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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    also procured by her betrothed to a local French seamstress who made her bridal dress and trousseau out of the material In fact the bride paid for the dress with the leftover parachute silk With two attendants each by their sides the couple exchanged vows in Dijon France in 1945 3 WAC 1LT Virginia Nickerson and Army LT Vincent DiGiacinto exchanged wedding vows in Dijon France in 1945 Virginia Nickerson DiGiacinto Collection Gift of Vicki Ingrassia Joy DiGiacinto and Valeria DiGiacinto Women s Memorial Foundation Collection 1LT Virginia Nickerson and Army LT Vincent DiGiacinto circa 1945 Virginia Nickerson DiGiacinto Collection Gift of Vicki Ingrassia Joy DiGiacinto and Valeria DiGiacinto Women s Memorial Foundation Collection In 2005 Virginia s daughters donated her dress to the Foundation s Collection In addition to her wedding dress the Virginia Nickerson DiGiacinto Collection also includes copies of photographs of the couple during their courtship and at their wedding ENS DeLois Swoboda circa 1945 DeLois Swoboda Woodard Collection Gift of Barbara Hyde Women s Memorial Foundation Collection A Stateside Wedding A third wedding dress in the Collection though not made of parachute silk tells the story of a war bride who served stateside In May 1943 26 year old DeLois Swoboda received orders from the Chief of Naval Personnel directing her to report for duty as an ensign in the Navy Nurse Corps 4 While serving at US Naval Hospital Memphis TN the Indianapolis native fell in love and planned to marry Like some other service brides this young nurse dreamed of saying her vows in a formal gown Donated to the Foundation by Barbara Hyde in 1994 DeLois circa 1945 dress is made of white rayon silk and features a chapel length train a sweetheart neckline filled with white net edged in satin and braid scrolls and long sleeves with points extending over the backs of her hands The bride wore a crown style headpiece accented with pearls and a fingertip veil Unlike her sisters in the Army Nurse Corps DeLois left the service soon after her wedding World War II era marriage policy for military members varied greatly from service to service but marriage while serving in the Navy Nurse Corps during this time brought immediate dismissal 5 DeLois was honorably discharged in March 1945 The DeLois Swoboda Woodard Collection also includes her Navy Nurse Corps uniforms service papers a USN compact a scrapbook and a photo album CPT Mae Simas walks down the aisle with T 5 Phyllis Dukeshire to give the bride away at her Nov 2 1944 wedding to Army CPL Valen Mullenax Mae Simas Howe Collection Gift of Dorothy Simpson Women s Memorial Foundation Collection 1944 45 WAC Weddings In Italy Besides these three wedding dresses the Foundation has another artifact in its Collection that highlights love and marriage in war Measuring just 7 by 5 inches this small cloth covered wedding scrapbook tells a big story While serving as commander of the 6716th Women s Army Corps WAC Headquarters

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Collections/collectionshl.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    carrying mosquito in the Belgian Congo at a time when Army women s uniform issue included skirts but no slacks or trousers Women in the Korean War Era Collection Highlight These collections from the Women s Memorial Foundation Collection focus on women s service during the Korean War Era 1950 1953 when the services turned once again to American women to meet personnel needs asking them to leave their homes jobs and families to serve their country Women in World War II Collection Highlight These collections from the Women s Memorial Foundation Collection reflect the diversity and impact of the contributions of the almost 400 000 women who served at home and overseas during World War II Barbie Enlists Artifact Essay Barbie has served as a leader in career paths for young women and has held at least 80 jobs since her debut in 1959 Thirty years later she joined the Army Civil War Convent Bell Artifact Essay This bell which tolled during the Civil War above the convent of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mount Carmel near New Orleans LA has its own tale of the heroism of women who nursed for the military A Christmas Letter 1963

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Collections/collectionsar.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    of Warriors honoring the servicewomen of Enduring and Iraqi Freedom The exhibit speaks to the wartime experiences of these women through the memorabilia of 101st Airborne Division soldier CPL Jessica Ellis who was killed in action on May 11 2008 in Baghdad Iraq CPL Ellis a medic was on her second tour in Iraq when multiple EFP warheads struck her vehicle and she died of wounds suffered in the attack

