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  • White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    Existing Resource Protection Measures II Approach to Management Study Area White Clay Creek Watershed Devising an Approach Management Principles Goals Mission Objectives Federal Designation Boundary A Two Tier Approach Wild and Scenic Designated Area III Administrative Framework White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee Host Organization for the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee IV Local Land Use Management Program Introduction White Clay Creek and Its Setting V Resource Management Resource Protection Guidelines Water Resources Fish and Wildlife Watershed Restoration Cultural Resources Recreation Resources Guidelines for Water Resource Projects VI Education and Outreach Components of an Outreach and Education Program VII Available Assistance Appendices Acknowledgements Definitions Exisiting Land Use by Sub watershed Existing Management Responsibilities Tables Land Resources Table Water Resources Table Fish and Wildlife Resources Table Threatened and Endangered Species Table Historical Archaeological Resources Table Recreation Resources Table WCWA Stream Watch Program Bibliography Back to the watershed management plan table of contents White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee A key principle of the administrative framework described here is that existing institutions and authorities will play the primary roles in the long term protection of the White Clay Creek watershed Municipalities counties states and federal agencies together with private organizations and

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/iii-administrative-framework/white-clay-creek-watershed-management-committee/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Host Organization for the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    the implementation of this Plan The Committee will serve to assist with coordination and communication among the entities responsible for implementing the Plan Address Watershed Related Issues The Committee will establish a public forum for issue discussions it will help raise awareness of important issues and it will stimulate action by appropriate authorities Monitor the Watershed The Committee will monitor watershed activities and proposals that might affect the watershed s overall quality or pose potential impacts to important resources and will comment to appropriate authorities Such Committee review could be initiated by a request from the public by a local county state or federal official or at the Committee s own discretion Proposals and projects that might be reviewed include but are not limited to zoning changes development projects adjacent to White Clay Creek or its tributaries applications for state permits such as point source discharges or water withdrawals changes to state programs or policies applications for federal permits such as Army Corps Section 404 permits and other federal projects such as pipeline or road crossings or electrical transmission lines etc Promote Watershed Enhancement Initiatives The Committee may support upon the consensus of its membership watershed enhancement projects initiated by its members or by other organizations When necessary and appropriate the Committee will coordinate its members volunteer participation in enhancement efforts The Committee may initiate its own cooperative enhancement projects Carry Out Education and Outreach The Committee will support the efforts of other agencies and entities in conducting watershed stewardship education and outreach The Committee may initiate its own educational or outreach programs as resources permit Update the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Plan The Committee will be responsible for reviewing and recommending changes to the management plan The Plan will be reviewed by the Committee every five years Recommended changes to the Plan will be submitted to the National Park Service upon approval of the Committee see Decision making under Procedures Make Status Reports The committee will prepare a brief twice annual report on the status of the implementation of the Plan and other aspects of the overall protection of the designated areas of the watershed designated into the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System Membership The White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee will seek members from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of Delaware The Committee will strive to maintain membership that is representative of but not limited to state county and local governments citizens citizen groups non profit organizations and private interests The Committee will also seek membership representing technical expertise in the fields of cultural and or historical resources archaeology geology agriculture water resources wildlife biology fishery biology watershed management or recreation management Watershed organizations will be encouraged to appoint a representative to the membership of the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee Municipal governments will be represented by an individual appointed by township boards of supervisors and or borough or city councils County members may be appointed by New Castle and Chester Counties elected

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/iii-administrative-framework/host-organization-for-the-white-clay-creek-watershed-management-committee/ (2016-04-30)
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  • IV. Local Land Use Management Program — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    Watershed Management Committee IV Local Land Use Management Program Introduction White Clay Creek and Its Setting V Resource Management Resource Protection Guidelines Water Resources Fish and Wildlife Watershed Restoration Cultural Resources Recreation Resources Guidelines for Water Resource Projects VI Education and Outreach Components of an Outreach and Education Program VII Available Assistance Appendices Acknowledgements Definitions Exisiting Land Use by Sub watershed Existing Management Responsibilities Tables Land Resources Table Water Resources Table Fish and Wildlife Resources Table Threatened and Endangered Species Table Historical Archaeological Resources Table Recreation Resources Table WCWA Stream Watch Program Bibliography Back to the watershed management plan table of contents local land use management program The local land use element is the heart of this watershed management plan This section articulates and explains a series of resource protection objectives designed to improve water quality and fish and wildlife habitat For each objective the plan suggests a series of actions municipalities can take to enhance resource protection within their community Municipalities can review and revise their land use ordinances so that the following objectives may be achieved Local governments should adopt into their ordinances and plans those areas of the guidelines that they do not currently address in their

