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  • Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township | Historical Markers
    locate roadside historical markers throughout the township Our goal is to raise money to place 30 markers close to locations or areas of historical significance The markers are two sided providing a view from either direction for motorists bicyclists and pedestrians The markers are cast aluminum painted with a green background and cream letters Measuring 24 inches high by 18 inches wide the markers are securely mounted to permanently installed steel poles Produced by a leading manufacturer that supplies several states with historical markers these plaques have proven to be durable surviving the Pocono environment for over 50 years To date three markers have been installed Hungry Hill Historic Pocono Lake Cemetery Salem United Church of Christ Future markers that have been approved The Great Swamp Isaac Stauffer Christman House Lumbering Industry Sullivan Bridge Battle of Locust Ridge The First School Naomi Pines House WB E Railroad Lutherland Wagner s Forest Blakeslee United Methodist Church Jacob Blakeslee Jr Pocono Pines Assembly Ice Harvest Industry Wagner s Forest Clymer Library DL W Railroad Harrison Park Additional local history locations will be considered that meet the qualifications of being meritorious historically significant and interesting Help the Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township The Tobyhanna Township Roadside Historical Marker Program is a community wide volunteer effort spearheaded by the Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township MATT MATT is a nonprofit association dedicated to this program Volunteers serving in committees seek the funding research and write the text install the markers arrange for a public dedication and establish a long term awareness campaign through a touring map and a web site Be part of our heritage Donate an historical marker Through identification of the important facets of our rich history existing and lost landmarks important events and activities and our people we will realize the goal

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/markers.html (2016-04-30)
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  • Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township | Hungry Hill
    Menu MARKER ADVOCATES of TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP HUNGRY HILL COMMEMORATES Revolutionary War memorial and gravesite of an unknown soldier of the Revolutionary War INSCRIPTION This encampment site was named by General Sullivan s expedition of the Revolutionary War 1779 en route north to avenge the Wyoming Massacre They called the adjacent swamp Hell s Kitchen Army engineers built this first road on the Pocono Plateau across the desolate area known as the Great Swamp Meager provisions required the soldiers to live off the land and one died here SPONSOR 2013 Monroe County Commissioners LOCATION Sullivan Trail Pa Route 4004 near Pocono Pines half a mile south of Pa Route 940 COORDINATES 41 6 366 N 75 26 633 W GPS ADDRESS Near 163 199 Sullivan Trail Pocono Pines Pa 18350 READ MORE Sullivan s March blazed trail through plateau Pocono Record May 27 2013 The Historic Marker Database Pennsylvania Historical Marker Program OTHER TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP MARKERS Pocono Lake Cemetery Salem United Church of Christ About the Tobyhanna Township Roadside Marker Program The Tobyhanna Township Roadside Historical Marker Program is a community wide volunteer effort spearheaded by the Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township MATT MATT is a nonprofit association dedicated to this program Volunteers serving in committees seek the funding research and write the text install the markers arrange for a public dedication and establish a long term awareness campaign through a touring map and a web site Be part of our heritage Donate an historical marker Through identification of the important facets of our rich history existing and lost landmarks important events and activities and our people we will realize the goal of a community wide network of roadside historical markers Our community can now and for future decades and generations appreciate our heritage Each roadside historical marker will ensure the

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/markers/hungryhill.html (2016-04-30)
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  • Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township | Pocono Lake Cemetery
    Officers Contact Us Hide Menu MARKER ADVOCATES of TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP HISTORIC POCONO LAKE CEMETERY COMMEMORATES Burial ground since the 1860s INSCRIPTION This burial ground has served the surrounding area since the Civil War era A walk among the markers takes you back in time Here lie those who built our community Some worked in logging ice harvesting or farming Some founded schools churches businesses or resorts Some fought our nation s wars And all shared our love of this Pocono paradise SPONSOR 2013 Sullivan Trail Questers Chapter 1138 The Questers International LOCATION Northeast side of Old Route 940 1 10th mile north of Firehouse Road COORDINATES 41 6 328 N 75 28 599 W GPS ADDRESS Near 387 403 Old Route 403 Pocono Pines Pa 18350 READ MORE Pocono Lake Cemetery dedicates historical marker Pocono Record December 6 2013 The Historic Marker Database Pennsylvania Historical Marker Program OTHER TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP MARKERS Hungry Hill Salem United Church of Christ About the Tobyhanna Township Roadside Marker Program The Tobyhanna Township Roadside Historical Marker Program is a community wide volunteer effort spearheaded by the Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township MATT MATT is a nonprofit association dedicated to this program Volunteers serving in committees seek the funding research and write the text install the markers arrange for a public dedication and establish a long term awareness campaign through a touring map and a web site Be part of our heritage Donate an historical marker Through identification of the important facets of our rich history existing and lost landmarks important events and activities and our people we will realize the goal of a community wide network of roadside historical markers Our community can now and for future decades and generations appreciate our heritage Each roadside historical marker will ensure the preservation of our local history

