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  • World Issues | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    America The expansion of the agricultural frontier to rear cattle for beef production is the primary cause of deforestation of rainforests The rainforests of Brazil for example which comprise a third of the world s total rainforest are currently undergoing major deforestation because of cattle ranching Their lush vegetation and diverse ecosystems are being replaced with sterile mono cultures Cattle ranchers slash and burn rainforests to grow grass pasture for cattle and once the cattle have grazed sufficiently they are slaughtered and exported to industrialized countries to be made into fast food hamburgers and frozen meat products What makes this situation deplorable is that the bulk of the productive land in these countries is used to rear cattle for consumption by a handful of wealthy industrialized nations As just one example two thirds of the agriculturally productive land in Central America is devoted to raising farmed animals almost all of which are exported or eaten by the wealthy few in these countries Poor peasants are pushed off their land and forced to move into rainforests to create small scale subsistence farms or grow food on less fertile land which is usually steep and more susceptible to erosion when cultivated The destructive process of deforestation due to cattle ranching has also created a serious problem of soil erosion Tropical rain forests have delicate ecosystems that also serve to protect soils from substantial amounts of erosion However when the forests are cleared considerable amounts of top soil erosion occurs depleting the land of its nutrients Since the soil of the rainforest is very low in nutrients to begin with most rainforest nutrients are found in the biomass above after a few years of growing grass or other crops the soil is unable to sustain life anymore As a result the land is abandoned and additional rainforest is cleared and converted into cattle pasture or agricultural land The long term effects of this depletion have been the overall reduction of the land s productive life The level of deforestation within Central and South American nations in the 1980s is illustrated in the following table For comparison nations from Africa and Asia are also included In one decade Costa Rica lost over 310 000 acres Top Tropical Deforestation in the 1980 s Deforestation in Hectares Percent Brazil 9 050 000 1 8 Colombia 890 000 1 7 Costa Rica 124 000 6 9 Ecuador 340 000 2 3 India 1 500 000 2 3 Indonesia 920 000 0 8 Ivory Coast 510 000 5 2 1 hectare 2 5 acres Source Costa Rica Beef Exports Impact of Rainforest Deforestation Tropical rainforests are the Earth s oldest living ecosystems Three centuries ago they covered 14 of the Earth s land mass but deforestation has reduced this number to 6 In the recent past the major cause of this deforestation and subsequent rainforest destruction has been cattle ranching Over 50 of tropical rainforest destruction is directly linked to raising livestock just for export to the US

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/Articles?q=node/27 (2016-02-16)
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  • Animal Rights | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    Pigs Pigs are known to be highly intelligent animals as aptly displayed by the quote below If any kid ever realized what was involved in factory farming they would never touch meat again I was so moved by the intelligence sense of fun and personalities of the animals I worked with on Babe that by the end of the film I was a vegetarian James Cromwell But this is how pigs spend most of their lives yearning for freedom In pens like these the adult pig can only take one step forward and one step backward that is all It is too cramp to even turn around They eat and defecate there Day in day out there is no relief In the cramped and oppressive conditions of a factory farm pigs are often driven to attack one another To prevent this damage to their produce pigs teeth and tails are clipped These together with the castration of males are usually done without anesthesia The livestock are often injected with antibiotics and growth hormones that promote unnatural growth Upon arrival at the slaughterhouse livestock often show extreme signs of panic and distress Pigs can lose control of their bladder and bowel and can even bite off their own tongue Some die Most are too traumatised to move at the auction and electric pods are used No matter how hard they cry and beg for mercy no matter how much they tremble and scream there is no escape from the slaughterhouse because the demand for meat is there Top Chickens Chickens are catogorised into egg laying hens and broiler chickens raised for meat and they all suffer from different acts of cruelty depending on profit maximisation Chickens are catogorised into egg laying hens and broiler chickens raised for meat and they all suffer from different acts of cruelty depending on profit maximisation Egg laying hens are confined in cramp battery cages for their whole lives Due to forced inactivity some hens are unable to walk At the end of their egg laying cycle they are either slaughtered or they will be shocked into another egg laying cycle by a process called forced molting where food and water is deprived from them for a few days Most male chicks are killed shortly by suffocation decapitation gassing or crushing after being hatched because they do not lay eggs Antibiotics and growth hormones are injected especially for broiler chickens to achieve unnatural growth Artificial lightings are often used to confuse the meat chicks into believing that there is no night and day so that they will continue to eat and eat until their fate in the slaughterhouses In the slaughterhouses though stun guns are supposed to be used to render the chickens unconscious before hanging them upside down slitting their throats and throwing them into scalding tanks a large number of chickens have to go through all the above processes fully conscious due to the pressure faced by workers of keeping the production lines moving

