and simple Kevin Van Valkenburg For soccer turf on takeout Natural sod brought to M T for Chelsea AC Milan game in The Baltimore Sun July 2 2009 available at http www baltimoresun com sports bal sp sod02jul02 0 4343633 story No 37 Turf Questions from a Soccer Mom What if they built a field and nobody played A You Tube video May 19 2009 http www youtube com watch v VcZkSf4jj8Y No 36 Economic downturn is a blessing of sorts According to an item in The Oregonian May 14 2009 The decade long trend of high schools installing artificial turf fields has slowed and the economic downturn is cited as the reason Many bigger schools already have made the conversion to the fields but for some that still play on grass efforts to raise money for artificial turf have all but ground to a halt For more of the story see Jerry Ulmer Turf plans grounded in The Oregonian May 14 2009 available at http highschoolsports oregonlive com news article 6803684017242866351 turf plans grounded No 35 Science too is a field of dreams SynTurf org Newton Mass May 15 2009 Of late the Synthetic Turf Council has gotten the clever idea of sponsoring essay writing contests among students around wait for it one s field of dreams Any guesses as to what essay will win the prize Here is a story that warms my heart Recently a third grader named Claire Dworsky of San Francisco won the Kids Science Challenge competition Her prize The chance to investigate her own questions about water quality under the auspices of Aidan Payton a marine scientist at University of California at Santa Cruz According to the press release http www ucsc edu news events press releases text asp pid 2956 May 15 2009 Contact Tim Stephens 831 459 2495 stephens ucsc edu An avid soccer player Dworsky was curious about the differences between grass fields and artificial turf with respect to pollutants in the water that runs off the fields Paytan said it was easy to pick her entry as a winner Her idea stemmed from genuine curiosity and observation said Paytan an associate research scientist in the Institute of Marine Sciences at UCSC In an interview Dworsky explained how she got interested in the runoff from soccer fields I look down and I see that the turf water compared with the grass water looks different so that s why I m trying to figure out what s going on if turf fields pollute more than grass fields she said After Dworsky s entry was chosen as a winner in March Paytan discussed the project with her and sent her a package with supplies and instructions for collecting water samples Dworsky collected 110 samples from 10 soccer fields in San Francisco half with grass and half with artificial turf She has made several trips to Paytan s lab at UCSC where the samples will be analyzed and will spend more time there over the summer Paytan said the results of the study should be available by August After meeting Dworsky and starting to work on the project with her Paytan said she continues to be impressed by her 8 year old collaborator Obviously her science background is not like a college student s but she observes and asks good questions Paytan said She s a smart kid and she wants to take it to the next step Beyond the science question she s also interested in the decision making process when communities decide to replace grass fields with artificial turf The issue has been controversial in some communities According to Paytan there are advantages and disadvantages to both types of fields Dworsky s investigation of runoff from grass and artificial turf won t resolve all the controversies but it will address an issue that has not been well studied Paytan said a search of the scientific literature did not turn up any prior studies like the one they are doing now I couldn t find anything in the peer reviewed journals that s comparable No one has done an extensive comparison study of fields in the same city to look at what s coming off in the runoff she said It just shows that a little girl can do something that s useful for everybody No 34 San Francisco CBS5 TV investigates artificial turf Entitled CA Lawmakers Question Safety of Artificial Turf environmental reporter Jeffrey Schaub looks at the political response to the proliferation of artificial turf fields in the sate and outlines the concerns about lead heat and other issues with synthetic playing fields The video KPIX5 May 7 8 2009 is available here http cbs5 com video id 49851 kpix dayport com The text of the story Turf Wars Are Kids Playing it Safe May 7 2009 is available at http cbs5 com environment artificial turf fields 2 1004289 html No 33 What is wrong with this picture The picture on the right was passed along to SynTurf org by a reader It speaks volumes about two things either a knowing parent does not mind a child wallowing in crumb rubber or the parent is clueless about the potential harm that may come her baby While the picture is worth a thousand words here is the note that accompanied the picture as sent to us This picture was sent to us today Look at this small child playing in the tons of ground up used rubber tires in a playground Wait until this playground gets hot and smell of rubber will be overpowering There was also a picture of a toddler eating a cracker showing that what gets on their hands from the rubber tires also gets in their mouths What are we doing to our littlest children and how do we get it to stop No 32 Saginaw Bay Mich Ducks get it A recent news report in The Bay City Times March 27 2009 highlighted the exploits of the members of the Saginaw Bay Chapter of Delta Waterfowl who install hen houses for mallards in marsh areas The hen houses are cylinder in shape 3 foot long by 2 foot high They are usually placed on a pole about 2 5 feet off the water The hen house program sites can be considered mallard factories Similar in concept to wood duck boxes hen houses are nesting structures designed to provide mallards with a safe place to nest The hens fly in and lay their eggs and then they hatch said Bob Majdecki According to another member Scott Berg the initial mallard nesting structures experimented with artificial turf but What we found is that they weren t as effective as natural materials In South Carolina it s more like a sweet grass hay In Michigan if we can get into some leafy field hay that works Source Mike Spencer Saginaw Bay waterfowl chapter puts out nesting places for ducks in The Bay City Times March 27 2009 available at http www mlive com living bay city index ssf 2009 03 saginaw bay waterfowl chapter html No 31 Andrea Canales on turf Good news Vancouver plans to put in a grass field and Another Bites on Turf Here are two must read pieces by Goal com s chief editor and premier soccer writer Andrea Canales about artificial turf and its nasty effect on the beauty and traditions of the game and the ankles knees ligaments and joints of players Another One Bites On Turf on Goal com March 18 2009 available at http www goal com en us news 1110 major league soccer 2009 03 18 1162431 canales daily another one bites on turf and Turf Wars Can Have Peaceful Ending Good news Vancouver is coming to join Major League Soccer with plans to put in a grass field in Goal com March 19 2009 available at http goal com en us news 1110 major league soccer 2009 03 19 1164212 canales daily turf wars can have peaceful ending Note the reference to the toll that turf takes on ankles and knees joints and ligaments from players mouths No 30 Giant Stadium to go grass for CONCACAF tourney finals In the summer of 2009 the Gold Cup of the Confederation of North Central America and Caribbean Association Football CONCACAF will be played in 13 venues across the United States According to the story in MLS net Each venue will host a doubleheader with the exception of Giants Stadium home for the July 26 final It is the second time Giants Stadium has staged the final and first since 2005 Grass will be laid over the artificial turf Source Dylan Butler 2009 Gold Cup to be played in 13 US cities in MLSnet com March 9 2009 available at http web mlsnet com news mls news jsp ymd 20090309 content id 222792 vkey news mls fext jsp No 29 Flammability of rubber mulch Just recently a reader sent this in about the flammability of rubber mulch that is used in gardening The item is slightly dated 2004 but it goes to show that even then rubber mulch had its problems According to an item in The Ohio State University Extension website Mulch ignition is becoming more and more of a concern as commercial and public facilities ban smoking inside buildings said Larry Steward assistant professor of horticulture at The Ohio State University Agricultural Technical Institute Ohio State ATI Cigarettes matches and other smoking materials are often tossed on the ground before people enter a building That can be a safety hazard with the wrong kind of mulch A variety mulch materials was tested All of the materials tested were different in their ease of ignition Some like cocoa hulls never ignited under any of the circumstances while others like ground rubber had flames within a minute and were a struggle to extinguish Overall cocoa shells the medium pine bark nuggets and hardwood bark are the three organic mulches that I would recommend for most locations Steward said especially where there is a real chance of someone flicking a cigarette It s rare that you would have a fire in mulch that is immediate Steward said Most creep along under the mulch and then ignite with rubber as an exception it spreads fast and can t be contained What s scary is that rubber s commonly used in playgrounds For