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/markers/poclakecemetery.html (2016-04-30)
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  • Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township | Salem United Church of Christ
    of TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP SALEM UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST See photos from the marker unveiling ceremony November 11 2015 COMMEMORATES Oldest place of worship in the region INSCRIPTION This 1883 building initially the German Reformed Church is the oldest surviving religious structure in the area with the original bell still in its steeple Legendary Pocono businessman Isaac Stauffer was a founder Land donated by Charles Gravel enabled a 1924 expansion Salem has become a social and spiritual hub of the local community SPONSOR 2015 Sullivan Trail Questers Chapter 1138 The Questers International LOCATION Church Street Pocono Pines just north of Old Route 940 COORDINATES 41 6 356 N 75 28 939 W GPS ADDRESS 108 Church Street Pocono Pines Pa READ MORE Pocono Lake church presented with historic marker Pocono Record November 16 2015 HATT History of Salem United Church of Christ Salem United Church of Christ The Historic Marker Database Pennsylvania Historical Marker Program OTHER TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP MARKERS Hungry Hill Pocono Lake Cemetery About the Tobyhanna Township Roadside Marker Program The Tobyhanna Township Roadside Historical Marker Program is a community wide volunteer effort spearheaded by the Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township MATT MATT is a nonprofit association dedicated to this program Volunteers serving in committees seek the funding research and write the text install the markers arrange for a public dedication and establish a long term awareness campaign through a touring map and a web site Be part of our heritage Donate an historical marker Through identification of the important facets of our rich history existing and lost landmarks important events and activities and our people we will realize the goal of a community wide network of roadside historical markers Our community can now and for future decades and generations appreciate our heritage Each roadside historical marker will ensure the

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/markers/salemuc.html (2016-04-30)
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  • Marker Advocates of Tobyhanna Township | Salem United Church of Christ
    Force Christman Bibliography Credits Our Civil War Veterans Project Clymer Library Local History Dept Stillwater Lake Schools Lutherland History of Lutherland Cottages of Lutherland Images of Lutherland Naomi Pines Spring Naomi Pines Electric Company Churches Family Histories Camp Comfort Ice Harvest News Links Resources Passport to History About HATT Membership Bylaws Minutes Officers Contact Us Hide Menu MARKER ADVOCATES of TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP SALEM UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST Here are scenes

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/salemuc-ceremony.html (2016-04-30)
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  • Historical Association of Tobyhanna Township | Sullivan's Expedition
    Our Civil War Veterans Project Clymer Library Local History Dept Stillwater Lake Schools Lutherland History of Lutherland Cottages of Lutherland Images of Lutherland Naomi Pines Spring Naomi Pines Electric Company Churches Family Histories Camp Comfort Ice Harvest News Links Resources Passport to History About HATT Membership Bylaws Minutes Officers Contact Us Hide Menu SULLIVAN S EXPEDITION IN TOBYHANNA TOWNSHIP Coming to the Pocono Plateau The First Road over the Poconos

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/sullivan.html (2016-04-30)
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  • Historical Association of Tobyhanna Township | Wm Henry Christman
    day Also interred that day was Pvt William H McKinney 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry age 17 being the first to have family present at funeral Another burial that day was Pvt William Reeves 76th New York Infantry the first draftee to be interred Among those buried the next day was Pvt William Blatt 49th Pennsylvania Infantry the first battle casualty interred On Sunday May 15 the first two Unknown Union Soldiers were interred The site for the first burials was selected on the mansion grounds at a location about a half mile northeast of Arlington House and a few hundred yards from the Potomac River Records show that the first graves were most likely dug by a former slave of the Lee family John Parks according to his family history Parks himself became an institution of the cemetery as it evolved over the years digging graves and performing maintenance duties Specific records of Pvt Christman s burial ceremony do not survive Records of the second to be buried William McKinney noted that he was to be interred with the usual