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  • Acknowledgements — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    for New Castle County Richard W Harris Jr PA Resident David Hawk SE PA Sierra Club WCWA Pat Horrocki Cochranville PA Jon Husband Director New Castle County Parks Recreation Gerald J Kauffman P E Water Resources Agency for New Castle County Roy Lapata Director City of Newark Planning Department Scott Hunter West Chester PA M Roy Jackson West Marlborough Representative Phil Marj Kraus Landenberg PA Catherine C Larmore White Clay Creek Watershed Association W Nicholas McFadden Superintendent White Clay Creek State Park Dorothy Miller Task Force Co Chair Dennis Newbold Stroud Water Research Center Edward J O Donnell Senior Planner New Castle County Department of Land Use Eugene McDowell New London Township Representative Richard Mickowski New Castle Conservation District John A Murray White Clay Creek Watershed Association Wayne Clapp Assistant Director Chester County Planning Commission Carl Luft City Manager City of Newark Aileen Parrish London Britain Township Supervisor Judy Shuler Task Force Co Chair Tom Stark Franklin Township Representative George Treisner III West Grove Borough Alison L Willets Chester County Parks Recreation Department Jennifer Powell Communications Assistant New Castle County Chamber of Commerce Michael J Stangl Fishery Biologist DNREC Division of Fish Wildlife Bernard Sweeney Director Stroud Water Research Center Tom Zawislak Landenberg PA James Hall Director City of Newark Parks Recreation Gerald M Hansler Executive Director Delaware River Basin Commission Dave Pollison Delaware River Basin Commission Gerald Esposito Director DNREC Division of Water Resources Vince D Anna Federal Representative Delaware River Basin Commission Susan Moerschel DNREC Division of Parks Recreation Charles A Salkin Director DNREC Division of Parks Recreation Kyle Gulbronson DNREC Division of Parks Recreation William Lucas Integrated Land Management Land Use Subcommittee George Pearson Chairperson Pearson Engineering Inc Mr Mrs Richard Blakeman PA Residents Sally Cheyne Secretary London Britain Township Planning Commission Sumner Crosby Environmental Protection Agency Barbara Eastburn Chairperson Franklin Township Planning Commission Cindy Greene DE Resident Michael Hahn Delaware DOT Environmental Studies Richard Harris Jr PA Resident Willis Hocking PA Farmer Russell Holland Elkton MD Janet Kalb London Britain Planning Commission Louis Kaplan London Grove Township Supervisor Phil Kraus PA Resident Catherine Larmore London Grove Planning Commission Eugene G McDowell New London Township Representative Tricia Nilsson Chester County of Land Use Department Ed O Donnell New Castle County Department of Land Use Aileen Parrish London Britain Township Supervisor Jennifer H Powell New Castle County Chamber of Commerce Mr Mrs Earl Stiner DE Residents Leon Wilkinson PA Farmer Natural Resources Subcommittee John Tarburton Chairperson New Castle County Conservation District Ann Brown Newark Center for Creative Learning Cheryl Caster PA Resident Steve Marna Goddard PA Resident Esther Elton Homan Franklin Township Supervisor Marguerite Jahn Delaware Audubon Society John Janowski DE Resident Louis Kirkaldie Chairman Avondale Borough Planning Commission Phil Kraus PA Resident Joan Mehl DE Resident Dorothy Miller Coalition for Natural Stream Valleys Inc Neal Perkins DE Resident Judith Shuler London Grove Township Representative Allison Willets Chester County Planning Commission Dennis White PA Resident Recreation Subcommittee Susan M Moerchel Chairperson DNREC Division of Parks Recreation John Baker

