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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Candelabra, c. 1900
    Jewish Museum New York Acquistion Purchase Alex Schmelzer Gift 2005 35a b On View Keywords Art Nouveau Jugendstil Metalwork Collection Area Decorative Arts Submit Picture Request The German Jewish decorative artist Friedrich Adler 1878 1942 embraced a number of modernist idioms including Jugendstil the German offshoot of Art Nouveau with its emphasis on fluid contours based on organic forms as well as the more geometric Vienna Secession style Adler s work eventually adopted a Gothic look featuring open tracery and luxurious materials such as ivory and precious stones At the 1914 Deutsche Werkbund exhibition in Cologne which showcased seminal architectural designs by Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer Adler presented his vision for an entire synagogue including its ceremonial objects After World War I he shifted from metalwork to fabric design and ceramics but with the ascent of Hitler in 1933 the artist was forced to turn to private instruction of primarily Jewish students In 1942 Adler was deported to Auschwitz where he was murdered Art Nouveau s influence on Adlers work is exemplified by this pair of candelabra which was designed around 1900 when he was working in Nuremberg Highly regarded in his time both as an artist and a teacher Adler was invited to lead the prestigious master class in arts and crafts at the city s Bavarian Trade Institute from 1910 to1913 Source The Jewish Museum New York CULTURE AND CONTINUITY THE JEWISH JOURNEY June 2010 Bibliography Von Kerssenbrock Krosigk Dedo ed MODERN ART OF METALWORK Berlin Brohan Museum 2001 pp 297 568 Brigitte Leonhardt Hans Ottomeyer und Dieter Zühlsdorff SPURENSUCHE FRIEDRICH ADLER ZWISCHEN JUGENDSTIL UND ART DECO Stuttgart Arnoldsche 1994 p 151 Hiesinger Kathryn Bloom ed ART NOUVEAU IN MUNICH MASTERS OF THE JUGENDSTIL Exh cat Philadelphia Philadelphia Museum of Art in association with Prestel Verlag 1988 pp 26 30 Stara Dagmar MARKENZEICHEN AUF ZINN Prague Artia Verlag 1977 fig 323 Provenance James P Infante New Jersey sold to TJM in 2005 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle prev cycle prev data cycle next cycle next Pastorino di Giovan Michele de Pastorini c 1508 1592 Medal of Gracia Nasi the Younger Learn More George Segal American 1924 2000 The Holocaust Learn More Weegee born Arthur Fellig American b Poland 1899 1968 Max Is Rushing in the Bagels to a Restaurant on Second Avenue for the Morning Trade Learn More Tina Barney American b 1945 The Trustee and The Curator Learn More Albert Bloch American 1882 1961 March of the Clowns Learn More Jacob Koppel Gans G old s ticker Torah Ark Curtain and Valance Learn More Seder Plate Tiered Seder Set Learn More Moritz Daniel Oppenheim German 1800 1882 The Return of the Volunteer from the Wars of Liberation to

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/30402-candelabra (2016-02-14)
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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Hanukkah Lamp, early 1920s
    Workshops Artist Maker Sharar Cooperative Culture Date Jerusalem Israel early 1920s Medium Copper alloy die stamped Dimensions 10 3 4 8 1 8 2 3 16 in 27 3 20 7 5 6 cm Owner The Jewish Museum New York Acquistion Gift of Dr Harry G Friedman F 5455 Not On View Keywords Hanukkah Metalwork Collection Area Ceremonial Art Submit Picture Request This lamp combines many of the complex stylistic elements and symbols that characterized the Bezalel School s aesthetic European Art Nouveau is reflected in the interlacing arch around the central panel and in the graceful forms of the gazelle and the date palms The latter two are indigenous to the land of Israel thus also conjuring up romantic images of the Middle East Interest in biblical history is reflected in the central scene depicting the High Priest lighting the Temple menorah Finally reference is made to the ancient Jewish state through the use of a simulated coin at the top suggesting the type that would have been minted by ancient Hasmonean kings as a symbol of independence from Hellenistic and Roman control This is echoed by the symbols across the bottom of the bench including the grape pomegranate and date palm which were also taken from ancient Jewish coins The designer of this lamp was Ze ev Raban one of the major artists of the early Bezalel School from 1912 until 1929 when it closed Raban was amazingly prolific and versatile and he continued designing carpets metalwork book illustrations and posters public relations material even furniture and architectural ornamentation Despite the wave of modernism that swept Israel Raban maintained his more tradition based style