military honors Records for soldiers buried four days later show that a funeral service was conducted by Rev E W Jackson Chaplain U S Army Military historians state that the procedure of the day in 1864 would involve an army chaplain and possibly a bugler to sound Taps By 1864 the tradition of Taps at military funerals was taking hold Christman grave Arlington National Cemetery September 29 2011 Bud Fakoury U S Navy Retired Hallowed Ground Pvt Christman did not take a distinguished military career to his grave Much is to be said of those who make the supreme sacrifice by dying in combat for our country With Pvt William Henry Christman a case might be made that he does not deserve the same level of respect of a fallen hero Yes he was the first to be buried in Arlington but it was an apparent happenstance of a person who never saw battle and died of disease But he did take with him a sincere dedication and patriotism for his country and a responsibility to the cause for freedom Although he died with less than two months service in a less than glamorous way during the time of war he represented the embodiment of a true American One who as a laborer understood his responsibilities as an American one who had the incentive to improve his fate one who had respect and love for family and one who loved his country volunteering to put his life on the line for it William Henry Christman died for family and country For this reason Pvt Christman well represents the ideals of all true Americans in being recognized as the first soldier to be buried at Arlington National Cemetery Private Christman Forever Known Pvt Christman is widely recognized by Arlington National Cemetery as its first buried soldier Much has been written of Christman by the cemetery over the years Pvt Christman is featured on tours of the grounds on the official commemorative map of the cemetery and on its web site As Arlington has grown with more than 300 000 burials to date some confusion of gravesite identification has occurred This has been especially true during the times of war when burials increase significantly on a daily basis In 2011 a detailed project to document each gravesite through records and photographs was implemented by Company D of the 3rd U S Infantry known as the Old Guard that is responsible for the cemetery The project has been entitled Task Force Christman in honor of the first soldier buried at Arlington in the quest to get to right from the very first Read more about Task Force Christman As Arlington National Cemetery is the most famous of our cemeteries it is only natural that William Henry Christman would be famous as its first Since that distinction he has been honored thousands of times Several presidents have referred to Christman in memorial speeches Thousands of tributes have penned Christman to represent all who have fallen to protect our freedom He is mentioned in hundreds if not thousands of books and when surfing the Internet he is without question easily referenced William and His Family Jonas and Mary Christman were married May 9 1841 in Goshenhoppen and in that decade moved their family north from the Lehigh Valley area in quest of a new life No doubt Jonas was looking for substantial employment in more virgin areas offering the hope of success The Pocono Mountains were rich in natural resources especially the lumbering industry In the 1850s the lumbering industry continued to provide jobs to laborers for cutting and transporting of timber Sawmills further opened the job market providing rough and finished lumber for the building industry Then manufacturing of wood products followed with small factories manufacturing wood shingles shoe pegs and even clothes pins The clearing of the mountain then opened the region to farming adding employment opportunities for the unskilled Laborers were needed for these blossoming industries as sparsely populated Tobyhanna Township started to grow into a community The 1860 census showed 518 residents in the township and of those approximately 175 were males between age 12 and 60 It was still a small society During the 1850s Jonas Christman was known to support his family as a wagon driver But in 1859 he became bedridden with a severe case of chronic rheumatism His five week bout had devastating affects leaving him without use of one of his arms This did not provide promise for a laborer and wagon driver Jonas attending physician Dr Scheffer stated Jonas never recovered from the attack of rheumatism Jonas testified in pension depositions that due to his illness in 1859 he could not maintain the mortgage payments on their 89 acres of timberland It was reported that the property was sold for 125 at foreclosure sale to William Bonser a local sawyer By 1860 Jonas apparently was back driving but tragedy struck him again as he fell off a wagon and fractured his right hip The accident left Jonas with a right leg shorter than his left by one and one half inches making walking difficult According to pension deposition records Mary stated that Jonas was not able to work from 1860 to 1864 War Erupts A Son Volunteers Before war erupted at Fort Sumter in April 1861 the peacetime army of the United States was remarkably small with only 16 000 soldiers and sailors President Lincoln immediately put out the call to the states for volunteers to raise an army By this time a great deal of excitement was casting a lure far and wide Although many residents within Monroe County were of antiwar sentiment that was experienced more so in the larger towns such as Stroudsburg But on the Pocono Plateau the oldest son of Jonas and Mary heard the call to duty On June 8 1861 with the rebellion less than two months old at age 20 Barnabus F Christman enlisted in the 4th Regiment Reserve Infantry at the Monroe County seat in