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/iv-local-land-use-management-program/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Introduction — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee IV Local Land Use Management Program Introduction White Clay Creek and Its Setting V Resource Management Resource Protection Guidelines Water Resources Fish and Wildlife Watershed Restoration Cultural Resources Recreation Resources Guidelines for Water Resource Projects VI Education and Outreach Components of an Outreach and Education Program VII Available Assistance Appendices Acknowledgements Definitions Exisiting Land Use by Sub watershed Existing Management Responsibilities Tables Land Resources Table Water Resources Table Fish and Wildlife Resources Table Threatened and Endangered Species Table Historical Archaeological Resources Table Recreation Resources Table WCWA Stream Watch Program Bibliography Back to the watershed management plan table of contents introduction The local land use element is the heart of this watershed management plan This section articulates and explains a series of resource protection objectives designed to improve water quality and fish and wildlife habitat For each objective the plan suggests a series of actions municipalities can take to enhance resource protection within their community Municipalities can review and revise their land use ordinances so that the following objectives may be achieved Local governments should adopt into their ordinances and plans those areas of the guidelines that they do not currently address in their ordinances

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/iv-local-land-use-management-program/introduction/ (2016-04-30)
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  • White Clay Creek and Its Setting — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    Resources Table Fish and Wildlife Resources Table Threatened and Endangered Species Table Historical Archaeological Resources Table Recreation Resources Table WCWA Stream Watch Program Bibliography Back to the watershed management plan table of contents The White Clay Creek and its setting The White Clay Creek watershed is one of only a few relatively intact unspoiled and ecologically functioning river systems remaining in the highly congested and developed corridor between Philadelphia and Newark Delaware White Clay Creek drains more than 69 000 acres in southeastern Pennsylvania and northwestern Delaware Table 1 A great deal of sediment from the rolling hills of Chester County Pennsylvania is eroded by water and other forces and is carried into the White Clay probably accounting for the creek s name For most of its course the creek runs through the rolling Piedmont region dropping over the Fall Line to the Atlantic Coastal Plain near Newark before veering eastward to empty into the Christina River The Piedmont is physiographically and geologically distinct from the Atlantic Coastal Plain due to the weathered crystalline rocks metamorphic and igneous that underlie its surface Most of the crystalline rocks are Paleozoic in origin The ancient rocks were first deposited then uplifted folded metamorphosed and over time eroded to their present level This process produced the characteristic rolling hills plateaus and stream valleys of today s Piedmont region The Atlantic Coastal Plain a relatively flat area is punctuated by large tidal wetlands The coastal plain is underlain by layers of sedimentary deposits formed from marine sediments glacial outwash and aeolian wind produced materials Normal rainfall averaging 44 inches per year supplies enough water to support a mature deciduous forest and an extensive freshwater tidal wetlands system downstream Its underlying stratum of Cockeysville Marble marks the White Clay Creek watershed as an important source

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/es-watershed-environments/white-clay-creek-and-its-setting/ (2016-04-30)
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  • V. Resource Management — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    Environment Population In and Near the Watershed Study and Planning Background Resource Management and Protection Issues Environmental and Cultural Resources Existing Management Responsibilities Existing Resource Protection Measures II Approach to Management Study Area White Clay Creek Watershed Devising an Approach Management Principles Goals Mission Objectives Federal Designation Boundary A Two Tier Approach Wild and Scenic Designated Area III Administrative Framework White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee Host Organization for the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee IV Local Land Use Management Program Introduction White Clay Creek and Its Setting V Resource Management Resource Protection Guidelines Water Resources Fish and Wildlife Watershed Restoration Cultural Resources Recreation Resources Guidelines for Water Resource Projects VI Education and Outreach Components of an Outreach and Education Program VII Available Assistance Appendices Acknowledgements Definitions Exisiting Land Use by Sub watershed Existing Management Responsibilities Tables Land Resources Table Water Resources Table Fish and Wildlife Resources Table Threatened and Endangered Species Table Historical Archaeological Resources Table Recreation Resources Table WCWA Stream Watch Program Bibliography Back to the watershed management plan table of contents resource management This section of the plan describes the challenges of the watershed s major resource groups delineates the responsibilities of each government agency and