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Exhibits/exhibitshl.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    with the Army of Occupation in Germany During her year of service overseas she traveled to 109 cities and towns in Great Britain Belgium France the Netherlands and Germany and she kept a journal of her service View the exhibit American Servicewomen in the Global War on Terror Baghdad Diaries Women were among the first American military members to deploy in the Global War on Terror Unlike previous wars when snail mail and rare phone calls were used to keep in touch in today s war the Internet e mail and accessible telephone service have improved the speed and frequency of communication Read excerpts from an e mail dairy kept by one servicewoman who spent a year in Baghdad Iraq View the exhibit Spanish American War During the Spanish American War more than 1 500 female nurses served under contract to the Army Twenty one of them died in the line of duty and their service led to the permanent establishment of the Army Nurse Corps in 1901 View the exhibit African American Servicewomen in the Korean War On July 26 1948 President Harry S Truman signed Executive Order 9981 mandating equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Exhibits/exhibitsar.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Then I took a job with the city newspaper said Nichols and I was thrilled to discover that I had retained all my knowledge and instincts and was more than ready for the job 8 Cpl Muriel Underwood Women Marines When WWII started Muriel Underwood had a job running a mimeograph machine at the General Mills plant in Chicago Bored and hoping for excitement Underwood joined the Marines in 1943 Much to her chagrin however after basic training the Marines assigned Underwood to Miramar Marine Depot CA as a mimeograph machine operator She became friends with a fellow Woman Marine who enjoyed painting as a hobby and Underwood was fascinated with her friend s oil colors The two decided to attend the San Diego School of Art in the evenings and Underwood was captivated by the art world When she was discharged in 1946 Cpl Underwood decided to attend the Art Institute of Chicago on the G I Bill When I graduated I found a job as a commercial artist with a company that produced text books Underwood said I enjoyed my job and stayed with the company for 13 years and became the head of the art department We developed the art for the books as well as the art that promoted the books I had six people working under me In 1965 Underwood s company moved out of Chicago to an outlying suburb I didn t drive said Underwood and I didn t feel like disrupting my life so I took a job supervising contract artists at a children s book publishing company After four years I asked for a raise and was told You are making good money for a woman in this company I decided to leave the company and began freelancing a decision I have never regretted 9 LT Rosanna Morris WAVES The G I Bill provided undergraduate educations to the majority of veterans attending school under the program but it also made it possible for some veterans to obtain advanced degrees Louisiana State University LSU graduate Rosanna Morris was commissioned in the WAVES during WWII I had an unusual college major for a girl said Morris I was a math major By the time the war broke out Morris had several years experience under her belt with the War and Manpower Commission After officer s training at Smith College in Northampton MA the Navy sent Morris to the Bureau of Ships in Washington DC I was in charge of the distribution of electronic publications remembered Morris She had always wanted to be an architect but LSU did not have an architect program and her family could not afford to send her elsewhere to college With the G I Bill however Morris could attend the school of her choice and she opted to go to the University of California at Berkley for a graduate degree in architecture Although the school was crowded there weren t too many girls in the program said Morris I could probably count them on one hand Even though LCDR Morris s G I Bill benefits ran out before she could finish her degree she was able to get a government job with the Department of Housing and Urban Development where she spent her career involved in obtaining grants for urban renewal projects The G I Bill changed my life said Morris Without it I still could have had a career in government but not in urban renewal 10 CPT Libby Radus WAC Libby Radus 27 was working as a secretary to a rug buyer for R H Macy Company in New York City when the war broke out She had never bothered to think about college because her father had lost his money during the Great Depression of the 1930s In 1943 Radus decided that she wanted to do something for the war effort and she joined the WAC She served as an officer and had a Top Secret clearance My job entailed keeping track of aircraft engines in every theater of the world Radus said I was very satisfied and remained in this job throughout the rest of my service career leaving the Army in March of 1946 as a captain with three years of service After she was demobilized Radus and a friend traveled to Denver CO just to see the city they had heard so much about Radus decided to use the G I Bill to attend the university there Because she found her stipend was not enough to live on Radus took a part time job as secretary at the children s speech clinic at the university This job opened up a whole new vista to me said Radus I became fascinated with speech and the importance of communication skills I obtained my bachelor s degree in speech and became the assistant administrator at the clinic Then I continued on for my master s degree which I received in 1952 Both degrees were made possible by G I Bill benefits Radus eventually moved to Virginia to run a clinic near Hampton Roads and during the early 1960s she took a leave of absence attended school on a scholarship and earned her Ph D in speech therapy She credits her rewarding career to the G I Bill 11 CPT Dovey Johnson Roundtree WAAC WAC Dovey Johnson Roundtree a native of Charlotte NC was a graduate of Spelman College in Atlanta and a protégée of the influential African American educator Mary Macleod Bethune when she was selected as a member of the first class of officer candidates of the WAAC in 1942 After the war CPT Roundtree used the G I Bill to attend Howard University Law School When she graduated with her law degree in 1950 there were only 83 black women lawyers in the United States compared to 6 165 white women She established a law firm in northwest Washington DC to serve the black community there During the course of her legal career Roundtree handled