more of the story please go to Melissa Brewer Mulch Ignition is a Hot Landscape Topic in Ohio State University Extension April 6 2004 available at http extension osu edu news story php id 2865 SynTurf org Note Crumb rubber is made of the same material as rubber mulch it is smaller in size Now you know why cigarettes and other smoking material are usually banned from artificial turf facilities No 28 What s wrong with this picture a chilling video This video link was sent in by a reader http www youtube com watch v 3V lmljgeGc feature channel page After viewing it please ask if the mother and other grown ups heard on the video are remotely aware of what the child is in contact with For a review of bioaccessibility and ingestion of lead and other harmful substances from turf fields please see the latest by Bill Crain http www synturf org warnings html Item No 30 http www synturf org lead html Item No 25 and http www nature com jes journal v18 n6 abs jes200855a html No 27 Milone MacBroom Report A Critique Milone MacBroom is in the business of landscape architecture engineering and environmental science In November 2007 the firm s project manager and senior vice president testified on behalf of Fairfield Country Day School s application to build an artificial turf field in an area that was under the jurisdiction of the Conservation Commission His testimony did not sway the commission as it voted down to allow the turf installation Like a bad penny that keeps turning up last month Milone MacBroom was back in the news this time being peddling a glossy product entitled Evaluation of the Environmental Effects of Synthetic Turf Athletic Fields Issued on December 1 2008 the report contained the typical industry inspiring conclusions Considering that this organization recommends artificial turf installations the result of its tests and conclusions cannot be taken very seriously by anyone in the serious business of science public health and environmental impact The temperature data presented by Milone MacBroom generally matches the data SynTurf org has obtained from fields in the Boston area in 2007 and 2008 But there is a major egregious error in the presentation of the data however The authors ascribe the surface temperature rise to the plastic grass simulating fibers and claim that the crumb rubber remains relatively cool It is actually the surface of the

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    Advocate has been calling on the city for two years to test the synthetic turf in parks Public Advocate Gotbaum said For two years I have called for independent physical testing of the synthetic turf in our parks For two years the city has dragged its heels insisting that there was no cause for concern And now the city has announced that it is closing a synthetic turf field because of elevated lead levels While I am glad to see the city listened to us and began testing turf fields we don t know how many people have been exposed to this lead hazard What we do know is that the city can no longer ignore our concerns I expect a full and public disclosure of the results of the testing currently underway and I renew my call for an immediate moratorium on the installation of new synthetic turf until New Yorkers can be assured that it is safe The fact that the city could not be bothered to conduct a single environmental study in ten years before spending more than 150 million dollars speaks volumes said Geoffrey Croft president of NYC Park Advocates Dumping more than 50 million pounds of a product which is wildly known to contain a host of metals including lead arsenic and cadmium into our park system is irresponsible at best The city should instead be installing natural grass which cleans the air and filters out harmful particulate matter and provides a host of other environmental benefits In April 2007 Public Advocate Gotbaum called for independent testing of rubber pellets that may potentially pose serious health risks to New Yorkers The rubber pellets used in more than 70 athletic fields throughout the city are made from recycled tires that contain chemicals that have been linked to birth defects cancer and other health problems The health risks to families and kids playing on the turf remain unknown In February 2008 Public Advocate Gotbaum along with New Yorkers for Parks Natural Resources Defense Council and New York Lawyers for the Public Interest sent a letter to Department of Health and Mental Hygiene DOHMH Commissioner Thomas Frieden and Parks Commissioner Adrian Benepe The letter requested that the Parks Department issue an immediate moratorium on the installation of artificial turf It also requested that the Parks Department create a replacement schedule for existing turf fields regardless of toxicity because they break down over time and become unusable and that Parks share this schedule with the City Council and community boards The letter also urged the DOHMH to immediately conduct tests of the different types of artificial turf fields that have been installed in city parks and expedite its literature review of potential adverse health effects of artificial turf Last week in Dallas Texas fields in two well known high school stadiums including the one made famous by the book and movie Friday Night Lights were announced to have lead levels far exceeding the Environmental Protection Agency s standard for soil according to independent tests done within the last month No 14 Connecticut State Representative Kim Fawcett wants a turf moratorium Come January 2009 the Connecticut state representative Kim Fawcett will seek a moratorium on the installation of new synthetic turf fields until such time as an honest assessment of its risk can be had For more on this story see Will Rowlands Fawcett will seek moratorium on new synthetic turf fields in Westport News August 15 2008 available at http www westport news com ci 10214425 No 13 Connecticut legislator wants a year long turf moratorium The Stamford Advocate reported on August 4 2008 the General Assemblyman Kimberly Fawcett whose district includes Fairfield and Westport is seeking to halt the installation of artificial turf for one year in Connecticut until the state Department of Environmental Protection concludes an analysis For more on this story go to Brian Lockhart Effort made to renew turf debate in The Advocate Stamford August 4 2008 available at http www stamfordadvocate com norwalkadvocate news ci 10089651 No 12 Sacramento Calif Bill to investigate synthetic turf passes the Senate by a vote of 28 to 6 SynTurf org Newton Mass May 13 2008 On May 12 2008 the California Senate passed SB 1277 authored by Senator Abel Maldonado R Santa Maria It will require the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment in conjunction with the Department of Public Health and California Integrated Waste Management Board to conduct a study investigating the health and environmental impacts of natural versus synthetic turf fields The bill now passes to the Assembly According to the release from Sen Maldonado s press office Thousands of children across the state play on these fields every day of the week Recent studies conducted in New Jersey and across the nation indicate that there could be seriously problems with these fields Maldonado commented Excessive levels of lead on some older fields in New Jersey prompted the closure of two fields It is important that we know our children are using safe and healthy playing surfaces Synthetic turf fields which have increased in popularity over the past several years are made up of a combination of polyethylene plastics and recycled tires The presence of volatile organic chemicals from these tires as well as deadly bacteria that can remain on the synthetic grass blades has prompted several states to take a closer look at potential negative impacts associated with these fields Studies have shown that athletes who use synthetic turf are seven times more likely to receive open skin lesions referred to as turf burn These open lesions are often the source of contracting and vehicle for spreading dangerous infections In fact a 2003 study of MRSA infections among St Louis Rams football players found that all eight MRSA infections began at turf burn sites Medical experts have found that staphylococci and other bacteria can survive on polyethylene plastic the compound used to make synthetic turf blades for more than 90 days Blood sweat skin cells and other materials can remain on the synthetic turf because the fields are not washed or cleaned In short playing on these fields is like playing on a giant used band aid I am glad to see that the Senate recognized the importance of further investigating the safety of these fields Maldonado concluded In addition to authoring SB 1277 Senator Maldonado has asked the California Attorney General Jerry Brown to look into whether these fields should have a Proposition 65 warning The Attorney General has indicated he will investigate the matter and will have a decision in the next month For the text of the press release click here Sen Maldonado s press office can be reached at 916 651 4015 For a background on this story see http www synturf org moratoriums html Item No 7 No 11 Turf moratorium bills introduced in New Jersey legislature SynTurf org Newton Mass March 27 2008 On March 13 2008 Assemblyman John E Rooney introduced A2512 that establishes a moratorium on the installation of synthetic turf pending a comprehensive public health study The companion bill S1549 was introduced in the Senate by Senator Gerald Cardinale