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  • Rio+20 : Earth Summit boosts Sri Lanka’s image
    Brazil as well as Cuba we could obtain many bilateral benefits from countries in the South American region Relations with South African Region President Mahinda Rajapaksa and Prime Minister of Montenegro Lgor Luksic held talks in Brazil to establish economic relations between Sri Lanka and Montenegro These talks portray the friendship and relations built up by Sri Lanka The memorandums of understanding and agreements reached with Chile and Cuba enhanced the friendly relations built up by Sri Lanka in the region President Rajapaksa who made it a point to discuss the tea gems and jewellery sectors which bring in valuable foreign exchange to Sri Lanka pointed out that priority could be given to these sectors in forging bilateral trade links between these countries Countries in the South African region and Latin America do not depend on the super countries of the Northern hemisphere any more They are now following independent economic and political policies Sri Lanka s President has now established an international relations network in this region Out of the 62 countries in the African region 54 are sovereign states Sri Lankan missions have been established in South Africa Kenya and Libya As another step forward the Cabinet of Ministers approved a policy decision to establish diplomatic relations with another 15 countries in the African Continent They include the Islamic Republic of Moritiania Republic of Togo Republic of Chad Central African Republic the Republic of Equatorial Guinea Republic of Niger Republic of Gabon Republic of Gambia Republic of Burkina Republic of Malavi Republic of Sierra Leone Republic of Cameroons Republic of Cape Verde Republic of Djibouti and the Republic of Ivory Coast Accordingly Sri Lanka will earn prestige as a country maintaining diplomatic relations with nearly 100 countries of the world But the responsibility of conducting these relations in a manner profitable and beneficial to Sri Lanka depended on the entire foreign service Rio 20 and the President In his address to the Earth Summit the President set a good example to the world by highlighting the efforts made by Sri Lanka to attain development goals by equal management of the environment He said the developed countries which largely contribute to the environmental crisis cannot and should not leave the responsibility of saving the environment to developing countries at the cost of their economic development But today Sri Lanka is conducting its economic developmental projects in line with an environmental protection programme Thereby setting an example to the whole world The President said that we have witnessed an unprecedented level of environmental degradation which is proving to be irreversible due to unsustainable production and consumption patterns of a handful of developed countries The over riding principle which must be recognized in full measure by all nations is that of preventing abuse of the environment The developed countries which are still contributing towards the environmental crisis should not shirk the responsibility of protecting the environment in the developing countries The President said the agrarian economy shaped by the ancient kingdoms

    Original URL path: http://www.uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&nr=1321&type=230&menu=38 (2016-02-15)
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  • Rio+20 : Drexel engineers develop new technology for grid-level electrical energy storage
    predominantly for distributing energy and allows little flexibility for storage of excess or a rapid dispersal on short notice The Drexel team of researchers is putting forward a plan to integrate into the grid an electrochemical storage system that combines principles behind the flow batteries and supercapacitors that power our daily technology Existing Technology Batteries store a large amount of energy but are relatively slow in discharging it and they have a limited lifespan or cycle life than their counterparts electrochemical capacitors which are commonly called supercapacitors or ultracapacitors Conventional supercapacitors provide a high power output with minimal degradation in performance for as many as 1 000 000 charge discharge cycles The capacitor can rapidly store and discharge energy but only in small amounts compared to the battery The obstacle in the way of using either a battery or a supercapacitor to store energy in the grid is that energy storage ability is inextricably tied to the size of the battery or the supercapacitor being used Supercapacitors similar to lithium ion batteries are manufactured in fairly small cells ranging in size from a coin to a soda can Large amounts of expensive material such as metal current collectors polymer separators and packaging would be required to construct a battery or supercapacitor of the size necessary to function effectively in the energy grid Packing together thousands of conventional small devices to build a system for large scale stationary energy storage is too expensive said Dr Yury Gogotsi director of the A J Drexel Nanotechnology Institute and the lead researcher on the project A liquid storage system the capacity of which is limited only by the tank size can be cost effective and scalable A Grid Energy Storage Solution The team s research yielded a novel solution that combines the strengths of batteries and supercapacitors while also negating the scalability problem The electrochemical flow capacitor EFC consists of an electrochemical cell connected to two external electrolyte reservoirs a design similar to existing redox flow batteries which are used in electrical vehicles This technology is unique because it uses small carbon particles suspended in the electrolyte liquid to create a slurry of particles that can carry an electric charge Uncharged slurry is pumped from its tanks through a flow cell where energy stored in the cell is then transferred to the carbon particles The charged slurry can then be stored in reservoirs until the energy is needed at which time the entire process is reversed in order to discharge the EFC The main advantage of the EFC is that its design allows it to be constructed on a scale large enough to store large amounts of energy while also allowing for rapid disbursal of the energy when the demand dictates it By using a slurry of carbon particles as the active material of supercapacitors we are able to adopt the system architecture from redox flow batteries and address issues of cost and scalability Gogotsi said In flow battery systems as well as the

