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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    500 nurses on active duty and projected a need for over 5 000 more by mid 1952 Each service branch began to concentrate on making military service more appealing All services bought advertising time on radio and television and printed promotional literature and posters As concern at the Department of Defense DoD grew about the services inability to meet recruiting goals for women volunteers the Secretary of Defense formed the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services DACOWITS in 1951 to advise on the recruiting project DACOWITS members included the World War II women s service directors women college presidents deans and professors and women physicians politicians philanthropists and journalists The DACOWITS remains a high level advisory committee to the Secretary of Defense providing advice to the secretary and the military departments on issues related to military women Army nurses and patient ride the Army Nurse Corps float in the Armistice Day Parade Oakland CA Nov 13 1951 US Army Photo Phyllis Edholm Carper Collection Women s Memorial Foundation Collection The committee suggested an all out DoD wide national campaign to recruit women for all services Traveling teams of women in uniform went throughout the country seeking recruits Typically local newspapers would profile one of the recruiters so that readers could identify with her and feel comfortable that military women were just like the girl next door The services did everything they could think of internally or everything that was thinkable given the societal ethos of the times to make servicewomen happier They provided women with lighter meals in the dining halls They hired the best and most expensive couturiers to design new uniforms And when it was suggested that servicemen did not appreciate military women they required the men to attend lectures that explained why servicewomen were valued

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/1950srec.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    more flexible family policies if they were to attract and retain women Pragmatism defined this acknowledgement By 1975 the percentage of women leaving the armed services was alarming and without them the military could not offset manpower shortages brought on by ending the draft In 1971 a change in regulations allowed Marines who became pregnant to continue on active duty service Here expectant mother Marine GySgt Donna Murray reenlists Even so most senior officers including female officers argued against policy changes particularly those for pregnancy and parenthood In 1970 WAC Director COL Elizabeth Hoisington wrote In reviewing proposals on separation regulations for women in the Army I can only conjecture that they are based on the notion that the Army discriminates against women by requiring their separation when they become pregnant It is a fact that a woman has freedom of choice in deciding whether or not she will become pregnant If she elects therefore to become pregnant and deliberately incapacitates herself how has the Army discriminated against her In May 1975 the Department of Defense DoD ordered the armed forces to rescind involuntary discharge for pregnancy although women could still choose to resign The services complied but they were not happy even though studies showed that men lost more time from work than women and that their absences cost the military more In fact DoD studies indicated that except for the Air Force enlisted men generally had a higher amount of time lost to work than pregnant women primarily because of desertion Absent Without Leave AWOL or alcohol or drug abuse The services abandoned efforts to regain the authority to discharge women for pregnancy accepted the associated time lost and medical costs continued to debate women s usefulness to military preparedness and dealt with complaints of preferential treatment in

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/1970sfampol.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    As a result the Army is implementing a common course of instruction in basic training to be given to both male and female enlistees strenuous and rigorous but within your capability You will also participate in fire and maneuver and the full span of weapons training The intent of the training is not to make a combat soldier out of you women may not be assigned to combat or direct

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/1970srecltr.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    of jobs and units where their capability was already proven Even with the limitations imposed on their service women filled positions that made combat exclusion policies difficult to define and enforce All services with the exception of the Marine Corps trained women as pilots and aviation crew The Coast Guard and Navy provided some opportunities for seagoing and command assignments Women received weapons training served as military police and embassy guards launched missiles and served in other positions that blurred differentiations between combat and noncombat positions particularly under conditions of modern warfare and technological advances Women in the Air Force for example could launch ICBMs with nuclear warheads to eliminate enemy targets but they could not serve in air to air combat In 1983 when the United States sent forces to Grenada women were an integral part of combat ready units and had the skills and training to perform their jobs As a result 170 female soldiers served in Operation Urgent Fury in the first gender integrated units ever deployed In several cases however women who were filling no combat designated positions such as MPs were initially returned to Ft Bragg NC because the commander on the ground in Grenada believed their risk of being exposed to a combat situation was too great The commanding general of the 82nd Airborne Division overturned the ground commander s decision and returned the servicewomen to Grenada The DCPC system was obviously too elaborate and complex to be easily understood indicating that an overhaul was needed Under pressure and faced with complaints and inconsistencies the Army fine tuned the DCPC opening 12 000 more positions to women by 1987 And when the invasion of Panama occurred in 1989 close to 800 military women took part in Operation Just Cause the then largest deployment of

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/History/1980sacc.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Historians APH a group of historians dedicated to the preservation of personal memories began an annual event to raise awareness about the importance of preserving and sharing people s life stories The idea of Show Tell events spread throughout the APH community and the month of May is now widely considered Personal History Awareness Month by historians and the public alike Members of APH and other organizations around the country

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/oralhistoryhl_PHMMay14.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    the first volunteer firefighting company 1775 1783 Revolutionary War volunteers organized boycotts of British products and collected funds for the war 1830s The Great Awakening leads students to community work through various religious groups 1881 American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton 1919 Bureau of Volunteer Service founded in Minneapolis MN to mobilize those released from war service is the first Volunteer Bureau in America 1930 s Great Depression led to creation of volunteer based activities including soup kitchens and bread lines 1941 Office of Civilian Defense is formed to organize civilian support for World War II efforts 1961 The Peace Corps is created by President Kennedy 1977 Jimmy Carter establishes the YoungAdult Conservation Corps YACC 1987 New York Cares launches the CityCares program model creating volunteer opportunities geared toward young professionals 1992 A Kellogg Foundation grant to study family volunteering leads to the creation of the Family Matters program through the Points of Light Foundation encouraging families to volunteer together 2000 The Women In Military Service For America Memorial Foundation officially launches its Oral History Program using volunteer interviewers to accomplish its mission 2000 The United States Congress created the Veterans History Project using volunteer interviewers around the

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/oralhistoryhl_TimeLineMay14.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    role you re ideally seeking Where might you best be able to contribute your particular skills and talents Which will help you make progress on your own personal or professional goals How much time do you wish to give each week month Once you have narrowed down the list of options send an e mail inquiry to the organization to get more specifics on volunteer opportunities Be sure to include your full contact information as well as a brief summary of what type of role you are seeking specific skills or talents you wish to employ and how a volunteer position may help you attain personal or professional goals Your initial inquiry e mail is also a good time to ask questions about positions you are interested in A few things that may be worth asking are What are the specific tasks and responsibilities of this volunteer position Will the volunteer for this position receive any training prior to getting started How often or long are volunteers expected to volunteer Is this something that volunteers can do in their own time or are there specific hours shifts Who does this volunteer work with Who will they report to How would they describe the ideal volunteer for this position What is their process for accepting a volunteer It s Time to Make a Decision So you ve gathered all your info You ve assessed your interests and availability You ve identified some potential volunteer opportunities and you ve held them up to your criteria to see which might be the best fit You ve also asked the organization questions to learn a bit more about their volunteer program working environment and expectations Now it s all up to you to decide which one to try The bottom line is to choose

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/oralhistoryhl_RightFitMay14.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    by Foundation President Brig Gen Wilma L Vaught USAF Retired Guest speakers include Emmy award winning journalist and best selling author Cokie Roberts and Maj Nicole Malachowski the first woman to fly with the famed US Air Force Air Demonstration Squadron The Thunderbirds Top journalist Cokie Roberts was the Master of Ceremonies at the Women s Memorial 10th Anniversary Gala and wll speak at the exhibit event Nov 14 Photo

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/News/WASPExhibit.html (2016-02-09)
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