The Assembly bill is now before the Environment and Solid Waste Committee Text of the legislation is available at http www njleg state nj us 2008 Bills A3000 2512 I1 PDF or click here New Jersey now joins a select number of states legislatures that are considering the curbing the mindless proliferation of artificial turf fields Site specific environmental impact assessments health and other studies are often required by the bills For a list of communities seeking moratoria on artificial turf fields see http www synturf org moratoriums html and http www synturf org sayno html and http www synturf org goslow html The preamble section of the bill reads in part The Legislature further finds and declares that more information is necessary to make an informed decision on the appropriate uses of synthetic turf containing crumb rubber In the interest of preventing adverse health impacts and contamination to natural resources a comprehensive public health study on the potential threats associated with the use of synthetic turf is warranted The Legislature therefore determines that it is consistent with public policy to require that a comprehensive public health study be undertaken immediately and in the meantime to temporarily suspend the installation and use of synthetic turf products that contain crumb rubber Per the statement that accompanied the bill the purpose of the bill is to require an assessment of the public health and environmental impacts of the use of synthetic turf in indoor and outdoor settings It requires the Department of Health and Senior Services in cooperation with the Department of Environmental Protection to conduct a comprehensive review of all available data relating to the potential health risks and effects of synthetic turf with particular attention to the crumb rubber content of the synthetic turf It will impose a moratorium on the sale and installation of synthetic turf for a period of 180 days from the bill s effective date or until the Department of Health and Senior Services reports to the Governor and the Legislature on its findings and recommendations Per the statement in 2004 the Legislature enacted P L 2004 c 46 which established in the Department of Environmental Protection a Local Tire Management Program for the proper cleanup of abandoned tire piles and to provide grants to counties and municipalities for proper cleanup of abandoned tire piles within their respective jurisdictions While various options for waste tire use are essential to reduce the significant stockpiles of waste tires these uses should not threaten or compromise public health or the environment Limited testing of synthetic turf has occurred identifying levels of concern of lead arsenic cadmium chromium and other contaminants However more information is necessary to make informed decisions on the appropriate uses of this material In the interest of preventing adverse health impacts and contamination to natural resources this bill would require that a comprehensive investigation on the potential threats associated with the use of synthetic turf be conducted Sections 3 6 of the bill provide as follows 3 There is hereby established a moratorium on the sale and installation of synthetic turf for a period of 180 days from the effective date of this act or until the Department of Health and Senior Services reports to the Governor and the Legislature on its findings and recommendations as required in section 4 of this act 4 a The Department of Health and Senior Services in cooperation with the Department of Environmental Protection shall immediately undertake a review of all available data relating to the potential health risks and effects of synthetic turf with particular attention to the crumb rubber content of the synthetic turf b The Commissioner of Health and Senior Services shall 1 Solicit input from environmental and public health specialists and other stakeholders in an open public process 2 Examine various routes of exposure and the health and environmental impact of these pathways including but not limited to small fill particle inhalation volatility leaching to groundwater dermal absorption and persistence in the environment of original and degradation by products 3 Prepare a report to the Governor and the Legislature which includes research and studies conducted on synthetic turf which were the source of the report findings and recommendations for appropriate and inappropriate use of synthetic turf crumb rubber and waste tires The report shall be filed within six months of the effective date of this act unless the Commissioner of Health and Senior Services requests in writing an extension of time and 4 Conduct an outreach program to inform local governments private organizations schools and the public regarding the findings of the report If necessary information on safe alternatives to synthetic turf in settings where this material is a potential or actual health risk should be disseminated to the public c All other departments or agencies of the State or subdivisions thereof and local governments shall at the request of the Commissioner of Health and Senior Services provide expertise assistance and data that will enable the commissioner to carry out the provisions of this act 5 The provisions of any other law or any rule or regulation adopted pursuant thereto to the contrary notwithstanding a site specific environmental impact statement shall be prepared for any action that includes the use of synthetic turf The environmental impact statement shall include the potential public health risks from exposure to synthetic turf and maintenance products health risks from exposure to synthetic turf and maintenance products including inhalation impact volatility impacts and impact of hazardous levels of constituents of synthetic turf Environmental impacts shall be assessed including migration of chemicals from the synthetic turf into air water and soil The environmental impact statement shall meet the requirements of the most detailed environmental impact statement required by law 6 This act shall take effect immediately and section 3 shall expire on the 180th day thereafter except as may otherwise be provided pursuant to section 4 of this act No 10 Turf moratorium bill to be filed in New York City SynTurf org Newton Mass March 26 2008 Thanks to NYC Park Advocates and others three members of the City s Council are pushing to get an estimated 30 million pounds of pulverized tires out if city parks saying there are too many unanswered health questions about using the material in artificial turf Adam Lisberg Council members push for removal of pulverized tires from city parks in Daily New March 26 2008 available at http www nydailynews com news 2008 03 26 2008 03 26 council members push for removal of pulv 1 html The progressive and enlightened members of the council favoring the detoxification of artificial turf fields and playing grounds are Eric Gioia D Queens Maria Baez D Bronx and Letitia James Working Families Party Brooklyn Today they will introduce a bill that will ban any more artificial turf fields that use tiny bits of crumb rubber infill as a cushion and would require existing fields to be torn up and replaced within a year according to The New York Daily News We shouldn t be taking any risks when it comes to the health of our children especially when alternatives are available Councilman Gioia who will co sponsor the moratorium bill told Daily News For other coverage of this news item also see Legislation would erect fence to artificial turf The New York Sun March 26 2008 available at http www2 nysun com article 73649 Amy Zimmer Old tire turf war is on at City Council in Metro New York March 26 2008 available at http ny metro us metro local article Oldtire turf war is on at City Council 12091 html The removal of the crumb rubber and also the carpet inevitably will raise questions about disposal not without some environmental consequence which will challenge the criteria and requirements for solid waste disposal The councilman ought to address that issue before any vacuuming of the parks and fields begin in earnest Either way if the disposal of crumb rubber and the carpet is no problem then the project should begin sooner than later If the disposal is a problem then all the more reason not to have our children and youth wallow in a toxic rubber and plastic landfill In an e mail to SynTurf org NYC Park Advocates www nycparkadvocates org provided the following text of the moratorium bill A local law to amend the administrative code of the city of New York to prohibit the use of certain synthetic turf on surfaces used for recreational purposes 18 135 Limiting the use of synthetic turf on surfaces used for recreational purposes 1 a For purposes of this section the term recreational purposes shall mean any hobby diversion sports or other recreational activity including but not limited to bicycling picnicking camping kite flying roller skating or rollerblading b It shall be unlawful to use crumb rubber or crumb rubber infill for any purpose in any park or for any surface intended for use at any time for recreational purposes within the city of New York c All parks or other surfaces intended for use at any time for recreational purposes within the city of New York that presently contain crumb rubber or crumb rubber infill shall be changed within one year from the enactment of this legislation to materials that do not contain crumb rubber or crumb rubber infill d For six months following the enactment of this legislation there shall be no