    Original URL path: http://www.uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&nr=1322&type=230&menu=38 (2016-02-15)
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  • Rio+20 : Urban Journal: No Wonder Gurgaon’s Revolting
    grew 73 9 to 1 5 million people The results of this are all too clear hours spent in traffic pigs rummaging through uncollected garbage reports of sewage laced tap water and relentless struggles with water and electricity supply There is also an unhealthy reliance on the private sector even for the provision of basic services It is a story of unsustainable urban development and a harbinger of what is brewing in medium sized cities all across India Gurgaon is in the state of Haryana so urban planning and infrastructure development decisions are made by agencies such as the Haryana Urban Development Authority and the Town and Country Planning Department headquartered in the state capital Chandigarh almost 300 kilometers away A one size fits all solution for every city in their jurisdiction doesn t necessarily work what suits Panipat and Panchkula often doesn t suit Gurgaon A big part of the problem is that decisions are being made by people who are not affected by what is happening in the city Nisha Singh a councilperson from Gurgaon s Ward 30 told India Real Time The mayor system needs to be much stronger but the state is unwilling to let go of their control Councilors should able to decide the services that their constituents receive not MLAs Members of the State Legislative Assembly making decisions to serve their vested interests said Ms Singh who quit her job with Google in Gurgaon in 2008 to stand for municipal elections as an independent candidate in May 2011 Gurgaon s pot holed roads drove me to it This year marks the twentieth anniversary of a landmark ruling for urban planning in India In 1992 the constitution was amended the 74th Amendment Act to require the creation of local municipal councils and corporations that would act as independent institutions of self governance with minimal interference from the state It also recommended that state governments relinquish the power and responsibility for preparing plans for social justice economic development land use and public amenities In short it paved the way for decentralization of power with local governments responsible for the social economic and spatial development of cities This amendment was ratified by state legislatures and came into effect on June 1 1993 This is pretty much what happens in the United States today a similar Standard City Planning Enabling Act was approved in the U S in 1928 But nearly 20 years on the amendment has yet to show any lasting improvements to India s municipal development A report released in March 2011 by a committee set up by the Ministry of Urban Development stated that the overbearing and overriding role of state governments not only robs cities of any autonomy in deciding their own future and thwarts innovation and change but also considerably slows down the urban planning process The report reflects on the failure of local governments to deliver planning functions over the last two decades saying the inability to implement the 74th Amendment Act

    Original URL path: http://www.uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&nr=1323&type=230&menu=38 (2016-02-15)
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  • Rio+20 : Mauritius: 'A Sustainable Society is Far More Than a Green Society'
    participants to become a role model inspired by the famous quotation of Gandhi Be the change you want to see in the world but 630 role models for a country of 1 2 million inhabitants is it enough to have a concrete impact on the future of the country When you learn to become your own role model by bringing forth the best of your humanity it becomes the motivating force for taking concrete actions that support the planet and our collective wellbeing The message be the change is all about that In other words it is not about 630 people becoming a role model for others but rather 630 people inspiring 1 2 million people and more from beyond Mauritius to tap into their own call for action And yes for that purpose 630 people is significant and experiences are showing this is already happening When you combine the power of the butterfly effect with being the change you understand the significance of real change and that it is not about the amount of people it is the quality of action that matters What were their concrete propositions to contribute to sustainability prosperity and happiness in Mauritius The common propositions of all participants was related to changes in life style patterns and reducing consumption development of a barter system for exchanges in goods and services the 4Rs reduce recycle re use and re purpose becoming self sustainable by growing your own vegetables collecting rainwater holistic education changes in business models creating an economy that values quality of life and wellbeing and is not solely driven by productivity competition and financial profit only In the Harvest report I read the ideas of the participants to fight communalism and corruption so a sustainable society is more than a green society Yes a sustainable society is far more than a green society it is about honouring what sustains us and how we sustain life Corruption injustice discrimination competition and suppression of basic human rights and values are not sustainable Ecological sustainability is about our relationship with ourselves each other and our environment Sustainability from this perspective is thus a whole systems approach to co creating a society where people and nature flourish together this includes the social cultural economic political environmental and spiritual dimensions of our life Is it not naive to imagine a sustainable Mauritius whereas the country did not achieve yet to fulfil the basic needs of a part of the population We are not imagining a sustainable Mauritius We are envisioning the founding conditions and key factors for a sustainable Mauritius so that fulfilment of basic needs can be addressed in a holistic and sustainable matter For example Sustainable Development Action Team is working on food cultivation from an innovative community based approach to directly address these basic needs The power of the Global Dialogues is that we get to understand and see how different issues as well as their solutions are interrelated and interdependent which then initiates strategic