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/v-resource-management/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Resource Protection Guidelines — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    community and the shade essential for keeping streams cool Leaf litter snags and tree roots in RFBs provide the habitat necessary for a thriving ecosystem RFBs filter pollutants from overland runoff reducing sediment and phosphorus loads RFBs can also lower levels of nitrate in groundwater before it enters streams reducing algal growth in reservoirs and improving the quality of downstream drinking water supplies Establish land use management policies that preserve existing RFBs Identify where RFBs occur and develop land use management standards to preserve these buffers Standards should include the establishment and maintenance of an RFB tied to review of a site s existing and proposed development along with its natural features including soil characteristics and capability slope runoff patterns and the presence of wetlands and floodplains A minimum RFB of 100 feet as measured from the top of all streambanks should be maintained The depth of the riparian forest buffers on public lands may need to be increased in order to protect fragile riverbanks from the impacts of public use to maintain biodiversity to protect aesthetics in park and preserve areas and to enhance protection to songbirds especially neo tropical migratory species cavity dwellers large mammals and threatened and endangered species Establish identify and develop land use management policies to create new RFBs Objective D Protect and improve water quality and stream habitat through sediment and stormwater management Excessive and uncontrolled or untreated runoff can wreak havoc on water levels it can cause flooding which threatens human life erodes land and damages property When water levels are low aquatic life is threatened and pollutants are concentrated intensifying water quality problems Further runoff carries such pollutants as nutrients from lawn and agricultural fertilizers pesticides road salts oil products fecal wastes and toxic chemicals In addition heavy loads of sediment swept into the stream by runoff greatly impact the viability of stream ecosystems destroying fish and wildlife habitat and otherwise degrading downstream water supplies This objective recommends a stormwater management plan for the White Clay Creek watershed as envisioned in Pennsylvania s Act 167 prepared by the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee in concert with all the watershed municipalities Pennsylvania s DEP and Delaware DNREC The general goals of the plan should include preservation of water quality in the watershed s streams wetlands and groundwater resources maintenance and improvement of water flows in all streams and watercourses protection and sustenance of natural stream channels and maintenance of flood carrying capacity of streams limiting modification to the natural terrain and alteration to existing stream channels and other drainageways maximizing recharge of groundwater and encouragement of infiltration to sustain groundwater supplies and stream flow control of runoff erosion and sedimentation through measures that are on site or situated as close as possible to where stormwater is produced promotion of innovative stormwater management techniques which focus on groundwater recharge and stormwater quality protection of persons and property from serious harm and significant damage from flooding caused by excessive runoff ensuring that each residential

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/iv-local-land-use-management-program/resource-protection-guidelines/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Water Resources — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    Provide reliable water flows in New Castle County resolve questions relative to the Thompson Station reservoir project Ensure minimum instream flow standards along White Clay Creek Drinking Water Supply Key Actions Monitor the Hockessin Delaware wells of the Artesian Water Company to ensure that production does not contaminate or reduce the recharge rates of the Cockeysville Marble formation aquifer Encourage groundwater recharge to increase base flow in the streams for existing water supply purposes Establish limits for withdrawals from all Cockeysville Marble formation aquifer recharge areas Determine the need for a future surface water allocation for White Clay Creek for Pennsylvania communities Aquatic Life Goals Protect a fully functional and diverse ecosystem supported by White Clay Creek Aquatic Life Key Actions Base state and federal regulations implementing the Federal Clean Water Act 1987 upon water quality criteria that ensure the survival and propagation of both sport fish and aquatic invertebrates Education and Research Goals Achieve a better understanding of the impact on biodiversity of various watershed uses Protect the qualities that make the White Clay Creek watershed a living laboratory for education and research Ensure access to watershed streams for education and research Education and Research Key Actions Conduct new research on the effects of new and traditional uses on watershed biodiversity Protect valuable research areas from the introduction of exotic species particularly the 1 800 acre Experimental Watershed managed by the Stroud Water Research Center located on the East Fork of the East Branch of White Clay Creek Promote the continuation of and seek increased funding for educational programs and volunteer monitoring Water Quality Goals Achieve consistency between the water quality goals set by Delaware and Pennsylvania Water Quality Key Actions Base water quality goals for each state on a technical evaluation of the watershed as a whole Existing Water Quality Goals Correct inadequacies in existing data about dissolved oxygen toxins and temperature Reduce risk of gastroenteritis to people who swim in untreated water from the Delaware portion of White Clay Creek Reduce levels of nutrients nitrate and phosphorus in the creek Reduce turbidity in the creek Assess and control the impact on aquatic life of zinc PCBs and DDT Address cumulative impacts of excessive runoff and earth disturbance Existing Water Quality Key Actions Conduct field studies of photosynthesis respiration to determine whether dissolved oxygen levels are sufficient to support fish aquatic life and wildlife Develop strategies to reduce the levels of Enterococcus bacteria in the Delaware section of White Clay Creek potential sources include agricultural nonpoint sources urban runoff wildlife malfunctioning septic systems and publicly owned treatment systems Develop strategies in conjunction with the Natural Resource Conservation Service NRCS to control sources of nitrate nitrogen and soluble ortho phosphorus concentrations in White Clay Creek especially agricultural non point sources wastewater treatment plants especially in drought conditions lawn fertilizers and atmospheric deposition primarily for nitrogen Develop strategies in conjunction with NRCS and municipalities to reduce soil erosion into the streams which comes from construction disturbance urban runoff agricultural nonpoint

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/v-resource-management/water-resources/ (2016-04-30)
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