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  • Creating Page:VCH Worcestershire 1.djvu/309 - Wikisource, the free online library
    special appendix to The condition of Worcestershire under William he observed with truth that our accounts of the state of Worcestershire during the reign of WiUiam deserve special examination Domesday is remarkably rich in this shire and we draw much help from the cartulary put together by Heming a monk of the cathedral monastery A more recent writer Professor Maitland has devoted in his work on Domesday great attention to Worcestershire and has claimed for the documents in Heming s Cartulary that among the charters that have come down to us there is no series that is longer there is hardly a long series which is of better repute than the line of the land books which belonged to the church of Worcester Problems of assessment problems of jurisdiction problems connected with the tenure of land are in turn raised and partly solved by the evidence that Worcestershire affords the growth of a feudal system has been detected on its church lands the whole hierarchy of rural life from the great thegn and the free tenant to the swineherd the bond woman and the serf receives illustration from its survey For Worces tershire alone in England are preserved the names of the Domesday commissioners in whose presence bishop and abbot baron and rapacious sheriff clamoured and wrangled alike whether as spoilers or despoiled Indeed the personal touches revealed here by the records constitute doubtless for most readers their greatest attraction and value It is however to the information that the Domesday of the shire can be made to yield on such subjects as the financial system the here important salt industry and the effect of the Norman Conquest on the landed possessions of the church that the serious student of history will the most eagerly turn It would seem desirable

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  • Creating Page:VCH Worcestershire 1.djvu/359 - Wikisource, the free online library
    Roger THE KING S LAND King W illiam holds in demesne Bre MESGRAVE Bromsgrove with i8 berewicks Museleie Moseley Nortune Kingsnor ton Lindeorde Linthurst Warthuil Wit hall Witeurde Whitford Hundesfeld Houndsfield Thessale Tessall farm Weredeshale Lea Lea end Comble Cobley Bericote Burcot Asse berga Tothehel Tutnall Cross Tuneslega Focheberie Foch bury Suruehel Surehole farm Vdecote Woodcote Timbrehangre Timberhanger Wrehantone There is admittedly much difficulty in identifying some of the berewicks i e out lying estates entered above as dependent on Bromsgrove For some of the identifications in the text I am alone responsible Lin deorde I make to be Linthurst 2 miles north east of Bromsgrove Thessale is clearly Tessall farm between Chadwick and King s Norton and Hundesfelde can be identified as in King s Norton by the Hun S5 XV Ralf de Todeni XVI Ralf de Mortemer XVII Robert de Stadford XVIII Roger de Laci XIX Osbern Fitz Richard XX Gilbert Fitz Turold XXI Drogo Fitz Ponz XXII Harold Fitz Ralf XXIII William Fitz Ansculf XXIV William Fitz Corbucion XXV William Goizenboded XXVI Urse de Abetoth XXVII Hugh Lasne XXVIII Eldeve Between them all together with the manor itself there are 30 hides Earl E a dwine held this manor T R E In demesne there are now 2 ploughs and there are 20 villeins and the reeve prepositus and the beadle with the priest and 92 bordars having between them all 77 ploughs dred Rolls ii 283 We also have a refer ence in Habington s Survey II 220 to Haunckesfield s Graunge as the syte of the mannor of Hownesfeild in 36 Hen VIII and the Monasticon shows us Bordesley Abbey as holding land at Houndefeld when dissolved Among the five chapels de pendent on Bromsgrove were Moseley and Withall which therefore we must recognise in

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  • Domesday survey - Wikisource, the free online library
    d Oilgi DNB00 Robert the Staller DNB00 Urse d Abetot DNB00 Summary By clicking the Save page button you are agreeing to the Terms of Use the Privacy Policy and you irrevocably agree to release your contribution under the CC BY SA 3 0 License and the GFDL You agree that a hyperlink or URL is sufficient attribution under the Creative Commons license Cancel Editing help opens in new window

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  • Aldgyth (DNB00) - Wikisource, the free online library
    the Norman duke Another woman was the mother of his children Nevertheless Aldgyth was married probably in 1064 to the conqueror of her former husband She was in London at the time of the battle of Senlac When her brothers Eadwine and Morkere heard of the death of Harold they came thither and sent their sister to Chester for shelter She appears in Domesday as Aldgid uxor Grifin which may perhaps show that the Normans affected to consider that the pre contract of Harold to a daughter of their duke had invalidated his marriage with Aldgyth Some lands which she held in Warwickshire were of course forfeited after the Conquest Nothing more is known of Aldgyth save that she had a son by Harold who was called after his father and that it is probable that she was also the mother of another of his sons named Ulf William of Jumièges lib vii Orderic ap Duchesne Hist Norman Scriptores 492 Anglo Saxon Chron sub an 1063 Florence of Worcester sub an 1066 Freeman Norman Conquest iii 630 iv 756 W H Retrieved from https en wikisource org w index php title Aldgyth DNB00 oldid 5637083 Categories 1885 works DNB biographies