construction or renovation in any park or of any surface intended for use at any time for recreational purposes within the city of New York that utilizes any material made in whole or in part from synthetic or artificial turf 2 This local law shall take effect sixty days after enactment No 09 St Paul Minn Turf bill is introduced in the state legislature SynTurf org Newton Mass March 21 2008 On March 13 2008 three members of the Minnesota legislature introduced a bill designated as House File No 4056 A bill for an act relating to health limiting the use of synthetic turf on certain athletic fields requiring the commissioner of health to study the impacts of the use of crumb rubber requiring reports appropriating money proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes chapter 145 The bill was referred to the Committee on Health and Human Service The Bill provides for the following 1 No person may install synthetic turf on an athletic playing field within the boundaries of a public or private school or a public park until the Department of Health in consultation with the state Pollution Control Agency has prepared a site specific impact report on the health and environmental effects of the use or installation of synthetic turf on that athletic playing field 2 Commissioner of health must study the health impacts related to the use of crumb rubber within synthetic turf and review all available data relating to the potential health risks and health effects of synthetic turf with particular attention to the crumb rubber content of the synthetic turf In conducting this study the commissioner must examine the health and environmental impact of various pathways of exposure including but not limited to small fill particle inhalation volatility leaching into groundwater dermal absorption and the persistence in the environment of the original and degraded byproducts of crumb rubber The commissioner of health must report the finding of this study to the legislature by June 30 2009 according to section 3 195 3 An amount be appropriated from the general fund to the commissioner of health in fiscal year 2009 to prepare impact reports and study the use of crumb rubber within synthetic turf Even though the bill was introduced too late in the legislative session it is likely that it will come up for enactment in the next session Nevertheless it is an important public policy document and in line with efforts elsewhere in the country to regulate the proliferation of an artificial turf fields For similar legislative efforts see http www synturf org moratoriums html For a growing list of communities saying no to turf go to http www synturf org sayno html For the text of the bill go to http wdoc house leg state mn us leg LS85 HF4056 0 pdf or click here To track the progress of the bill so to https www revisor leg state mn us revisor pages search status status detail php b House f HF4056 ssn 0 y 2008 No 08 New York City Citizen Groups Seeks Moratorium on Turf SynTurf org Newton Mass February 29 2008 On February 28 2008 by letter several citizen groups and individuals asked the city s parks and health officials to halt the installation of turf fields until the health department concludes a study of the health risks associated with the turf fields Among the signatories of the letter are Betsy Gotbaum a former city parks commissioner New Yorkers for Parks and local members of New York Lawyers for the Public Interest and Natural Resources Defense Council For more on this story go to Timothy Williams Groups Urge a Moratorium on City Use of Artificial Turf in The New York Times Regional February 29 2008 available at http www nytimes com 2008 02 29 nyregion 29turf html r 1 oref slogin For background information about what is going on in Gotham see http www synturf org grassrootsnotes html Item No 21 and http www synturf org crumbrubber html Item Nos 20 21 and 22 No 07 Sacramento Calif Senator introduces turf suspension bill SynTurf org Newton Mass February 29 2008 On February 19 2008 the California state Senator Abel Maldonado R Santa Maria introduced a bill that prohibits the installation of crumb rubber synthetic turf on an athletic playing field within the boundaries of a public or private school or public recreational park unless and until the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment has prepared a site specific environmental impact report on this installation The Bill draws its legitimacy from existing law that requires all new playgrounds open to the public built by a public agency or any other entity to conform to the playground related standards set forth by the American Society for Testing and Materials and the playground related guidelines set forth by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission The text if the Senate Bill 1277 of 2008 is reproduced here or may be accessed at http www leginfo ca gov pub 07 08 bill sen sb 1251 1300 sb 1277 bill 20080219 introduced html No 06 Greenwich Conn Selectwoman calls for moratoirum on turf The Greenwich Conn Selectwoman Lin Lavery has called for a moratorium on installation of artificial turf fields According to a news story reported on January 13 2008 We need to be much more cautious than we have been Lavery told Hoa Nguyen of Greenwich Time Now that there are so many of these fields installed let s see what the effects are she told the reporter Turf battle Lavery wants health study on artificial fields available at http www greenwichtime com news local scn gt a1turfsundayjan13 0 1765213 story coll green news local headlines Update January 18 2008 For another press story on this item see Frank Luongo Moratorium on Synthetic Turf Fields Proposed in Greenwich in Westport News January 18 2008 available at http www westport news com ci 8010059 No 05 Turf moratorium bill field in NY State Senate November 12 3007 On November 12 2007 Senator Jim Alesi R Perinton introduced legislation S 6531 that would assess the public health and environmental impacts of the use of synthetic turf in indoor and outdoor settings This bill which is being carried in the Assembly by Long Island Assembly member Steve Englebright D Setauket would establish a 6 month moratorium on the installation of synthetic turf pending a comprehensive assessment of the potential adverse impacts of synthetic turf on public health and the environment The bill would also require an environmental impact assessment for each site specific installation of artificial turf In 2004 the New York Legislature passed the Waste Tire Management Act which provided for the collection and recycling reuse of millions of waste tires stockpiled in New York State While various options for waste tire use are essential to reduce the significant stockpiles of waste tires these uses should not threaten or compromise public health or the environment Limited testing of synthetic turf has occurred identifying levels of concern of lead arsenic cadmium chromium and other contaminants However Senator Alesi feels more information is necessary to make informed decisions on the appropriate uses of this material A few years back Senator Alesi was successful in passing legislation that reduced carcinogens in playgrounds and so it consistent with that endeavor to investigate the potential dangers of these compounds on artificial playing fields Source Seantor Alesi s website http www senatoralesi com press archive story asp id 18264 The text of the bill its summary and current status may be accessed at http public leginfo state ny us menugetf cgi No 04 The RAMP Report Calls for Moratorium on Turf Fields Rochesterians Against the Misuse of Pesticides RAMP is a citizens environmental coalition in Rochester New York It is led by a health and environment advocate named Judy Braiman judybraiman frontiernet net In October 2007 RAMP issued a study that concluded Many questions remain unanswered regarding whether or not there are potential health or ecological hazards that can result from installations of synthetic playing fields Due to the unresolved public health and environmental issues it is prudent public health policy to avoid installation of new synthetic turf fields until the health and environmental issues can be fully evaluated The study pointed to the filing on October 24 2007 of the Assemblymen Englebright and Colton that called for a moratorium on new synthetic turf installations pending a careful review of information regarding potential human health implications and an evaluation of potential impacts The RAMP Study consisted of a laboratory screening analysis of clean unused samples of fill from five synthetic turf suppliers The screening was conducted by Paradigm Laboratories in Rochester in reference to an information summary and health related links that were provided by Sciencecorps in Lexington Massachusetts The Study reported The chemicals listed above have the potential to cause serious harm under some conditions and many are persistent in the environment There is limited evidence regarding the potential for chemicals present in fill to move from into air soil and water under real world conditions However many are known to readily move through soil and other media when they are not bound within materials The likelihood of their release from the fill matrix requires more evaluation under varied real world conditions The potential for environmental contamination human exposures health impacts and ecological impacts as a result of the release of chemicals from fill is not fully characterized The text of the RAMP Synthetic Turf Chemicals October 2007 