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  • Recycling Issues
    mirrors that of medicine first do no harm What makes you feel good may not be good for the environment Some forms of recycling are little more than waste disposal particularly if petrochemicals such as plastics and other toxics are involved Many materials we use every day are unsafe to manufacture use and or recycle In the U S most industrial chemicals are not tested for safety by the EPA See Wastes Toxics Therefore the recycling of plastics and other products manufactured using petrochemicals and other toxic components should be preceded by the elimination of these toxic components to the greatest extent possible Composting food sewage sludge and other biodegradables that contain toxics or synthetic chemicals can be unsafe The use of bottom and fly incinerator ash in the manufacture of materials often used in building and road construction can be unsafe The ash can contain toxic heavy metals chromium cadmium lead arsenic zinc and other metals as well as organic compounds PCBs dioxins benzene and other cancer causing organics See Incinerators The burning of landfill gas for electricity is not practicing clean energy but instead releasing an array of toxic emissions See Landfills Beneficial Use As some governments and business look for cheap disposal alternatives to landfills and incinerators it is increasing common that waste disposal masquerades as recycling The term Beneficial Use of waste requires extreme caution The EPA and state environmental agencies often permit the unsafe recycling and reuse of waste under the guise of Beneficial Use An example of a Beneficial Use is the burning of tires and hazardous waste for fuel as well as the examples listed below GOOD EXAMPLES OF BAD RECYCLING COMPOSTING Petroleum products should be eliminated as much as possible not recycled substitute asphalt roofs with metal http metalroofmanufacturers com Fluoridation of

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/RecyclingIssues.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • Remediation
    chemicals in its tissues or metabolizes them into apparently less volatile compounds Then the tree releases these byproduct through its leaves as vapor into the atmosphere Still unknown however is whether the chemical byproducts generated by the poplars really are less harmful or if diluting them in the atmosphere only creates another hazard We may soon be using trees to heal the hurt inflicted on the Easrth said David E Salt an environmental chemist at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff But would we simply be exchanging soil pollution for air pollution BROWNFIELDS What are brownfields Brownfields are abandoned idled or underused industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination Brownfields can be located in urban suburban and rural areas Source EPA Brownfields initiatives can also be very controversial There is widespread concern among environmentalists that economic priorities have overwhelmed environmental and public health concerns Environmentalists claim that too often remediation technology and standards do not make the officially remediated properties safe for use SEE Apr 13 1999 Rules let contaminants be covered not cleaned Philadelphia Inquirer RELATED ZWA LINKS BUYER BEWARE of Old Landfills and Contaminated Property Open illegal Dumping Illegal Dumping at Epidemic Levels WASTES TOXICS Water Treatment Perchlorate BOOKS Search Amazon for environmental remediation bioremediation brownfields phytoremediation etc U S GOVERNMENT Federal Remediation Roundtable The Groundwater Remediation Technologies Analysis Center GWRTAC compiles analyzes and disseminates information on innovative groundwater remediation technologies Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory conducts research to improve the scientific basis of risk assessment Environmental Protection Agency Brownfields Homepage Waste Cleanup Corrective Action for Hazardous Waste Professionals Contaminated Sediments Newsletter Oak Ridge National Laboratory The Microbial Biogeochemistry Group in the Environmental Sciences Division at Oak Ridge focuses on basic microbial ecology and bioremediation in the subsurface The group is

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/Remediation.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • WasteNews
    Laws Legislation BASEL ACTION NETWORK http www ban org ban news index html World waste trade news and information Dr Paul Ellen Connett www WorkOnWaste Incinerator newsletter EcoCycle Times Boulder Colorado WASTE RECYCLING INDUSTRY NEWS Chartwell Solid Waste Group Biocycle Waste News Solid Waste Online Pollution Online Water Online Waste Age Recycling Times Infectious Wastes News WasteDisposal Hazardous Waste News Nuclear Waste News Global Recycling Network Raymond Communications News on