and iconography throughout his career Source Braunstein Susan LUMINOUS ART HANUKKAH MENORAHS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 p 171 Bibliography Baskin Judith R ed and Kenneth Seeskin ed THE CAMBRIDGE GUIDE TO JEWISH HISTORY RELIGION AND CULTURE Cambridge Cambridge University Press 2010 Braunstein Susan FIVE CENTURIES OF HANUKKAH LAMPS FROM THE JEWISH MUSEUM A CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 p 171 Braunstein Susan LUMINOUS ART HANUKKAH MENORAHS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 p 171 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle prev cycle prev data cycle next cycle next Elie Nadelman American b Poland 1882 1946 Dancer Learn More Richard Avedon American 1923 2004 Jacob Israel Avedon Learn More Jug Learn More Burial Inscription Learn More Ben Shahn American b Lithuania 1898 1969 New York Learn More Joshua Neustein American and Israeli b Poland 1940 Weimar Series II Learn More Anni Albers American b Germany 1899 1994 Six Prayers Learn More John Wesley Jarvis American b England 1780 1840

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/11065-hanukkah-lamp (2016-02-14)
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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Torah Shield, 1861 (date of inscription)
    Area Recent Acquisitions Search Collection Advanced Search div data cycle pager thumbs data cycle pager template data cycle timeout 0 data download download Info Download Image Image not available for download Images of artworks that the Museum believes to be in the public domain PD are available to download on this site Other images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights By using any of these images you agree to the Jewish Museum s Terms and Conditions Share Share on Facebook Share on Tumblr Share on Twitter Share via Email Print Torah Shield Culture Date Frankfurt am Main Germany 1861 date of inscription Medium Silver repoussé parcel gilt Dimensions 11 15 16 9 3 4 in 30 4 24 8 cm Owner The Jewish Museum New York Acquistion Gift of Dr Harry G Friedman F 4380 Not On View Keywords Metalwork Revival styles Torah ornaments Collection Area Ceremonial Art Submit Picture Request The inscription indicates that the Torah shield belonged to Rabbi Michel Speyer and that it was renewed in 1861 The shield is a close copy of a Rococo example in the collection that was made and dedicated a century earlier in Frankfurt am Main JM 33 52 Source Grafman Rafi CROWNING GLORY SILVER TORAH ORNAMENTS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM NEW YORK New York The Jewish Museum 1996 p 87 Bibliography Grafman Rafi CROWNING GLORY SILVER TORAH ORNAMENTS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM NEW YORK New York The Jewish Museum 1996 pp 86 87 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle prev cycle prev data cycle next cycle next Marriage Dress The Grand Costume El keswa el kbira Learn More Jan Pogorzelski active before 1851 c 1910 Hanukkah Lamp Learn More Louis Faurer American 1916 2001 Staten Island Ferry Learn More Joshua Neustein American and Israeli b Poland 1940 Weimar Series II Learn More Edouard Vuillard French 1868 1940 Lucy Hessel Reading Lucy Hessel lisant Learn More Joel Otterson American b 1959 Hanukkah Lamp Unorthodox Menorah II Learn More Chana Orloff French b Ukraine 1888 1968 Portrait of Madame Peretz Hirshbein Learn More Beaker of the Polin Burial Society Learn More Joan Snyder American b 1940 Hard Sweetness Learn More Jacques Lipchitz American and French b Lithuania 1891 1973 The Sacrifice Learn More Marriage Dress The Grand Costume El keswa el kbira Learn More Jan Pogorzelski active before 1851 c 1910 Hanukkah Lamp Learn More Louis Faurer American 1916 2001 Staten Island Ferry Learn More Joshua Neustein American and Israeli b Poland 1940 Weimar Series II Learn More Edouard Vuillard French 1868 1940 Lucy Hessel Reading Lucy Hessel lisant Learn More Joel Otterson American b 1959 Hanukkah Lamp Unorthodox Menorah II Learn More Chana Orloff French b Ukraine 1888 1968 Portrait

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/9791-torah-shield (2016-02-14)
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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Torah Shield, 1797/98 (date of inscription)
