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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    one of and estimated 100 000 underage veterans who served in World War II Korea and Vietnam Rites of Passage Two Generations of the Eagle Globe and Anchor Earning the Eagle Globe and Anchor insignia is a rite of passage for every Marine and Joyce Hadley Malone and Patricia D Malone are proud to be among The Few The Proud who have earned the privilege of wearing the US Marine Corps uniform At the Gates of West Point The Story of Marene Nyberg Allsion and the 1st Class of Women at the USMA In July 1976 119 young women stood at the gates to the US Military Academy USMA at West Point NY to embark on a course that would change their lives the academy and the Army forever Learn about the experiences of one of the young woman in the first co educational class at West Point who found herself face to face with an institution and its people entrenched in nearly 175 years of an all male tradition in the Long Gray Line What We Don t Record We Lose The Story of LTC Aida Nancy Sanchez AMSC Ret In 1970 just two years after earning a master s degree in physical therapy PT Aida Nancy Sanchez was sent to Vietnam Then a major in the Army Medical Specialist Corps she spent a year at the 95th Evacuation Hospital Da Nang Vietnam where she established the first PT clinic Through excerpts from her oral history learn more about the service of now retired LTC Sanchez as well as how oral history donations are now being digitized at the Foundation National Society of The Colonial Dames of America In 1985 the National Society of The Colonial Dames of America had the collective vision and foresight to begin documenting their

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/oralhistoryar.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Foundation office As a primary research methodology oral history is vital to the creation of a more nuanced social history And individual narratives capture much broader social political and cultural trends in 20th Century American history There is nothing complicated about interviewing people All you need is time a set of thoughtful questions basic equipment Women s Memorial Consent Form and the willingness to listen Read Excerpts From A Century of Service A Century of Sacrifice Cazenove Lamar Miller Helm Army Nurse Corps MAJ Ladda Tammy Duckworth USAR Oral history weaves the individual experience into a diverse collective American tapestry The voices of American servicewomen call attention to fundamental historical questions of citizenship race class gender religion sexuality and geography Oral history captures memories of challenge and determination love stories regional histories and family traditions They are focused around one common denominator military service Collecting the voices of American servicewomen is the first step in refining traditional military history The Women s Memorial Foundation published a guide HerStory An Oral History Handbook for Collecting Military Women s Stories to help you collect the oral histories of family members neighbors local retirement community residents or servicewomen at an installation in your

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/ohhowto.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    researches exhibits and interprets historically significant properties related to service of women across all branches and organizations of the US Army from inception to present day Navy Navy Nurse Corps Naval Historical Center web site incorporates historical documents and resources about women in the US Navy Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery Historian web site includes articles about the bureau hospital ships Navy medicine and more Navy Medicine Media Room web site includes articles about the bureau hospital ships Navy medicine and more Air Force Air Force Nurse Corps WASP Air Force Air Force History includes comprehensive links to a variety of sites that include the history of women in the US Air Force National Museum of the US Air Force is the nation s largest museum of the history of the Air Force including women WASP on the Web is dedicated to sharing the history of the Women Airforce Service Pilots WASP of World War II and shining a light on the inspirational stories of their lives before during and after WWII The first women in history trained to fly American military aircraft this select group of young women pilots became pioneers heroes and role models National WASP WWII Museum seeks to educate and inspire generations with the history of the Women Airforce Service Pilots Women in Aviation and Space History offers biographical sketches of pioneering women in aviation and space through the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Aeronautics Division Coast Guard US Coast Guard Historian s Office includes articles about women in the Coast Guard women lighthouse keepers and the history of the Women s Reserve in WWII as well as photographs a timeline and a bibliography US Coast Guard Visual Imagery includes images from the 1980s to the present Marine Corps United States Marine Corps History Division provides a variety of information about the division and most importantly on the histories and traditions of the US Marine Corps Marine Corps Heritage Foundation includes information about the National Museum of the Marine Corps and the Marine Corps Heritage Center Other Resources The American Red Cross Museum is a comprehensive compendium of the history of women who served with the US Armed Forces throughout our history Vietnam Women s Memorial Project includes a history of the memorial and of women who served Vietnam War Commemoration is the official web site for the DoD commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the Vietnam War including an interactive timeline with historical information about the war and servicewomen s involvement and photographs and videos Korean War Commemoration is the web site for the DoD commemoration of the 60th Anniversary of the Korean War and includes history of the war the women who served and links to other helpful resources Women Veterans Historical Project WVHP documents and recognizes the contributions of women in the military particularly those who served during WWII but also those women who served in earlier and later times Established in 1998 at the University of North Carolina Greensboro the

