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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    loams Longevity medium 150 200 years Species Associates northern American Beech American Hophornbeam Sugar Maple Northern Red Oak Yellow Birch Canada Hemlock Similar Black and Sugar Maple Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed A species of milkweed native to eastern N America Habitat dry sand or gravel soil Larval food plant of the Queen butterfly Ascelpias tuberosa Hamamelis virginiana Hamamelis virginiana Common witchhazel Size small understory 20 35 ft Foliage emerges mid May drops early Oct Color spring light green summer bright green autumn clear lemon yellow Flowers 1 2 1 inch bright yellow spider like kinky clusters of three Blooms Late September as leaves drops persists until early November commonly to December Wildlife Value low Habitat very shade tolerant moderately coarse to moderately fine sandy loams loamy sands medium loams Species Associate Tuliptree American Hophornbeam Common Chokecherry American Linden Black and Sugar Maple Carokina Silverbell American Beech White and Northern Red Oaks rhododendron serviceberry dogwood hickory Similiar Large Fothergillia Vernal Witchhazel Sassafras albidum Sassafras albidum Native to eastern North America Size large understory 35 50 ft forms colonies Foliage emerges early May drops late September Color spring and summer yellow green autumn various yellows oranges reds and purple Flower late April through early May leaves leaves emerge bright yellow F ragrance sweet smell Twigs aromatic Fruit dark blue berry with right red stem August through September Wildlife value low songbirds Habitat shade intolerant moderately coarse sandy loams to medium loams Tolerates fine loamy clays and heavy clays Longevity short 50 75 years Species Associates pure stands Common Persimmon American Sweetgum Flowering Dogwood American Elm Eastern Redcedar White Ash Common Pawpaw American Hophornbeam American Hornbeam Black Locust Sourwood hickories oaks Similar Pagoda Dogwood foliage texture autumn color fruit color size and branching habit Verbena hastata Blue Vervain Blue Verbena or Simpler s joy is a 2 5 ft stout stemmed perennial with numerous pencil like flower spikes branched upwards like the arms of a candelabra Each flower spike has a ring of blue purple flowers the flowers at the bottom of the spike bloom first and the ring of flowers appears to advance upward to the tips of the spike Stiff pencil like spikes of numerous small tubular blue violet flowers are at the top of a square grooved stem and its branches An attractive perennial it has flowers on showy candelabra like spikes Bumblebees are among the important pollinators BENEFIT Use Wildlife Attracts bees Use Medicinal This plant has been used for many years as a medicinal herb for treating convalescents and people suffering from depression headaches jaundice cramps coughs and fevers Externally it has been applied to wounds ulcers and acne Swamp vervain can however interere with blood pressure medication and hormone therapy and large doses cause vomiting and diarrhea Kershaw Conspicuous Flowers yes Attracts Birds Butterflies Larval Host Common Buckeye Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset Tiny white flowers are arranged in fuzzy clusters top the 3 6 ft stems of this perennial Hairy plant with dense flat topped clusters of many

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/plants/regionalplants.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    FAQ Advocacy Contact Contact Us About Us Citizen Science Links PlantLists Projects Vacant Lot 1 Habitat Vacant Lot 2 Habitat NF Hampton Inn Habitat Ecological Restoration Media Press Home Michelle Vanstrom Master Naturalist Niagara s Native Species Forest Management Table of Contents Document Library 1 Restoring Old Growth Characteristics Old Growth Forest Description Know Your Trees Summer Tree ID Document Library 2 The Woods in Your Backyard Series Document Library 3 Riparian Buffers for Wildlife Forest Stewardship 2 5 6 NE Regeneration Handbook Document Library Name Description Restoring Old Growth Characteristics University of Massachusetts Amherst Anthony D Amato Paul Catanzaro Old Growth Forests NYS Parks Description of Old Growth Know Your Trees J A Cope and Fred E Winch Jr ISBN 1 57753 30101 Image Document Library Name Description The Woods In Your Backyard Class 1a Jonathan Kays Forest Stewardship Maryland Cooperative Extenstion Woods In Your Backyard Class 1b Intermediate Use Areas Considerations and Tools Jonathan Kays Woods in Your Backyard Class 2a Natural Use Areas Considerations and Tools Jonathan Kays Woods in Your Backyard Class 2b Case Studies to Enhance Your Backyard Jonathan Kays Document Library Name Description Riparian Buffers for Wildlife Penn State Pennsylvania Wildlife No 16 Forest

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/plants/forest.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    early May before or with leaves Fruit paired samaras late summer Wildlife Value very high songbirds upland ground birds large and small mammals Habitat very shade tolerant Species Associate American Linden Sugar Maple American Beech American Hophornbeam White Ash American Hornbeam Cucumber Magnolia Tuliptree Yellow Buckeye White Oak Northern Red Oak Similar Sugar and Norway Maple American Linden Acer rubrum Red Maple Size large canopy 75 100 ft Twig smooth becoming flaky green red becoming bright red in winter Foliage Emerge mid late April red green summer light green autumn usually crimson Drop late September Flower small clusters late March early April early May before leaves Fruit paired samaras late April mid June with new leaves Wildlife Value very high songbirds water birds small mammals hoofed browsers Habitat shade tolerant Species Associate north Gray Birch Paper Birch Black Spruce Balsam Fir Quaking Aspen Black Ash Similar Silver Maple Acer rubrum flowers Acer spicatum Acer spicatum Mountain Maple Size small understory 20 35 ft Twig bright red or greenish Foliage Emerge early May light green summer bright green to yellow green autumn orange to bright red Drop early October Flower late May early June after leaves yellow green to yellow clusters Fruit mid July through mid September paired bright red or yellow Wildlife Value very high songbirds upland ground birds small mammals hoofed browsers Habitat shade tolerant Species Associate Red Striped and Sugar Maple Paper Birch Yellow Birch Eastern White Pine American Linden Common Witch hazel Shadblow Serviceberry Mountain Laurel Similar Striped Maple Cranberrybush Viburnum Betula papyrifera Paper Birch Size small canopy 50 75 ft Twig smooth shiny red brown to maroon speckled white Foliage Emerge Late April bright green summer medium green autumn clear lemon yellow Drop mid October Flower pencil like catkins late April early May after leaves Fruit