is reported on the website of the Institute of Health and the Environment of the State University of New York at Albany as an emerging environmental issue Possible Health Effects of Synthetic Turf http www albany edu ihe emerging htm at http www albany edu ihe SyntheticTurfChemicalsdar htm The Study is reported also at http www nyenvirolaw org nyeljp turf files SyntheticTurf 20RAMP 20Sciencecorps 20Site htm No 03 Artificial Turf Moratorium New York takes first step On October 24 2007 the New York State Assemblymen Englebright and Colton introduced legislation that will establish a moratorium on the installation of synthetic turf pending a comprehensive public health study The bill will also seek to amend the environmental conservation law in relation to environmental impact assessments of the use of synthetic turf and seek to repeal certain provisions upon expiration thereof Specifically the bill provides for a public health study by the department of health on the use of crumb rubber in synthetic turf a six month moratorium on its use and installation pending the health department s report and provides for a site specific environmental impact statement whenever synthetic turf use is proposed This is the first instance of a legislative initiative to regulate the proliferation of artificial turf fields The bill has been sent to the health committee for further consideration For Bill Text A09503 of the 2007 2008 Regular Session go to http assembly state ny us leg bn A09503 sh t or see below 9503 2007 2008 Regular Sessions I N A S S E M B L Y October 24 2007 Introduced by M of A ENGLEBRIGHT COLTON read once and referred to the Committee on Health AN ACT to establish a moratorium on the installation of synthetic turf pending a comprehensive public health study to amend the environmental conservation law in relation to environmental impact assessments of the use of synthetic turf and providing for the repeal of certain provisions upon expiration thereof THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEMBLY DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS 1 Section 1 Legislative findings The legislature finds that increas 2 ingly synthetic turf is being installed in many locations in New York 3 state including parks athletic fields and other settings where natural 4 grass was previously grown In recent years crumb rubber fill is being 5 used as a component of synthetic turf and mulch Crumb rubber is the 6 result of processing waste tires which contain numerous components 7 some of which are known to be hazardous to people and the environment 8 The hazardous components include arsenic cadmium chromium lead vana 9 dium zinc and acetone Health effects associated with these components 10 at dangerous levels include birth defects cancer nervous system 11 damage and immune system suppression While various options for waste 12 tire use are essential to reducing the significant stockpiles of waste 13 tires such uses should not threaten or compromise public health 14 The legislature finds that more information is necessary to make an 15 informed decision on the appropriate uses of synthetic turf containing 16 crumb rubber In the interest of preventing adverse health impacts and 17 contamination to natural resources the legislature finds that a compre 18 hensive public health study on the potential threats associated with the 19 use of synthetic turf is warranted 20 Therefore the legislature finds that it is consistent with public 21 policy to require such comprehensive public health study to be undertak EXPLANATION Matter in ITALICS underscored is new matter in brackets is old law to be omitted LBD14348 02 7 A 9503 2 1 en immediately and in the meantime to temporarily suspend the instal 2 lation and use of synthetic turf products that contain crumb rubber 3 S 2 Moratorium on the sale and installation of synthetic turf 1 4 Definitions For the purposes of this act the following terms shall 5 have the following definitions 6 a Crumb rubber means ground rubber derived from waste tires which 7 contain one or more of the following ingredients arsenic cadmium 8 chromium lead vanadium zinc and acetone 9 b Synthetic turf means any materials or compositions that include 10 crumb rubber as a component used in place of grass to surface parks 11 outdoor playing or athletic fields indoor athletic facilities or other 12 venues 13 2 Moratorium A moratorium is hereby established on the sale and 14 installation of synthetic turf for a period of 6 months from the effec 15 tive date of this act or until the department of health reports to the 16 governor and the legislature on its findings and recommendations as 17 required in section three of this act 18 S 3 Public health study of the use of synthetic turf 1 The state 19 department of health in cooperation with the department of environ 20 mental conservation shall immediately undertake a review of all avail 21 able data relating to the potential health risks and effects of synthet 22 ic turf with particular attention to the crumb rubber content of such 23 synthetic turf 24 2 The commissioner of health or his or her designee shall 25 a Solicit input from environmental and public health specialists and 26 other stakeholders in an open public process 27 b Examine various routes of exposure and the health and environmental 28 impact of these pathways including but not limited to small fill 29 particle inhalation volatility leaching to groundwater dermal absorp 30 tion and persistence in the environment of original and degradation 31 by products 32 c Prepare a report to the governor and the legislature which includes 33 research and studies conducted on synthetic turf which were the source 34 of the report findings and recommendations for appropriate and inappro 35 priate use of synthetic turf crumb rubber and waste tires Such report 36 shall be filed within six months of the effective date of this act 37 unless the commissioner of health requests in writing an extension of 38 time and 39 d Conduct an outreach program to inform local governments private 40 organizations schools and the public regarding the findings of such 41 report If necessary information on safe alternatives to synthetic turf 42 in settings where this material is a potential or actual health risk 43 should be disseminated to the public 44 3 All other departments or agencies of the state or subdivisions 45 thereof and local governments shall at the request of the commissioner 46 of health provide expertise assistance and data that will enable the 47 commissioner to carry out his or her powers and duties 48 S 4 Section 8 0109 of the environmental conservation law is amended 49 by adding a new subdivision 10 to read as follows 50 10 NOTWITHSTANDING ANY LAW RULE OR REGULATION TO THE CONTRARY A 51 SITE SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SHALL BE PREPARED FOR ANY 52 ACTION THAT INCLUDES THE USE OF SYNTHETIC TURF FOR PURPOSES OF THIS 53 SUBDIVISION SYNTHETIC TURF MEANS ANY MATERIALS OR COMPOSITIONS THAT 54 INCLUDE CRUMB RUBBER AS A COMPONENT USED IN PLACE OF GRASS TO SURFACE 55 PARKS OUTDOOR PLAYING OR ATHLETIC FIELDS INDOOR ATHLETIC FACILITIES OR 56 OTHER VENUES SUCH IMPACT STATEMENT SHALL INCLUDE THE POTENTIAL PUBLIC A 9503 3 1 HEALTH RISKS FROM EXPOSURE TO SYNTHETIC TURF AND MAINTENANCE PRODUCTS 2 INCLUDING INHALATION IMPACT VOLATILITY IMPACTS AND IMPACT OF HAZARDOUS 3 LEVELS OF CONSTITUENTS OF SYNTHETIC TURF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS SHALL 4 BE ASSESSED INCLUDING MIGRATION OF CHEMICALS FROM THE SYNTHETIC TURF 5 INTO AIR WATER AND SOIL SUCH STATEMENT SHALL MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF 6 THE MOST DETAILED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT REQUIRED BY THIS 7 SECTION OR BY ANY SUCH RULE OR REGULATION PROMULGATED PURSUANT TO THIS 8 SECTION 9 S 5 Section 27 1901 of the environmental conservation law is amended 10 by adding a new subdivision 2 a to read as follows 11 2 A CRUMB RUBBER MEANS GROUND RUBBER DERIVED FROM WASTE TIRES 12 WHICH CONTAIN ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING INGREDIENTS ARSENIC CADMI 13 UM CHROMIUM LEAD VANADIUM ZINC AND ACETONE 14 S 6 This act shall take effect immediately a provided however 15 that sections two and three of this act shall continue in full force and 16 effect for six months from such effective date or until the department 17 of health reports to the governor and the legislature as required by 18 section three of this act whichever date is later when upon such date 19 the provisions of sections two and three of this act shall be deemed 20 repealed and 21 b provided that the commissioner of health shall notify the legisla 22 tive bill drafting commission upon filing the report required in section 23 three of this act in order that the commission may maintain an accurate 24 and timely effective data base of the official text of the laws of the 25 state of New York in furtherance of effectuating the provisions of 26 section 44 of the legislative law and section 70 b of the public offi 27 cers law End of legislative document No 02 EHHI recommends a moratorium on installing new synthetic fields until testing has been completed http www ehhi org turf pr turf moratorium shtml Press Release North Haven Connecticut July 11 2007 Environment and Human Health Inc EHHI has been concerned about the number of communities and schools that have or are in the process of installing very expensive synthetic fields without any testing of their out gasing potential or without understanding what the health effects from these fields might be The new synthetic fields are made of a synthetic grasslike material to which large amounts of ground up rubber tires are added as in fill It is the out gassing from these ground up