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/WasteNews.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • RECYCLING
    of Defense http www drms dla mil about shtml Also For local information call your local and or county Recycling Coordinator Your state will also have a recycling office Use the websites below to locate products and services Check Waste And Recycling Industry News Links TO LOCATE CONSULTANTS FOR WASTE REDUCTION ELIMINATION Check Yellow Pages or Search under the following categories Waste Reduction Recycling Waste Management Recycling Centers Environmental Ecological

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/Recycling.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • COMPOSTING
    kill fruit flies place into bin a 12 oz jar 5 high 2 5 wide with beer 1 inch depth place a funnel with a 1 4 inch opening pointed end down over the beer The flies get into the beer but can t get out ORGANIZATIONS INFORMATION THE WORM WOMAN Whatever you call it give worm composting a try and join the thousands of people who can say Worms Eat My Garbage That just happens to be the title of my book which tells you everything you need to know about how to set up your own vermicomposting system The late Mary Appelhof The US Composting Council EPA s COMPOSTING webpage Cornell University Compost website Search Environmental Defense Fund EDF for composting Soil Food Web Information on soils According to Elaine Ingham Associate Professor at Oregon State University and founder of Soil Food Web Inc If we get health back into the soil you no longer have to add pesticides fertilizers or insecticides You can even drop herbicide applications out of the system How do you get health back into the soil Compost Good compost The Composting Resource submitted by Erin Product Directories Lists Editor s note Compostable products may not always be the way to go in that they may take a lot of energy to manufacture GreenAmericaToday org REAL GOODS THE ECOMALL RED JELLYFISH Food Scrap Management Compostable Products Compostable Products Search for biodegradable and or compostable food packaging wood starch etc EarthShell http www ecowareproducts com SEE Organic Products etc Compost Iz Us Natural Death Info In America Memorial Ecosystem In Britian The Natual Death Centre Straw Coffin SEE ZWA related links Composting Toilets and Greywater Systems Sludge Information Composters Editor s note it would be better if these products were not made of plastic Compost

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/Composting.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • WaterTreatment
    a LIST OF STATE CERTIFIED LABS COMPARE your test results to EPA s Current Drinking Water Standards National Primary Drinking Water Regulations NPDWRs or primary standards are legally enforceable standards that apply to public water systems Primary standards protect drinking water quality by limiting the levels of specific contaminants that can adversely affect public health and are known or anticipated to occur in public water systems Table 1 divides these contaminants into Inorganic Chemicals Organic Chemicals Radionuclides and Microorganisms ZWA notes PERCHLORATE may soon be added to the list National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations NSDWRs or secondary standards are non enforceable guidelines regulating contaminants that may cause cosmetic effects such as skin or tooth discoloration or aesthetic effects such as taste odor or color in drinking water EPA recommends secondary standards to water systems but does not require systems to comply NSDWRs NOT TESTED FOR BY THE EPA Fluoride Aluminum Chloride Iron Manganese Copper Zinc Sulfate Silver Corrosivity Foaming Agents pH Total Dissolved Solids Color Odor ZWA notes EPA claims for NSDWRs are IN CONFLICT with toxicological reports for these contaminants SEE The Environmental Defense Fund Scorecard for more information NOTE To obtain a chart for the monitoring testing frequency schedule call Safe Drinking Water Hotline 1 800 426 4791 or email hotline sdwa epamail epa gov As a last resort call EPA at 202 260 4275 Note To test for chlorine use an ordinary pool test kit Water Issues Technologies and Remediation Also see ZWA s REMEDIATION ZWA s Fluoride ZWA s Chlorine News Link Water Online FILTERS NOTE A whole house purifier will reduce contaminants such as chlorine so that you don t inhale them or absorb them through your skin as well as not drink them Some of water treatment companies are listed below To locate companies that sell water treatment products and services Search the Internet for chlorine removal water treatment etc For water filters or water purification dealers products and information check Consumer Reports The Water Quality Association The National Sanitation Foundation BOTTLED WATER If you buy bottled water be sure that it is Not fluoridated See ZWA s Fluoride page Contained in glass not plastic See Are Plastic Products Causing Breast Cancer Epidemic Comes from ground not surface water Surface water is generally treated with much larger amounts of chlorine than ground water Stands open for an hour to remove chlorine This will not remove the byproducts of chlorination which have been linked to harmful health effects See Chlorine In Drinking Water DISTILLED WATER Many people recommend distilled water However distilled water may draw harmful chemicals out of its container so be sure the container is glass or stainless steel not plastic Although some health professionals believe that distilled water does not have the minerals necessary for good health and recommend taking mineral supplements others point out that mineral supplements should be taken regardless of the purification process Chlorine ZWA s CHLORINE PAGE Ozone The International Ozone Association IOA Publications Ozone Science Engineering Journal