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/appendices/acknowledgements (2016-04-30)
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  • Definitions — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    for the feeding and rearing of poultry are considered feedlots First Order Stream Stream networks are described according to a system of orders in which the smallest streams are designated first order When two first order streams join they form a second order stream and so on Fish and Wildlife Management The management of the characteristics and interactions of fish and wildlife populations and their habitats in order to promote protect or enhance the ecological integrity of those populations Floodplain The channel of a natural stream and the relatively flat area adjoining the channel which has been or which may be covered by flood water including at a minimum those areas designated by the Federal Insurance Administration and or the Federal Emergency Management Agency as flood hazard areas Forestry The management including growing or harvesting of a forest woodland or plantation including the construction alteration or maintenance of woods roads and landings and related research and educational activities Historic District A geographically definable area urban or rural that possesses a significant concentration linkage or continuity of sites buildings structures or objects united historically by past events aesthetically by plan or physically by development Impervious Surface Any material which prevents the absorption of stormwater into previously undeveloped land Impoundment Any body of water located on a tributary brook stream kill or river formed by a new manmade structure within the boundary of the designated river this does not include structures for fishery management such as eel weirs or small agricultural ponds not on tributaries Interpretive Program A program designed to develop a visitor s interest in and enjoyment and understanding of an area by describing and explaining its characteristics and their interrelationships Jurisdiction The limits or territory within which authority may be exercised Jurisdictional Wetland An area defined as a wetland under the methodology established by the Federal Interagency Committee for Wetland Delineation in the handbook Federal Manual for Identifying and Delineating Jurisdictional Wetlands Manual In general the three technical criteria established in the manual for defining wetlands are that the site must possess hydrophytic vegetation hydric soils and wetland hydrology the driving force creating wetlands Landfill A site where trash or refuse including toxic or radioactive waste is buried as part of a public or private business operation Lateral Boundary The landward corridor line that runs generally parallel to a creek and its designated tributaries Lot Coverage That portion or percentage of the lot area which is covered by buildings pavement or other impervious surfaces also known as building coverage Lot A parcel of land designated by metes and bounds registered land survey auditor s plot or other accepted means and separated from other parcels or portions by the description for the purpose of sale lease or separation of the parcel or portion Natural Cover Natural vegetation including trees shrubs or other plants which help to keep soil from being washed or blown away Overlay District A zoning district which overlays other zoning districts the requirements of which are applicable

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/appendices/definitions (2016-04-30)
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  • Exisiting Land Use by Sub-watershed — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    and Scenic Designated Area III Administrative Framework White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee Host Organization for the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee IV Local Land Use Management Program Introduction White Clay Creek and Its Setting V Resource Management Resource Protection Guidelines Water Resources Fish and Wildlife Watershed Restoration Cultural Resources Recreation Resources Guidelines for Water Resource Projects VI Education and Outreach Components of an Outreach and Education Program VII Available Assistance Appendices Acknowledgements Definitions Exisiting Land Use by Sub watershed Existing Management Responsibilities Tables Land Resources Table Water Resources Table Fish and Wildlife Resources Table Threatened and Endangered Species Table Historical Archaeological Resources Table Recreation Resources Table WCWA Stream Watch Program Bibliography Acres Drainage Areas West Branch Middle Branch East Branch above Avondale East Branch below Avondale Mill Creek Pike Creek Middle Run Main Stem above Newark Main Stem below Newark Single Family Residential 1 141ac 1 664ac 764ac 1 943ac 4 089ac 2 365ac 517ac 979ac 2 403ac 18 16 6 21 49 56 21 15 26 Multi Family Residential 0 0 0 0 360ac 319ac 1ac 132ac 553ac 4 8 1 2 2 Office 0 0 0 0 92ac 0 3ac 100ac 265ac 1 1 2 2 Industrial 0 0 6ac 60ac 0 0 0 8ac 173ac 1 1 1 2 Transportation 86ac 95ac 243ac 11ac 256ac 102ac 57ac 37ac 817ac Utility 1 1 2 1 3 2 2 1 9 Commercial 28ac 51ac 139ac 70ac 364ac 67ac 12ac 11ac 1 281ac 1 1 1 1 4 2 1 1 14 Institutional 37ac 5ac 20ac 40ac 395ac 103ac 35ac 78ac 583ac 1 1 1 1 5 2 1 1 6 Wooded Public 1 708ac 2 530ac 2 838ac 2 992ac 1 823ac 938ac 1 131ac 3 815ac 183ac Private Open Space 1 25 24 33 22 22

