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  • SludgeLetter
    My graduate students and I used sludge from Syracuse NY contaminated sludge and Cayuga Heights NY uncontaminated sludge from a residential area with only one tiny industry We grew crops in both sludge types and assessed the growth of the crops and abundance of beneficial and pest insects on the sewage treated crops In the first experiments we found that insect populations were significantly reduced on the Syracuse sludge similar to as if it has been treated with a systematic insecticide In the first experiment the crops and insects did well on the Cayuga Heights sludge However subsequent experiments using sludge from the same locations we found the crops and insects responded similar to the first experiments What was unexpected was that the crop plants did poorly and the insects were negatively influenced by some unknown chemical s in the Cayuga Heights sludge We consulted a toxicologist but did not have sufficient funds to conduct an investigation of the chemical pollutants that were NOT supposed to be in Cayuga Heights sludge This illustrates the problem with sludges one batch may be alright for agricultural use but the next may not be Needless to say we never ate any of the crops produced on fields with either the Syracuse sludge or the Cayuga Heights sludge We also fed earthworms on Syracuse sludge and then fed Japanese quail the contaminated earthworms We found that the earthworms concentrated one of the heavy metals cadmium This metal was found to be toxic to the quail It is quite possible that this and other heavy metals commonly found in sludge will be toxic to other bird species that feed on contaminated earthworms Sludge also may contain metals from city water For instance we found that we could not use the water from Cayuga Heights to

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/SludgeLetter.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • ADA,Fluoride,&Liability
    reports on the growing prevalence of fluorosis in the U S population Fluorosis is caused by over exposure to fluoride resulting in tooth and bone decay Fluoride is also linked to Alzheimer s kidney damage cancer genetic damage neurological impairment and bone pathology Fluoride is in most toothpaste products It is also in an unknown number of food and drink products due to the artificial fluoridation of over half of the U S municipal water systems The JADA reports and ADA s actions should raise a red flag for dentists and patients says Landes At the same time that the ADA is promoting fluoridation of municipal water systems nationwide they are warning of fluoride over exposure They seem to be working at cross purposes adds Landes She believes that there will be a growing movement by patients to sue over the harmful health effects of fluoride over exposure Dentists may be at significant risk of liability if they have prescribed fluoride supplements since 1994 In April of that year the ADA s Council on Scientific Affairs approved a new Fluoride Supplementation Dosage Schedule with the following cautions All sources of fluoride must be evaluated with a thorough fluoride history Patient exposure to multiple sources can make proper prescribing complex Caries reduction benefits must be balanced with risk for mild and very mild fluorosis The ADA directive to dentists amounts to Mission Impossible according to Landes How can a dentist take a thorough fluoride history she asks Americans ingest fluoride from multiple sources Any assessment of a patient s fluoride exposure would be highly speculative she adds Government data indicates that dentists should no longer prescribe supplements In 1991 the U S Dept of Health and Human Services Review of Fluoride Benefits and Risks published the estimated intake of fluoride for

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/ADA,Fluoride,&Liability.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • CASE AGAINST FLUORIDATION by www.
    Landes www ZeroWasteAmerica org lynnlandes earthlink net 215 629 3553 Freedom of Choice for the Individual Individuals should not be involuntarily exposed to any medication when there is no public health crisis or interest that demands mandatory exposure and the government has documented the certainty of harmful health effects in at least 10 of the population Inability to Control Exposure to Fluoridated Water Those who need to control their exposure to fluoride or suffer immediate allergic reactions to it cannot escape exposure once drinking water is fluoridated Fluoride exposure occurs while showering or bathing as well as by drinking Inability to Filter Fluoride from Homeowners Water Systems There is no practical cost effective method to remove fluoride from water systems Osmosis uses 3 gallons of water for every 1 gallon filtered Osmosis also depletes water of minerals necessary for good health Inability to Control Exposure from Other Sources There is no federal or state requirement to label food or beverages regarding fluoride content Fluoride is in over 50 of all municipal water systems and in an unknown number of products made with fluoridated water or fertilized with phosphates Environmental Impact Less than 2 of fluoridated water is consumed by the

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/CaseAgainstFluoridation.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • Fluoride&ADA
    Unfluoridated bottled water Would you please mail to me the brochure you mentioned and e mail me the url you are referring to regarding q a s I must admit the whole issue over determining fluoride exposure by only considering fluoride exposure from drinking or bottled water misses the point that the ADA has made in other articles and in JADA which is that fluoride can be found in any food or beverage made with fluoridated water Due to the fact that over 60 of municipal water systems are fluoridated isn t it impossible for dentists to determine or control their patients fluoride exposure Or am I missing something Lynn Landes Original Message From Ingmire Jann ingmirej ada org To ZeroWasteAmerica lynnlandes earthlink net Date Friday January 08 1999 2 03 PM Subject RE Unfluoridated bottled water I ll mail the information to you I received your second e mail with the pertinent information As I understand it dentists can come up with an educated estimate on how much fluoride a patient is getting if they have all available facts The bottled water story seems to have a life of its own It is amazing to us at the ADA Thanks for your interest Original Message From ZeroWasteAmerica lynnlandes earthlink net To Ingmire Jann ingmirej ada org Date Friday January 08 1999 2 20 PM Subject Re Unfluoridated bottled water Jann I don t want to be argumentative but there is literally no way for dentists to know how much fluoride is in the food and beverages a patient consumes These products are not labeled for fluoride content Surely the ADA is aware of this JADA has published articles since at least 1995 on just this subject Please visit the ZWA webpage for fluoride if you doubt my information Lynn Landes Original Message From Ingmire Jann ingmirej ada org To ZeroWasteAmerica lynnlandes earthlink net Date Friday January 08 1999 2 37 PM Subject RE Unfluoridated bottled water I hear what you re saying I ve read those JADA articles too The ADA is a proponent of the public health benefits of fluoride and fluoridated water supplies in fighting tooth decay I ll send you our materials and you can review them Thanks Jann Original Message From ZeroWasteAmerica lynnlandes earthlink net To Ingmire Jann ingmirej ada org Date Friday January 08 1999 4 15 PM Subject Re Unfluoridated bottled water Jann Are you saying that the ADA s position is that a dentist can determine a patient s total exposure to fluoride from sources that include fluoridated municipal water dental products and foods and beverages Lynn Original Message From ZeroWasteAmerica lynnlandes earthlink net To Ingmire Jann ingmirej ada org Date Saturday January 09 1999 9 58 AM Subject Re Unfluoridated bottled water Jann I would like to point out one other thing that you said which confuses me You said The bottled water story seems to have a life of its own It is amazing to us at the ADA Why

