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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    1948 51 World War II Army Air Forces Recruitment Letter During World War II ambivalent or resistant attitudes toward women in military service began to changed as the military recognized women s capabilities This letter praising members of the Women

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/ohstecherltr.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Air Force Recruiting Pamphlet The Air Force became an independent service in 1947 and the new organization moved more quickly than other branches to integrate women and African Americans into the structural mainstream But unlike their male counterparts women still

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/ohjohnson2.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    to sell to the Iraqi government We tried to help them to find a way to put them into a business plan They never had an opportunity to make choices to be proactive Those were not words they have ever heard We gave them a chance to say we are professional and we can improve ourselves We wanted to give them some identity They were just shocked that I as a woman had been in charge of doctors and that I would have men report to me and I would tell them what to do It has not been so many years ago that nurses had the autonomy respect and professionalism they have today They needed to hear that We had to show them we had more in common than we had different It is a matter of health diplomacy Reaching out from every sector You look back on the life you have had and it has been a privilege Being in the military has given me opportunities I never expected to have You know a small town country girl from Hazel Texas to become a Colonel Until you leave this country and see what other people have to deal with you have no idea what you have to give We all have something to give That s what it is all about Interview Col Linda L O Riley McHale USAFR NC interviewed by Kate Scott Arlington VA 09 February 2006 tape and transcript deposited at the Women s Memorial Foundation Arlington VA Betty Rose Shellenberger Mentzer Cadet nurse World War II I was born in a suburb of Altoona Pennsylvania At the age of 18 I entered the nursing school as a student This was in 1942 I completed my training in 1945 I entered training immediately after Pearl Harbor and graduated just after VE Day So my entire World War II experience was spent in the hospital training to be a military nurse When I entered my second year in training the Cadet Nurse Act was passed I grew up during the depression I saved my money babysitting for 3 50 per week Nursing school tuition seemed enormous So when we heard about Congresswoman Frances Bolton and her sponsorship of the act to enlist student nurses to be prepared for the return of the soldiers I believe they expected a lot of psychiatric soliders or at that time we called it shell shock They wanted us to be exceptionally prepared to treat and care for those returning home In return for tuition the hospital received a stipend for us in terms of books room board and care In exchange we promised we would stay active in nursing I don t believe there was a time limit on it but we assumed we would serve indefinitely The first year we got a 15 00 per month stipend We thought we were millionaires Books board food everything was included by that act We did not even have to deal with

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/H&C/Oral_History/ohmilitarynurses.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    Coast Guard Medal or Meritorious Service Medal when not in combat To qualify an act achievement or service must be performed well above the performance expected of the individual The Coast Guard Commendation Medal was established in 1943 as a commendation ribbon and designated as a medal in 1959 Operational Distinguishing Device The Coast Guard Commendation Medal may be accompanied with an Operational Distinguishing Device An O is authorized for

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/WHM08CGCom.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    The Coast Guard s Vice Commandant VADM Vivien Crea left then commander of the Coast Guard s Atlantic Area presented the Coast Guard Commendation Medal with Operational Distinguishing Device to MST2 Sarah Vega following her deployment in support of Operation

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/WHM08KitUSCG2.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    or her comrades or from others in similar circumstances The DFC was established by Congress in the Air Corps Act of 1926 and was also awarded retroactively to any qualified Air Corps of the Army Navy Marines National Guard or Reserve airman who served since 1917 The Air Force was added to the list of eligible armed forces when it was established in 1947 Some of the first DFC medals

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/WHM08DistFlyCross.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    when in combat or a Meritorious Service Medal when not in combat To qualify an act achievement or service must be performed well above the performance expected of the individual The Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal was established first as a Navy Commendation Ribbon in 1943 and retroactively awarded to qualifying service members whose service dated back to Dec 7 1941 When it was re designated as a commendation

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/WHM08NavMCCom.html (2016-02-09)
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  • Women In Military Service For America Memorial
    retroactively to soldiers who were cited for gallantry in action during campaigns from World War I back to the Spanish American War On July 19 1932 the Secretary of War approved the Silver Star medal to replace the Citation Star Only 14 women in US military history are known to have received the Silver Star In addition to six Army nurses in World War I seven Army nurses were decorated

    Original URL path: http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/WHM08SilverStar.html (2016-02-09)
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