    Original URL path: http://www.uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&nr=1324&type=230&menu=38 (2016-02-15)
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  • Rio+20 : Vietnam aims for Rio+20 sustainable development goals
    United Nations Sustainable Development Conference Rio 20 Nguyen Thi Thuy a senior official from the Ministry of Planning and Investment PMI made this statement at a Rio 20 review conference in Hanoi on July 11 Ms Thuy said that top priority will be given to training human resources developing a green economy reforming State management and improving institutions to ensure sustainable socio economic growth She emphasized the need to urge business circles socio political organizations occupational associations and non governmental organizations NGOs to get involved in working towards the sustainable development goals She also said it is necessary to expand external relations and develop partnerships with other countries to promote the cause Other delegates at the conference highlighted Vietnam s achievements in saving energy the effective use of natural resources poverty reduction rural development and climate change adaptation This progress which has been applauded by the international community has actively contributed to achieving the sustainable development goals they added VN Cambodia step up religious cooperation Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has expressed the wish for further religious cooperation between Vietnam and Cambodia in the near future helping to consolidate and strengthen the traditional friendship between the two countries At the reception for Venerable Tepvong Buddhist Supreme Patriarch of Cambodia in Hanoi on July 11 Phuc spoke highly of important contributions made by religions during the national construction and defence in each country contributing to fostering traditional solidarity friendship and comprehensive cooperation between the nations Vietnam respects the people s religious freedom and always upholds the ethical and cultural values of religious belief which is the spiritual demand of the people Religious followers are part of the great national unity Phuc said Tepvong expressed gratitude to the support and assistance from the Vietnamese Party State Government and people to the Cambodian people He also pledged to do his utmost to tighten bilateral ties Vietnam attends Hong Kong Summit Forum A Vietnamese delegation led by Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Nguyen Nam Hai participated in the 2nd Hong Kong Summit Forum which opened on July 1 The forum themed Regional cooperation between Hong Kong and East Asia has attracted some 800 participants from 13 East Asian countries and territories In his opening remark the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Liang Zhenying said that over the past decade East Asia has developed a strong momentum for global growth Despite the European debt crisis and the downturn of the US economy the Asian region s growth is expected to attain 6 9 percent this year and 7 3 percent next year he said However Liang noted that to maintain this position the regional economies need to strengthen cooperation to gain higher economic returns Speaking at the event Hai briefed about Vietnam s outstanding achievements over recent years especially in regional and international integration He affirmed that Vietnam is well aware of the connectivity and importance of its regional and international integration which he said will bring great benefits

    Original URL path: http://www.uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&nr=1325&type=230&menu=38 (2016-02-15)
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  • Rio+20 : Paving the way to sustainability
    of sustainability in Egypt and the outcome of the Rio 20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development The event Paving the Way to a Sustainable Egypt was part of the monthly Cairo Climate Talks a forum for Egyptian and German experts to discuss climate related issues with policymakers business and scientific communities civil society and the public During the event which was held at the German Academic Exchange Service in Zamalek DAAD and moderated by journalist Amira El Ahl panelists discussed practical ways to meet sustainable development challenges According to the United Nations sustainability means creating an adequate standard of living for everyone but without compromising our ability to meet the needs of future generations Sustainability says the UN is also inextricably linked to issues of equality and social justice and making access to a higher quality of life accessible to all The forecasts for climate change in Egypt could make meeting that goal all the more difficult According to a 2009 report by the Arab Forum for Environment and Development the Arab region is among the most vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change The region the report said is likely to experience diminished agricultural capacity more droughts and heat waves water shortages and loss of low lying coastal areas For example a sea level rise of 1 meter would inundate a third of Nile Delta land and displace up to 7 million Egyptians That s the lowest estimate of possible sea level rise according to the report The panelists were optimistic Egypt can meet climate change challenges and create an environmentally sustainable future but stressed the need for creative approaches and taking concrete action now Among the main topics of discussion were transportation issues and the idea of a green economy Sustainability can be profitable the panelists said They also linked sustainability to shifting cultural attitudes The big challenge is addressing the social aspect of transportation not the infrastructure said panelist Ahmed El Dorghamy co founder of the Green Arm of Nahdet El Mahrousa and a consultant at the Center for Environment and Development CEDARE Dorghamy said the Green Arm and environmentalists in general are calling for a shift from private vehicles to public transportation He stressed the need to use social marketing to induce what he believes are the necessary cultural shifts to solve the problem of traffic congestion Social marketing is a social tool that was used very effectively by corporations If we use it as effectively as they can use it I think in no time you can have the message being delivered to everybody he said Yet he also emphasized the need for people to take action now and work together Whatever problem you face that makes you refrain from using public transportation face it If you get harassed solve the problem If you think that it is unsafe then work on the problem because who else will Dorghamy said One audience member Sherine Maher agreed there is a need to take action