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/Articles?q=node/28 (2016-02-16)
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  • Others | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    occur to you why some of us can be this much concerned with animals suffering Because government is not Why not Animals don t vote Paul Harvey The standard four food groups are based on American agricultural lobbies Why do we have a milk group Because we have a National Dairy Council Why do we have a meat group Because we have an extremely powerful meat lobby Marion Nestle Have political and economical factors shaped the food policies around the world This is clearly not an easy question to answer but definitely one we should think about The present food guide pyramid was in fact introduced by the US Department of Agriculture USDA in 1991 The USDA was original created to promote and support farmer s interest but has also taken the role of advocating consumer s interest by setting nutritional policies thus creating a conflict of interest Before the pyramid food policies consisted of only four food groups fish meat dairy grains fruits vegetables After public outcry of heavy emphasis on animal products USDA revised the food policies to the present food guide pyramid Recently the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine PCRM won its lawsuit against the USDA bringing national attention to the heavy influence of the meat dairy and egg industries in the creation of federal food policies U S District Court Judge James Robertson ruled that the USDA violated federal law by withholding documents revealing bias among its advisory panel Apparently it seems that the people who decides our food policies are heavily represented by people who have financial interests in the meat and dairy industries Does that make you think twice about following the government blindly Shouldn t you take charge of your own health and open your eyes to unbiased nutritional studies and researches Top The Comparative Anatomy of Eating by Milton R Mills M D Humans are most often described as omnivores This classification is based on the observation that humans generally eat a wide variety of plant and animal foods While most humans are clearly behavioral omnivores the question still remains as to whether humans are anatomically suited for a diet that includes animal as well as plant foods The tables below summarise the comparison between the body structures and functions of carnivores omnivores herbivores and humans Highlights of summary Humans do not have the nails mouths and teeth suited for a carnivorous diet Carnivores and omnivores swallow their food whole while herbivores and humans have to chew their food extensively Stomach acidity with food inside for humans is pH 4 to 5 while carnivores and omnivores have pH less than 1 which is necessary for proper digestion of carnivorous diet Carnivores and omnivores have much shorter lengths of small intestine compared to herbivores and humans Carnivores and omnivores have short smooth and straight colon which is necessary for quick transition before toxins from decayed flesh cause problems for their body herbivores and humans have long winding and sacculated colon Stomach type is

