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  • - Tomorrow Makers' Journal - Creating A Cultural Shift
    the highest possible rating and all but two of the respondents gave a positive response All but three said they were likely or very likely to participate in future WorkSpace sessions One person I spoke with went so far as to speculate on a time when all the workshops and interactive sessions will be done like they are in the WorkSpace Perhaps most revealing 83 said they were likely or very likely to take new action as a result of what they learned and discussed I can tell you that these responses are not coming from folks who are easily impressed or are prone to take action without careful consideration Given their positions in the world their actions are widely scrutinized often imitated and always influential I believe what this shows is a hunger for real relevant and meaningful collaboration and co design with their peers And to do it in a neutral forum like that offered by the WorkSpace a setting where they can explore edges of possibility honestly vigorously and playfully As cool as it is to get this kind of feedback on the participant experience the real reward has been the experience of working with an incredible collection of people designers knowledge workers artists facilitators teachers Matt and Gail of course but so many other practitioners of their Group Genius process as well There is nothing more difficult to take in hand more perilous to conduct or more uncertain in its success than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things Niccolo Machiavelli The Prince 1532 Though the Forum is now primed with a capability to take on many of the WorkSpace roles it has been a long hard road to here Afterall the Forum has been putting on a show in Davos for over thirty years and deserves its reputation as the crème de la crème gathering of the global business and economic communities It is the most immense effort of logistical and technical coordination I have ever experienced and demands incredibly high performance by a behind the scenes cast of hundreds if not thousands of people True the Forum approached MG Taylor and Tomorrow Makers because it heard the cries of members for less sit n get more collaboration more inter action more design thinking But when a flock of knowledge workers from half a dozen organizations spanning seven countries set down in Davos never having all worked together as a team showing up with an environment radically outside the experience of anyone at the Forum in order to facilitate a design process that aspired to release group genius and surface emergent solutions the Forum didn t know what to make of us and didn t hesitate to let us know This is Davos Switzerland Emergence and ambiguity are not what the natives are known for The WorkSpace was a threat to this impeccability Frankly there were many occasions in those early days that it got downright nasty And personal

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/journal/2007/3/1/creating-a-cultural-shift.html (2016-04-24)
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  • - Tomorrow Makers' Journal - Shifting to a Creative Economy
    it becomes much more useful as a living document with which to engage our collective thinking This shift paper is written not as a wrong way right way to think about and do business but rather as a way to have a dialog about our assumptions and ways of working in order to increase our fitness for the kinds of situations decisions and responsibilities that a Creative Economy imposes on us In this spirit we thought it would be fun to list the emerging patterns of organization we identified in the shift paper using them as a source from which to link to ideas conversations illustrations and other examples of these patterns in the world around us We ll continue to add edit and annotate after our initial post and would love to get your input Some of these may be familar to you but hopefully we ve uncovered a few new discoveries as well Patterns principles and relationships create standards that evolve and shift with new context Building Living Neighborhoods Ideas grow from bottom up and are designed with inclusivity of all involved in their development and use Gaviotas Columbia The Evolution of the Web Disruptive value derived from the differences of perspective experience intelligence Mashups Experts in collaboration with others from many vantage points Group Genius Weekend Parts reusable re create and re combinable to create entirely new products and services Answers emerge from within context and collaborative engagement DesignShops Creates and grows communities and webs of relationships The Well ValueWebs Network Weaving Creative Clusters Open systems The Burn Station Folksonomy Rational emotional intuitive engages cognitive diversity and multiple intelligences The Co Intelligence Institute Organic biomimicry Organic software and biomimetic architecture and comic books Center for Biologically Inspired Design Iterative and multi layered Strategic Modeling Language Multi solution

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/journal/2006/9/16/shifting-to-a-creative-economy.html (2016-04-24)
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  • - Past Projects