    the public domain PD are available to download on this site Other images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights By using any of these images you agree to the Jewish Museum s Terms and Conditions Share Share on Facebook Share on Tumblr Share on Twitter Share via Email Print Torah Shield Artist Maker Johann Jakob Runnecke 1731 1806 master before 1763 Culture Date Fürth Germany 1797 98 date of inscription Medium Silver repoussé cast and engraved Dimensions 10 3 16 8 7 16 in 25 9 21 5 cm Owner The Jewish Museum New York Acquistion Jewish Cultural Reconstruction JM 25 52 Not On View Keywords Metalwork Neo Classicism Religious Symbols Torah ornaments Collection Area Ceremonial Art Submit Picture Request The Fürth master Johann Jakob Runnecke was a prolific silversmith the majority of whose works were Jewish ceremonial art Although Rosenberg had originally suggested that the maker s mark IR belonged to an unknown smith named J Rimmonim the mark has since been identified as that of Johann Jakob Runnecke the son of a Berlin silversmith Johann Runnecken Timann Runnecke produced some forty works of Judaica stylistically they span the Rococo and the early Neoclassical periods of around 1750 1800 Source Braunstein Susan FIVE CENTURIES OF HANUKKAH LAMPS FROM THE JEWISH MUSEUM A CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 p 238 Bibliography Grafman Rafi CROWNING GLORY SILVER TORAH ORNAMENTS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM NEW YORK New York The Jewish Museum 1996 pp 34 92 93 95 Kayser Stephen S and Guido Schoenberger eds JEWISH CEREMONIAL ART A GUIDE TO THE APPRECIATION OF ART OBJECTS USED IN SYNAGOGUE AND HOME PRINCIPALLY FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM OF THE JEWISH THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY OF AMERICA 2nd rev ed Philadelphia Jewish Publication Society of America 1959 p 69 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle prev cycle prev data cycle next cycle next El Lissitzky Russian 1890 1941 Cover Learn More Seder Plate Tiered Seder Set Learn More George Segal American 1924 2000 The Holocaust Learn More Kay Sekimachi American b 1926 Alms Container Tzedakabako Learn More Albert Bloch American 1882 1961 March of the Clowns Learn More Otto Natzler American b Austria 1908 2007 Hanukkah Lamp Learn More John Ruslen active 1656 c 1715 Presentation Tray Lord Mayor s Tray Learn More Tina Barney American b 1945 The Trustee and The Curator Learn More Man Ray born Emmanuel Radnitzky American 1890 1976 Untitled Self Portrait with Camera Learn More James Casebere American b 1953 Venice Ghetto Learn More El Lissitzky Russian 1890 1941 Cover Learn More Seder Plate Tiered Seder Set Learn More George Segal American 1924 2000 The Holocaust Learn More Kay Sekimachi American b 1926

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/17907-torah-shield (2016-02-14)
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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Torah Finials, late 18th century
    be in the public domain PD are available to download on this site Other images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights By using any of these images you agree to the Jewish Museum s Terms and Conditions Share Share on Facebook Share on Tumblr Share on Twitter Share via Email Print Torah Finials Artist Maker Johann Jakob Runnecke 1731 1806 master before 1763 Culture Date Fürth Germany late 18th century Medium Silver chased pierced cast and gilt Dimensions Each 14 3 4 4 3 4 in 37 5 12 cm Owner The Jewish Museum New York Acquistion Jewish Cultural Reconstruction JM 19 52a b Not On View Keywords Metalwork Torah ornaments Collection Area Ceremonial Art Submit Picture Request The Fürth master Johann Jakob Runnecke was a prolific silversmith the majority of whose works were Jewish ceremonial art Although Rosenberg had originally suggested that the maker s mark IR belonged to an unknown smith named J Rimmonim the mark has since been identified as that of Johann Jakob Runnecke the son of a Berlin silversmith Johann Runnecken Timann Runnecke produced some forty works of Judaica stylistically they span the Rococo and the early Neoclassical periods of around 1750 to 1800 Source Braunstein Susan FIVE CENTURIES OF HANUKKAH LAMPS FROM THE JEWISH MUSEUM A CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 p 238 Bibliography Deneke Bernward SIEHE DER STEIN SCHREIT AUS DER MAUER GESCHICHTE UND KULTUR DER JUDEN IN BAYERN Nuernberg Das Museum 1988 pp 255 256 Grafman Rafi CROWNING GLORY SILVER TORAH ORNAMENTS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM NEW YORK New York The Jewish Museum 1996 pp 51 204 205 Kayser Stephen S and Guido Schoenberger eds JEWISH CEREMONIAL ART A GUIDE TO THE APPRECIATION OF ART OBJECTS USED IN SYNAGOGUE AND HOME PRINCIPALLY FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM OF THE JEWISH THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY OF AMERICA 2nd rev ed Philadelphia Jewish Publication Society of America 1959 pp 47 48 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle prev cycle prev data cycle next cycle next Louis Faurer American 1916 2001 Staten Island Ferry Learn More Leonard Baskin American 1922 2000 The Altar Learn More Rikah Polacco Torah Binder Learn More William Anastasi American b 1933 Untitled Jew Learn More Berthold Wolpe British b Germany 1905 1989 Wall Hanging Learn More Adolph Gottlieb American 1903 1974 Return of the Mariner Learn More Torah Crown Learn More Moshe Zabari Israeli b 1935 Torah Crown Learn More Samuel Hirszenberg Polish 1865 1908 The Black Banner Learn More Man Ray born Emmanuel Radnitzky American 1890 1976 Untitled Self Portrait with Camera Learn More Louis Faurer American 1916 2001 Staten Island Ferry Learn More Leonard Baskin American 1922 2000 The Altar Learn More