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  • Hugh (d.1094) (DNB00) - Wikisource, the free online library
    inner council consulted by the duke as to an invasion of England and took part in the battle of Hastings ib p 501 When the Conqueror visited Normandy in 1067 Hugh was left in command of Hampshire He was appointed sheriff of Leicestershire and received many grants of lands chiefly in Leicestershire where he held sixty seven manors and in Nottinghamshire where he held twenty His wife Adelaide daughter of Ivo of Beaumont was very handsome and he returned to Normandy in 1068 in order it is said to prevent her getting into mischief ib p 512 Two of his sons Ivo and Alberic were concerned in the rebellion of Robert in 1077 see under Henry I and in conjunction with other Norman lords he prevailed on the Conqueror to forgive Robert He joined in the rebellion against Rufus in 1088 and committed ravages in Leicestershire and Northamptonshire In January 1091 he helped Richard of Courcy whose son Robert had married his daughter Rohesia against Robert of Bellême q v and Robert s lord and ally Duke Robert who was besieging Courcy and though then too old to wear harness gave his friends much useful advice His son Ivo was taken and imprisoned by the duke to whom Hugh sent an indignant remonstrance reminding him how faithfully he had served him his father and his grandfather and requesting to be allowed to deal with Robert of Bellême without interference As far as Hugh was concerned the arrival of Rufus in Normandy must have brought matters to a satisfactory conclusion He was in England when in 1094 worn out by old age he felt death near and accordingly assumed the monastic habit which had been sent some time before from Evroul for that purpose He died on the sixth day after so doing 22 Feb His body was salted carefully sewed up in an ox skin and conveyed to St Evroul where it was honourably buried Orderic a monk of the house wrote and recorded his epitaph ib p 716 By his wife Adelaide he had five sons and five daughters who grew up and apparently a son and daughter who died in infancy comp ib pp 622 717 Of his sons his eldest Robert who inherited his Norman estates alone was longlived he married thrice and died in 1122 without leaving children His second son William married Mabel daughter of Robert Guiscard and his third Ivo who inherited his sheriffdom and his English estates a daughter of Gilbert of Ghent de Gand lord of Folkinghani and other lands in Lincolnshire Three of Hugh s sons William Ivo and Alberic went on the first crusade and were among the rope dancers of Antioch William of Tyre vi 4 ap Gesta Dei per Francos p 715 Orderic p 805 for explanation of the term see Gibbon v 220 Four of Hugh s daughters were married Orderic p 692 Ivo in 1101 after his return to England levied private war on his neighbours

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  • Ralph of Toesny (DNB00) - Wikisource, the free online library
    by in the dead of the night struck the invading host with panic and they hastily retreated to their own land About 1060 Ralph was accused before William by Roger of Montgomery q v and in consequence disinherited and exiled He seems to have joined with Arnald de Escalfoy in an attack on the monastery of St Evroul afterwards he went on a journey to Spain but before his departure came to St Evroul and begged pardon for his conduct promising if he returned in safety to make compensation to the monks ib ii 401 About 1063 he was restored to favour at the petition of Simon de Montfort and Waleran de Breteuil ib ii 93 Ralph was present at the council of Lillebonne in 1066 when the invasion of England was decided on Before the battle of Hastings William bade him as standard bearer take the standard which the pope had sent him But Ralph refused the honour that he might be more free to bear his part in the fight Wace 7601 20 After the conquest of England he was rewarded with lands in Norfolk Hertfordshire Berkshire Worcestershire and other counties Domesday i 62 138 168 176 183 ii 91 235 It was probably not Ralph but his son also named Ralph who supported Robert of Normandy against his father in 1077 In 1081 Ralph was with William at Winchester After William s death in 1087 he expelled the ducal garrisons from his castles In the following year however he fought under Duke Robert in Maine In 1090 Heloise countess of Evreux out of jealousy of Isabel wife of Ralph of Toesny stirred up war between her husband William of Evreux and Ralph of Toesny his half brother Ralph after appealing in vain to Duke Robert sought assistance from William Rufus In November William of Evreux with his nephew William of Breteuil besieged Conches William of Breteuil was taken prisoner and eventually a peace was arranged the two Williams agreeing to take their kinsman Roger Ralph of Toesny s second son for their heir Ralph s warfare forms an immediate part of the tale of William Rufus Freeman William Rufus i 240 and six years later he was again found supporting William against his brother Robert Two years later the English king when in Normandy visited Ralph at Conches ib ii 246 In 1100 Ralph was engaged in warfare with Robert de Beaumont count of Meulan in alliance with William of Evreux He died on 24 March 1102 and was buried in the abbey of Conches Ralph is commonly spoken of as Ralph of Conches and it is possible that he and not his father founded the abbey and built the castle of Conches When Ralph went to Spain he left his physician Goisbert to become a monk at St Evroul Some years later he took Goisbert to England and gave the monks Caldecot in Norfolk and Alton in the parish of Rock Worcestershire His wife Isabel or