    the team charged with bringing these collaboratory processes deeper into the Forum s culture and way of working WEALTH OWNERS FORUM based in Liechtenstein has been working with us for several years to help them design events and processes where private wealth owners can recognize new patterns emerging that will help them invest in the right side of change These individuals recognize that they have more much more say over how their dollars are invested than for profit corporations The WOF gathered for an annual meeting in the Tomorrow Makers EU environment in Liechtenstein in late January 2008 THE LIVABILITY PROJECT is delivering a new local and regional economic development model It s a different approach toward creating a sustainable modern economy building community and protecting the environment It looks to serve the needs of today without sacrificing those of tomorrow People are at many different levels of awareness and understanding of the complexity and urgency of the economic social and environmental issues we face As people s awareness grows so does the their vision for a sustainable future Individuals and communities must start working together to solve the myriad of problems we face Tomorrow Makers is working with the Livability Project to focus organize and accelerate the development of localized sustainable economies The Livability Project has moved into the Sonoma Mountain Village Business Inovation Cluster in October While the SMV project is exciting in many aspects the real pull is that it has just been selected to be a One Planet Living Community and the first one in the United States This means that SMV will join with 10 other communities around the world to establish new standards for living and community Kelley Rajala founder of the LP is spearheading one of SMV OnePlanetLiving initiatives Equity and Fair Trade

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/past_projects/ (2016-04-24)
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  • - Out of Control, Chapter 20: The Butterfly Sleeps
    ensembles of life He decided to simulate the origin of life by generating all possible pools of prelife parts at least in simulation He would let the virtual pool of parts interact randomly If he could then show that out of this soup order inevitably emerged he would have a case The trick would be to allow molecules to converge into a lap game 5H Lap games jets and auto catalytic sets 5I The lap game peaked in popularity a decade ago It is a spectacular outdoor game that advertises the power of cooperation The facilitator of the lap game takes a group of 25 or more people and has them stand fairly close together in a circle so that each participant is staring at the back of the head of the person in front of him Just picture a queue of people waiting in line for a movie and connect them in a tidy circle 5J At the facilitator s command this circle of people bend their knees and sit on the spontaneously generated knee lap of the person behind them If done in unison the ring of people lowering to sit are suddenly propped up on a self supporting collective chair If one person misses the lap behind him the whole circling line crashes The world s record for a stable lap game is several hundred people 5K Auto catalytic sets and the selfish Uroborus snake circle are much like lap games Compound or function A makes compound or function B with the aid of compound or function C But C itself is produced by A and D And D is generated by E and C and so on Without the others none can be Another way of saying this is to state that the only way for a particular compound or function to survive in the long run is for it to be a product of another compound or function In this circular world all causes are results just as all knees are laps Contrary to common sense all existences depend on the consensual existence of all others 5L How do Patches find each other What are the dependencies of each patch to others How do they co evolve 6Z As the reality of the lap game proves however circular causality is not impossible Tautology can hold up 200 pounds of flesh It s real Tautology is in fact an essential ingredient of stable systems 5M Cognitive philosopher Douglas Hofstadter calls these paradoxical circuits Strange Loops As examples Hofstadter points to the seemingly ever rising notes in a Bach canon or the endlessly rising steps in an Escher staircase He also includes as Strange Loops the famous paradox about Cretan liars who say they never lie and Gödel s proof of unprovable mathematical axioms Hofstadter writes in Gödel Escher Bach The Strange Loop phenomenon occurs whenever by moving upwards or downwards through the levels of some hierarchical system we unexpectedly find ourselves right back where we started 5N Life and evolution entail the necessary strange loop of circular causality of being tautological at a fundamental level You can t get life and open ended evolution unless you have a system that contains that essential logical inconsistency of circling causes In complex adapting processes such as life evolution and consciousness prime causes seem to shift as if they were an optical illusion drawn by Escher Part of the problem humans have in trying build systems as complicated as our own human biology is that in the past we have insisted on a degree of logical consistency a sort of clockwork logic that blocks the emergence of autonomous events But as the mathematician Gödel showed inconsistency is an inevitable trait of any self sustaining system built up out of consistent parts 5O Gödel s 1931 