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/17365-torah-finials (2016-02-14)
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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Hanukkah Lamp, 1781-1800; additions 1832-72
    12 1 cm Owner The Jewish Museum New York Acquistion The H Ephraim and Mordecai Benguiat Family Collection S 262 Not On View Keywords Hanukkah Metalwork Rococo Collection Area Ceremonial Art Submit Picture Request This lamp is composed of disparate elements probably made at different times The original part is the backplate and nine candleholders which was later mounted in a wooden frame The drip pan was probably added then as were the four inscribed cartouches across the top The practice of adding parts or reworking ceremonial objects was apparently quite common in Italy The backplate is stamped with the maker s initials but no city mark It is likely that it was made in Florence since there is a Florence mark on the later drip pan Made in rococo style with its C scrolls rocaille elements and flowers the lamp itself could date from around 1750 to 1770 However the absence of a city mark suggests that it was made after 1781 when it was decreed that objects with a silver content below required standards could not receive the mint mark Such conservatism in decorative style is common in Italian Judaica where the rococo style of the 1750s was continued several decades after its heyday The inscriptions include the words Light to honor God and Holy to the Lord which suggests that the lamp was dedicated to a synagogue The donation was made by Yosef Campagnano whose name is inscribed in the central shield It is possible that this is the Giuseppe Yosef in Hebrew Vittorio Campagnano whose son gave a coral Torah pointer to the Italian Synagogue of Florence in 1847 This could be further evidence for the Florentine origin of the lamp The drip pan is marked with a stamp used by the city of Florence between 1832 and 1872 It is quite distinct in style from the backplate and was clearly made at a later date Similarly the four cartouches across the top which are rococo in style have completely different scrollwork from the lamp and were therefore not part of the original commission All three elements were mounted to a wooden frame in nineteenth century neoclassical style at which time the upper plaque with the three blessings for kindling the lights was added Source Braunstein Susan LUMINOUS ART HANUKKAH MENORAHS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 pp 109 110 Bibliography Braunstein Susan FIVE CENTURIES OF HANUKKAH LAMPS FROM THE JEWISH MUSEUM A CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 pp 109 110 Braunstein Susan LUMINOUS ART HANUKKAH MENORAHS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 pp 109 110 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/22458-hanukkah-lamp (2016-02-14)
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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Hanukkah Lamp, 19th century (?)
    cycle pager template data cycle timeout 0 data download download Info Download Image Image not available for download Images of artworks that the Museum believes to be in the public domain PD are available to download on this site Other images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights By using any of these images you agree to the Jewish Museum s Terms and Conditions Share Share on Facebook Share on Tumblr Share on Twitter Share via Email Print Hanukkah Lamp Culture Date Ottoman Empire 19th century Medium Silver pierced engraved wrigglework punched cast and rolled appliqué Dimensions 9 12 1 16 2 5 8 in 22 9 30 7 6 6 cm Owner The Jewish Museum New York Acquistion Gift of Dr Harry G Friedman F 3019 Not On View Keywords Hanukkah Metalwork Collection Area Ceremonial Art Submit Picture Request This unusual lamp combines features of two cultures and regions The fan like element on top the scrollwork and the bellflowers are typical of European decorative art of the mid eighteenth to early nineteenth century The rolled band decoration that has been applied to the edges of the backplate and oil containers was invented in Europe in the late