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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    for protection not my job title Aboard the USS Sylvania during Operations Desert Shield and Storm 1990 91 The war also emphasized the difficulty of separating combat and non combat jobs Women piloted and crewed planes and helicopters over the battle area directed and launched Patriot missiles manned machine guns and guarded bases from terrorist attack There were no clear front lines in the desert and as combat zones shifted women often found themselves in the thick of the action As a result of servicewomen s performance during Operation Desert Storm the last of the laws restricting women s service were lifted by the middle of the decade In 1992 Congress repealed the restriction banning servicewomen from flying in aircraft engaged in combat missions In 1993 they lifted the restriction banning women from serving aboard combat vessels By the turn of this century women comprised almost 14 percent of active military duty personnel and were reaching the highest levels of the military A Navy nurse and Air Force JAG officer prepare for an awards ceremony during duty in Croatia in 1994 After Desert Storm the American military responded to hot spots around the globe and servicewomen remained an integral part of that response Working alongside the troops of other nations under the auspices of the United Nations UN or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO US servicewomen and men deployed to Bosnia Herzogovina Macedonia Haiti Rwanda Guatemala and other countries to perform peacekeeping humanitarian and disaster relief missions At home they shepherded the military through the largest downsizing in five decades running military installations and supervising base closures Servicewomen were integral to military research and development and to protecting the nation s institutions and resources More were promoted to senior officer and enlisted ranks and for the first time the

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/1990s.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    her a Charter Member Women s Memorial Foundation photo Related Stories Oral History Highlight Good Anesthesia in a War Zone Factoids US Naval Station Saigon Hospital A Few Good Reads A Short Bibliography on Vietnam and Navy Nursing Portrait of CDR Owedia Tweedie Searcy Military Women s Service in Vietnam Article Era of Conflict Vietnam War 1964 1975 Women s Memorial Exhibit African American Servicewomen in Vietnam Article Oral History

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/SearcyRegistration.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    was a field hospital located 200 miles north of Saigon in Nha Trang Was commissioned for service on Oct 1 1963 after only a few weeks of renovation cleaning and sanitation by the skeleton crew of Navy medical personnel who arrived first in Saigon Also had a courtyard behind where a one story stucco building was quickly constructed to serve as the central supply office emergency room and operating room Held 100 beds as an in patient facility Was not large enough to house the medical staff officer and enlisted personnel were quartered in apartments and BOQ facilities in the city of Saigon Personnel were required to take Chloroquine Primaquine prophylaxis to prevent the spread of Malaria which was an epidemic in South Vietnam Was only in operation as a Navy medical treatment facility for 2 years Had only seven Navy nurses including one nurse anesthetist plus eight Thai nurses on staff Treated American military dependents until their evacuation in 1965 Also built a helo pad at a nearby soccer field enabling medical personnel to quickly transfer patients to the station hospital Personnel also included 76 Navy hospital corpsmen and two Navy Medical Service Corps officers Was not immune to such diseases as infectious hepatitis and hospital staff were given preventive drug treatments either prior to or upon arrival in country Was surrounded by a concrete wall topped by wire grenade screens and armed US military police patrolled the complex 24 hours a day Employed 40 Vietnamese as drivers janitors and clerical assistants Medical personnel provided triage care to stabilize incoming casualties and performed minor surgery Information compiled from Jan Herman s Navy Medicine in Vietnam Passage to Freedom to the Fall of Saigon Doris Sterner s In and Out of Harm s Way History of the Navy Nurse Corps

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/StaHospSaigonFactoids.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    possible title on these topics Bigler Philip Hostile Fire The Life and Death of First Lieutenant Sharon Lane Falls Church Va Vandamere Press 1996 Ebbert Jean and Marie Beth Hall Crossed Currents Navy Women from WWI To Tailhook Washington D C Brassey s 1993 Godson Susan Serving Proudly Women in the Navy Annapolis Md Naval Institute Press 2002 Herman Jan Navy Medicine in Vietnam Passage to Freedom to the Fall of Saigon Washington DC Naval History Heritage Command 2010 Holm Jeanne M Major General U S Air Force Ret Women in the Military An Unfinished Revolution rev ed Novato Calif Presidio Press 1992 Hovis Bobbi Lt Commander U S Navy Nurse Corps Ret Station Hospital Saigon A Navy Nurse in Vietnam 1963 1964 Annapolis Md Naval Institute Press 1992 Ibach Maryanne Gallagher Rear Admiral U S Navy Reserve Memories of Navy Nursing The Vietnam Era vietnamwomensmemorial org Unknown date Web 28 July 2014 Sterner Doris In and Out of Harm s Way History of the Navy Nurse Corps Seattle Peanut Butter Publishing 1997 Walker Keith A Piece of My Heart New York NY Presidio Press Random House 2009 Related Stories Oral History Highlight Good Anesthesia in a War Zone Factoids

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/BiblioVN_NCUSN.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Hospital Saigon South Vietnam when it was commissioned Oct 1 1963 Women s Memorial Register photo Related Stories Oral History Highlight Good Anesthesia in a War Zone Factoids US Naval Station Saigon Hospital A Few Good Reads A Short Bibliography on Vietnam and Navy Nursing CDR Owedia Tweedie Searcy s Women s Memorial Registration Military Women s Service in Vietnam Article Era of Conflict Vietnam War 1964 1975 Women s