theorem demonstrates among other things that attempts to banish self swallowing loopiness are fruitless because in Hofstadter s words it can be hard to figure out just where self referencing is occurring When examined at a local level every part seems legitimate it is only when the lawful parts form a whole that the contradiction arises 5P In 1991 a young Italian scientist Walter Fontana showed mathematically that a linear sequence of function A producing function B producing function C could be very easily circled around and closed in a cybernetic way into a self generating loop so that the last function was coproducer of the initial function When Kauffman first encountered Fontana s work he was ecstatic with the beauty of it You have to fall in love with it Functions mutually making one another Out of all function space they come gripping one another s arms in an embrace of creating Kauffman called such a autocatalytic set an egg He said An egg would be a set of rules having the property that the rules they pose are precisely the ones that create them That s really not crazy at all 5Q To get an egg you start with a huge pool of different agents They could be varieties of protein pieces or fragments of computer code If you let them interact upon each other long enough they will produce small loops of thing producing other things Eventually if given time and elbowroom the spreading network of these local loops in the system will crowd upon itself until every producer in the circuit is a product of another until every loop is incorporated into all the other loops in massively parallel interdependence At this moment of catalytic closure the web of parts suddenly snaps into a stable game the system sits in its own lap with its beginning resting on its end and vice versa 5R How does the world of information technology peace and social justice activists environmental visionaries independent media pioneers and many others create a catalytic closure and snap into a stable system 70 Life began in such a soup of polymers acting on polymers to form new polymers Kauffman claims He demonstrated the theoretical feasibility of such a logic by running experiments of symbol strings acting on symbol strings to form new symbol strings His assumption was that he could equate protein fragments and computer code fragments as logical equivalents When he ran networks of bits of code which produce code as a model for proteins he got autocatalytic systems that are circular in the sense of the lap game they have no beginning no center and no end 5S Life popped into existence as a complete whole much as a crystal suddenly appears in its final though miniature form in a supersaturated solution not beginning as a vague half crystal not appearing as a half materialized ghost but wham being all at once just as a lap game circle suddenly emerges from a curving line of 200 people Life began whole and integrated not disconnected and disorganized writes Stuart Kauffman Life in a deep sense crystallized 5T He goes on to say I hope to show that self reproduction and homeostasis basic features of organisms are natural collective expressions of polymer chemistry We can expect any sufficiently complex set of catalytic polymers to be collectively autocatalytic Kauffman was creeping up on that notion of inevitability again If my model is correct then the routes to life in the universe are boulevards rather than twisted back alleyways In other words given the chemistry we have life is inevitable 5U A question worth asking 5V We ve got to get used to dealing in billions of things Kauffman once told an audience of scientists Huge multitudes of anything are different the more polymers the exponentially more possible interactions where one polymer can trigger the manufacture of yet another polymer Therefore at some point a droplet loaded up with increasing diversity and numbers of polymers will reach a threshold where a certain number of polymers in the set will suddenly fall out into a spontaneous lap circle They will form an auto generated self sustaining self transforming network of chemical pathways As long as energy flows in the network hums and the loop stands 5W Codes chemicals or inventions can in the right circumstances produce new codes chemicals or inventions It is clear this is the model of life An organism produces new organisms which in turn create newer organisms One small invention the transistor produces other inventions the computer which in turn permit yet other inventions virtual reality Kauffman wants to generalize this process mathematically to say that functions in general spawn newer functions which in turn birth yet other functions 5X What functions spawn newer functions How does the ecosystem scaffold 71 Five years ago recalls Kauffman Brian Goodwin an evolutionary biologist and I were sitting in some World War I bunker in northern Italy during a rainstorm talking about autocatalytic sets I had this profound sense then that there s a deep similarity between natural selection what Darwin told us and the wealth of nations what Adam Smith told us Both have an invisible hand But I didn t know how to proceed any further until I saw Walter Fontana s work with autocatalytic sets which is gorgeous 5Y I mentioned to Kauffman the controversial idea that in any society with the proper strength of communication and information connection democracy becomes inevitable Where ideas are free to flow