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/appendices/exisiting-land-use-by-sub-watershed (2016-04-30)
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  • Existing Management Responsibilities Tables — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    an Approach Management Principles Goals Mission Objectives Federal Designation Boundary A Two Tier Approach Wild and Scenic Designated Area III Administrative Framework White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee Host Organization for the White Clay Creek Watershed Management Committee IV Local Land Use Management Program Introduction White Clay Creek and Its Setting V Resource Management Resource Protection Guidelines Water Resources Fish and Wildlife Watershed Restoration Cultural Resources Recreation Resources Guidelines for

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/appendices/existing-management-responsibilities-tables (2016-04-30)
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  • Fish Species in the White Clay Creek Watershed — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    The Management Plan Maps Videos BLOG Take Action fish species found in the White Clay watershed Latin Name Common Name Origin Residency Anguilla rostrata American eel native migrant Carassius auratus Goldfish introduced resident Catostomus commersoni White Sucker native resident Clinostomus funduloides Rosyside dace native resident Cyprinus carpio Common Carp introduced resident Etheostoma olmstedi Tessellated darter native resident Exoglossum maxillingua Cutlips Minnow native resident Fundulus diaphanus Banded Killfish native migrant Ictalurus nebulosus Brown Bullhead native resident Lepomis auritus Redbreast Sunfish native resident Lepomis gibbosus Pumpkinseed native resident Lepomis macrochirus Bluegill Bass naturalized resident Micropterus salmoides Large Mouth Bass naturalized resident Notemigonus crysoleucas Golden Shiner native resident Notropis analostanus Satinfin Shiner native resident Notropis cornutus Common Shiner native resident Notropis hudsonius Spottail Shiner native resident Notropis procne Swallowtail Shiner native resident Notropis spilopterus Spotfin Shiner native resident Noturus insignis Margined Madtom native resident Pimephales promelas Fathead Minnow introduced resident Rhinichthys atratulus Blacknose Dace native resident Rhinichthys cataractae Longnose Dace native resident Salmo gairdneri Rainbow Trout introduced migrant Semotilus atromaculatus Creek Chub native resident Semotilus corporalis Fallfish native resident Resident species is one that spends it s entire lifecycle within the drainage the drainage meets all of the habitat requirements for the species

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/fish-species-in-the-white-clay-creek-watershed (2016-04-30)
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  • Mammals in the White Clay Creek Watershed — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    catus Feral Cat Felis rufus Bobcat Glaucomys volans Southern Flying Squirrel Lasiurus borealis Red Bat Lasiurus cinereus Hoary Bat Marmota monax Woodchuck Mephitis mephitis Striped Skunk Microtus pennsylvanicus Meadow Vole Mus musculus House Mouse Mustela frenata Long tailed Weasel Mustela vison Mink Myotis lucifugus Little Brown Myotis Odocoileus virginianus White tailed Deer Ondatra zibethicus Muskrat Peromyscus leucopus White footed Mouse Microtus pinetorum Pine Vole Procyon lotor Raccoon Rattus rattus Black