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    CPA monies cannot be spent on maintenance of land for recreational use In September 2007 the Middlesex Superior Court ruled that CPA monies could not be used for creation of recreational opportunities to land for recreational use that was neither acquired nor created originally with CPA monies 5 In at least one advisory opinion the Mass department of Revenue has stated for the record that CPA monies cannot be used for artificial turf A lawsuit by Wayland residents that specifically challenges CPA monies for turf is pending before Middlesex Superior Court 6 A third lawsuit that addresses similar issues has been filed in Duke County Superior Court in November 2007 by a group of Martha s Vineyard taxpayers The public debate regarding this project also concerns the actual and potential health and environmental consequences of artificial turf The worry is primarily about the toxicity of substances from crumb rubber shredded used tires made into granules that prop up the plastic polygrass blades There is a rapidly and urgently mounting body of evidence to suggest that greater research is needed in order to evaluate the health and environmental risks associated with substances that are released from crumb rubber specifically by way of inhalation ingestion and contact in humans and by leaching into soil and water and off gassing 7 Of monumental importance to Nantucket residents is the potential of contamination of soil and water resources by crumb rubber leachate On December 12 2007 The Nantucket Independent published an opinion piece by Kurt Tramposch a public health consultant from Wayland Mass 8 Tramposch and other Wayland residents acted to produce a state brokered agreement whereby the town is obligated to monitor the discharge and leachates from the artificial turf field at Wayland High School to ensure that the soil and water resources are not contaminated as the result of runoffs and seepage of substances from the turf field This landmark solution was due in part to the location of the turf field near or in areas under the jurisdiction of the U S Department of the Interior s Fish and Wildlife Service 9 The Tramposch brief called attention to a typical football or soccer field as containing between 20 000 and 40 000 pulverized auto and truck tires This crumb has a chemical identity which is identical to the chemistry of the original tire Tramposch wrote One study identified 112 chemical compounds in its multiple rubber leachate tests but chose only sixteen of those to evaluate for health risks Another study has summarized 46 studies in the scientific literature from the 49 chemicals released from tire crumbs seven were carcinogenic The Tramposch brief pointed out that Nantucket receives annually 42 inches of precipitation So for example the case of an 80 000 square foot field that receives 3 5 feet of rainfall a year 6 4 acre feet of water would filter through the tire crumb rubber or approximately two million gallons a year When temperatures rise in the summer months heated

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    If crumb rubber granules are found these crumb rubber granules will be removed 5 If a significant accumulation of crumb rubber granules are found within the trench drain or at the base of the vinyl screen or in both locations Newton shall continue to inspect along the wetland line at 6 month periods for an additional period of 18 months to detect crumb rubber granules If a significant accumulation of crumb rubber granules are detected Newton shall take steps to further prevent the crumb rubber granules from reaching the wetland 6 Newton shall perform an EPA approved lead wipe test on the installed synthetic turf to determine the amount of lead dust or bio availability of the lead in the specified products The synthetic turf product installed shall meet or exceed the lead wipe testing standards adopted by the EPA for bare soil in children s play areas 7 No herbicides pesticides or insecticides shall be used on the fields within the 100 foot buffer zone to the wetlands pursuant to Newton s Integrated Pest Management Policy maintained and executed by the City of Newton s Department of Parks and Recreation and as may be amended from time to time 8 Newton shall collect no less than three 3 grab samples of the substrate from the bordering vegetated wetland adjacent to the proposed work in the buffer zone These samples shall be analyzed by a certified laboratory for the presence and concentration of heavy metals to include zinc iron manganese barium lead and chromium Additional New Agreed upon Conditions 9 Newton agrees that at the future time of full replacement of the synthetic turf carpet Newton shall consider the use of alternative in fill material other than crumb rubber in fill including in fill materials made of natural ingredients that are biodegradable which is demonstrated to have performance viability comparable to crumb rubber if then available 10 As relates to No 6 above The initial wipe test done of the surface of the synthetic fields shall be performed within 90 days of the issuance of the Final Decision and SOC final permit of record in this matter without the benefit of irrigation or precipitation preceding the test by three days followed by annual wipe tests performed during the month of September for a period of five years 11 As related to No 9 above Newton shall collect no less than three 3 grab samples of the substrate from the bordering vegetated wetland adjacent to the proposed work in the buffer zone These samples shall be analyzed by a certified laboratory for the presence and concentration of heavy metals to also include copper and cadmium 12 Newton shall test the water from the Well 1 only of the two wells used to irrigate the fields which constitute the project for the presence of metals including zinc iron manganese barium lead chromium copper and cadmium The baseline test of water from Well 1 shall be conducted within ninety 90 days after the issuance of the Final Decision and SOC final permit of record in this matter followed by annual tests for five years following the initial test The basic documents click Newton Conservation Commission Special Conditions MassDEP WETLANDS NERO Special Conditions Settlement Agreement No 02 Newton Mass For now school committee member opposes artificial turf at Newton South High School SynTurf org Newton Mass June 15 2008 Geoff Epstein a member of the Newton School Committee stated in a Newton community blog this morning I favor implementing a drainage solution for the Newton South High School fields with natural grass surfaces for cost and environmental reasons Full maintenance for the grass has to be part of that package If after several years of use it has proven impossible to maintain the grass fields in good condition with the use required by NSHS and if synthetic turf has by then been proven to be environmentally safe I would be OK with one field being switched to turf Source Newton TAB blog http blogs townonline com newton p 28882 comments Geoff Epstein on June 15th 2008 2 03 am Epstein was responding to a constituent inquiry by Anatol Zukerman an architect as to Epstein s view on the multi million dollar project to convert the fields at Newton South High School from natural grass to artificial turf For SynTurf org s reporting on Newton South fields go to http www synturf org thenewtonbrief html In his first term on the Newton school committee Epstein holds a Ph D in theoretical physics with post doctorate experience at MIT and Oxford University he taught physics at Boston University http www geoffepstein net Topics Topic cfm TopicName Home Epstein s response embodies the precautionary principle http www synturf org precautionaryprinciple html It also suggests a belief that natural grass has not been given a fair shake in the debate to render the fields more playable On the basis of SynTurf org s on site observations the South fields are still playable but not without inconveniences brought about by an inadequate drainage infrastructure and a decade of neglect in maintenance and improvements No 01 The Newton Brief by Guive Mirfendereski November 17 2007 In many communities playing fields are a manner of capping an old and oversubscribed municipal dump In other communities the playing fields are created in wetlands areas including in peat ponds These installations offer unique engineering challenges in that the geology and hydrology of the venues tend to evolve over time and with it comes upheavals differential settling flooding and if on a dump site the emergence of rocks and rubbish from the substrata In Wellesley Massachusetts the Sprague School fields were built on top of a municipal dump that first was capped prior to the lying down of the soil dirt and natural grass The apparent breach of the cap over time led to the emergence of debris from the underworld The state s department of environmental affairs ordered the town to remediate the situation which meant to re establish the integrity of the cap The town officials and a very boisterous sports lobby saw an opportunity to advance the theory that the remediation order was a call for turning the grass fields into artificial turf fields A consulting firm was hired to assess the best option for the rejuvenation of the deteriorating fields