eighteenth century and became quite common in the nineteenth century In the center is a pitcher of an Islamic shape This conflation of European and Islamic style could have occurred in Ottoman Turkey or its European domains European style rococo decoration is seen on a number of Ottoman objects thus testifying to stylistic crossovers between the Ottoman Empire and Europe Source Braunstein Susan FIVE CENTURIES OF HANUKKAH LAMPS FROM THE JEWISH MUSEUM A CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 pp 334 335 Bibliography Braunstein Susan FIVE CENTURIES OF HANUKKAH LAMPS FROM THE JEWISH MUSEUM A CATALOGUE RAISONNÉ New Haven and London Yale University Press 2004 pp 334 335 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle prev cycle prev data cycle next cycle next Otto Natzler American b Austria 1908 2007 Hanukkah Lamp Learn More Hannah Wilke American 1940 1993 Venus Pareve Learn More Torah Case Finials Learn More Purse Purse of Abraham Cohen Learn More Robert Wilson American b 1941 The Golem Learn More Bezalel School Rug Learn More Jerome Liebling American 1924 2011 Butterfly Boy New York Learn More Joel Otterson American b 1959 Hanukkah Lamp Unorthodox Menorah II Learn More Jacob Koppel Gans G old s ticker Torah Ark Curtain and Valance Learn More Hanukkah Lamp Learn More Otto Natzler American b Austria 1908 2007 Hanukkah Lamp Learn More Hannah Wilke American 1940 1993 Venus Pareve Learn More Torah Case Finials Learn More Purse Purse of Abraham Cohen Learn More Robert Wilson American b 1941 The

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/8251-hanukkah-lamp (2016-02-14)
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  • The Jewish Museum - Collection - Torah Shield, 1761 (date of inscription)
    of these images you agree to the Jewish Museum s Terms and Conditions Share Share on Facebook Share on Tumblr Share on Twitter Share via Email Print Torah Shield Artist Maker Rötger Herfurth 1722 1776 master 1748 Culture Date Frankfurt am Main Germany 1761 date of inscription Medium Silver repoussé Dimensions 10 1 4 7 1 2 in 26 19 1 cm Owner The Jewish Museum New York Acquistion Jewish Cultural Reconstruction JM 33 52 Not On View Keywords Metalwork Rococo Torah ornaments Collection Area Ceremonial Art Submit Picture Request In its irregular outline broken contours and emphasis on shell and scroll ornament this shield exemplifies the Rococo period The center of the shield is filled with a diaper pattern framed by scrolls shells and flowers The recessed box with plaques for readings is at the top held between the outstretched paws of two rampant lions At the bottom is a cartouche inscribed This was restored b y the gabbaim Leib Beckhoven and Azriel Levy from the charity boxes of the h oly c ongregation of Roedelheim Thursday 28 Tammuz 5 521 1761 The original chain and suspension piece in the form of a cartouche are still preserved Source Mann Vivian B ed A TALE OF TWO CITIES JEWISH LIFE IN FRANKFURT AND ISTANBUL 1750 1870 New York The Jewish Museum 1982 pp 93 94 Bibliography Grafman Rafi CROWNING GLORY SILVER TORAH ORNAMENTS OF THE JEWISH MUSEUM NEW YORK New York The Jewish Museum 1996 pp 34 85 87 Gray Victor and Melanie Aspey THE LIFE AND TIMES OF N M ROTHSCHILD 1777 1836 London N M Rothschild Sons 1998 p 81 Heimann Jelinek Felicitas WAS ÜBRIG BLIEB DAS MUSEUM JÜDISCHER ALTERTÜMER IN FRANKFURT 1922 1938 Frankfurt am Main Das Museum 1988 p 174 cat no 40 Mann Vivian B ed A TALE OF TWO CITIES JEWISH LIFE IN FRANKFURT AND ISTANBUL 1750 1870 New York The Jewish Museum 1982 pp 93 94 Mann Vivian B The Golden Age of Jewish Ceremonial Art in Frankfurt Metalwork of the Eighteenth Century LEO BAECK INSTITUTE YEAR BOOK XXXI London Secker Warburg 1986 pp 389 403 fig 6 This information may change as the result of ongoing research Other Works in Highlights article data cycle auto height calc data cycle timeout 0 data cycle easing linear data cycle speed 1000 data cycle carousel offset 120 data cycle throttle speed true data cycle manual trump false data cycle swipe true data cycle prev cycle prev data cycle next cycle next Solomon Alexander Hart British 1806 1881 The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Law at the Synagogue in Leghorn Italy Learn More Michael David American b 1954 Warsaw Learn More Gert Wollheim American b German 1894 1974 Untitled Couple Learn More ZK Hanukkah Lamp Learn More James Jacques Joseph Tissot French 1836 1902 Adam and Eve Driven From Paradise Learn More George Segal American 1924 2000 The Holocaust Learn More Torah Shield Learn More Necklace Learn More Marriage Contract Learn More Joel Otterson American

    Original URL path: http://thejewishmuseum.org/collection/18414-torah-shield (2016-02-14)
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