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/SearcyPortrait_LgWeb.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Southeast Asian combat zones in significant numbers for almost two years despite servicewomen s requests for deployment to Vietnam and despite the presence of civilian women in administrative and clerical positions or working with the American Red Cross and USO Navy nurses receive Purple Hearts after surviving a Viet Cong bombing of their living quarters They were among 100 injured in the explosion but immediately began treating other casualties ignoring their own injuries Ignoring women s service records during World War II and the Korean War the military argued that combat zones especially in the environment of Southeast Asia were inappropriate for American women A Pentagon spokesman told newspaper columnist Jack Anderson that women cannot be employed at jobs that are not in conformance with the present cultural pattern of utilizing women s services in this country The work must be psychologically and sociologically suitable Even Women s Army Corps Director BG Elizabeth Hoisington discouraged sending Army women to Vietnam believing that public controversy over the issue of women in combat zones would deter progress in expanding the role of women in the Army Others maintained that only male nurses should be assigned to the combat theater area As male

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/1960sVietnam.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    the colonel who originally hails from Montgomery AL has conducted some 20 interviews with military women and she hopes to add to that number as time goes on This former military public affairs officer says that her goal is to interview one servicewoman per week however it s not as easy as it sounds One of the biggest challenges according to Col Grantham is getting servicewomen past and present to agree to conduct interviews The first task as a volunteer interviewer she says is to help women veterans understand that their stories are important so that they ll agree to be interviewed I guess it s like sales you have to close the deal she says Getting most women over that barrier of thinking their story is not important is key I tell them it matters to all of us who came after them to know what it was like I emphasize the historical aspects that sharing information about what they did will add to our overall knowledge of military women Col Robin Grantham right interviews veteran Sandra Wilder who served in the Army Reserve Nurse Corps from 1990 2007 May 2014 Pensacola FL Photo courtesy of Robin Grantham Sense of Legacy Besides recording military women s experiences for the sake of preserving the collective history of all military women Col Grantham also sees oral history from the personal perspective She wants each woman to come away from her interview with a true sense of her own legacy and she wants each servicewoman to know that someone cared enough to record her story The colonel says that she believes that this personal side of oral history is essential and she s seen first hand how important this piece of the puzzle can be Remembering one older woman veteran the colonel said that after the interview was over this woman asked her sister to get one of her military photographs out of storage and she put it up in her room at the nursing home That is the personal side of oral history that Col Grantham can feel good about Clearly Colonel Grantham gets it she has a keen understanding of the duality of oral history says Fee Recording women s stories is vital to the collective history but also on an individual level Oral history can help a woman understand that the individual role she played in our nation s defense does matter It matters right then and there to the person who is recording it it matters to all of us That can be life changing Volunteer Interviewer Col Robin Grantham s first oral history interview was with her mother former 1st Lt Florence Harrington Grantham USAF pictured here circa 1956 Photo courtesy of Robin Grantham Her First Interview Making a difference for the sake of collective history and personal legacy this is exactly how Col Grantham has approached every interview since her very first in 2010 She remembers her first interview very well because it was with a

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/oralhistoryhlGrantham.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    behind the horizon that s when you went down and landed We flew all day long seven days a week My time as a WASP was just another world to learn all these marvelous things and what these airplanes can do Oh It was great Lorraine Rodgers WASP While her time in the WASP was always both thrilling and exhausting there were times it was dangerous as well In all 38 WASP died in service Rodgers was very nearly one of them while completing basic school in Waco TX After she d gone on a practice run with her instructor he told her to take the plane up and practice on her own I was half way out and suddenly my plane flipped upside down and went into a spin an inverted spin she recalled I m inverted upside down going down and I worked with it I did everything I had been taught and things I hadn t been taught I did anything I could think of to get that plane righted Her efforts were in vain Nothing the seasoned pilot tried seemed to have any effect on the plane Then I looked out and saw how close I was to the ground I knew I had to get out she said As I bailed out of the plane you re supposed to count to 10 before pulling the ripcord so I said one two ten and pulled the ripcord I was too close to that ground Rodgers somehow survived and after a few bandages she was called before a board of review She assumed the worst she would be kicked out of the WASP for crashing the plane After repeating her story many times for the board she was called to the flight line I thought uh oh This is where I get the word she recalled Instead Rodgers was met by her instructor who gave her a more shocking announcement Your rudder cables had been cut he told her solemnly They never told me who did it the sabotage But after all the BT trainer aircraft were checked for similar issues Rodgers was back in the air carrying with her from then on the ripcord from the parachute that had saved her LEARN MORE ABOUT THE WASP You can learn more about Women Airforce Service Pilots like Lorraine Rodgers by visiting the Fly Girls of World War II traveling exhibit on display at the Women s Memorial starting Nov 14 To find out more about the exhibit visit the FlyGirls Web page Hers was not the only incident of sabotage on WASP planes Though her case was never proven others were proven to have been committed by male pilots or crew resentful of women flying military aircraft Still such incidents were rare Much more frequently WASP encountered men who either couldn t believe women could be and actually were pilots or men who outright didn t want them to be pilots In training our instructors were great

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/oralhistoryhlRodgers.html (2016-02-09)
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