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  • Zero Waste America is a non-profit environmental organization that promotes zero waste and provides information and analysis on related matters.
    struggle against three factors No effective federal plan exists to maximize recycling and minimize waste even though the federal government took ultimate responsibility for the nation s waste management in The Solid Waste Disposal Act of 1976 The Act requires states to develop and implement plans to maximize recycling and minimize waste but after 26 years the states have yet to comply and the EPA is not enforcing the Act Many states point to the lack of a comprehensive federal waste and recycling plan as the reason for their failure to successfully implement their own plans Foreign waste imports and U S domestic waste exports are virtually uncontrolled under federal law Since 1997 the 50 states imported 48 million tons more waste than they exported according to data in Biocycle magazine an industry publication Over population makes waste reduction extremely difficult Most population experts believe that the ideal population for the U S ranges between 100 150 million people compared to our current population of 286 million which is growing by 3 million people annually Three legislative steps to Zero Waste in the United States 1 Develop and implement a comprehensive federal plan to end waste disposal chiefly through the use of disposal bans these may be the best tools to support recycling end waste disposal and stop waste imports States may implement disposal bans now without waiting for federal action Minimum recycled content standards removing unnecessary toxic components and producer responsibility regulations can also be used to support recycling and end waste disposal In the absence of a federal plan litigation in the federal courts is an option for The Department of Justice state governments private citizens and others to compel the EPA as well as the states and U S territories to enforce the sate plan provisions of the Solid Waste Disposal Act 2 Congressional legislation is needed to prohibit the import and export of disposal waste from foreign countries This is an issue not addressed in the Solid Waste Disposal Act See Foreign Waste Imports 3 Increase support by Congress of family planning programs and non discriminatory immigration restrictions See Negative Population Growth and Population Environment Balance However this is not an endorsement of these groups or contraceptives estrogen and progestin which are harmful to human health and the environment particularly drinking water ADDITIONAL WASTE ISSUES AND INFORMATION Read Lynn Landes s still timely 1997 article River of Waste published in a compilation of articles for high school students called Pollution Opposing Viewpoints Series by Greenhaven Press Solid Waste Disposal Act of 1976 The Act required states to develop and implement state plans that maximize waste reduction and recycling by 1980 Most states ignored the Act and implemented voluntary recycling programs instead EPA has refused to enforce the Act on the false premises of unfunded mandate and state control State Waste Imports The Federal Courts have ruled that states can not control waste imports through discriminatory laws directed against waste imports However disposal bans when equally applied

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/ (2016-04-25)
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  • ELIMINATE WASTE
    environment FOR MORE INFORMATION Home WhatYouCanDo About News DISPOSAL RECYCLING WasteDefined Zero Waste Visuals DisposalBans Imports State Plans Laws Regs Statistics ForeignWaste Economics Landfills Incinerators Toxics Wastes Recycling Issues Remediation CONSUMERS BUSINESS Avoid Substitute Waste RecyNews Recycling Composting WaterTreatment Health

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/EliminateWaste.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • ZWA
    Issues Remediation CONSUMERS BUSINESS Avoid Substitute Waste RecyNews Recycling Links Composting WaterTreatment Health Issues Lynn Landes 217 S Jessup Street Philadelphia PA 19107 215 629 3553 call if she doesn t respond to your email lynnlandes earthlink net www LynnLandes com Zero Waste America ZWA is a Internet based environmental research organization specializing in the field of Zero Waste We provide through our website primarily information on associated legislative legal technical environmental health and consumer issues We also specialize in information on U S waste disposal issues particularly the lack a federal waste management plan the use of disposal bans to legally stop waste disposal and imports the long proposed federal Interstate Waste legislation waste data collection methodology and applicable federal case law ZWA is an authority on the regulatory enforcement of the State Plan waste management provisions of The Solid Waste Disposal Act otherwise known as The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA ZWA is unconventional We accept no money or advertising ZWA has no membership regular meetings or conventional office holding ZWA is not associated with any business or government Lynn is the main chef in this kitchen but she gets help from people from all over the