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/Fluoride&ADA.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • ZWAReports11-2-98
    s fluoride story wasn t even news The ADA released this same unsubstantiated bottled water story last year But in the ill conceived campaign to fluoridate the nation s water system federal and dental spokespeople continue to be dutifully quoted by the news media while anti fluoride activists are shut out of the coverage In one news report fluoride was characterized as natural a description that does not apply to the fluoride that is added to municipal water That type of fluoride is a toxic waste by product of industries including phosphate fertilizer producers It would cost industry to properly dispose of fluoride as a hazardous waste instead they make money by selling it to municipal water authorities What is hard to explain is that many of the studies that document the overexposure of Americans to fluoride and resulting harmful health effects have been published by the Department of Health and Human Services HHS and by the Journal of the American Dental Association the publishing arm of the ADA Yet both HHS and the ADA have a pro fluoride policy The following are the news stories and research studies the news media has not reported on Background Fluoride is the only chemical added to U S municipal water that is used to mass medicate rather than to render water safe to drink It is not an essential nutrient It has never received FDA Approval U S Food and Drug Administration It is listed as an unapproved new drug by the FDA and as a contaminant by the EPA 1986 The Environmental Protection Agency EPA set new maximum contaminant levels MCLs for fluoride in water Above 2 mg liter children are likely to develop objectionable dental fluorosis and parents must be officially notified Above 4 mg liter individuals are at risk of developing crippling skeletal fluorosis It is against federal law to fluoridate water above 4 mg liter 1991 The U S Dept of Health and Human Services in their Review of Fluoride Benefits and Risks published an analysis of fluoride exposure levels from food beverages toothpaste and mouthwash This data indicates that the public is already overexposed to fluoride and that at the very least dentists should no longer prescribe fluoride supplements Even in unfluoridated communities residents were being exposed to as much as 2 20 milligrams a day In fluoridated communities fluoride exposure exceeded 7 milligrams per day In 1998 fluoridation is more widespread therefore current exposures would be worse 1993 The U S Dept of Health and Human Services HHS stated in its Toxicological Profile on Fluoride Existing data indicate that subsets of the population may be unusually susceptible to the toxic effects of fluoride and its compounds These populations include the elderly people with deficiencies of calcium magnesium and or vitamin C and people with cardiovascular and kidney problems Postmenopausal women and elderly men in fluoridated communities may also be at increased risk of fractures 1994 The American Dental Association s ADA Council on Scientific Affairs approved

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/ZWAReports11-2-98.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • FluorideIntakeHHS
    the marketplace in a manner that protects human health and the environment FOR MORE INFORMATION Home WhatYouCanDo About News DISPOSAL RECYCLING WasteDefined Zero Waste Visuals DisposalBans Imports State Plans Laws Regs Statistics ForeignWaste Economics Landfills Incinerators Toxics Wastes Recycling Issues

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/FluorideIntakeHHS.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • New Page 1
    protects human health and the environment FOR MORE INFORMATION Home WhatYouCanDo About News DISPOSAL RECYCLING WasteDefined Zero Waste Visuals DisposalBans Imports State Plans Laws Regs Statistics ForeignWaste Economics Landfills Incinerators Toxics Wastes Recycling Issues Remediation CONSUMERS BUSINESS Avoid Substitute Waste

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/FluorideOverdose.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • Fluoride Supplements
    ppm 0 3 0 6 ppm 0 6 ppm Birth 6 months None None None 6months 3 years 0 25 mg day None None 3 6 years 0 50 mg day 0 25 mg day None 6 16 years 1 0 mg day 0 50 mg day None Fluoride ion level in drinking water 1 0 ppm parts per million 1 mg milligram liter 2 2 mg sodium fluoride contains 1 mg fluoride ion ADVANTAGES Permits early exposure which maximizes protection Fluoride supplements are sold in two forms drops for infants age 6 months and up and chewable tablets for children and adolescents Systemic and topical benefits when chewed swished and swallowed Caries protection from 6 months of age when used as recommended LIMITATIONS All sources of fluoride must be evaluated with a thorough fluoride history If fluoride level is unknown drinking water must be tested for fluoride content before supplements are prescribed For testing of fluoride content contact the local or state health department Requires long term compliance on a daily basis Ingestion of higher than recommended levels of fluoride by children has been associated with an increase in mild dental fluorosis in developing unerupted teeth Patient exposure to

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/FluorideSupplements.htm (2016-04-25)
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