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/Articles?q=node/29 (2016-02-16)
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  • Support | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    market everything from beetroot to oats to rice drinks Grab your kiwi fruit alfalfa and many other nutritious produce Make sure your fridge is stocked up with fresh fruits and vegetables Fruits are not only highly nutritious but great tasting as well Our local market has a wonderful selection of fresh fruits for you to enjoy through the season Instead of snaking on chips or chocolates snack on fruits nuts or seeds They come in handy when you are looking for quick bite Almond nuts pumpkin seeds and sesame seed are highly recommended Also get your grains ready Check out brown rice oats bran couscous whole wheat spaghetti and many others Stock up your convenient food as well Canned soup vegetarian baked beans pasta sauces cereals etc are all good ideas for quick meal preparation Have more ready to eat food like wholemeal crackers or wholemeal bread for those lazy days Cereals especially are most appropriate on your breakfast table as a quick and nutritious boost to your day Get your calcium fortified soymilk or orange juice They are a great boost to your daily calcium intake Check out your organic produce as they are so much higher in nutrients and are pesticides free and environmental friendly Shopping is not limited to food Check out pro health equipment like water distiller juice extractor and even a sprouting set In your process of discovery you will learn many things like how normal juicer will destroy nutrients in fruits and vegetables and how your drinking water is doing harm to your body But then again these are costly equipments The best gift you can give your body is to follow a vegan diet For the really committed you might want to transit into ethical consumerism where everyday products like toiletries come into picture Check out the range of toiletries available in Singapore that contains no animal by products and are not involved in animal testing Top 3 Food Preparation For anyone committed on the path of vegetarianism it is important to learn about food preparation We are not talking about restaurant dishes but everyday homemade dishes that can be prepared in ten to fifteen minutes that are not just nutritious but palatable as well All it takes is your willingness to explore the wide variety of plant food and food preparation techniques The possibilities are virtually unlimited You can try preparing your vegetarian meals the Chinese way the Indian way the western way the Italian way or even the raw way Experiment with herbs and spices like basil rosemary cinnamon and turmeric Food preparation is indeed a lot of fun when you follow your own heart instead of following recipes to the very amount of seasonings used Listen to yourself as different people often have different preferences for taste at different times A general introduction to food preparation is given below For more direct assistance you can attend the food preparation classes organised by the society where we will show you the

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/Articles?q=node/30 (2016-02-16)
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  • 100 Veg Recipes (Chinese) | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    Seeds of Hope Resources Food Outlets Veg Cuisine Classes FAQs Health Practitioners Articles Books Inspirations Recipes World Hunger Links VSS Corner VSS Events Veg Buddy 2 VSS Gallery VSS Newsletter Archive VSS VCD In Memory of Ng Chin Siong Testimonials Word Play Products Contact Forum Site map Home 100 Veg Recipes Chinese By admin Posted on November 12th 2013 For our readers who would like veg recipes in Chinese here

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/node/2002 (2016-02-16)
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  • Avocado Entrée | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    Food Outlets Veg Cuisine Classes FAQs Health Practitioners Articles Books Inspirations Recipes World Hunger Links VSS Corner VSS Events Veg Buddy 2 VSS Gallery VSS Newsletter Archive VSS VCD In Memory of Ng Chin Siong Testimonials Word Play Products Contact Forum Site map Home Avocado Entrée By admin Posted on July 15th 2008 Servings 4 Ingredients 1 ripe avocado diced bottle preserved ginger slice pickle ginger slice some toothpicks Method

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/node/776 (2016-02-16)
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  • Avocado and Mango Temaki | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    400ml water 1 2 tablespoons Japanese rice vinegar or apple cider vinegar 1 teaspoon mirin or teaspoon cooking rice wine optional 1 teaspoon sugar or to taste teaspoon salt or to taste 6 sheets nori 10x19cm 1 ripe avocado stoned peeled and cut into 6 wedges 1 ripe mango peeled and cut into 6 wedges some pickled sushi ginger some roasted sesame seeds optional Method Place the rice and water

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/node/778 (2016-02-16)
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  • Green Mango Salad | Vegetarian Society (Singapore)
    Archive VSS VCD In Memory of Ng Chin Siong Testimonials Word Play Products Contact Forum Site map Home Green Mango Salad By admin Posted on July 15th 2008 Servings 1 Ingredients 150g shredded young green mango chilled 1 teaspoon peanut powder teaspoon sesame seeds optional Dressing 1 fresh red chilli padi or green chilli padi seeded and sliced 3 tablespoons 6 limes freshly squeezed kalamansi lime juice 1 teaspoon sugar

    Original URL path: http://www.vegetarian-society.org/node/779 (2016-02-16)
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