Stroudsburg Barnabus was assigned to Company F composed mostly of Monroe County volunteers The 4th Regiment was later designated the 33rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Christman then traveled to Harrisburg where he was mustered in on July 17 as a private for a three year enlistment By December Barnabus was part of a vastly expanded 675 000 man army Right Military Record of Private Barnabus F Christman Barnabus was a bit taller than William at the same age standing five feet nine and one half inches tall His military record further described him as having brown hair dark eyes and a light complexion Before his enlistment records state his occupation as a farmer No doubt to this point he too was supporting the Christman family in his labors Map by Hal Jespersen www cwmaps com He eventually marched to war with his unit into Virginia on October 9 1861 By December they found themselves in the far southeast of Virginia near Langley As happened to so many recruits Barnabus was reported as sick Recovering over the winter he moved towards Richmond with his unit as the Union Army of the Potomac targeted the capture of Richmond As they met the enemy in full battle losses mounted and the fighting was fierce On June 30 1862 at Frazier s farm in the area of New Market Cross Roads the regiment was attacked by the Confederate forces with vengeance As the 4th Regiment was supporting artillery that was protecting a line of retreat the 11th Alabama attacked inflicting the loss of 25 killed in action and 51 wounded Barnabus F Christman lay on the field of battle killed in action General McCall describes the battle as one of the fiercest bayonet fights that perhaps ever occurred on this continent Bayonets were crossed and locked in the struggle bayonet wounds were freely given and received I saw skulls crushed by the heavy blow of the butt of the musket and in indeed that Greek had met Greek when the Alabama boys fell upon the sons of Pennsylvania The enemy was successfully held in check and the Reserves retired to Malvern Hill Private Barnabus F Christman fought a valiant fight that was not in vain The Christman family had sustained a great loss on top of their misfortunes but this time it was the ultimate sacrifice for country and family Despite All Life Must Continue When Barnabus Christman left home for the army it meant the loss of a substantial supporting family member As happened with families in those times and as William later demonstrated this dedication to the support of family was paramount For this reason it is suspected that Barnabus like so many others sent home at least part of his 13 a month army wages For a poor family in those days that amount of money was substantial As we know William was a laborer by age 16 in 1860 and contributed to the support of his family during the Civil War His mother Mary also provided a substantial part of their minimal lifestyle by working hard to support both husband and children She produced income by working as a midwife and picking herbs in the woods for the market At home Mary toiled at cultivating crops for the family repairing fences and taking care of the horses In essence she functioned as the head of the household We also know that earlier in 1864 before William s enlistment Jonas was offered a part time job carrying the mail Jacob Stauffer of Tannersville held a large contract carrying the U S Mail in Northeastern Pennsylvania with a stable of 90 horses to perform the contract His son Isaac Stauffer moved to Houser s Mill today known as Pocono Lake and besides ordaining himself as the King of the Poconos with lumbering manufacturing and eventually a resort inn operation he also was involved in the mail contract In deposition Isaac Stauffer stated that he provided Jonas with a job and a team of horses He described the Christmans as poor people always in debt and that they were poor as Job s turkey By 1864 the Christmans possessions were reported to consist of a buckboard wagon a few household goods and a cow that William had bought for the family before his enlistment The War the Draft and William s Decision By 1864 the military draft was in full swing In March 1864 the second Federal draft was scheduled As the military preferred willing volunteers before forced draftees it delayed the draft by one month in hopes of stimulating recruiting Those eligible for the draft knew that by volunteering they would receive a 300 bounty or signing bonus with the first month of army pay issued in advance In July 1862 the adjutant general of Pennsylvania ordered each county to enroll all persons liable for military service into lists of draft eligible men The Monroe County Commissioners appointed Deputy Marshall John N Stokes who in turn appointed men in various townships to assist in the enrolling A now familiar Tobyhanna Township man was appointed to this duty Isaac Stauffer Although Monroe County as a whole had exceeded its quota of enlistments to this point the 17 political municipal divisions within the county had to stand on their own Seven of those had deficiencies for which men had to be drafted and Tobyhanna Township had to contribute 11 of their men through the draft Attempts to avoid the draft were somewhat common and all seven of the municipalities were very rural providing the opportunity that draftees could seek the shelter of the native timber and avoid induction into the army No doubt in the small community of Tobyhanna Township all the residents depended upon each other As it was known that Isaac Stauffer provided employment to Jonas Christman before William s enlistment and William referred to Stauffer in his letter home after enlistment Stauffer s appointed position by the county for the draft process played in William s decision to enlist Stauffer would have first