Not unexpectedly the firm s presentation exalted the virtue of natural grass but offered artificial turf as the best option SynTurf org sat through a few meetings that discussed the turf project for the Sprague School fields SynTurf org also visited the fields which it found to be in good and playable condition One question that will dog any field built on top of a capped dump is how it will withstand the upheavals and differential settling in the ground itself The medium to long term structural stability and viability of the fields require that each project grass or turf take an adequate inventory of what is under the ground and how it will affect the playing fields and the immediate environment For example the old dump sites did not require a discharge monitoring system The newly capped dumps do In the case of Sprague School fields a remediation of the cap according to new standards would require the environmental monitoring of the discharge from the fields in the form of leachate of the waste that is stored underground In Newton Massachusetts too the unknowns about environmental impact and condition of the ground brought to a halt an ambitious 4 5 million project to convert some 5 acres of existing natural grass playing fields into synthetic turf fields in the Newton South High School area They were built more than 70 years ago on wetlands The Newton South fields project was almost a done deal in 2006 as though fast tracked by the city officials in order to bypass any opposition to the project from a rag tag assortment of detractors They included fiscal conservatives abutters and environmental skeptics At first the loudest opposition against the project came from fiscal conservatives in the city who were divided into two groups the generally thrift oriented folks who opposed the price tag for the project and the persons who questioned the legality of the funding of the project under the Massachusetts Community Preservation Act General Laws chapter 44B As the legal issue headed to court the abutters raised objections about the environmental impact of the project on their homes and street The environmentalists focused on the environmental and health aspects of artificial turf In early 2007 the city backed down from funding the project with Community Preservation Act monies The discussion of environmental and health issues associated with artificial turf continued to linger well into November 2007 One of the critical contributions made by the abutters was the bringing forth of a 1977 study of the area in question which pointed out to the area being prone to differential settling and flooding The emergence of that study from the dust of history and the rekindling of institutional memories resulted in one civic entity after another sound a cautionary alarm about proceeding with the project without adequate studying of the geotechnical aspects of any renovation of the fields natural grass turf or a combination thereof The articles below set forth the various concerns raised by the community with respect to the environmental health geological and hydrological aspects of the field renovation project at newton South fields in newton Massachusetts No 01 A A Blast from the Past The 1977 Fuller Report Editor s Note Set forth is the digest of a 6 page report by Brewster W Fuller a state registered professional engineer and landscape architect The report was made in 1977 with respect to geology hydrology and other factors affecting the the proposed construction of an open air stadium in the Newton South High School neighborhood Brought to light by a South Newton resident Susan Allen the Aldermanic Committee on Community Preservation included a copy of the report in its supporting documents agenda Docket 297 06 of the meeting on October 24 2006 Many of the issues raised by the report then confronted the community in 2006 07 Among other things the report predicted accurately the woe that since visited the school s track and field area Particulars of the Report Engineer Brewster W Fuller W hitman Howard Inc 45 William Street Wellesley Mass 02161 Telephone 617 237 5000 In 2006 07 Mr Brewster resided in East Bridgewater Mass and could be reached at 508 378 1504 Date of Report October 18 1977 Subject of Report Proposed site development for an open air stadium in the area located near the Newton South High School Meadowbrook Junior High School and Oak Hill Elementary School and Playground per plans on file at the Department of Engineering captioned Preliminary Plans 10 6 77 Findings of the Report The peat underneath the wetlands area extends to a depth of as much as 35 feet Flooding occurs on properties along Brandeis Road making the use of sump pumps in basements a requirement Plants animals and birds observed in the ecosystem of the wetlands area include 91 plant species 71 bird species and 6 animals Recommendation of the Report The project not to be permitted to proceed for the following reasons 1 Due to the inherent compressibility of peat any filling placed on top of the existing fill will undoubtedly result in differential settling which could cause failure in the proposed track pavement surface This settlement could also cause pipe failures in either the drainage system or the irrigation system or both 2 The required grading may restrict the amount of acreage available for fields 3 Any surcharging of the existing filled land adjacent to the wetland will cause displacement of the water table resulting in additional water being forced upon the abutting homes which are now subjected to periodic flooding 4 Under severe conditions the proposed drainage system would be surcharged and could cause additional flooding of the wetland and abutting properties 5 No provision for sight and sound barriers 6 Car traffic and parking woes 7 The impact on the birds and animals in particular who as habitants of the wetland are adjusted to their environment could be seriously affected by the proposed project The affect on the plant families in the wetland might not be quite so overwhelming however an increase of pollution in the wetlands which could result from careless refuse disposal might alter the ecosystem enough to adversely affect the plant life 8 Increase in air pollution due to concentration of vehicles 9 Although an Environmental Impact Statement has not to my knowledge been made and in fact may not be required it is my opinion that if such a statement were prepared the undesirable and adverse environmental aspects of the proposed project would far outweigh the anticipated benefits End of document No 01 B League opposes Newturf plan letter to editor from Susan Rosenbaum to the editor Newton TAB Septemebr13 2006 The League of Women Voters of Newton remains concerned about many of the issues we raised when the proposal to install artificial turf at Newton South High School was heard by the Community Preservation Committee in November 2005 We have carefully listened to discussions unfolding in the community and in the Community Preservation Committee s deliberations Still we question the wisdom and appropriateness of using CPA money to fund rebuilding of these fields We have reservations about the proposed large commitment of CPA funds for this project The NSHS fields are important to community athletics and need maintenance A capital project to restructure the fields may be wise for the city to undertake as it plans ahead for several years of Newton North High School construction that will take those fields out of play However although a tenuous legal argument may be made to justify this as a CPA project on the basis of expanding recreational opportunity we do not believe this project meets the intent of the CPA law We also question the priority status implied by dedicating such a a large share of the fund to this project The CPC s obligation under the statute is to recommend funds according to a community wide needs assessment Can we honestly sat that this project represents a need commensurate with our insufficient affordable housing acquisition protection of open space and protection of deteriorating historic properties Further attending to water issues is of paramount importance South Meadow Brook which runs under the fields regularly floods downstream areas Flooding is an immense potential liability for the city and could ultimately cost more than this proposal Therefore flood control should be coordinated with the Conservation Commission and with other projects in this watershed area We also fear that a strong advocacy campaign may lead to hasty approval of this project Using this material in this location requires vetting thoroughly and realistically of both first and long term maintenance and replacement costs We urge the Aldermen to proceed with the utmost scrutiny as they assess this large request for CPA funds Susan Rosenbaum President League of Women Voters No 01 C Delay on turf decision provides opportunity for analysis b y Kevin Dutt and Brooke K Lipsitt in NewtonTAB June 27 2007 print available online on Tue Jun 26 2007 03 36 PM EDT at http www townonline com newton opinions x595658227 The Board of Aldermen has yet to act on Newton Massachusetts Mayor Cohen s request for funds to install synthetic turf at Newton South High School and at this point seems unlikely to act before fall We hope that members of the Programs Services Committee to whom this item has been assigned will take advantage of the summer to initiate a comprehensive assessment of synthetic versus natural turf options to ensure a sustainable solution for the NSHS fields one