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Resources/usefullinks.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Academy for about three weeks training in February of 1943 We were a small group of about thirty and we had each been chosen for particular positions I was chosen for what turned out to be decoding Later we worked in Washington D C in a girls school opposite the Vice President s house We decoded messages from Spain Portugal and Northern Africa Interview Dr Caroline Avery Lester interviewed by Agnes L Wade Indianapolis IN 22 October 1990 NSCD Collection tape and transcript deposited at the Women s Memorial Foundation Arlington VA Col Julia E Hamblet USMC Ret Director Women Marines May 1 1953 March 2 1959 For some time I had mixed feelings about the appropriateness of women serving in the regular Marine Corps All Marines officers and enlisted were trained to fight an assignment legally prohibited to servicewomen At that time I was absolutely convinced of the need for a strong cadre of trained women reservists who could be quickly mobilized in the event of an emergency Our Women Organized Reserve Platoons and our Volunteer Training Units gave the Marine Corps such a force As Director of Women Reserve I discovered that we could not get the active duty leaders we wanted for our reserve units without providing them the security of the regular service I applied for a regular commission and was accepted a decision I never regretted in 22 years of active duty I followed Colonel Towle as Director of Women Marines and served in that position for six years I finally went down to the Commandant and asked to be relieved I was blocking other women officers for promotion Interview Col Julia E Hamblet USMC Ret interviewed by Kate Scott Williamsburg VA 13 February 2004 tape and transcript deposited at the Women s Memorial Foundation Arlington VA New Air Force PVTs left to right Geraldean Moore Bettyjean Kinniebrue Eleanor Jackson and Corinne Gogue Cook are issued their service uniforms for basic and extended training Lackland AFB San Antonio TX Feb 1949 USAF Photo Let me see I think there were 17 of us in that squadron at Lackland and we were the first girls to be put in the US Air Force so there was quite a bit of publicity about it They sent people from Washington to take pictures of us There was one gentleman directly out of Washington and he came and talked to us and wanted to know how we were being treated Interview Corrine Gogue Cook interviewed by Mary Jo Binker 27 March 2001 tape and transcript deposited at the Women s Memorial Foundation Arlington VA Ingrid M Duran President and CEO Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute Inc USMC 1986 89 I grew up in a Chicano activist family Both of my parents were involved in the Chicano movement in California in the sixties I was raised very much a part of that movement My first words were Chicano Power and Viva La Raza Years later I went to Wichita State I

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/ohexamples.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    transcriptions and supplementary materials are used for scholarly research and educational purposes or in any manner deemed in the best interests of the Women s Memorial Foundation or its affiliated organizations The Women s Memorial Foundation retains all rights title and interest to the documentary materials but does not restrict the interviewee from retelling publicly performing memorializing in print film or other media the subject matter of the documentary materials

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/disclaimer.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    US Armed Forces only since 1901 women served on the battlefield with the armed services from the time of the American Revolution On Dec 11 1775 Jemima Warner was killed by an enemy bullet during the siege of Quebec Mrs Warner had originally accompanied her husband PVT James Warner of Thompson s Pennsylvania Rifle Battalion to Canada because she feared that he would become sick on the campaign trail and she wanted to nurse him When PVT Warner eventually died in the wilderness en route to Quebec Mrs Warner buried him and stayed with the battalion as a cook The first female members of the military killed in the line of duty were World War I Army nurses Edith Ayres and Helen Wood Nurse Ayres and Nurse Wood nurses held no rank during World War I were killed on May 20 1917 while with Base Hospital 12 aboard the USS Mongolia en route to France The ship s crew fired the deck guns during a practice drill and one of the guns exploded spewing shell fragments across the deck and killing Nurse Ayres and her friend Nurse Helen Wood How many women have died in past wars Although research is still ongoing we believe that at least 359 servicewomen died during World War I the vast majority from the influenza epidemic that swept around the world killing millions of people Approximately 543 military women died in the line of duty during World War II including 16 from enemy fire and others from a variety of causes including aircraft and vehicle accidents and illness Seventeen military nurses died during the Korean War most from aircraft crashes Eight military women died while serving in Vietnam one from enemy fire and 16 died during Operation Desert Storm When did women first become POWs and how many military women have been held as POWs The first woman POW was Civil War Army contract surgeon Dr Mary E Walker who was captured on April 10 1864 when she took a wrong turn while trying to get to a sick patient The Confederates imprisoned her in the military prison in Richmond VA known as Castle Thunder She was released on Aug 12 1864 in exchange for a Confederate major The next time military women were captured by the enemy was during World War II when 67 Army nurses and 11 Navy nurses captured in the Philippines were held by the Japanese for nearly three years and five Navy nurses captured on the island of Guam were held as POWs for four months One Army flight nurse was aboard an aircraft that was shot down behind enemy lines in Germany in 1944 She was held as a POW for four months More recently a female Army doctor and an enlisted woman were held as POWs in 1991 during Operation Desert Storm and three enlisted women were captured during Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003 one of whom died in captivity of injuries sustained in a vehicle accident prior

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Resources/hfaq.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Downloadable Oral History Forms Women s Memorial Consent Form PDF Biographical Data Form PDF

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/ohforms.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    these women are inspirations now and will be for generations to come This exciting poster stimulates pride in America s military women and encourages dialogue about other issues and challenges related to American women past and present Accompanying the 2011 poster is our online Women s History Month kit The kit includes brief thumbnail sketches about the remarkable women featured in the poster as well as individual downloadable photos of each Also in the kit is a Tribute to Our Fallen Sisters a chronological listing and tribute to the 137 women who have lost their lives in support of Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom You ll also find two special online exhibits A New Generation of Warriors a recent look at the women serving in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and The Baghdad Diaries which features the personal e mail correspondence of a Marine Corps master gunnery sergeant in the earlier years of the war in Iraq Another element of the kit is a feature article about our Global War on Terror exhibit which captures the activities of women warriors some five years into the wars We ve also included an article about the origin of Women s History

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/WHM11Kit.html (2016-02-09)
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