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/ZWA.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • ZWA NEWS
    e mail may not be answered promptly May 14 Lynn Landes begins weekly assignment as a news commentator for the British Broadcasting Corporation BBC radio program Up All Night Tuesdays at 9 50 pm March April E magazine on Zero Waste 2000 Nov 13 America Recycles Day Oct 7 ZWA s Lynn Landes speaks about Disposal Bans before the 2000 Pennsylvania Environmental Congress in Pottstown PA See Penn Future July 12 ZWA s Lynn Landes speaks before the PA House Environmental Resources and Energy Committee on proposed Yard Waste Disposal Ban legislation June 10 AMERICA OVERDOSED ON FLUORIDE May Comment period on new proposed organic standards ends JUNE 12 2000 For more information and sample letters see AlternativeProducts 1999 Dec 6 Lynn Landes hosts new environmental talk radio Internet show on WDVR Dec 1 HB 2101 Yard Waste Disposal Ban Legislation in Pennsylvania Is Finally Here ZWA s Lynn Landes has been featured was featured by WebMD com the Internet s leading health website in a series of interviews on health and the environment Jun 29 Va Laws On Imports Of Trash Blocked Judge PA DEP Update Once again a federal court throws out poorly conceived anti waste import legislation Observers may question why the Virginia legislature passed a law that could not even remotely stand up to judicial review This case bolsters the argument that only disposal bans can effectively stop waste imports Read decision here May 15 Refuse News front page article covers ZWA s position on State Plan issue May 3 Buyer Beware Building Site s Past as Dump Studied Apr 19 EPA Is Main Culprit In Trashing of America Apr 4 End Welfare for Waste An economic report by several recycling organizations Mar 24 Lynn Landes guest on Radio Times WHYY Public Radio Philadelphia Mar 1

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  • What Is Waste?
    construction and demolition wastes and infectious wastes For another definition see U S Code above and CFR Part 257 below Commercial Solid Waste All types of solid wastes generated by stores offices restaurants warehouses and other non manufacturing activities excluding residential and industrial wastes Institutional Solid Waste Solid wastes generated by educational health care correctional and other institutional facilities Residential Solid Waste Wastes generated by the normal activities of households including but not limited to food wastes rubbish ashes and bulky wastes Hazardous Waste A waste or combination of wastes of a solid liquid contained gaseous or semisolid form which may cause or contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible illness taking into account the toxicity of such waste its persistence and degradability in nature its potential for accumulation or concentration in tissue and other factors that may otherwise cause or contribute to adverse acute or chronic effects on the health of persons or other organisms For another definition see U S Code above Construction Demolition Waste building materials packaging and rubble resulting from construction remodeling repair and demolition operations on pavements houses commercial buildings and other structures Agricultural Solid Waste Solid waste that is generated by the rearing of animals and the producing and harvesting of crops or trees Industrial Residual Solid Waste Solid waste generated by industrial processes and manufacturing Infectious Waste 1 Equipment instruments utensils and formites of a disposable nature from the rooms of patients who are suspected to have or have been diagnosed as having a communicable disease and must therefore be isolated as required by public health agencies 2 laboratory wastes such as pathological specimens e g all tissues specimens of blood elements excreta and secretions obtained from patients or laboratory animals and disposable formites any substance that may harbor or transmit pathogenic oranisms attendant thereto 3 surgical operating room pathologic specimens and disposable formites attendant thereto and similar disposable materials from outpatient areas and emergency rooms See medical waste definition in U S Code above Sludge The accumulated semiliquid suspension of settled solids deposited from wastewaters or other fluids in tanks or basins it does not include solids or dissolved material in domestic sewage or other significant pollutants in water resources such as silt dissolved materials in iffigation return flows or other common water pollutants For another definition see Part 257 below PART 257 Updated 1997 CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFICATION OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES AND PRACTICES Adobe PDF Under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Sewage Sludge Solid semi solid or liquid residue generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works Sewage sludge includes but is not limited to domestic septage scum or solids removed in primary secondary or advanced wastewater treatment processes and a material derived from sewage sludge Sewage sludge does not include ash generated during the firing of sewage sludge in a sewage sludge incinerator or grit and screenings generated during preliminary treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/WhatIsWaste.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • ZeroWaste
    1998 the Secretary General of the UN Mr Kofi Annan formally endorsed the concept of Zero Emissions and recognized the pioneering work in the field especially in Africa The ZERI Foundation has had a cooperative agreement with UNDP UInited Nations Development Programme since 1997 which has been recently reconfirmed in a new three year program The collaboration with UNESCO has been confirmed since the establishment of the foundation Since December 1998 this has been expanded to FAO United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization ZERI is not formally part of the UN system Approximately half of their funding is from the UN the rest is from governments and the private sector Greenpeace ZERO EFFLUENT PULP AND PAPER PRODUCTION The Pivotal Role of Totally Chlorine Free Bleaching The Air Car http www gizmag com go 7000 ORGANIZATIONS INDIVIDUALS INFORMATION http www americanhealthstudies org projects html zw ZERO WASTE LIST of the GrassRoots Recycling Network ZeroWaste org Portland OR EcoCycle and Zero Waste Video Zero Waste New Zealand Green Innovations Strategy Paper The Zero Waste Stretch Goal http www earthresource org zerowaste html A Citizen s Guide to Zero Waste www zerowaste co nz assets Reports CitizensGuide pdf http myzerowaste com GOVERNMENT Zero Waste EFFORTS crosscheck with news items above http www ZeroWasteEurope eu Hawaii US http www hawaiizerowaste org zero waste Palo Alto CA US http www cityofpaloalto org news displaynews asp NewsID 452 TargetID 180 http www cityofpaloalto org depts pwd recycle default asp Nova Scotia Canada Uses Disposal Bans to require recycling and end disposal http www gov ns ca use search engine to locate information on disposal bans lots of it Christchurch New Zealand Adopted a management plan which commits the City Council to Zero Waste by 2020 adopted August 1998 Toward Zero Waste 2006 http resources ccc govt