which will address economic environmental and community concerns The economic analysis should include a life cycle assessment of all costs that will be incurred with each option We recommend analysis over a period of 50 years in order to take fully into account the need for replacement or restoration of the fields This must include not only the initial costs but also the maintenance drainage and replacement costs of each option It should also clearly identify areas where projected costs may vary widely or have great uncertainty Even if the financial analysis shows no difference over the period of study both options have environmental ecological health and safety impacts that must be closely examined Examination of these issues should include both site specific and neighborhood impacts The community needs to know whether the challenges presented by the geology and hydrology at this site a filled wetland are being fully taken into account There is a long history of problems relating to surface water management with the current grass fields Any successful new site design must include a comprehensive drainage plan to provide for well drained fields and also ensure that stormwater can and will be controlled on site so as not to burden city storm sewers and to ameliorate or at least have no negative effect on adjacent properties For users we need to know the facts not just the rumors about the level and type of injury associated with each surface and whether or not there exists a legitimate hazard related to inhaling particulates from artificial turf We must also be sure that synthetic turf will not leach contaminants into soils and groundwater These concerns must be weighed carefully against health issues related to the use of pesticides and fertilizers if needed to maintain natural fields We must know whether and the extent to which there may be significant heat island effects Finally it is important to consider whether there are additional costs or benefits associated with installing synthetic turf on multiple fields covering several acres A carefully prepared landscape plan for the

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    cancer in animals and epidemiological data suggest that the nitrosamines in preserved food cause stomach cancer Nitrosamines are found in beer and fish and in meat and cheese that is preserved with nitrite pickling salt The U S government has established limits on the amount of nitrites used in meat products in order to decrease cancer risk in the population Nitrosamiens can be found also in tobacco smoke and latex products such as baloons and condoms In 2006 the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM in Bilthoven Netherlands www rivm nl conducted a nitrosamine study of artificial turf fields Done for the benefit of the m unicipal health service of Gelderland a province in the Netherlands the study measured nitrosamines in the air above synthetic grass playing fields in order to ascertain if nitrosamines present in rubber granu late could pose a risk to players Measurements were taken at heights of 30 and 100 cm above four soccer fields located in Arnhem The study did not find evidence of nitrosamines in the air above the field However additional laboratory tests showed that nitrosamines could be set free from the material but in small amounts Even though RIVM

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    for 72 h presented a modified morphology a decrease in cell proliferation and an increase in DNA damage as shown by comet assay The dose 80 μg ml of TD extract produced 14 6 mortality in X laevis embryos and 15 9 mortality at 120 μg ml Treatment with 80 100 or 120 μg ml TD organic extract increased from 14 8 to 37 8 malformed larvae percentages compared to 5 6 in the control Conclusion Since the amount of Zn leached from TD is related to pH aggregation of particles and elution process the quantity of TD present in the environment has to be taken into account Moreover the atmospheric conditions which may deeply influence the particle properties have to be considered The TD organic fraction was toxic for cells and organisms Thus because of its chemical components TD may have a potential environmental impact and has to be further investigated From the Conclusion Previous work and these results confirm the significant role of zinc in leached TD and the presence of additional organic toxicants The studies performed have focused their attention on the potential toxic risk to living aquatic organisms from whole rubber tires or scrap In this study TD has been investigated for its impact on human cell lines and on X laevis embryos TD eluates contain zinc and we have demonstrated that this metal can accumulate in cells and affect X laevis embryos The TD organic extract was toxic to A549 cells and affected cell morphology cell proliferation and DNA and produced severe malformations in developing X laevis embryos These results contribute to the knowledge of a PM component which represents a considerable PM 10 percentage which at present is not considered a hazardous substance but it must be taken into account for its potential environmental impact footnotes omitted Moreover these results strongly stress the need for further investigation into the distribution of TD as well as on its fate in urban areas No 03 J Wang et al Inhibition of progesterone receptor activity in recombinant yeast by soot from fossil fuel combustion emissions and air particulate materials Science of the Total Environment vol 349 2005 pages 120 128 in published online on March 11 2005 available on www elsevier com locate scitotenv www sciencedirect com http www ihb ac cn eastlake pdf 2005 Wang 20et 20al 202005 20Sci 20Total 20Envrion pdf The Abstract Numerous environmental pollutants have been detected for estrogenic activity by interacting with the estrogen receptor but little information is available about their interactions with the progesterone receptor In this study emission samples generated by fossil fuel combustion FFC and air particulate material APM collected from an urban location near a traffic line in a big city of China were evaluated to interact with the human progesterone receptor hPR signaling pathway by examining their ability to interact with the activity of hPR expressed in yeast The results showed that the soot of a petroleum fired vehicle possessed the most potent anti progesteronic activity

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    children In October 2008 SynTurf org posted an item entitled What s with the phthalates in turf at http www synturf org warnings html Item No 31 October 2008 it was followed by an inquiry on What s in the artificial turf fiber at http www synturf org wrapuparticles html Item No 09 A few days ago our friends at Environment and Human Health Inc www ehhi com called out attention to a new Swedish study that linked vinyl flooring to asthma in children According to the study by Huan Shu Bo A Jönsson Malin Larsson Eewa Nånberg and Carl Gustaf Bornehag PVC flooring at home and development of asthma among young children in Sweden a 10 year follow up in International Journal of Indoor Environment and Health 30 October 2013 http dx doi org 10 1111 ina 12074 Synopsis by John Peterson Myers http www environmentalhealthnews org ehs newscience pvc flooring associated with asthma the association between vinyl and asthma could be the result of phthalates which are chemicals used to soften vinyl Previous studies have reported links between phthalate exposure and breathing problems including asthma and wheezing However the scientists acknowledged the limitation that dust in the bedrooms was not analyzed for phthalates However previous research had shown that dust in bedrooms with vinyl floors is more likely to have two types of phthalates DEHP and BBzP Because these phthalates are not bound chemically to the PVC they can leach out and be absorbed by dust which creates a pathway for human exposure The question raised by the study for us is whether there is a risk of exposure by the young athletes to asthma causing phthalate from artificial turf fields particularly as the fields age and the fiber and plastic coated infill deteriorates creating dust particulates No 2 EPA to address phthalates and other chemicals of concern As part of Administrator Lisa P Jackson s commitment to strengthen and reform chemical management on December 30 2009 the U S Environmental Protection Agency announced a series of actions on four chemicals raising serious health or environmental concerns including phthalates For the first time EPA intends to establish a Chemicals of Concern list and is beginning a process that may lead to regulations requiring significant risk reduction measures to protect human health and the environment The agency s actions represent its determination to use its authority under the existing Toxic Substances Control Act TSCA to the fullest extent possible recognizing EPA s strong belief that the 1976 law is both outdated and in need of reform For the press release on this topic please go to http yosemite epa gov opa admpress nsf eeffe922a687433c85257359003f5340 2852c60dc0f65c688525769c0068b219 OpenDocument or click here It is not clear what impact as yet would this EPA initiative have on the composition of artificial turf fields As reported previously on this site phthalates are chemical additives that render hard plastics flexible Phthalates tend to turn up in chemical analysis of crumb rubber infill that is used

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