hand knowledge of how many draftees were needed and the likely selection process As a savvy business person and appointed official Stauffer would know that a draftee would not receive the 300 bounty signing bonus so alternatives may have been presented to Jonas and William Also knowing the Christmans as poor people always in debt perhaps to Stauffer himself it made sense for William to gain the financial edge of enlistment Pvt William Henry Christman s military record incorrectly cites Easton Pa as residence written after his death Family Leadership With the death in battle of brother Barnabus in 1862 William was the oldest son Growing into a productive adult he assumed the responsibility to his family in lieu of his father s physical ability to provide Known to have bought a cow for the family this must have been a significant accomplishment for a family of little means The price of available undeveloped land was relatively inexpensive even for those days selling for a dollar or less per acre Primarily this was because the original ownership had capitalized from it by the cutting of the timber from it or if still standing the timber rights were retained by the original owner when the land was sold But in either case the land eventually was no longer needed and was sold at reasonable prices to clear the stumps and boulders and use the rich soil for farming Upon William s enlistment he seized the opportunity to use his newfound financial resources to take the next step in his life by the purchase of land With his sending of bounty and advance pay home William writes to his father father I want you to write me weter whether you have that note from Jacob Stoufer I want you to take them papers all out put them in My trunk ant keep them their til I com back father I want you to get thad deed for thad land ant get thad money from Timathy Miller ant pay it on thad land but mind yo thad you get a good deed William s entire meaning is not entirely clear but to his father However it does imply that money was owed to Jacob Stauffer as William is directing his father to pay off a note It is also apparent that he feels their ownership of land can be concluded by obtaining a clear and valid deed for the land Perhaps the deed was attached to the referenced note Whether Timothy Miller was involved in the planned land acquisition is not clear Perhaps William is just requesting his father to collect his final wages from Miller for whom William worked before enlistment In Pvt Christman s April 3 letter he further demonstrates his concern and love for family as he inquires with apparent concern for his siblings having been ill when he left home for the army father I want you to write me how the gildren is weter they ar well again William quite clearly demonstrates his devotion to his family in his letter He begins his letter by reporting his well being to alleviate any family concerns followed by instructions for the financial transactions of the note and the acquisition of land Then he closes by showing his love of sisters and brothers in asking about their health Life for Christman Family Turns Positive Jonas Christman moved twice in the 1840s and 1850s in his attempts to improve his family s lot in life While still being poor he was first struck down with disabling rheumatism then the crippling misfortune of a broken hip But with three sons good support was possible if not for the Civil War However bad luck continued with the loss of his oldest son in battle followed by the death of his second son caused by the rampant spread of diseases in the army His third son Timothy born in 1856 was not old enough to provide any substantial support through the 1860s To date nothing is known of the Christman family from the time of William s death in May 1864 until 1869 We do know that the parents and family were not eligible for survivor pension benefits under the then current regulations No deed records have been found showing Jonas Christman got thad deed with the money William sent home However in a deed transaction recorded in 1885 discussed later Jonas is showing for the first time having owned a 40 acre tract with house barn and other improvements Since the only other deeded property in his name was a tract of 321 91 acres purchased in 1870 which was intact in 1900 without improvements this 40 acre property is likely to be the land purchased with William s assistance In 1869 Jonas Christman decided

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/christman.html (2016-04-30)
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  • Historical Association of Tobyhanna Township | A Letter Home
    Spring Naomi Pines Electric Company Churches Family Histories Camp Comfort Ice Harvest News Links Resources Passport to History About HATT Membership Bylaws Minutes Officers Contact Us Hide Menu MAIN PAGE A Mother s Pension Lincoln General Hospital Task Force Christman Bibliography Credits A LETTER HOME Philadelphia April 7 1864 Camp Cat valenter My dear Mother I this Morning thake the opertunitty to inform you ufue times thad I am well at this present time ant hope thad my ful lines will find you the same father I must tel you thad I like it very good we have enuph to eat and drink and mure we about want for the preasent time Father I Must tel you thad I want you to take good care of my close ant father I want you to write me weter you have thad note from Jacob Stoufer I want you to take them papers all out put them in My trunk ant keep them their til I com back father I want you to get thad deed for thad land ant get thad note from hiram hey and get thad money from Timathy Miller ant pay it on thad land but mind yo

    Original URL path: http://www.tobyhannatwphistory.org/letter.html (2016-04-30)
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