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/plants/flora.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    Planting Handbook Capter 6 How to Use Native Plants The Native Planting Handbook Chapter 7 Frequently Asked Questions About Native Planting The Native Planting Handbook Chapter 8 Basic Native Landscape Design The Native Planting Handbook Chapter 9 Idea Gallery The Native Planting Handbook Chapter 10 Examples The Native Planting Handbook Chapter 11 12 About Us AES Appendix Document Library Name Description Best Native Plants For Birds Resoruce http www for wild org land wibirdpl html Best Butterfly Host Plants Niagara County Native Alternatives Eastern Deciduous Forests North American Terrestrial Vegetation Michael G Barbour and William Dwight Billings Native Nesting Shade and Shelter Plants for Birds Native Nesting Shade and Shelter Plants for Birds Dry Shade List Native Plants www catskillnativenursery com HoneyBee Plant List for Northeast Compliled by Grai St Clair Rice HoneybeeLives org Recommended Native Plants for Gardeners The Native Plant Center at Westchester Community Center Compiled by Carolyn Summers Plants for Songbirds Important Food Plants for Backyard Songbirds Adapted from Pollinator Flower Preferneces Pollinator Flower Color Preferences Rain Garden Plants Brooklyn Botanical Gardens Common Butterfly Larval Host Plants Rearing Butterflies and Moths University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension Lancaster County Native Rain Garden Plants www catskillnativenursery com Conservation Garden Plant List Resource Ecosystem Gardening Blog MADCAPHORSE List of Species Niagara Region P M Eckel Revised Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Niagara Frontier Region Plant List Black Oak Woods by Niagara University Resource Patricia Eckel Oak Opening Native Plants Plants Naturally Occuring in Oak Opening Ecosystems Tree Communities Native Plants by Aesthetics click to open Native Plants by Site Conditions click to open Native Plant Problems Planting Season Notes click to open Nothing was more disturbing to Olmsted in the 1880 s than the increased use of exotic plant materials for decorative purposes The need for public education

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/plants/referencesheets.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    Space Natural Heritage Program How2 Projects Plants Regional Plants Forest Flora Reference sheets NYS Plant List Invasives Wildlife Wildlife Species List Birds Butterflies Pollinators Insects Frogs FAQ Advocacy Contact Contact Us About Us Citizen Science Links PlantLists Projects Vacant Lot 1 Habitat Vacant Lot 2 Habitat NF Hampton Inn Habitat Ecological Restoration Media Press Home Michelle Vanstrom Master Naturalist Niagara s Native Species New York State Plant Lists Document Library

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/plants/nysplantlist.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    Open Space Natural Heritage Program How2 Projects Plants Regional Plants Forest Flora Reference sheets NYS Plant List Invasives Wildlife Wildlife Species List Birds Butterflies Pollinators Insects Frogs FAQ Advocacy Contact Contact Us About Us Citizen Science Links PlantLists Projects Vacant Lot 1 Habitat Vacant Lot 2 Habitat NF Hampton Inn Habitat Ecological Restoration Media Press Home Michelle Vanstrom Master Naturalist Niagara s Native Species Invasives Document Library Name Description Controlling

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/plants/invasives.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    Books Film Schools Parks and Open Space Natural Heritage Program How2 Projects Plants Regional Plants Forest Flora Reference sheets NYS Plant List Invasives Wildlife Wildlife Species List Birds Butterflies Pollinators Insects Frogs FAQ Advocacy Contact Contact Us About Us Citizen Science Links PlantLists Projects Vacant Lot 1 Habitat Vacant Lot 2 Habitat NF Hampton Inn Habitat Ecological Restoration Media Press Home Michelle Vanstrom Master Naturalist Niagara s Native Species Niagara

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/wildlife.html (2016-05-01)
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  • Michelle Vanstrom, Master Naturalist
    Film Schools Parks and Open Space Natural Heritage Program How2 Projects Plants Regional Plants Forest Flora Reference sheets NYS Plant List Invasives Wildlife Wildlife Species List Birds Butterflies Pollinators Insects Frogs FAQ Advocacy Contact Contact Us About Us Citizen Science Links PlantLists Projects Vacant Lot 1 Habitat Vacant Lot 2 Habitat NF Hampton Inn Habitat Ecological Restoration Media Press Home Michelle Vanstrom Master Naturalist Niagara s Native Species Wildlife Species

    Original URL path: http://www.wildonesniagara.org/wildlife/wildlifespecieslist.html (2016-05-01)
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