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/mammals-found-in-the-white-clay-creek-watershed (2016-04-30)
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  • Birds in the White Clay Creek Watershed — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    Hairy Woodpecker uncommon permanent resident breeding documented evidence Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker common permanent resident breeding documented evidence Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker uncommon permanent resident breeding documented evidence FLYCATCHERS AND LARKS Contopus borealis Olive sided Flycatcher rare transient migratory Contopus virens Eastern Wood Pewee common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Empidonax flaviventris Yellow bellied Flycatcher rare transient migratory Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher abundant summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Empidonax traillii Willow Flycatcher occasional summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher rare summer resident transient implied Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher uncommon summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark rare permanent resident breeding documented evidence SWALLOWS Progne subis Purple Martin occasional summer resident transient implied Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow abundant summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough winged Swallow uncommon summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Riparia riparia Bank Swallow occasional summer resident transient implied Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow abundant summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence JAYS AND CROWS Cyanocitta cristrata Blue Jay abundant permanent resident breeding documented evidence Corvus brachyrhynchos American Jay abundant permanent resident breeding documented evidence Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow occasional permanent resident breeding documented evidence TITMICE Parus atricapillus Black capped Chickadee rare winter resident transient implied Parus carolinensis Carolina Chickadee abundant permanent resident breeding documented evidence Parus bicolor Tufted Titmouse abundant permanent resident breeding documented evidence NUTHATCHES Sitta canadensis Red breasted Nuthatch uncommon winter resident transient implied Sitta carolinensis White breasted Nuthatch uncommon permanent resident breeding documented evidence CREEPERS Certhia americana Brown Creeper uncommon winter resident transient implied WRENS Thryothorus ludovicianus House Wren abundant summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren occasional winter resident transient implied KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHER Regulus satrapa Golden crowned Kinglet uncommon winter resident transient implied Regulus calendula Ruby crowned Kinglet uncommon winter resident transient implied Polioptila caerulea Blue gray Gnatcatcher common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence THRUSHES Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird common permanent resident breeding documented evidence Catharus fuscescens Veery common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Catharus minimus Gray cheeked Thrush rare transient migratory Catharus ustulatus Swainson s Thrush occasional transient migratory Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush uncommon winter resident transient implied Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Turdus migratorius American Robin abundant permanent resident breeding documented evidence MIMIC THRUSHES Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird common permanent resident breeding documented evidence Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird common permanent resident breeding documented evidence Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence WAXWINGS Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing common permanent resident breeding documented evidence STARLINGS Sturnus vulgaris European Starling common permanent resident breeding documented evidence VIREOS Vireo griseus White eyed Vireo common summer resident transient implied breeding documented evidence Viero solitarius Solitary Vireo uncommon transient migratory Vireo flavifrons Yellow

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/birds-found-in-the-white-clay-creek-watershed (2016-04-30)
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  • WCWA Stream Watch Program — White Clay Creek Wild & Scenic River
    is designed to use aquatic macroinvertebrates to assess water and habitat quality in the WCC The stream is monitored at the same specific sites at the same time once a year Samples of the aquatic macroinvertebrates which consists mainly of insects are collected then sorted identified and counted This quantifies the biodiversity that is the number and variety of different families found Some types are known to be more sensitive to environmental insult than others It is the presence of the sensitive types the biodiversity and total numbers of individual types that indicate the health of the stream Average EPT Density is the baseline average results for the 12 PA sites of the relative numbers of the more pollution sensitive mayflies stoneflies and caddisflies known collectively as EPT i e ephemeroptera plecoptera and trichoptera The relative numbers of these three insect orders are used as general indicators of the stream quality or health The bars in the graph are plotted in order starting at the headwaters of each branch of the WCC and working its way downstream toward the DE border The data plotted in the Figure 1 indicate that there is a decline in the water quality as one proceeds through the sites from the headwaters down into DE The evidence is in the decline of EPT with drastic deterioration seen at site 18 East branch below Avondale and the poor condition of the PA sites in the WCC Preserve 16 East Branch and 14 Main Stem which are downstream from agricultural commercial and residential usage Similar but less dramatic declines are seen on the Middle and West Branches Monitoring of three sites in Delaware 20 21 22 was begun in 1995 Although we have not accumulated a 5 year baseline the preliminary data is indicative of a similar

    Original URL path: http://whiteclay.org/resources/administrative-resources/executive-summary/appendices/wcwa-stream-watch-program (2016-04-30)
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