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/historyhl.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    an American soldier Clara Barton Founder of the American Red Cross A 38 year old spinster was so moved by the stories of the Civil War wounded that she threw herself into war relief efforts and even ventured onto the battlefields to nurse fallen soldiers Learn how Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross and became an historical icon Dr Mary Edwards Walker Surgeon and Medal of Honor Recipient Civil War contract surgeon Mary E Walker is the only woman in US history to have been awarded the Medal of Honor Read about the extraordinary life and service of this woman a doctor POW and the recipient of our nation s highest award CAPT Joy Bright Hancock Lady in the Navy Among the first group of women ever to serve in the Navy as World War I Yeomen F was a young woman named Joy Bright Hancock By the time she retired from active duty in June 1953 CAPT Hancock was a principal voice for women s equality in the military Read about this great Lady in the Navy COL Oveta Culp Hobby First Director of the WAAC WAC The Army was seeking a woman who was business savvy dignified

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/historyar.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    s Defense Select a button below to read a brief history of women serving in America s defense Contact the Women s Memorial Foundation at 800 222 2294 703 5331 1155 for further information and resources Early Years World War

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/historyeras.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    and around the globe accumulating skills and experience that would prepare her for later years The Navy always tried to make sure we went from a large hospital to a small hospital says the Women s Memorial Charter Member Searcy says that new drugs and techniques would come first into larger hospitals so the Navy would rotate nurses from large hospitals to small in order to introduce them to new medical technologies and skills She went on to say that her experience in the varying hospital environments in the Navy prepared her well for Vietnam where the Navy s new hospital would likely be makeshift at best Vietnam circa 1963 Courtesy The History Place 1999 Heading to a War Zone The new hospital U S Naval Station Hospital Saigon was a former apartment building converted into a 100 bed inpatient hospital and was at that time the Navy s only hospital in Vietnam 3 Realizing that her new post would probably lack necessary equipment and supplies needed for the job the then 40 year old Searcy took no chances she went prepared I filled a footlocker full of anesthesia equipment and supplies to take with me because I knew that it was a new hospital says Searcy I had to have all these things when I got there I couldn t wait for three months for something to come in When she arrived in Vietnam Searcy was in charge of the operating room and anesthesia at the new hospital Often she was the first person to see soldiers and civilians coming in from bomb explosions military coups and Viet Cong terrorist attacks sometimes occurring not too far from the hospital At one point she saw 57 mass casualties enter one by one into her operating room some needing amputations or other major surgeries Giving Good Anesthesia Her training and experience however gave her the confidence to do her job even in a war zone I knew what I had to do and I gave them good anesthesia says Searcy They had to have the best of everything because they deserved it and we could give it to em As a nurse focused on the wellbeing of the wounded Searcy says she took good care of her patients and she even kept a book with names of every patient to whom she gave anesthesia She recalls administering anesthesia to Vietnamese Prime Minister General Khanh s daughter According to Searcy giving anesthesia to this little girl was something extra special in that it was a small symbol of reconciliation for both nations Vietnam A Shared Experience Like so many others who served in Vietnam Searcy s experience was personal but also shared She performed a specialized job that was integral to the operations of Station Hospital Saigon a facility that saw more than 6 000 inpatients and 130 000 outpatients during its two and one half years in operation 4 She did it for the good of her country for the good

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/oralhistoryhl.html (2016-02-09)
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