and generate new ideas the political organization will eventually head toward democracy as an unavoidable self organizing strong attractor Kauffman agreed with the parallel When I was a sophomore in 58 or 59 I wrote a paper in philosophy that I labored over with much passion I was trying to figure out why democracy worked It s obvious that democracy doesn t work because it s the rule of the majority Now 33 years later I see that democracy is a device that allows conflicting minorities to reach relative fluid compromises It keeps subgroups from getting stuck on some locally good but globally inferior solution 5Z It is not difficult to imagine Kauffman s networks of Boolean logic and random genomes mirroring the workings of town halls and state capitals By structuring miniconflicts and microrevolutions as a continuous process at the local level large scale macro and mega revolutions are avoided and the whole system is neither chaotic nor stagnant Perpetual change is fought out in small towns while the nation remains admirably stable thus creating a climate to keep the small towns in ceaseless compromise seeking modes That circular support is another lap game and an indication that such systems are similar in dynamics to the self supporting vivisystems 60 This is just intuitive Kauffman cautions me but you can feel your way from Fontana s string begets string begets string to invention begets invention begets invention to cultural evolution and then to the wealth of nations Kauffman makes no bones about the scale of his ambition I am looking for the self consistent big picture that ties everything together from the origin of life as a self organized system to the emergence of spontaneous order in genomic regulatory systems to the emergence of systems that are able to adapt to nonequilibrium price formation which optimizes trade among organisms to this unknown analog of the second law of thermodynamics It is all one picture I really feel it is But the image I m pushing on is this Can we prove that a finite set of functions generates this infinite set of possibilities 61 Whew I call that a Kauffman machine A small but well chosen set of functions that connect into an auto generating ring and produce an infinite jet of more complex functions Nature is full of Kauffman machines An egg cell producing the body of a whale is one An evolution machine generating a flamingo over a billion years from a bacterial blob is another Can we make an artificial Kauffman machine This may more properly be called a von Neumann machine because von Neumann asked the same question in the early 1940s He wondered Can a machine make another machine more complex that itself Whatever it is called the question is the same How does complexity build itself up You can t ask the experimental question until roughly speaking the intellectual framework is in place So the critical thing is asking important questions Kauffman warned me Often during our conversations I d catch Kauffman thinking aloud He d spin off wild speculations and then seize one and twirl it around to examine it from various directions How do you ask that question he asked himself rhetorically His quest was for the Question of All Questions rather than the Answer of All Answers Once you ve asked the question he said there s a good chance of finding some sort of answer 63 A Question Worth Asking That s what Kauffman thought of his notion of self organized order in evolutionary systems Kauffman confided to me Somehow each of us in our own heart is able to ask questions that we think are profound in the sense that the answer would be truly important The enormous puzzle is why in the world any of us ask the questions that we do 64 What are the real questions What is worth asking your community 72 There were many times when I felt that Stuart Kauffman medical doctor philosopher mathematician theoretical biologist and MacArthur Award recipient was embarrassed by the wild question he had been dealt Order for free flies in the face of a conservative science that has rejected every past theory of creative order hidden in the universe It would probably reject his While the rest of the contemporary scientific world sees butterflies of random chance sowing out of control nonlinear effects in every facet of the universe Kauffman asks if perhaps the butterflies of chaos sleep He wakes the possibility of an overarching design dwelling within creation quieting disorder and birthing an ordered stillness It s a notion that for many sounds like mysticism At the same time the pursuit and framing of this single huge question is the quasar source of Kauffman s considerable pride and energy I would be lying if I didn t tell you that when I was 23 and started wondering how in the world a genome with 100 000 genes controls the emergence of different cell types I felt that I had found something profound I had found a profound question And I still feel that way I think God was very nice to me 65 If you write something about this Kauffman says softly make sure you say that this is only something crazy that people are thinking about But wouldn t it be wonderful if somehow there are laws that make laws that make laws so that the universe is in John Wheeler s words something that is looking in at itself The universe posts its own rules and emerges out of a self consistent thing Maybe that s not impossible this notion that quarks and gluons and atoms and elementary