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  • ZWARelease15July98
    Protection Agency EPA approval for a State Solid Waste Plan as required by the federal Solid Waste Disposal Act Rep McNaughton and Rep David Steil along with other Pennsylvania legislators are also planning to submit legislation that will invoke a Waste Disposal Ban on yardwaste If passed the Yardwaste Disposal Ban will be the first comprehensive ban in Pennsylvania Current state recycling mandates do not apply to municipalities with populations exceeding 5 000 Reps McNaughton and Steil are headed in the right direction Act 101 and the DEP s myriad of regulations and voluntary programs do not constitute a waste management plan in compliance with RCRA requirements Furthermore waste Disposal Bans are the key to controlling waste imports said Lynn Landes founder of ZWA and a former member of DEP s Solid Waste Advisory Committee On the issue of Disposal Bans Landes points to the Federal Court of Appeal 7th Circuit Aug 1995 in National Solid Waste Association v Meyer representing Wisconsin Although the court ruled against Wisconsin s attempt to limit waste imports it suggested an alternative strategy The court indicated that although states cannot discriminate against out of state garbage states can control waste imports through the implementation

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/ZWARelease15July98.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • 1998 State of Nation's Waste
    Act or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA to require that states maximize waste reduction and recycling Federal law also requires that states provide Solid Waste Management Plans Instead states have a patchwork of programs with loopholes large enough to drive a trash truck through adds Landes ZWA created an innovative formula to judge a state s municipal waste management performance Based on the principal that states can and should manage their own waste ZWA s performance formula penalizes states who import or export waste ZWA identifies four strategies states can employ to eliminate waste disposal imports and exports 1 implement waste disposal bans 2 support markets for recyclables 3 restrict land use and 4 raise state taxes on the amount of waste disposed South Dakota won first place as the nation s Best at managing their municipal waste for 1997 while Nevada won the Worst place position New York was the leading exporter of waste at 4 0 million tons Pennsylvania imported the most waste at 6 3 million tons and California was the leading generator of waste at 45 0 million tons Washington recycled the most waste at 48 of their municipal waste stream ZWA based a state s waste management on the amount of municipal waste a state generates minus the percentage recycled plus waste imports and exports divided by their population ZWA used data provided by a leading industry publication Biocycle the Congressional Research Service Franklin Associates and the U S Census Bureau Biocycle points out that the waste data reporting is not an exact science which may be significantly understating the situation EPA has appeared reluctant to require comprehensive reporting by the states Since 1990 2 2 billions tons of municipal waste has been disposed Using a ratio based on information provided by Pennsylvania s Department of Environmental Protection ZWA estimates that 20 of all waste is considered municipal and can be disposed into municipal landfills The other 80 of the waste stream includes a combination of hazardous industrial infectious and other wastes that are disposed in non municipal commercial or private facilities Based on the 5 1 ratio ZWA estimates that since 1990 more than 11 billion tons of domestic and foreign waste have been disposed in the U S This is equal to covering every acre in the nation with 4 7 tons of waste Relying on EPA s Franklin Associates which calculates price per ton of municipal waste disposal at a conservative 100 ton ZWA estimates the total cost to consumers of all waste disposed in the U S since 1990 is in excess of 1 1 trillion NOTE See ZWA s Waste Data for an update on the estimates in the above two paragraphs Several states particularly Pennsylvania Virginia Illinois Indiana Ohio and Michigan are being swamped with domestic and foreign waste imports They are lobbying Congress for passage of federal interstate waste legislation They claim that without this legislation their hands are tied Landes disagrees For several years ZWA s

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/1998StateOfNation.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • PAPolitics
    cease issuing permits under the act of July 7 1980 known as the Solid Waste Management Act for the construction of new or the expansion of existing municipal waste disposal facilities until the department has developed implemented and received Environmental Protection Agency EPA approval for a State Solid Waste Management Plan as required by the Federal Solid Waste Disposal Act Conversely on Earth Day April 22 the Democratic Caucus flanked by well intentioned environmentalists also plans to call for a moratorium on the permitting of more landfills and incinerators by the DEP However it appears that they have not based this moratorium on any legal justification without which it cannot be sustained It raises the question as to whether the Democratic Caucus is simply grandstanding ZWA has long called for the PA DEP to produce a Waste Management Plan Under federal law these plans must include provisions to maximize recycling and minimize waste disposal A phase in period for Disposal Bans should be a required component An Environmental Impact Statement EIS assessing damage to public health and the environment is also a requirement under federal law The Ridge Administration continues to lobby for passage of the controversial federal Interstate Waste Legislation claiming that only Congressional action can control waste imports ZWA s founder Lynn Landes disagrees She has been a vocal critic of proposed federal Interstate Waste legislation and has testified before committees of the PA Assembly that it would have little real effect on waste imports She points out that the legislation only applies to unwanted municipal waste Disadvantaged communities would continue to be compelled to accept waste facilities through economic incentives ZWA promotes disposal bans as the most effective way to control waste imports A disposal ban prohibits designated types of waste from entering landfills and incinerators This