    Original URL path: http://www.uncsd2012.org/index.php?page=view&nr=1326&type=230&menu=38 (2016-02-15)
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  • Rio+20 : Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week announced at Rio+20
    the Brazilian national organizing committee for Rio 20 has committed to blocking a minimum of 500 hotel rooms in Rio de Janeiro for media covering the conference Costs must be covered by the media For more details visit http www rio20 gov br For information regarding room availability please contact Terramar Travel Agency Emails reservas2 terramar tur br or reservas4 terramar tur br or reservas8 terramar tur br Tel 55 21 35120067 or 55 11 30142042 or 55 19 35145600 Media representatives must present their approval letter and copy rio20 hoteis itamaraty gov br when requesting their accommodations Information Published on 11 Jul 2012 More information Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week announced at Rio 20 The UAE has announced at the Rio 20 Earth Summit that the Abu Dhabu Sustainability Week ADSW will be held 13 to 17 January 2013 ADSW will host the Assembly of the International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA now headquartered in Abu Dhabi the sixth World Future Energy Summit WFES the first International Water Summit the International Renewable Energy Conference in Abu Dhabi ADIREC and the 4m Zayed Future Energy Prize award ceremony Through the Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week we are providing numerous platforms of dialogue that will address sustainable development ADSW will be held in continuation of the commendable efforts of the Brazilian government at Rio 20 and in response to the UN Secretary General s call for significant commitments to action in support of his International Year of Sustainable Energy for All said Dr Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber assistant minister and UAE Special Envoy of Foreign Affairs for Energy and Climate Change and CEO of Masdar WFES 2012 saw 26 200 attendees from 137 countries 53 official delegations 623 exhibitors 153 conference speakers and the presence of global statesmen such as Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao

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  • Rio+20 - United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
    or its affiliates be liable for any direct indirect incidental special or consequential damages even if the United Nations has been advised of the possibility of such damages The User specifically acknowledges and agrees that the United Nations is not liable for any conduct of any User This site may contain advice opinions and statements of various information providers The United Nations does not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice opinion statement or other information provided by any information provider any User of this Site or any other person or entity Reliance upon any such advice opinion statement or other information shall also be at the User s own risk Neither the United Nations nor its affiliates nor any of their respective agents employees information providers or content providers shall be liable to any User or anyone else for any inaccuracy error omission interruption deletion defect alteration of or use of any content herein or for its timeliness or completeness nor shall they be liable for any failure of performance computer virus or communication line failure regardless of cause or for any damages resulting therefrom As a condition of use of this Site the User agrees to indemnify the United Nations and its affiliates from and against any and all actions claims losses damages liabilities and expenses including reasonable attorneys fees arising out of the User s use of this Site including without limitation any claims alleging facts that if true would constitute a breach by the User of these Terms and Conditions If the User is dissatisfied with any Material on this Site or with any of its Terms and Conditions of Use the User s sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue using the Site This Site may contain links and references to third party web sites The linked sites are not under the control of the United Nations and the United Nations is not responsible for the content of any linked site or any link contained in a linked site The United Nations provides these links only as a convenience and the inclusion of a link or reference does not imply the endorsement of the linked site by the United Nations If this Site contains bulletin boards chat rooms access to mailing lists or other message or communication facilities collectively Forums the User agrees to use the Forums only to send and receive messages and materials that are proper and related to the particular Forum By way of example and not as a limitation the User agrees that when using a Forum he or she shall not do any of the following a Defame abuse harass stalk threaten or otherwise violate the legal rights such as rights of privacy and publicity of others b Publish post distribute or disseminate any defamatory infringing obscene indecent or unlawful material or information c Upload or attach files that contain software or other material protected by intellectual property laws or by rights of privacy and publicity unless

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