particles have invented the laws by which they transform one another 66 Deep down Kauffman felt that his systems built themselves In some way he hoped to discover evolutionary systems controlled their own structure From the first glimpse of his visionary network image he had a hunch that in those connections lay the answer to evolution s self governance He was not content to show that order emerged spontaneously and inevitably He also felt that control of that order also emerged spontaneously To that end he charted thousands of runs of random ensembles in computer simulation to see which type of connections permitted a swarm to be most adaptable Adaptable means the ability of system to adjust its internal links so that it fits its environment over time Kauffman views an organism a fruitfly say as adjusting the network of its genes over time so that the result of the genetic network a fly body best fits its changing surroundings of food shelter and predators The Question Worth Asking was what controlled the evolvability of the system Could the organism itself control its evolvability 67 How can a community create an adaptable network that controls its own evolution 73 The prime variable Kauffman played with was the connectivity of the network In a sparsely connected network each node would on average only connect to one other node or less In a richly connected network each node would link to ten or a hundred or a thousand or a million other nodes In theory the limit to the number of connections per node is simply the total number of nodes minus one A million headed network could have a million minus one connections at each node every node is connected to every other node To continue our rough analogy every employee of GM could be directly linked to all 749 999 other employees of GM 68 As Kauffman varied this connectivity parameter in his generic networks he discovered something that would not surprise the CEO of GM A system where few agents influenced other agents was not very adaptable The soup of connections was too thin to transmit an innovation The system would fail to evolve As Kauffman increased the average number of links between nodes the system became more resilient bouncing back when perturbed The system could maintain stability while the environment changed It would evolve The completely unexpected finding was that beyond a certain level of linking density continued connectivity would only decrease the adaptability of the system as a whole 69 What is the optimal linking density for your community and where should these links be placed 74 Kauffman graphed this effect as a hill The top of the hill was optimal flexibility to change One low side of the hill was a sparsely connected system flat footed and stagnant The other low side was an overly connected system a frozen grid lock

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/out-of-control-chapter-20/ (2016-04-24)
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  • - Tomorrow Makers in action - Belectric: Time for Energization
    writings bookshelf photos search contact log in recent posts Niche Economies Our 2016 Stories The evolution of the Knowledge Worker What Do You Do With An Idea What s in a Logo Libraries and Museums The Origin of Our Design Axioms The Power of Backcasting A timeline of the use and spread of the term Group Genius TEDx Livermore Uncorking Creativity with Group Genius follow us on Twitter Tomorrow Makers

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/photo-gallery/belectric-time-for-energization/ (2016-04-24)
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  • - Tomorrow Makers in action - Gualala Arts Center
    posts Niche Economies Our 2016 Stories The evolution of the Knowledge Worker What Do You Do With An Idea What s in a Logo Libraries and Museums The Origin of Our Design Axioms The Power of Backcasting A timeline of the use and spread of the term Group Genius TEDx Livermore Uncorking Creativity with Group Genius follow us on Twitter Tomorrow Makers in action Gualala Arts Center 8 75 community

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/photo-gallery/gualala-arts-center/ (2016-04-24)
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  • - Tomorrow Makers in action - Synergizer PatchWorks
    Stories The evolution of the Knowledge Worker What Do You Do With An Idea What s in a Logo Libraries and Museums The Origin of Our Design Axioms The Power of Backcasting A timeline of the use and spread of the term Group Genius TEDx Livermore Uncorking Creativity with Group Genius follow us on Twitter Tomorrow Makers in action Synergizer PatchWorks 15 How do you engage 65 leaders of significant

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/photo-gallery/synergizer-patchworks/ (2016-04-24)
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  • - Tomorrow Makers in action - This Moment in Time
    photos search contact log in recent posts Niche Economies Our 2016 Stories The evolution of the Knowledge Worker What Do You Do With An Idea What s in a Logo Libraries and Museums The Origin of Our Design Axioms The Power of Backcasting A timeline of the use and spread of the term Group Genius TEDx Livermore Uncorking Creativity with Group Genius follow us on Twitter Tomorrow Makers in action

    Original URL path: http://www.tomorrowmakers.org/photo-gallery/this-moment-in-time/ (2016-04-24)
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