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/PaPolitics.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • The Missing Dimension in Design
    consumption have become a responsibility challenge and business Disposal alone is taking a huge amount of time energy and budget In 1999 alone 39 billion Dollars were spent in US for the disposal of only Municipal waste Laws are being framed and disputed to regulate waste For example US waste regulating authority does not include hazardous waste below 100 kg per month produced by a business It also does not include toxic chemicals released into air or water as hazardous waste Both the areas produced 279 million tones and two billion pounds of toxic release in 1995 respectively Recycling has added one more industry with usual greed of profit along with a new technology to be loaned to third world countries Economic structures in countries have to reflect concerns to environment by allocating substantial budgets Ms Mary Steinwachs Director Waste Management Office at the University of Missouri USA commented in October last Unfortunately the current way of calculating economic growth shows expenditures on these types of activities as positive economic influences The more sick people the more spent on medical the better the economy She was talking of dangerous Red Bag waste where the disposal workers face a high risk International Design Councils and Associations are raising awareness and re thinking their responsibilities about environment In 1996 the Recycling Show was held in London to promote re use of waste materials for a sustainable future In 1997 the Humane Village Congress was there in Canada It focused on redesigning of technology process of design with a chart for designers and a mention of a natural phenomenon of the falling of the maple leaf referring to a harmonial co existence The speakers included Marilyn Waring the economist Bill Buxton technology pioneer Michael Lerner philosopher Maurice Strong environmentalist and others Our awareness to environment around the world establishes the fact that we do worry about sustainability Sustainability an urgent necessity is will not be attained by handling recycling waste or by making governments sign the declarations preaching protection to forests The waste streams multiplied with population growth are much faster and stronger than our total efforts How much of it can we handle What will be end result The enemy to sustainability and environment is non other than waste Why not question its existence Brief three What is a waste It is an attitude a blind spot in the history of human wisdom It is a situation where we stopped thinking what to do with a left over or a discard in our process of designing things This is what which must have forced us to invent the word waste in all languages This attitude is also responsible for how we feel and treat things that we do not like Perhaps our scientific and industrial wisdom was not grown enough to perceive what Keats said nothing is useless or low Had we received what he meant we could have by now amended our attitude and may not have faced a waste generated environment The words came in very early 19 th century when the science and industry were still fledgling We thought he was talking of what we called useless or waste It actually needed an extension of immediate vision All biological discards and residues are palatable mouth watering and nourishing food to many other organisms The breathing of biological beings exude carbon dioxide which is life giving to plants and trees which convert them into oxygen All animal waste turns out to be the best nutrient for plants and agriculture Botanical discards also get absorbed into the new plants Rains are but a discard of the seas into air Fossil fuels are acceptance of predators by the earth Dead bodies are decomposed naturally and consumed and received by various systems insects soil birds animals and air Had it not been the case we would still be suffocating with scattered bodies of the predators the animals we killed to eat or humans we killed in war We failed to see that we ate our own residues through meat and vegetables The general phrase bull shit proves to be a wrong way to say that some thing is useless We did not see the finest laboratory the stomach in biological world and the roots and leaves in botanical world A mango tree would never give oranges although planted side by side with an orange tree or a sunflower plant would never give roses by the same closeness in planting Perhaps such observations inquiries and comparisons remained out of our design thought and processes because philosophy also did not inquire into waste not even in the times when it was concentrating on the relationship of man with nature We did question the falling of apple to the ground which played a vital role in reaching to Mars We forgot to ask where do the leave go after autumn or where do the blood cells go after their short life in our blood stream Nature in its entirety is a zero waste system It is us who preached and dictated policies about what is waste and what is dirt Just one example may serve here to illustrate the blunder we made with our attitude towards the ecosystem Out of our passion for clean urban living we designed our sanitation system and directed all pipes from our bath rooms to rivers and seas or out of the bounds of city and towns For centuries it is continuing to gutter away the most precious vitamins our land needs We now spend much more energy and budget with assisting technology in few countries for the chemical treatment plants of sanitary outpouring We felt very smart and prosperous to invent Biofuel and Biogas and thought it is a good recycling of so called biological waste This recycling forced us to design more industries for starving lands Fertilizers and insecticides with associated industries for packaging and spraying made us happy and gave us mad cows Thanks to Jan Drangart of