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  • Redvers, family of (DNB00) - Wikisource, the free online library
    obtaining its lordship ib vi 304 By his wife Adeliza daughter of William Peverell q v of Nottingham who gave her marriage portion the manor of Woolley to Montebourg after his death ib vi 1097 he left three sons Baldwin his successor see Baldwin of Redvers William de Vernon so named from the castle of Vernon his heir in Normandy and Robert de Ste Mère Église who received the manor of that name and a daughter Hawys wife of William de Roumare earl of Lincoln q v Stapleton II cclxxv Their mother s letter to the bishop of Exeter is found in Sarum Charters p 5 It is important to distinguish Richard de Redvers from Richard son of Baldwin of Exeter see Clare Family of with whom he has been persistently confused Nor was he as asserted Planché Conqueror and his Companions ii 48 Complete Peerage iii 100 created Earl of Devon by Henry I Geoffrey de Mandeville p 272 His successor Baldwin the first Earl of Devon d 1155 q v left issue with William afterwards fifth earl a son and heir Richard who was sheriff of Devon as Ricardus Comes in 1155 6 and as Richard de Redvers in 1156 7 he is reckoned the second Earl of Devon An interesting writ was addressed to him by the king as Richard de Redvers only in April 1157 in favour of Montebourg Abbey Eyton Itinerary p 25 He died in 1162 Robert de Tor p 213 leaving by Dionys daughter of Reginald earl of Cornwall q v two sons Baldwin and Richard who succeeded him as third and fourth earls of Devon On the death of the latter without issue 1184 the succession opened to his uncle William d 1216 Stapleton doubted whether this William was really styled as alleged de Vernon but a Montebourg charter of 1175 ib p 188 clearly distinguishes him as William de Vernon junior from his uncle William de Vernon senior a justiciar of Normandy whose son Richard had at that date succeeded him It was however as William de Redveriis earl of Devon that he made a grant to Domus Dei Southampton still preserved at Queen s College Oxford Hist MSS Comm 4th Rep App pp 454 5 the seal of which shows the family device a griffin clutching a hare Though Hoveden styles him Earl of the Isle of Wight of which he was lord at the coronation of Richard I it was not till 28 April 1194 that the king granted him as Earl William de Brion the tertius denarius of Devon as his father Baldwin and predecessor Richard had held it ib 9th Rep App ii p 205 Dying at a great age in 1216 he was succeeded by his grandson Baldwin whose son and namesake was the last earl 1245 1262 His sister and heiress Isabel countess of Albemarle who styled herself occasionally Countess of Devon died in 1293 immediately after selling her hereditary lordship of the Isle of

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  • Regenbald (DNB00) - Wikisource, the free online library
    to him as Reinbold min preost is printed in Archæologia xxvi 256 and confirms to him sac and soc which his predecessors enjoyed With it are printed two charters of King William who also styles him my priest confirming him in his lands and granting him fresh ones In Domesday he is found in several counties both as a tenant in chief and as an under tenant In the former capacity he held in Gloucestershire lands at Ampton Driffield Northcote and Preston in Dorset at Pulham in Wiltshire at Latton in Berkshire at Cookham Hagborne and Aston and in Buckinghamshire at Boveney He also held the church of Frome Somerset with its estates and land at Bodicote Oxfordshire He seems also to have held the church of Milborne Somerset with Frome as well as that of Cheltenham The Survey also enters him styling him Reinbaldus Canceler as having held an estate in Herefordshire under the Confessor Domesday also mentions his brother as holding Ampney St Peter under Gloucester Abbey and Mr Ellis Domesday Tenants of Gloucestershire p 111 has well suggested that Elward Reinbaldson who held land at Aldsworth in 1086 was his son Henry I endowed Cirencester Abbey with the lands of Reinbald the priest Mon Angl ii 177 and Leland states that he was dean of the College of Prebendaries it replaced Itinerary ii 49 and that his epitaph there ran Hic jacet Rembaldus presbyter quondam hujus ecclesiæ decanus et tempore Edwardi Regis Anglie cancellarius This story is supported by his being once styled in Domesday Reinbaldus de Cirecestre i 63 The charter of Henry I ut supra is valuable for its list of his possessions He probably held besides his estates sixteen churches rich in tithes and glebe Feudal England p 426 Kemble s Codex Diplomaticus Archæologia

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