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/WaterTreatment.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • HEALTH IMPACTS
    Diego Union Tribune show that Secretary of the Army Louis Caldera agreed in September 1998 to accept the burden of potential liability claims made against the vaccine manufacturer by service members Gulf War Veteran Resource Pages Agent Orange The Legacy of Vietnam http members tripod com Firebase Freedom aotext html NOTES HARMFUL CHEMICALS IN BODY FAT Today the average adult has at least 250 chemicals stored in their body fat Source Dr Theo Colborn Our Stolen Future 1997 TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT In 1976 TSCA pronounced toska stated that It is the policy of the United States that adequate data should be developed with respect to the effect of chemical substances and mixtures on health and the environment and that the development of such data should be the responsibility of those who manufacture and those who process such chemical substances and mixtures 15 U S C paragraph 2601 b In principal all chemicals should have been tested by now which is not the case Source Rachel s 564 EDF s Toxic Ignorance In addition testing for health safety should be a government responsibility in order to ensure a legitimate outcome CHEMICAL HEALTH HAZARDS The Environmental Defense Fund EDF concludes that TSCA is largely defunct EDF says F or most of the important chemicals in American commerce the simplest safety facts still cannot be found This report documents that today even the most basic toxicity testing results cannot be found in the public record for nearly 75 of the top volume chemicals in commercial Source Rachel s 564 EDF s Toxic Ignorance Of the 80 000 pesticides and other chemicals in use today 10 percent are recognized as carcinogens Source 1998 Cornell Study DEATHS DUE TO CHEMICAL EXPOSURE An estimated 40 percent of deaths around the world can now be attributed to various environmental factors especially organic and chemical pollutants Source October 1998 issue of the journal BioScience Cancer related deaths in the United States increased from 331 000 in 1970 to 521 000 in 1992 with as estimated 30 000 deaths attributed to chemical exposure Source 1998 Cornell Study EARLY CHILDHOOD CANCER The cancer hazard could only be seen near the birth address implying that exposure to pollutants shortly before or after birth caused the cancers Source Rachel s 559 Synthetic chemicals move everywhere in the environment even through the placental barrier and into the womb exposing the unborn during the most vulnerable stages of development When a new mother breast feeds her baby she is giving it more than love and nourishment she is passing on high doses of persistent chemicals as well Source Dr Theo Colborn Our Stolen Future 1997 SYNTHETIC CHEMICALS FOUND Our air water soil and a wide variety of products have synthetic plastic or petro chemical ingredients According to U S Environmental Protection Agency EPA as of October 1996 there were 75 857 chemical substances in commercial use Source Rachel s 564 EDF s Toxic Ignorance Source According to an ENN news story about research

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/HealthImpacts.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • EPA ENFORCEMENT OF FEDERAL LAW
    health and the environment FOR MORE INFORMATION Home WhatYouCanDo About News DISPOSAL RECYCLING WasteDefined Zero Waste Visuals DisposalBans Imports State Plans Laws Regs Statistics ForeignWaste Economics Landfills Incinerators Toxics Wastes Recycling Issues Remediation CONSUMERS BUSINESS Avoid Substitute Waste RecyNews Recycling Composting WaterTreatment Health Issues Laws Regs Enforcement Legislation LawCases LawNews FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS much of the time it s just not happening EPA Non Enforcement of State Plan

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/EPAEnforcement.htm (2016-04-25)
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