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  • VISUALS
    News DISPOSAL RECYCLING WasteDefined Zero Waste Visuals DisposalBans Imports State Plans Laws Regs Statistics ForeignWaste Economics Landfills Incinerators Toxics Wastes Recycling Issues Remediation CONSUMERS BUSINESS Avoid Substitute Waste RecyNews Recycling Composting WaterTreatment Health Issues VISUALS Use search engines to find much more LANDFILL DIAGRAM STATISTICS MAPS GRAPHS TABLES PHOTOGRAPHS Landfills incinerators recycling facilities garbage trucks VIDEOS http www americanhealthstudies org video html waste The Story of Stuff http www storyofstuff

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  • DISPOSAL BAN
    been eliminated for disposal The more types of waste a state bans for disposal the fewer types of waste will be imported for disposal Disposal bans can vary from state to state For example many states ban lead acid batteries hazardous waste tires yard waste and other wastes However many of these bans are partial not comprehensive In order for disposal bans to affect waste imports they must not allow for exceptions otherwise waste exporting states could successfully challenge the ban in court Various strategies can be employed to implement and support disposal bans A combination of return for deposit and producer takeback laws have already been used for waste streams such as food drink and other containers Compost programs are appropriate for yard food and other organic waste Minimum content laws for paper glass metal and other waste streams can help guarantee markets for recyclables PROMOTING DISPOSAL BANS Massachusetts U S Lead Batteries Leaves Tires White Goods Other Yard Waste Aluminum Containers Metal or Glass Single Polymer Plastics Recyclable Paper Cathode Ray Tubes Asphalt Pavement Brick and Concrete Metal Wood Nova Scotia Canada use search engine to locate information on disposal bans lots of it Redeemed beverage containers Corrugated cardboard Newsprint Used tires Automotive lead acid batteries Leaf and yard waste Post consumer paint products Ethylene glycol automotive antifreeze Steel tin food containers Glass food containers 2 HDPE non hazardous containers ice cream containers plastic jugs detergent bottles etc Low density polyethylene bags and packaging Compostable organic material food waste yard waste soiled and non recyclable paper FOUR STEP SOLUTION TO WASTE IMPORTS 1 States could implement as many waste disposal bans as possible as soon as possible This will immediately impact waste imports from other states and nations making those states far less desirable dump sites It is

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