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/EcoDesignbyProfJafri.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • LandfillDiagram
    Toxics Wastes Recycling Issues Remediation CONSUMERS BUSINESS Avoid Substitute Waste RecyNews Recycling Links Composting WaterTreatment Health Issues NOT TO SCALE TERMS Barrier Layer FML Bottom Composite Liner Upper Component FML Lower Component compacted soil Cap Drainage System Collection Pipes Compacted Soil Drainage Layer Filter Layer Gas Vent if needed Leachate Collection System Leak Detection System Low Permeability Soil Native Soil Foundation Perimeter Collection Pipe Protective Soil or Cover Optional Solid

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/LandfillDiagram.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • Pictures
    signify ZWA s endorsement of any of the disposal or recycling processes depicted If visitors have photos to share please send them to ZWA Lynn Landes 127 S Jessup Street Philadelphia PA 19107 or E MAIL to ZWA For more photos see prices vary Search suggestions landfill dump incinerator trash litter rubbish garbage waste toxics recycling Photos To Go http www fotosearch com http www canstockphoto com ZWA FREE PHOTOS ZWA WHEELABRATOR MUNICIPAL WASTE INCINERATOR FALLS TOWNSHIP PA ZWA G R O W S Landfill from Bordentown Rd Falls Township PA Note This property was former floodplain and is adjacent to the Delaware River TULLYTOWN LANDFILL TULLYTOWN PA This property was former floodplain and is adjacent to the Delaware River ZWA Below Tullytown Landfill in PA as seen from Florence NJ ZWA TRASH TRANSFER TRUCK ZWA GARBAGE COLLECTION TRUCK ZWA Garbage can paper and mixed recyclables ZWA Litter along Pennsylvania roads and highways Pennsylvania is the nation s leading importer of waste Tractor trailers loaded with trash crowd the highways LANDFILL LINER Courtesy Solid Waste Onlin LEACHATE COLLECTION TANKS Courtesy Solid Waste Online CONVENTIONAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITY Uses chemicals Courtesy Solid Waste Online COMPOSTING FACILITY Courtesy Solid Waste Online LANDFILLING TRASH Photo courtesy UK Department of Environment Transport and Regions NEW ZEALAND LANDFILLS BY THE SEA Note These landfills are not typical of New Zealand waste management For a better side of New Zealand see ZERO WASTE New Zealand Christchurch New Zealand Adopted a management plan which commits the City Council to Zero Waste by 2020 adopted August 1998 Use TerraServer to locate Areas of Interest from Satellite Photos TULLYTOWN LANDFILL terraced features northeast of center On the Delaware River Tullytown Bucks County PA View this area on Terra Server G R O W S Landfill Falls Township Bucks County

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/Pictures.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • LandfillVideo
    protects human health and the environment FOR MORE INFORMATION Home WhatYouCanDo About News DISPOSAL RECYCLING WasteDefined Zero Waste Visuals DisposalBans Imports State Plans Laws Regs Statistics ForeignWaste Economics Landfills Incinerators Toxics Wastes Recycling Issues Remediation CONSUMERS BUSINESS Avoid Substitute Waste

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/LandfillVideo.htm (2016-04-25)
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  • YardWasteBan
    collected yard waste NEWS Sep 15 2004 Analysis of the Impact of a Yard Waste Ban on Lanfill Quantities and Household Costs Delaware Solid Waste Authority http www dnrec state de us pdf Oct 7 2000 Lynn speaks about Disposal Bans before the 2000 Pennsylvania Environmental Congress in Pottstown PA See Penn Future for details Jul 12 2000 ZWA s Lynn Landes speaks before the PA House Environmental Resources and Energy Committee on proposed Yard Waste Disposal Ban legislation Dec 1 1999 HB 2101 Yard Waste Disposal Ban Legislation in Pennsylvania ZWA RELATED LINKS Disposal Bans Waste Imports Composting and Lawn Care PENNSYLVANIA A good example of bad Yard Waste Ban legislation There is some misinformation on which states have true Yard Waste Disposal Bans For instance an EPA webpage states that Pennsylvania is among those states that have a Yard Waste Disposal Ban That is incorrect see photo at left second container from right contains yard waste legal under PA law Pennsylvania does not currently have a Disposal Ban on Yard Waste in general nor on trees bushes grass clippings and leaf waste specifically Act 101 Section 1502 only applies a waste disposal restriction to how leaf waste is

    Original URL path: http://zerowasteamerica.org/YardwasteBan.htm (2016-04-25)
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